The role of nurses has grown quite complex over years. It is no more simply about cleaning the wounds. The advanced practicing nurses have high education- often post-graduation and acquire skills and knowledge to work in complex healthcare situations. Different nurses have different role since advance nursing is organized into levels. Each nurse has knowledge of assessment, diagnostics, planning, and case evaluation. The advance nursing roles are supported by stand level of skill, knowledge, and experience that is applied within the nurse-patient/client relationship to achieve optimal outcomes through critical analysis, problem solving and evidence-based decision making (Advanced Practice Nurses, 2013). The advance practice nurses are categorized into levels of nurse practitioners, nurse anesthetists, clinical nurse specialists, or nurse midwives. All of them offer primary care to the patients and offer services of disease prevention as well as control.
Growth in Nursing and Advance practice
With the rise in technology industry, more people are choosing IT professions and the number of people joining primary care is decreasing. The individuals seek professions that pay highly and do not require a lot of effort (Schwartz, 2013). The primary health care on the other hand is a profession that involves round the clock service and concern for the clients i.e. patients. The job is even tougher during emergencies. The decrease in number of physicians is sheer than the decrease in number of nurses therefore, since there are relatively more nurse practitioners, the demand of health care for practitioner is rising. Currently there are about 1.5 million people covered by medicad services offered in North Carolina but increasing the capacity and adding new practitioners, there can be additional service offered to about 650,000 patients.
Scope of practice
The nurses are registered and educated in order to equip them with standard skills and capabilities to perform their jobs. Yet, the scope of practice of nurses varies from state to state due to laws that differ in different regions (Poghosyan, Lucero, Rauch, Berkowitz, 2012). The scope of practice, as defined by different institutes and legal bodies, define the roles and responsibilities of nurse practitioners. The scope of practice or SoP sets standards about the autonomy of the nurse practitioner. Thus, the nurses are, in some states fully dependent on the decision of the physicians and on the other hand in some states, they can offer the health care service to the patient independently. There is a requirement of direct supervision of the nurse by a physician in some states. While, some regions require that the nurse as well as the physician should be involved in patient care even if the physician is not formally writing the prescriptions. The regulatory environment also sets the stage for scope of practice of the nurse practitioner. Independent nurse practice is legal in some states and illegal in other states.
Compare and contrast of nursing roles
A nurse may generally appear as s single profession to many but it is actually a combination of further distributed roles of individuals. A nurse can be practitioner, educator, informacist or administrator. Each role is defined below separately to understand how do these resemble as well as how do these vary from each other.
A nurse practitioner is a qualified person who is tasked to handle the patients with critical and chronic condition. Such a nurse starts the treatment from taking history of the patient. The nurse also conducts primary tests and exams on the patient. Depending on the scope of the nurse, a nurse can run a session of diagnosis. Thus a nurse can function as primary service provider and can, independently or under supervision of a physician, prescribe medicine as well. The advanced education of nurses also enables them to specialize in major medical fields like cardiology, oncology, dermatology, and orthopedics. The nurse practitioner can proceed to doctoral programs and conduct research on specific nursing/medical area. The role of nurse practitioner can be summarized as disease assessment, diagnosis, and therapy, offering primary and secondary health care services, maintaining health care and educating patients.
The nurse in the role of nurse educator is a professional who educates and teaches the practical and registered nurses. These nurses can teach the nurses as well as patients about the health care and basic services. He teaches graduates as well as post graduate students. Thus nursing staff education is also the job of nurse educator. The education of nurse educator varies on the basis of nurse practice act and the educational requirements of the state or institution. In USA, minimum of graduation level education is required by the nurse educator. The nurse educator may teach general nursing courses or the special medical courses.
The role of a nursing informatics is to find out ways in which information management can be improved and communication can be enhanced. The nursing informatics seeks to improve efficiency of the primary health care and cut the costs without compromising the quality of health care. The nursing informatics is formally defined as integrating nursing as well as computer science, and information to carry out nursing practice while communicating nursing data (Nursing Informatics, 2007). It offers data integration, information processing and patient support. The information structures, processes, and technology are vital parts of nursing Informaticist. The role is highly dependent on documentation which is used in communication process. The data in documents improve communication as well as speed of the healthcare service provision. Thus taking notes from the patients about their history as well as the reporting of data to the physicians is enhanced. It is the job of nursing informatics to find out ways that make the documentation process simple as well as easy to understand. The documentation and recording systems may include recent technology for data gathering and voice recognition too.
The role of nurse administrator is to understand and respond to various different health care environments. The nurse administrator is not only responsible for self but also to manage the nurses that have to work under them. The team of nurses can work permanently under a nurse administrator or for particular work shifts (Responsibilities of a Nurse Administrator, 2011). The nurse administrator assigns jobs to the nurses working under her and to check if they are performing their jobs well or not. The responsibilities of a nurse administrator involve understanding nursing task, dividing it into subtasks, making and maintaining documents and procedure for nurses, setting nursing goals, developing nursing team and maintaining the budgets of the nursing staff (Ball, 2005). The nurse administrator also schedules the nursing tasks.
Regulatory and legal requirements for New Jersey
The State of New Jersey makes sure that the nursing practice is standardized and well managed. Thus the Department of Law and Public Safety states that the advisory standards be regularly checked and followed and the nurses not practicing legally should be penalized (Department of Law and Public Safety: New Jersey, 2011). The state departments run surveys to find if the nurses at individual as well as institute level follow the standards or not. The department says that the nurses in New Jersey are regulated, registered, licensed, and inspected not only by public but also the private organizations to ensure that the health of patient is not compromised. The responsibility of certifying facility of nurses lies on the New Jersey Department of Health. The department regularly checks the performance and runs surveys every year to evaluate the skills and knowledge of the nurses.
Besides the Department of Health, New Jersey also regulates nursing industry through Office of the Ombudsman for the Institutionalized Elderly. This department conducts study on the cases of abuse in long-term health care service and the violations of rights of residents in these long-term facilities located in the state of New Jersey. The elders beyond age of 60 are offered special care and the nurses not ensuring service to such residents are penalized. Other public and state organizations like Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations make sure that the member nurses are well equipped with knowledge and skills to perform health care services.
Nurses, like other professionals (doctors, engineers, business leaders), have professional organizations that offer membership for the purpose of professional knowledge up gradation and skill management. There are many such organizations in America as well as the State of New Jersey. One such organization is New Jersey State Nursing Association. The members benefit from services like education continuity, adoption of standards, guidance etc. (National League for Nursing, 2013). The Academy of Medical-Surgical Nurses is considered a dedicated institute that works on medical-surgical nursing. It focuses on achieving excellence by offering patient care and growing nurses both personally and professionally. Membership of Academy of Neonatal Nursing offers benefits like research in the field of nursing. A member can take advantage of peer-reviewed publications, conferences, and interaction with other professionals in industry. The American Academy of…