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American Heart Association has evolved into a nation-wide program since its birth in the 1915. According to American Heart Association (2010) a group of social workers and doctors in New York formed the Association for Prevention and Relief of Heart Disease. Due to the minimal information regarding heart disease people with heart disease are considered doom and most were in bed rest. Many doctors research and studied to determine if people with heart disease could return to a normal life and also return to work. Soon, associations started to form along the East Coast, mainly in Boston, Philadelphia, and Chicago in the 1920s.
In 1924, six cardiologists together form the American Heart Association. Their main goal was to share research from cities across the United States and Canada and promote further study. According to American Heart Association (2010), the six cardiologists were Drs. Lewis A. Connor and Robert H. Hasley of New York, Paul White of Boston, Joseph Sailer of Philadelphia, Robert B. Preble of Chicago, and Hugh D. McCulloch of St. Louis. Drs. James B. Herrick of Chicago and William S. Thayer of Baltimore were also instrumental with the founding of the association. There were no education or awareness of heart disease and their main goal was to inform many physicians and scientists of the seriousness of heart disease. American Heart Association, (2010)
The American Heart Association thought of ways to share the research and studies to the public and in 1946, according to American Heart Association (2010) they received a donation from the American Legion of $50,000 to conduct a research and to develop a community rheumatic fever program. The AHA reorganized and a couple of years later, non-medical volunteers assisted in business management, fundraising, communication, and public education. The AHA made their public appearance on a radio contest in 1948 called "The Walking Man," which netted $1.75 million. The AHA started setting up divisions across the country the following year and raised $2.7 million.
The growth of the AHA has been rapid, in numbers, financial resources, and influence, both national, and international. According to American Heart Association (2010), in order to better serve their affiliate and local divisions nationwide changes of the National Center from New York to Dallas was a better idea. Between 1980 and 1986, they made internal changes and wanted to make a louder and clearer voice in reaching out to the public. They developed guidelines for the national health care system. While the federal government attempt to make changes and improvements AHA supported them at the same time continuing to strengthen internal management and programs. As they made changes AHA also concentrated on their mission statement and three areas of specialty important to AHA: cardiovascular science, cardiovascular education, and community programs. The AHA supported new research projects, move scientific staff into one building and sponsor creative professional education programs. Women and minorities were part of the association's leadership ranks and resulted in more efforts and understanding of heart and stroke disease on women and minorities.
In the 1990s, scientific finding began to move more quickly from laboratories and clinics to the physician offices and American households. They outsourced through journals and publishing online. Their strategy was improving affiliate research programs and creating new divisions dealing with stroke and emergency cardiac care. In November 1998, the AHA created a division called the American Stroke Association, which developed stroke education programs, stroke-related research and supported stroke victims and their caregivers American Heart Association (2010).
According to American Heart Association (2010) in 2007, a budget of $700 million was granted in support of research, community programs, advocacy, public, and professional education. AHA used the funds for research on CPR training, pacemakers, microsurgery, bypass surgery, life-extending drugs and artificial heart valves. AHA focused on sending out a message emphasizing society to quit smoking, control blood pressure, dieting, be physically active, and maintain a healthy weight. The AHA is also a provider for first aid.
According to Stover, E (n.d.), the AHA is a nonprofit organization and is a voluntary organization funded mostly by donors. The AHA depends on more than 3.7 million people to carry out its goals and have raised over $1 billion since 1949. They create annual goals, taking on the responsibility of reducing heart disease and stroke. For example, in 2009, the goal of the AHA was to reduce smoking, lower high blood pressure and cholesterol. They reduced it by 25% by 2010.
The responsibility of the AHA is to divide the organization's responsibilities into seven areas whereas eight main offices operate nationwide. The seven areas include the office of chief executive, the advocacy division, corporate operations, field operations, healthcare market division, science operations and customer technology strategies, Stover, E (n.d.). The mission of the AHA is "Building healthier lives, free of cardiovascular diseases and stroke."
There are a number of stakeholders involved with the American Heart Association. They include volunteers, employees, partners, vendors, and customers. They play an important part in the function and day-to-day operations of the AHA. Without the volunteers and employees, the AHA would cease and the American public would not obtain the latest information on preventing heart disease and stroke disease. Without vendors and partners, the AHA would not have the funds and support to make breakthroughs in further preventing heart disease and stroke disease. Without customers, the AHA would not have information for their studies and research to find new medicines or technology to prevent these diseases. So everyone has an important part to the success and expansion of the AHA.
The American Heart Association has been a major influence of the lives of the public both nationally and internationally. They have given the public a better understanding of what heart and stroke disease are and the seriousness of these diseases. They also have programs and educational material available on what he or she can do as a patient as well as a supporter to make a difference in his or her life and to prevent from getting these diseases. They have classes on CPR and first aid in the event that they encounter someone who is suffering from a heart disease or stroke. I think that without the AHA, there would be a high rate of people dying from these diseases and people would not know what to do if they come across this disease or prevent it.
Management and leadership are two words that one can consider identical because they both deal with an organization but depict two different concepts of involving employees into doing their work. When identifying the differences between the two one would have to look towards the dictionaries for the definition of each to better understand them. Management can clearly be defined as the way of managing employees; whereas leadership is the capacity or ability to lead or inspire employees into doing their work.
Management is the "Process of working with people and resources to accomplish organizational goals" (Bateman-Snell, 2007). Management can also be seen as the imaginative and organized pursuit of practical results, by identifying and using available knowledge and human resources in a determined and reinforcing way.
Three types of management roles are interpersonal, informational, and decisional and each has its own set of responsibilities and expectations (Modern Management).The manager's roles interpersonally are in fact, the expectations that they have projected on them by others. These roles are the figurehead, liaison, and leader. Some of these roles can be sub-divided into specific groups of expected behavior. Sometimes these roles are seen as extensions of their values and expectations of their interpersonal roles of position and authority. Managers have to take on many different roles and responsibilities on a daily basis and many of these roles were laid unto them by upper level management. Informational roles can be considered the informational category of management where they deal with managerial information and the dissemination of the information to others. These roles are to monitor, disseminator, and spokesperson. With decisional roles management is forced to make managerial choices where they influence the choices of others within the organization. Some of the activities that go along with this type of managerial role is problem solving and decision making. The roles this type of manager can take on are the entrepreneur, resource allocator, disturbance handler and the negotiator.
Is it possible for someone to manage his or her bosses, competitors, and associates like they do their employees, suppliers, and customers? The answer to this question is obvious; no one can manage them all alike. The key to dealing with upper management is to understand persuade, motivate, influence, and encourage them into doing what is expected out of them. There aren't any rules or a regulation that goes along with doing this; nor is there a designed role that comes to mind in the management field. Another word that describes this way of inspiring others and that is through leadership.
Leadership can be defined as one of the assets that a manager can possess but has…[continue]
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