Community Health Statistics for Caddo Parish Louisiana Essay
- Length: 6 pages
- Sources: 4
- Subject: Healthcare
- Type: Essay
- Paper: #13049820
Excerpt from Essay :
Community Health Statistics for Caddo Parish, Louisiana
Description of Caddo Parish, Louisiana
With about a quarter of a million residents, Caddo Parish, Louisiana is a fairly older community with almost two-thirds of its population aged 25 years or older. Most of the residents of Caddo Parish (82.3%) are high school graduate or higher and 22.3% have a bachelor's degree or higher compared to the national averages of 84.6% and 27.5%, respectively. There are slightly more females than males in Caddo Parish, and median family incomes are slightly lower than the national average at $48,522; per capita income is also slightly less than the national average at $22,323. There are also slightly more whites than blacks (50.3% compared to 46.4%, respectively) in Caddo Parish. Recent relevant statistical data for these and other areas of interest are presented below.
Biophysical Considerations: Caddo Parish
Source: Caddo Parish Census Data, United States Census Bureau. "Louisiana Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990" at http://www.census.gov/population/cencounts / la190090.txt.
Social Characteristics of Caddo Parish
Margin of Error
Average household size
Average family size
Population 25 years and over
High school graduate or higher
Bachelor's degree or higher
Civilian veterans (civilian population 18 years and over)
With a Disability
Male, Now married, except separated (population 15 years and over)
Female, Now married, except separated (population 15 years and over)
Speak a language other than English at home (population 5 years and over)
Group quarters population
Economic Characteristics of Caddo Parish
Margin of Error
In labor force (population 16 years and over)
Mean travel time to work in minutes (workers 16 years and over)
Median household income (in 2009 inflation-adjusted dollars)
Median family income (in 2009 inflation-adjusted dollars)
Per capita income (in 2009 inflation-adjusted dollars)
Families below poverty level
Individuals below poverty level
Housing Characteristics of Caddo Parish
Margin of Error
Total housing units
Occupied housing units
Owner-occupied housing units
Renter-occupied housing units
Vacant housing units
Median value (dollars)
Median of selected monthly owner costs
With a mortgage (dollars)
Not mortgaged (dollars)
Demographic Estimates for Caddo Parish
ACS Demographic Estimates
Margin of Error
Median age (years)
Under 5 years
18 years and over
65 years and over
Black or African-American
American Indian and Alaska Native
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander
Some other race
Two or more races
Hispanic or Latino (of any race)
Explanation of Symbols:
'***' - The median falls in the lowest interval or upper interval of an open-ended distribution. A statistical test is not appropriate.
'*****' - The estimate is controlled. A statistical test for sampling variability is not appropriate.
'N' - Data for this geographic area cannot be displayed because the number of sample cases is too small.
'(X)' - The value is not applicable or not available.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2005-2009 American Community Survey
The 2000 Census indicates that slightly more than 252,000 live in Caddo Parish, representing a modest growth of about 1.6% in recent years. The Parish is comprised of the following eleven municipalities: Belcher, Blanchard, Gilliam, Greenwood, Hosston, Ida, Mooringsport, Oil City, Rodessa, Shreveport and Vivian, with the City of Shreveport being the largest metropolitan area, which also serves as the Parish seat (About the Parish of Caddo, 2011).
Population unemployment rate
The current unemployment rate for Caddo Parish is 7.1% (Caddo Parish unemployment rate, 2011), but even for many of those fortunate enough to have full-time employment, wages are depressed in the parish with educational paraprofessionals and other support staff earning around $800 a month net (State lines, 2008).
Annual public health funding allocation
Figure 1. Caddo Parish Public Expenditures
Source: Annual report, 2010 (http://www.caddo.org/pdfs/2010_Annual_Report.pdf)
Physical Environmental Considerations
Potential for disaster:
The potential for disaster in Caddo Parish is pronounced, given its proximity to Shreveport as shown in Figure 1 below:
Figure 2. Caddo Parish Flood Zone
The physical environment characteristics of Caddo Parish are set forth in Tables 6 and 7 below.
Physical Environment Characteristics of Caddo Parish
Geography and Statistics
Land area in square miles
Water area in square miles
Climate for Caddo Parish
Annual average rainfall
The ravages of Hurricane Katrina made it painfully clear that the low-lying coastal regions of Louisiana are highly vulnerable to flooding. At present, the Caddo Parish Flood Control Section is tasked with maintaining stormwater drainage facilities pursuant to
1. Federal Emergency Management Association (FEMA) guidelines based on the following objectives:
Promote awareness of floodplain management issues
2. Administer and enforce the Floodplain Ordinances for Caddo Parish
3. Address storm-water and drainage issues in new development
4. Seek solutions to existing flood problems.
5. Provide assistance where possible to inquiries relating to flood control and drainage issues (Parish Departments, 2011, para. 5).
Three recent magnitude 5+ earthquakes in the region emphasize that vulnerability of the part of the country to earthquakes in the future.
Oil and gas refining facilities in the region pose an ongoing threat of explosion, but there are no volcanoes in the region.
Severe weather conditions
Frequent, particularly during hurricane season.
To what extent are vital community structures likely to withstand a disaster?
Communications still pose a problem and FEMA continues to assess ways to improve the Caddo Parish infrastructure.
What is the potential for toxic exposures?
Given the proximity to oil and gas refining facilities in Shreveport, some of which are more than 100 years old, the potential for toxic exposures is significant.
Are community members able to work together for disaster planning?
The Parish Commission recently created an Intergovernmental Consortium to help coordinate departmental activities (Annual report, 2007).
Health System Considerations
How well prepared are health service agencies to respond to a disaster?
The Caddo Parish Commission Parish Administrator and CEO, Woodrow Wilson, Jr., routinely conducts biweekly meetings with health service agency directors to coordinate services and initiatives (Wilson, 2011).
What facilities are available?
The following facilities are available in Caddo Parish:
1. Caddo-Shreveport Health Unit (1035 Creswell Street);
2. North Caddo Parish Health Unit (102 Industrial, Vivian, LA);
3. Shreveport Regional Laboratory (533 Vine Street);
4. Caddo Sexually Transmitted Disease Clinic (1031 Creswell);
5. Environmental Health Services Center (1033 Creswell).
Neighborhood/Community Safety Inventory
What is the extent of water pollution? What pollutants are involved?
According to the Parish's annual report, "Remaining at the top of the list are the challenges that we face with the Wilcox 1 Aquifer, which is the primary ground water source for potable water for area residents in the rural parts of the Parish" (2007, p. 7). On August 19, 2011, a temporary ground water emergency was declared for Caddo Parish (Order No. Env 2011-GW-014) that warned of aquifer depletion in the area as a result of the ongoing drought. Because many of the rural residents in the region depend on the same aquifer supplies using wells that pre-date 1985, it has been difficult to assess the impact of this drought on concentration of pollutants for these consumers (Order No. Env 2011-GW -- 014, 2011). Currently, some communities are experiencing a lack of safe drinking water and the Parish Commission has collaborated with researchers at Louisiana State University to assess potable ground water sources for quality and quantity in five test wells but the results of these analyses have not yet been published (Annual report, 2007).
Do local weather conditions pose health hazards? Are there drowning hazards?
Do wild animals in the area serve as reservoirs for disease?
Rodents and mosquitoes represent a major health threat for many of the rural…