Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formattingExcerpt from essay:
The subjects for the study were referred by local oncologists and to protect their rights they were provided with informed consent before participating. In other words, what would be studied and why was explained to them and they could then decide whether they wanted to participate or decline. There was no requirement to participate and patients could stop any time that they felt uncomfortable.
It is vital that individuals who are participating in something like this are made to feel comfortable and that they are clear on the fact that they are capable of choosing to discontinue participation. It is very difficult to get honest and complete answers from people who feel as though they have been coerced into something. It is a much better choice when people are participating of their own free will and when they feel as though they are gaining something and helping others in the process.
Method and Analysis
The study used a quantitative research design that addressed statistical information collected on the participants at the beginning of the study and at the completion of it. The dependent variable was the cancer treatment, and the independent variables were the types of treatment that the patients received and the ways that they improved (cardiovascular, pulmonary, and fatigue).
It was hypothesized that exercise would help to alleviate fatigue and increase cardiovascular and pulmonary endurance in all patients to varying degrees, and that exercise is therefore beneficial in many ways to breast cancer survivors. In analyzing the data, the researchers used a one way analysis of variation (ANOVA). Before and after exercise numbers were examined and compared with one another to gauge the rates of improvement for each patient and collectively.
Findings/Conclusions and Implications
The main finding of the study was that exercise was indeed important for breast cancer survivors. All of them showed improvement in their cardiovascular and pulmonary functions and in their overall level of fatigue. Those who had surgery plus both radiation and chemotherapy showed the least improvement, but all groups did better in the end than they did in the beginning. This indicates that the idea of treating fatigue and similar problems with exercise following cancer surgery is something that is very important and should be further addressed. It appears to be a viable alternative to other methods or to doing nothing, which is what happens with many breast cancer survivors.
The study was strong in the way that it was carried out, but it was limited by the fact that there were few participants. A larger group of women, or a group of women and men would be helpful in making a determination as to how effective this type of therapy really is. Also important would be studies of this nature that are done into other types of cancers. This is something, however, that is very important to those in the nursing practice because they are the ones who can really help to educate the patients.
In the summer of 2000, researchers in Sweden and Finland published a study saying that genetics had nothing to do with cancer risk. Apparently, they used the wrong type of methodology, and what they found was actually the opposite of what was accurate. Genetics play an extremely strong role in who gets cancer. Breast cancer and prostate cancer are usually ones that seem to have the highest genetic risk. However, Neil Risch, a genetic epidemiologist at Stanford University, found in his studies that testicular cancer was actually one of the top three cancers to have genetic components (Genes, 2001).
This was something that was not previously known, and it brought to light new information about cancer. While breast cancer is the focus here, studies like Risch's (2001) show the need for continuing study into cancer so that more can be learned about it and more lives can be saved. That is often where the nursing profession comes in -- with education. People who come with questions on their health often find that they spend more time talking with nurses than with doctors. With this being the case, nurses have a great chance to discuss the benefits of exercise with breast cancer survivors and show them how important it is to their recovery and to feeling like themselves again. This feeling can go a long way toward recovery.
Berger, a. (2003). Treating fatigue in cancer patients. Oncologist, 8 (Suppl 1), 10-14.…[continue]
"Breast Cancer Survivors In This" (2009, April 07) Retrieved December 9, 2016, from http://www.paperdue.com/essay/breast-cancer-survivors-in-this-23205
"Breast Cancer Survivors In This" 07 April 2009. Web.9 December. 2016. <http://www.paperdue.com/essay/breast-cancer-survivors-in-this-23205>
"Breast Cancer Survivors In This", 07 April 2009, Accessed.9 December. 2016, http://www.paperdue.com/essay/breast-cancer-survivors-in-this-23205
Breast Cancer in Malaysia Breast cancer has turned out to be one of the most common cancers in women in almost every part of the world. Nonetheless, there is a noticeable geographical difference in the incidence and also the stage of presentation. It has ben documented to be uppermost in North Europe and North America, in-between in Mediterranean nations and South America, and not high at all in Asia and Africa
Breast Cancer Pathophysiology Breast Cancer Advanced Pathophysiology Breast cancer is the most frequently diagnosed cancer in women worldwide. There are three general determinants associated with the cause of the disease: heredity factors, environmental factors, and hormonal factors. The risk of developing breast cancer increases with age, as 78% of cases are diagnosed in women ages 50 and older. Risk factors are distinguished by their respective etiological influences, such as family history, lifestyle, and
Breast Cancer Project Title: Women who chose Lumpectomy Over Prophylactic Mastectomy as Treatment for Early Stage Breast Cancer May have an Increased Risk for Post-Treatment Anxiety Regarding Fear of Recurrence. This proposed research plan will address the post treatment psychology of Stage I breast cancer patients who have received the less invasive breast retention surgery, referred to as lumpectomy. Do women with early stage breast cancer have more intrusive thoughts (stress) regarding recurrence
The site urges people to stay away from being "cut" (having surgery) or "poisoned" (receiving chemotherapy). Instead, it takes readers on a nine-stage process to cleanse body and soul. Some of the steps include "Cleanup and detoxification," "cancer recovery diet," "psychotherapy," "support group," and "meditation/visualization." Although I thought the prognosis this site offered was a bit cocky, as was the advice to avoid all traditional medications, many of the
Dr. Robb-Nicholson's data best supports the scenario that more incidents of breast cancer will be discovered due to the reduced number of screenings that the new guidelines suggest. According to the numbers she gives, the mortality rate for breast cancer decreases every year and this decrease can be attributed to the previous screening guidelines. She writes that the USPSTF has based the new guidelines on statistics rather than clinical data
Cancer Drug Development Economic issues Special health needs Process (decision, steps) involved in program Benefits of program Cancer is amongst fatal diseases that involve abnormal growth of body cells resulting is unusual growth and division of cells. The result is tumor formation effecting one particular or many parts of the body. Since there is high probability of cancer cells invading the neighboring tissues of body parts, early detection and careful treatment of cancer is deemed
Common approaches to further exploring the anxiety experienced by adolescent daughters of cancer patients have commonly included qualitative measures. Spira and Kenemore (2004) small vignettes of actual interviews are presented as to give further insight to the anxious tendencies regarding changes in familial roles and the relationship with their mother. This approach has several cons, including the in-depth exposition of intimate fears regarding such changes and loses. It can also