Bioterrorism Biological Weapons Can Significantly Change the Research Paper

Download this Research Paper in word format (.doc)

Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formatting

Excerpt from Research Paper:


Biological weapons can significantly change the battlefield. Today's leaders must always be on the watch for new threats that can arise in newly designed ways. The enemy is always planning to expose weaknesses in the defense. Biological weaponry is such a technology that can bring devastating effects and exploit weaknesses both tactically and strategically. The purpose of this essay is to examine the appeal of biological weapons to terrorist organizations. I will accomplish this by first defining what biological warfare is and give context to the usage of the idea of terrorism's relationship to these types of arms. I will then explore specific advantages and disadvantages to the use of biological warfare. By comparing and contrasting biological warfare to both nuclear and chemical warfare, the differences will be more clearly understood.

Defining Terms

Language and understanding must relate through common definitions and is important to discern between important terms in order to fully comprehend an argument with such enormous impact as biological warfare. According the Encyclopedia Britannica, biological warfare is "any of a number of disease-producing agents -- such as bacteria, viruses, rickettsiae, fungi, toxins, or other biological agents -- that may be utilized as weapons against humans, animals, or plants."[footnoteRef:1] It is important to note that unlike chemical weapons, biological weapons are living organisms that have great potential to both act in its own best interest of survival and replicate or reproduce. [1: Encyclopedia Britannica. (accessed 11 Jan, 2013).]

Terrorism is a more difficult term to understand because its usage is often used in many ways. Terrorism is essentially a tactic of warfare. It is psychological of nature and allows for rogue groups of minimal numbers to use such a tactic. Terrorism is often conflated with Islamic radicalism, often to the determent of clearer understanding. Any person or group of persons can become terrorists simply by utilizing the tactic in a strategic fashion. To emphasize the psychological impact of biological weapons, in a World War I incident, of 281 soldiers admitted to a referral center field hospital, 90 were true gas casualties and the rest were victims of "gas mania." Of the 5,510 persons who sought medical treatment from the 1995 sarin attack in Tokyo, 12 died, 17 were critically injured, 1,370 had mild to moderate injuries, and the other 4,000 had no or minimal injuries.[footnoteRef:2] Many, perhaps most, persons involved in such an incident will exhibit fear, anxiety, or more serious disorders of mood, behavior, or cognition, especially if the perceived threat is a biological weapon that can spread silently from person to person.[footnoteRef:3] [2: Cleto DiGiovanni, MD. "Domestic Terrorism With Chemical or Biological Agents; Psychiatric Aspects." The American Journal of Psychiatry, Vol 156, NO 10 p.1. (accessed 11 Jan, 2013. ] [3: Ibid]

Advantages and Disadvantages of Biological Weapons

The first major advantage of biological weapons is their impact on the psyche of the target. Wars and battles are won on the mental level, and any disruption to the thought processes of combatants serves the wielder of this tactic more effective. Biological weapons, therefore do not need to be terribly effective in their actual physical harming capabilities.[footnoteRef:4] In fact, despite the advances in society, not many new biological weapons have been formed in recent history. [4: Mark Kortepeter & Gerald W. Parker. "Potential Weapons Threats." Emerging Infectious Diseases, 5, 4 July August 1999, p. 526. ]

Some suggest that biological weapons are not practical however. While terrorists are increasingly interested in weapons of mass destruction, proponents of the latter view exaggerate the threat. Using biological weapons to create mass casualties would require more than having biological agents in hand. The terrorists would need to disseminate the agent, which presents technical and organizational obstacles that few domestic groups could surmount. In addition, relatively few terrorists would want to kill millions of people, even if they could. [footnoteRef:5] [5: Jessica Stern."The Prospect of Domestic Bioterrorism." Emerging Infectious Diseases, Vol 5, 4, July August 1999 p. 517.]

Stern is convinced that terrorism with biological weapons is likely to remain a rare occurrence. This is most likely due to optimist thinking because of the substantial damage that would be inflicted in the case of a biological weapon being exposed. Mother nature is very intuitive in terms of self correcting certain…[continue]

Cite This Research Paper:

"Bioterrorism Biological Weapons Can Significantly Change The" (2013, January 19) Retrieved October 23, 2016, from

"Bioterrorism Biological Weapons Can Significantly Change The" 19 January 2013. Web.23 October. 2016. <>

"Bioterrorism Biological Weapons Can Significantly Change The", 19 January 2013, Accessed.23 October. 2016,

Other Documents Pertaining To This Topic

  • Biological Weapons How Real Is

    Having known the mounting dangers, many public health and bio-terrorism experts, members of Congress and some well-positioned Bush administration officials convey increasing discomfort about what they think are flaws in the country's bio-defenses. Over the earlier years, awareness steps have been made, mainly in the large cities. But most of necessary equipments are not available. The federal government's standard answer to the anthrax assaults of 2001 and the warning of

  • Chemical and Biological Terrorism Types

    Perhaps the public has become somewhat desensitized by nuclear war, but the idea of unseen agents loosed in the water supply, or used to burn without fire, causes panic to a greater degree (Tucker, 2008, 112-15). An interesting paradigm regarding the fear factor involved in chemical and biological terrorism may surround the psychological issues that have surrounded the possibility of nuclear fear for decades, almost desensitizing people to it --

  • Counterterrorism Activities

    Combatting Future Terrorism Fighting future terrorism Over the years, the U.S.A. government and the entire world has been battling with the issue of terrorism. This is because the act of terrorism has diverse faces, from the rebel terrorists, the insurgents, bioterrorism to the religious sect terrorism. The U.S.A. has in particular been busy figuring out the various ways to not only stop the terrorism act before it happens, but more significantly to

  • Rand Report Critique as Discussed

    26 Yet public health continued to mean, even more than in the Clinton administration, a technological approach to national defense. In the Bush administration, pharmaceutical protection became the centerpiece of biodefense policy. On December 13, 2002, convinced of the Dark Winter-type threat of smallpox, President Bush announced his nationwide smallpox inoculation program. Publicity about Iraq's potential biological arsenal, especially in the lead-up to the 2003 invasion, and the threat of

  • Lithium Transition Metal Oxides as

    The energy it stores (?180 Wh kg?1) at an average voltage of 3.8 V is only a factor of 5 higher than that stored by the much older lead -- acid batteries. This may seem poor in the light of Moore's law in electronics (according to which memory capacity doubles every 18 months), but it still took a revolution in materials science to achieve it. Billions of lithium-ion cells

Read Full Research Paper
Copyright 2016 . All Rights Reserved