Creating a Field Trip for Each Philosophy Term Paper

Download this Term Paper in word format (.doc)

Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formatting

Excerpt from Term Paper:

Philosophy Field Trip

Realism: A flower is a flower.

Idealism: A flower is an ultimate idea.

Pragmatism: A flower is what I take it to be.

Existentialism: A flower exists for me

Rationalism: A flower is this way for now.

Realism is a development of the Platonic theory of Forms which stated that universals such as "red" or "man" have an independent, objective existence, either in a realm of their own or in the mind of God. In modern philosophy, realism is a broader term, including several philosophical movements whose agreement rests in the common rejection of philosophical Idealism. In its most general form realism asserts that objects in the external world exist independently of what is thought about them. This philosophy of realism stresses an important core of truth that cannot help but expand an individual's search for understanding and truth.

In the same way, the metaphysical realist takes the world and its non-intentional, or non-mental, aspects and parts to exist as is and to have total, fully-completed natures regardless of anything having peculiarly to do with cognition. Albert Einstein once asked his friend Abrahm Pais if he really believed that the moon existed only if he looked at it. Einstein himself had no doubts as to the answer. In his view the commonsense belief is correct. The moon does exist in objective reality whether or not anyone is observing it (Bradley, 1979)

Thus, if you go on a realist field trip to an apple orchard, you will see trees loaded with round red, green and yellow apples. The apple trees do vary in some aspects, but all are similar as members of the same class. As trees, they share in the form of what is an apple tree. There is the general category, botanical reality, and the particular trees that are members of the class. Take several apples home with you. Taste their different flavors, look at their colors, shape and form. Open them up and see the star that greets you. These trees and their qualities existed before you came on this trip and will exist after you leave.

Philosophical rationalism includes several forms of thought that share the belief that reality is rational in nature and that making the necessary deductions is essential to gaining knowledge. Deductive logic and mathematical processes are the main methodological tools. Rationalism accepts the view that there are no ultimate answers, but knowledge is nevertheless possible. Truth is a continuous search.

The best example of the philosophy was by Descartes. Starting with the reality of doubt, he determined to accept nothing of which he could not be certain. Yet one reality could be deduced from this: He was doubting and must therefore exist. In his words, "I think, therefore I am." Rationalism is a thus a philosophy that relies on reason and logic as the basis for testing any claims of truth, searching for objective knowledge about reality, forming judgments and conclusions. Rationalism must eventually rely on sense perceptions, but it must also use these with logic and evidence. Scientific method is derived from rationalism and based on the premise that there is no concrete or final truth, and all conclusions about reality are always tentative, subject to continual revision from additional evidence.

A rationalist field trip would be to go back in time and join Gottfried Wilhem Leibniz in considering a thought experiment.

Let us assume that some individual should instantly become the King of China, with the further constraint that he would lose all memory concerning his former life just as if he would be born anew. Wouldn't that -- practically speaking -- be indistinguishable from the situation in which the individual would be destroyed and a King of China brought into being at the same moment and the same place? The individual has no reason to wish for that (Mates, 1986).

Pragmatism sees reality as a process or experience. Knowledge is gained in trial-and-error, and values are set by norms of society that seeks the greatest happiness for the greatest number over the long-term. Pragmatism was founded by Charles S. Peirce in 1872. His "Illustrations of the Logic of Science" constitute an description and defense of the method of science -- or of any empirical or experimental method of inquiry. Peirce argues that this is the method…[continue]

Cite This Term Paper:

"Creating A Field Trip For Each Philosophy" (2005, July 18) Retrieved December 4, 2016, from

"Creating A Field Trip For Each Philosophy" 18 July 2005. Web.4 December. 2016. <>

"Creating A Field Trip For Each Philosophy", 18 July 2005, Accessed.4 December. 2016,

Other Documents Pertaining To This Topic

  • Philosophies of Education

    Educational Philosophies Pragmatism Pragmatism emerged from the writings of John Dewey who believed that experimentation was the best approach for educating young minds. For example, pragmatists feel that field trips, educational excursions etc. are more effective in teaching students about the world instead of audio-visual aids. Pragmatism includes such as thoughts as futurism, and educational humanism and Reconstructionism. Pragmatic education philosophy doesn't assign a traditional role to the teachers who are only

  • Shape and to Create Our Modern World

    shape and to create our modern world? The modern world was shaped by a range of events and powerful people. One of the first most influential people was Clovis. Clovis was the founder of the Merovingian dynasty of Frankish kings, and one who defeated the Roman rule in Gaul along with defeating a range of Germanic people, creating the kingdom that is known as France nowadays. Most notably, it was

  • Employee Motivation in a Pcba

    Indeed, effective problem solving in these circumstances often requires high levels of creative collaboration (Richards, 2007a, p. 34). In recognition of this reality, employers consistently name the ability to work together creatively as a primary and crucial skill -- even though many organizations have created cultures that undercut individual and collective creativity. In order to solve this problem there is a need of a comprehensive review of the facility management

  • Teaching Philosophy as an ESL

    I view education holistically. Students are developing their character and their values in addition to facts and figures. Language learning is a critical component of character development because language mastery enhances cross-cultural communication. A fellow teacher offers a powerful statement on the role of progressivism in the classroom: "In a progressivist classroom, teachers plan lessons to arouse curiosity and push the student to a higher level of knowledge. The

  • Piaf Pam Gems Provides a View Into

    Piaf," Pam Gems provides a view into the life of the great French singer and arguably the greatest singer of her generation -- Edith Piaf. (Fildier and Primack, 1981), the slices that the playwright provides, more than adequately trace her life. Edith was born a waif on the streets of Paris (literally under a lamp-post). Abandoned by her parents -- a drunken street singer for a mother and a

  • Application of a Pedagogic Model to the Teaching of Technology to...

    Pedagogic Model to the Teaching of Technology to Special Education Students Almost thirty years ago, the American federal government passed an act mandating the availability of a free and appropriate public education for all handicapped children. In 1990, this act was updated and reformed as the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, which itself was reformed in 1997. At each step, the goal was to make education more equitable and more

  • E Manufacturing A New Link

    Ayers (2000, p. 4) describes a supply chain as "Life cycle processes supporting physical, information, financial, and knowledge flows for moving products and services from suppliers to end-users." A supply chain can be short, as in the case of a cottage industry, or quite long and complex as in the manufacture, distribution, and sales of automobiles. In fact, the automobile supply chain has its origin in the mining of the

Read Full Term Paper
Copyright 2016 . All Rights Reserved