Art and Gender Term Paper

Download this Term Paper in word format (.doc)

Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formatting

Excerpt from Term Paper:


Throughout the course of history, art has been used as a form of expression and to define social customs / traditions. In some cases, this is occurring with it serving as a symbol of the larger ideas that are most important to specific ethnic groups, religions, nationalities and gender. The result, is that each work will be interpreted differently, depending upon the perspectives that are taken. This means that there are techniques which influence the way someone sees specific works and how they are interpreted. In the case of gender and Western society, there are different interpretations about what it means to be a man or woman. To fully understand what is taking place requires looking at a number of artists and their interpretations. Together, these elements will illustrate how they are influencing art and the attitudes embraced inside the different works. (Barniskis, 2013) (Malossi, 1999) (Woolfolk, 2010)

Contemporary art dates back to the mid 20th century. It is popular throughout the United States and Western Europe. In general, it involves freestyle movements to spark creativity and expression. It borrows from other classical forms. The combination of these factors is integrated with each other to provide unique forms in achieving these objectives. (Barniskis, 2013) (Malossi, 1999) (Woolfolk, 2010)

There are several elements which are utilized to highlight different themes and ideas. The most notable are the climatic experiences. During this time, it does not rely on liner elements. Instead, it is emphasizing movements towards and away from the climax. There are several key areas which are focused on to include:

It stresses flexibility.

The appearance of it being disordered, yet it relies on techniques.

Sudden changes in the direction.

Several different actions occurring at the same time.

The use of symmetry and perspectives through font, center and hierarchies.

The freedom to use creativity.

Independence between the movement and actual work.

Innovative lights, sets and customs.

These different areas are important, as they are showing how contemporary art will borrow from a number of areas. The basic idea is to use the best of them to create another form of expression. (Barniskis, 2013) (Malossi, 1999) (Woolfolk, 2010)

At the same time, there is a focus on a number of factors to influence how young people will look at modern art. For instance, there are several variables which have the greatest impact. The most notable include: light, space, form, texture, color and composition. Lighting is something that will illuminate a particular source in order to have a better understanding of the work. Space is the distances between various objects and subjects. This is used to illustrate the way certain factors influenced everyone's thinking. Form is the structure or pattern embraced by the artists. This is designed to convey their feelings and ideas. Texture is the physical quality of the surface. It is used to demonstrate the techniques utilized by the artists. The use of color is illustrating the attitudes of the artists. In some cases, they will use brighter ones to demonstrate happiness about the future. While at the same time, they will utilize darker tones to underscore a deeper sense of self-reflection. The composition is combining the different parts together. This is designed to illustrate how specific factors will influence the person and the way they interpret the meaning from the work. (Barniskis, 2013) (Malossi, 1999) (Woolfolk, 2010)

In the case of gender, this will have an influence on their attitudes and beliefs. The combination of these factors shape how they look at different works and the impacts it is having on their attitudes. Once this takes place, is the point these views will become more common. In many ways, one can argue that modern art is embracing the best of traditional ideas which are integrated with new concepts. (Barniskis, 2013) (Malossi, 1999) (Woolfolk, 2010)

However, there are conflicting views about the way various techniques are applied and the impact it is having on them. This is creating contention about the impact of modern art on gender. These contrasting views are something which has been continually debated over the course of time. (Barniskis, 2013) (Malossi, 1999) (Woolfolk, 2010)

How artists or designers have subverted, challenged or questioned gendered stereotypes?

Traditionally, artists focused on gender by embracing traditional stereotypes. This meant that men embraced a number of elements when it comes to males. The most notable include: assertive, dominant, mind, public, world affairs and intellect. In the case of women, there are several attributes expressed to include: passiveness, subservience, emotion, privacy, body and domesticity. According to Wasson (1990), these areas were utilized to demonstrate specific social norms and attitudes with him saying, "This is used as a form of expression and to define social customs / traditions. In some cases, this is occurring with it serving as a symbol of the larger ideas that are most important to specific ethnic groups, religions, nationalities and gender." (Wasson, 1990) The result, is that each work will be interpreted differently, depending upon the perspectives that are taken.

Judith Butler's theory of performativity is examining how different genders will see each other based upon the way they dress. A classic example of this can be seen with her utilization of the stiletto show a woman's physical features. While a suit is used to accentuate how the male is intellectual. These differences are used in Barbie and Action Man to underscore these views. (Barniskis, 2013) (Malossi, 1999) (Woolfolk, 2010)

According to Lazzari (2011), there are three different ways that artwork will be studied. These include: as a critic, historian / academic and curator. Critics are people, who will look at the work from a contemporary perspective and make judgments about its significance. Historians will examine the art from a historical viewpoint and the lasting impact on future generations. While curators, will describe the work and discuss how it is relevant to others. (Lazzari, 2011) These insights are useful in showing how there are different opinions about analyzing the art and the impact it is having on stakeholders.

For example, Janine Antoni is demonstrating how obesity and self-image influence the attitudes of women. To illustrate the importance of these factors, she highlights two different groups of women who are not embraced these attributes via Lick and Lather. Instead, there are series of heads looking at each other. This is designed to challenge contemporary thinking by demonstrating how women are self-confident. Moreover, Jenny Saville is taking a different interpretation of perfomativity. This is occurring in Branded and Plain. In both works, she is taking a contrasting look at two women (one who is overweight vs. shaped). The basic idea is to question the traditional views of women by looking at them differently. (Caroll, 2000)

Discuss this in relation to a relevant theory or theories, which may include 'performativity', camp, the dandy or masquerade.

To improve upon these interpretations, there will be a focus on key trends and how this shapes the individual's perceptions of modern art. Evidence of this can be seen with Samuelson (2009) saying, "It is critical in gaining better insights about the way it is a form of expression and the impacts it is having social / cultural / political views." (Samuelson, 2009) Once this takes place, is the point the true impact of this form of art can be realized on women. This offers insights about the human side of the problem (i.e. contradictory behaviors, beliefs, emotions, feelings and relationships). These methods are effective in identifying intangible factors such as: social norms, socioeconomic status, gender roles, ethnicity and religion. This helps to interpret and better understand the complex reality of a given situation and the implications of quantitative data. This provides a better understanding of specific social phenomenon. These insights are showing how this method will take a unique approach when looking at the problem and the long-term impacts it is having. (Barnes, 2002) (Adams, 2007)

To enhance performativity, gender is altered to shape who they are and the way they look at the situation. This is achieved by altering perceptions using a trans-neutral focus. In these situations, men and women are shown to be in various roles. What helps them to standout is the fact that they are crossing over these barriers to tell a unique story. (Morgan, 1999) (Garber, 1992)

For instance; Claude Cahun and Grayson Perry are all changing how someone looks at gender. This occurs by showing women wearing clothing that was often reserved for men (such as jeans, t-shirts and shorts). While at other times, Oreet Ashery is showing an orthodox Jew with his back turned to the camera. This is challenges the traditional role of dress in society by placing men and women in clothing or lack thereof. The basic idea is to demonstrate that roles are changing and the influence it is having on contemporary society. These insights are important, as they are illustrating the long-term impacts and the influence it is having on this generation. Once this occurs, is the point these questions will offer a…[continue]

Cite This Term Paper:

"Art And Gender" (2015, March 18) Retrieved November 29, 2016, from

"Art And Gender" 18 March 2015. Web.29 November. 2016. <>

"Art And Gender", 18 March 2015, Accessed.29 November. 2016,

Other Documents Pertaining To This Topic

  • Art Culture

    Art Culture: Public Space Art Public art like that of Koon's Train (2011), Serra's Tilted Arc (1981), Lin's Vietnam Veterans Memorial (1981), and James' Sea Flower (1978), ignite discussion to the point of its modification, re-arrangement, or removal. The reason for this controversial treatment of public art is its ability to embrace a variety of aesthetic practices. The adoption of different aesthetic values like poster art, outdoor sculpture, earthworks, multimedia projections,

  • Art the French Impressionists Rendered

    If they are a couple, they have no children together. Whereas Morisot focuses on the child in "The Basket Chair," Caillebotte accomplishes the opposite. Caillebotte's painting lacks emotional intensity, because his palette is far more retrained than that of Morisot. Morisot's garden is rendered in vivid greens and intensely saturated hues. Caillebotte's, on the other hand, is a more staid palette. Furthermore, unlike Morisot's fenced-off garden, Caillebotte's is a

  • Art Both Duccio Di Buoninsegna and Fra

    Art Both Duccio di Buoninsegna and Fra Filippo Lippi paint the Christian Madonna and child scene. Lippi's "Madonna and Child Enthroned with Two Angels" is rendered on wood with tempera and gold leaf. It is rounded at the top, and was the center part of a triptych that was completed in about the year 1440.[footnoteRef:1] Also in tempera and gold leaf on wood is di Buoninsegna's "Madonna and Child." Candle damage

  • Art Museum Visit This Particular Piece of

    Art Museum Visit This particular piece of art is a limestone statue, which in all likelihood, originally was a painted piece. Limestone was a precious mineral, and would have most likely been honed and by prepared by a servant or slave for the artisan to work with. This statue is considered to be sculpture in the round as there are no additional supports required (Barnet 113). A great deal of detail

  • Art Can Be Used to

    On some level, all art tells the viewer something about its sociological context. A painting by Vermeer says much about gender roles and norms in Flemish society; just as a painting by Warhol says much about consumerism in American society. One irony that Bennett points out is, "Art collectors have paid millions of dollars for some of Warhol's pieces, but shoppers at Target, where the limited-edition soup cans are on

  • Art and Society an Analysis

    (176) In this regard, Nead notes that because she was an art lover, Richardson experienced a moral dilemma in her decision to attack "The Rokeby Venus," but she felt compelled to do so anyway based on her perception that the government was failing to act responsibility towards women in general and the suffragettes in particular. "In her statement during her trial, Richardson appears calm and articulate and nothing is said

  • Art the Portrait of Joseph Roulin by

    Art The Portrait of Joseph Roulin by Vincent Van Gogh is Van Gogh's representation of his friend and idol, Joseph Roulin. The portrait is a drawing, rendered in brown ink and black chalk. While impressionistic, the portrait is also realistic- conveying an actual resemblance to a person. This portrait was significant because it was painted during Van Gogh's period in Arles, France. While productive in Arles, Van Gogh was also relatively

Read Full Term Paper
Copyright 2016 . All Rights Reserved