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if no state believes it profitable to change the system, according to neorealists (Barnett 1995: 487). However, according to constructivist theories of international development, the identity of state actors is an eternally changing cultural, political, and social problem (Hopf 1998: 176). According to constructivists, there are no a priori state interests, and power is not simply defined in economic and military terms (although these are understood to have an impact on geopolitics (Hopf 1998: 177). State identity must be situated and contextualized, and thus constructivists often conceive of the international political order as far more volatile than neorealists.
This idea of that the international political order is the product of a negotiation of social meanings seems particularly relevant to the Middle East, where apparently illogical actions by some state actors can be understood as a cultural product, rather than a purely tactical negotiation of power. Additionally, many non-state actors and forces (such as clans, terrorist organizations, and the influence of Islamic sects) can impact the evolution of policy. According to Michael Barnetts 1995 article, Sovereignty, nationalism, and regional order in the Arab states system, if Arab leaders were reluctant to treat each other as sovereign entities, frequently challenging one another's…
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"Constructivism" (2011, January 24) Retrieved May 20, 2013, from http://www.paperdue.com/Details/Constructivism/11487
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