Conceptualization and Development of New Essay

Download this Essay in word format (.doc)

Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formatting

Excerpt from Essay:

In this author's opinion, this is the final harvest of the fruit planted with the passage of the PATRIOT Act in 2001 and its various subsequent extensions. Under NDAA, civilian terror suspects (whatever that means in the broad definition) in the U.S. could be held in jail (in a military jail no less) indefinitely without charge or trial. In other words, the military will have carte blanche to take custody of alleged terrorists without virtually any questions. To no one's surprise the ACLU finds that this would be a stark violation of human rights as spelled out under the U.S. Constitution and the Bill of Rights ("").

Media coverage of the whole act has been light. A Google News search conducted by this author on 16 December, 2011 showed the major coverage not by the major media outlets, but rather by blogs and alternative news services. Evidently, it does not rate well for prime time CNN coverage. The lobbying was tortuous, and included U.S. military contractors, the President himself and civil rights and citizens groups. When President Obama indicated that he might veto the bill Senator Carl Levin, who sits on the Armed Services Committee as its chairman said on the floor of the Senate to an inquiry for Senator Mark of Illinois that the Obama administration dictated the wording of the act and embargoed the text that would have saved U.S. citizens from the indefinite imprisonment and the suspension of habeas corpus. The original wording of NDAA 1031 would have excluded American citizens from the provision that allowed for indefinite detention of U.S. citizens, even withing the boundaries of the U.S. Once Obama's cabinet officials saw the text Levin remarked that, "the administration asked us to remove the language which says that U.S. citizens and lawful residents would not be subject to this section ("Senate Hearings for NDAA 1031")."

As mentioned before, the Senate Armed Services and House Armed Services committee hearings were secret, so information about other lobbyists other than the White House has to come from indirect sources. It is difficult to know what defense contractors were lobbying for in the bill. As noted already as well, civil rights groups like the ACLU have working nonstop to defeat the bill. However, a fearful metric seems to be playing out. Even many military law enforcement and officials have opposed the broad scope of the Act. Lobbyists for the Act include Honeywell and Bluewater Defense. Certainly, Honeywell is know for a wide variety of electronic devices used for the military, surveillance and otherwise. Bluewater has been a long-time producer of military uniforms. Another lobbyist, Surefire LLC. is a manufacturer of flashlights and tactical lights (Bukowski).

There is not time or ability to draw conclusions other than there is a strange lobbying metric probably more dictated by fiduciary concerns) that has essentially removed criminal prosecution protections under the Sixth Amendment. Needless to say, citizens, rights groups and even many law enforcement groups do not feel comfortable with this. Those who are have largely went away unscathed due to the classified nature of the proceedings. Largely, a narrow coterie of lobbyists with agendas known only to them have won the day.


In conclusion, on wonders if the recent travesty in NDAA 1031 will hopefully yield a high watermark of a dilution of criminal justice protections that Americans have enjoyed for some 220 plus years. Unfortunately, now that the Obama administration has essentially heralded a continuation of the Bush legacy, the picture is not all positive. Hopefully, the outcry over violations of the Bill of Rights will now be so egregious that a public outcry will demand the swing of the pendulum in the other direction from our seeming Orwellian destination.

Works Cited

Blumberg, Abraham S. "The Practice of Law as Confidence Game: Organizational Cooptation of a Profession." Law Society Review. 1.2 (1967): 15-40.

Bukowski, Diane. "National Defense Authorization Act: Internet War on Human Rights Defenders at Home." Voice of Detroit., 15 December 2011. Web. 16 Dec 2011. .

"Indefinite Detention, Endless Worldwide War and the 2012 National Defense Authorization Act .", 05 December 2011. Web. 16 Dec 2011. .

Siegel, Larry J. Introduction to Criminal…[continue]

Cite This Essay:

"Conceptualization And Development Of New" (2011, December 16) Retrieved December 6, 2016, from

"Conceptualization And Development Of New" 16 December 2011. Web.6 December. 2016. <>

"Conceptualization And Development Of New", 16 December 2011, Accessed.6 December. 2016,

Other Documents Pertaining To This Topic

  • Manager the Introduction Describe Development Important

    manager." The introduction describe " -development important a manager mix a bit coaching theories ( I a coaching I techniques Kolb' learning cycle techniques fuore managers improve ), I a part body essay real life examples managers coaching techniques -development successful ( describe techniques ). The importance of self-development in becoming a manager Self-development is defined first and foremost as an overall holistic desire to find one's freedom and the desire

  • Development of Classical Conditioning by Pavlov and Its Current Use...

    classical conditioning by Pavlov and its current use in treating anxiety The paper focuses on the development of classical conditioning being used, as suggested by Pavlov, in treating anxiety through using fear-induced techniques. The paper talks about the past experiments that were done on animals and human, those who were suffering from anxiety and those who weren't, and highlights how anxiety is treated through fear induced conditioning. Combination of neutral stimulus

  • Conceptualization of Operation in Literary

    The feminist nature of the novel is established earlier in the novel, wherein the novel begins with the following passage: Ships at a distance have every man's wish on board. For some they come in with the tide. For others, they sail forever on the horizon, never out of sight, never landing until the Watcher turns his eyes away in resignation, his dreams mocked to death by Time. That is

  • New Employee Orientation on Employee Satisfaction and

    New Employee Orientation on Employee Satisfaction and Retention One of the most integral parts of successful and efficient business production is associated with employee satisfaction. Employee satisfaction can be achieved through a systematic and successful delivery of employee training and orientation. "Starting a new job with a new employer is difficult not only for the new employee but also for the employing organization. This is true regardless of the new

  • Development of Canine Behavior Genetics vs Environment

    Canine Behavior: Genetics vs. Environment The debate over nature vs. nurture as it applies to learning dates back over a hundred years. Certainly, during much of the 20th century, the distinction between learned and inherited behavior appeared much clearer than it does today. The concept that any type of behavior was either learned or merely developed without learning seemed a rationale and straightforward belief. Research based on these expectations caused

  • Designing a New Regulatory Framework for Telecommunications Interception...

    New Regulatory Framework for Telecommunications in Jordan Jordan Telecommunications QUANTITATIVE RESULTS AND ANALYSIS Chapter X presented the pre-test results of the pilot study that used qualitative data collected from the interviews with Jordanian dignitaries. This chapter presents the quantitative results from the survey administered to the larger representative sample of respondents from Jordanian businesses. The interviews conducted for the pilot study and a review of the literature supported the development of questions used in

  • Criminal Justice System How Laws

    ' (Johnson, 2003; paraphrased) Congress's work is "initiated by the introduction of a proposal in one of four forms: 1) the bill; 2) the joint resolution; 3) the concurrent resolution; and 4) the simple resolution. (Johnson, 2003) There are two types of bills: 1) the public bill; and 2) the private bill. (Johnson, 2003) public bill is one that has an effect on the public in a general way while a private bill is one

Read Full Essay
Copyright 2016 . All Rights Reserved