Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formattingExcerpt from Term Paper:
Cross and the Crescent
The main role of Richard Fletcher's The Cross and the Crescent is that it presents a concise history of the relations between Muslims and Christians in a period characterized by histeria and fear in the United States, regarding anything related to Muslims. This history of Muslim-Christian relations comes at the opportune moment, as it explains in a very balanced way the relation that these two different cultures had in time, partly explaining the actual conflict between these two worlds.
While the discussions in the Middle East between Christians and Muslims were peacefull, the same can not be said about the way Muslims were seen in the Christian world. They were always regarded as a potential threat, due to some historical events that pointed in this direction (for example, Constantinopole was constantly under attack).
Not all relations between Muslims and Christians were of a violent nature, as there existed some colaboration between them in history. This colaboration was in the area of commerce that the two developed in the Mediterranean region. This commerce led to a trade in technology (the invention of abacus and the production of paper) that led to a stronger relation between cultures. But this relation of trade was not later developed any further, as the two did not show any interest in eachother's religion.
The relation between Islam and Christianity was not a very close and cooperative one throughout history, as it is not so even today. The historical tour that Fletcher makes ends in the early 16th century, when the Islam world was far more developed and sophisticated than the western Europeans. This is why Muslims did not view Christians as competition. But, as the European civilization developed in a spectacular way, the Muslims were shocked by the effect that this new rising civilization had on them.
Fletcher's book focuses on the attitude that the Muslims had regarding to the Christians and vice-versa more than to purely historical aspects. For example, he pays not so much attention to the historical events of the crusades, but to the effect they had on the Muslim population. The book provides a valuable insight to Islam and to the relations between Islam and Christianity.
The Muslims were seen as barbarians, as they invaded many Christian countries and conquered, especially during the Ottoman Empire, large territories of Christian population. This almost permanent military conflict between Muslims and Christians led to the formation of various anti-Muslim opinions in the Christian writings. By comparison, the Muslims rarely mention the Christians in their writings, and when they do, they refer to them as being ignorant, backwards, this due to the fact that in the time frame that Fletcher presents, the Muslims were far more civilized and evolved than the Christians.
The Muslims were technologically speaking more evolved than the Christians and believed to be superior to them in many aspects. As Islam was an evolved civilization with a strong culture, they were superior from some points-of-view to the Christians. The western civilization was not yet defined at that time and this is why when the Muslims felt superior, they were not completely wrong.
The importance of analyzing the relations between Muslims and Christians is great in a point where wars and very violent conflicts bring the two cultures to different sides. The hatred of the Muslims against America and other western countries (Christian) is rooted in the historical background that led to the so radical separation between the two cultures. It is important that we have an insight into the Muslim world in order to understand some aspects of their culture.
Richard Fletcher presents how misunderstandings between Muslims and Christians have been present since their earliest encounters. Both sides have always regarded the other religion as fundamentally different, despite any interaction that took place in history. Christians saw Muslims as barbarian pagans and Muhammad as a false prophet, while Muslims believed that Christianity was a gathering of sects. As Fletcher put it, "Christian and Muslim lived side by side in a state of mutual religious aversion. Given these circumstances, if religious passions were to be stirred up, confrontation would probably be violent."
The Cross and the Crescent provides some very important information about the Islam civilization and culture and thus it presents the Arab world in a more comprehensive way, by introducing the westerner into history while underlining the Muslim…[continue]
"Cross And The Crescent" (2006, December 09) Retrieved October 27, 2016, from http://www.paperdue.com/essay/cross-and-the-crescent-72912
"Cross And The Crescent" 09 December 2006. Web.27 October. 2016. <http://www.paperdue.com/essay/cross-and-the-crescent-72912>
"Cross And The Crescent", 09 December 2006, Accessed.27 October. 2016, http://www.paperdue.com/essay/cross-and-the-crescent-72912
International Red Cross is governed by the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), which was established in 1863. Its main function is to provide humanitarian support and help especially for those affected by conflict and armed violence. In this way, it creates support and help for those who are victims of the war, and provides a platform for promoting laws that protect these victims. The International Red Cross operates
American Red Cross Structural Components The American Red Cross provides national and international emergency services to victims of disasters. According to the American National Red Cross (2011) Website, the charity responds to more than 70,000 disasters per year, the majority of which tend ot be house or apartment fires, in addition to larger-scale disasters such as hurricanes, floods, earthquakes tornadoes, hazardous materials spills, vehicle accidents, explosions, and others. Wherever a disaster strikes
Questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=27440792 This is a book that explores the history and the background to the American Red Cross. It focuses extensively on the founder of the organization, Clara Barton. This work is extensive and provides a clear and intriguing analysis of the factors and the reasons that contributed to the making and development of the Americana Red Cross. Meara, K.P. (2001, November 5). The Red Cross in the Cross Hairs? Families of Oklahoma
International Federation of the Red Cross, located in Geneva, Switzerland. Specifically, it will contain a brief description of the International Red Cross, and what do they do. The International Red Cross The International Federation of the Red Cross was established in 1919 after the end of World War I, and the first organization was housed in Paris. The group is a blending of three organizations, the International Red Cross, the Red
Financial Analysis of the American Red Cross The Red Cross is a nonprofit humanitarian organization that operates in several different countries. The American Red Cross was founded by Clara Barton as an emergency response organization. The Red Cross is one of several worldwide organizations that seek to offer "neutral humanitarian care to the victims of war" (American Red Cross, 2011). In addition, it seeks to help people who have been harmed
Overall, however, the Jews in Europe did not lead as normal or equal lives as the Jews in the Muslim world did. Cohen's idea was to prove this point, and he does it repeatedly. Throughout the book, Cohen uses comparisons such as these to prove his thesis and indicate just why the Jews were better off in Islamic lands. Each chapter touches on a particular area of life, from legalities
American Red Cross services provided by a community agency and it's challenges in servicing a certain health issue within the community The American Red Cross This research paper looks at the services provided by a community agency and its challenges in servicing certain health issues within the community. The research will mainly dwell on the American Red Cross which is a community agency based in the U.S. that provides public health services not