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These findings are discussed further below, followed by an overview of some of the typical problems that are encountered in the classroom with ADHD children. An assessment of effective classroom management techniques that have been identified for children with ADHD is followed by a summary of the research and relevant recommendations in the conclusion.
Causes of Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.
In order to understand ADHD, it is important to understand the underlying causes. In her book, Making Sense of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, Carol R. Lensch (2000) points out that, "When we form opinions based on observations alone, we may jump to erroneous conclusions. Because ADHD is primarily recognizable by behavioral manifestations, it is easy to see why some people assume that these behaviors are learned and controllable" (p. 9). These assumptions are simply misplaced and uninformed when it comes to ADHD, though, and any typical behaviors that can reasonably be expected from normal children cannot be applied to those with ADHD. In fact, when children with ADHD "act out" in their characteristic uncontrolled ADHD fashion, many observers might construe such behaviors as being the result of poor parenting or a basic lack of discipline. Nothing could be further from the truth though. According to Lensch, "The assumption is sometimes made that if a child can sit still to watch a favorite television show, then it is within the child's ability to control the behavior in other situations" (p. 9). In the past, it was widely believed that the excessive motor activity and impulsivity associated with ADHD were the result of diet factors; one of the more well-known treatments that emerged in response was known as the Feingold Diet. This author adds that while this diet regimen produced some success with a small percentage of children, these results have not been supported by subsequent research findings though (Lensch, 2000). Because the condition is better described in the scholarly literature than it is understood, misperceptions concerning the role of diet and parenting persist, but numerous studies have in fact suggested that there might be a neurological basis for the disorder; however, Lensch points out that sociocultural factors such as parenting and diet may also contribute to the incidence of ADHD and associated disorders…[continue]
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"ADHD AND STRATEGIES FOR CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT", 21 April 2005, Accessed.5 August. 2015, http://www.paperdue.com/essay/adhd-and-strategies-for-classroom-management-65129