This is accomplished by using a number of different tactics in conjunction with each other to include: examining their lifestyle, developing client insights, establishing a strong relationship with the patient and creating a change in behavior. When interacting with children, these views are used to comprehend how: their connections with friends and family members are influencing their desire to be accepted. ("Theories of Counseling," 2010) (R, Tice, personal communication, October 25, 2012)
The Freudian approach is looking at how the child is developing base upon their relationship with others and the way they are dealing with the different stages in their lives. These include: studying the unconscious mind, analyzing dreams, examining the effects on the id / ego / superego and psychosexual development. The combination of these factors are designed to provide the therapist with a complete picture of what events are impacting the social, mental and emotional development of a child. When this takes place, they will be able to understand how their relationship with friends and family members are contributing to the challenges they are facing. (Storr, 1989) (R, Tice, personal communication, October 25, 2012)
The cognitive approach is when there is a focus on understanding how the child will interpret and analyze different events. During this process, the private practice clinician will work with the patient to see how their thoughts are impacting their behavior. When this happens, they can bring about changes in how: children are interacting with others, their self-esteem and attitudes towards the future. This is the point that they can have a transformation in their beliefs. ("Theories of Counseling," 2010) (R, Tice, personal communication, October 25, 2012)
When comparing the two, it is clear that school counselors that will use different tools to influence the attitudes of students. During the course of their activities is when they must utilize a combination of them together. This is because there are a host of situations and personalities that they are dealing with. While private practice clinicians, could focus on using one single approach or a variety of them. This is from the professional having areas of specialization that they have found to be most effective. As a result, school counselors have more experience and flexibility in dealing with children. Whereas private practice clinicians; will more than likely have select approaches. ("Theories of Counseling," 2010) (Storr, 1989) (Guidoccio, 2012) (Shallcross, 2012) (R, Tice, personal communication, October 25, 2012)
However, private practice clinicians may have more experience. This is because a number of these professionals used to be school counselors and decided to specialize. At the same time, students will see these individuals in a better light. The reason why is they are not interacting with them regularly and the opinions of others cannot influence their perceptions. ("Theories of Counseling," 2010) (Storr, 1989) (Guidoccio, 2012) (Shallcross, 2012)
According to Tice she corroborated these views by saying, "Many of my friends and colleagues started out working in school environment and then became specialized in helping children with specific issues. This helps me to reach out to the patient and understand their unique challenges. The experienced that I gained during the process gave me the ability to work with lots of kids from many different backgrounds." This is illustrating how many private practice clinicians have been interacting with children for a long time (which is allowing them to specialize their treatment options). (R, Tice, personal communication, October 25, 2012)
The Attitudes of Each Specialist
The attitudes of each specialist will be different. This is because the school counselor may take an approach that is focused on using: person centered, behavioral and solutions orientated philosophies. These views are different from many private practice clinicians, who are using select ideas. The contrasting settings are influencing how they work with children based on the tactics that are utilized. ("Theories of Counseling," 2010) (Storr, 1989) (Guidoccio, 2012) (Shallcross, 2012) (F. Forney, personal communication, October 23, 2012)
However, both professionals may have conflicting views on discipline. As the school counselor could be much harsher and impose stricter punishments on students. While the private practice clinician is concentrating on understanding the student and improving communication with them. This means that there will be less of an emphasis on discipline in order to instill an open channel of communication. ("Theories of Counseling," 2010) (Storr, 1989) (Guidoccio, 2012) (Shallcross, 2012) (R, Tice, personal communication, October 25, 2012)
The best way to improve how these two professionals work together is to encourage each one of them to have an open mind and flexibility. At the same time, there needs to be an emphasis on enhancing communication. If this can occur, there will be a sense of respect for one another and they can focus on what is in the best interests of the student.
In the future, this will create a situation where these professionals can understand the challenges of needy students at home and in school. When this happens, they can work together to troubleshot their problems while they are small. This will lead to positive changes in attitudes and better performance in the classroom. Moreover, this will also give the student a sense of confidence about themselves. As they become older, this approach will help them to understand how to positively interact with the world around them. This is the key for helping needy children to overcome the various challenges they are facing in their lives.
School Counseling. (2012). All About Counseling. Retrieved from:…