Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formattingExcerpt from dissertation:
Teaching -- Classroom Management
Discipline in Classroom - Problems and Solutions
Classroom management is the phrase that teachers use to explain the act of managing their classroom and students to make sure those stressful and non-educational circumstances are avoided and students learn subjects successfully. Classroom management entails more than the management and discipline of the students but also the accessibility of additional information on topics. Effective classroom management will make life less traumatic for teachers and make sure that students are given the right tools and a calm atmosphere in which to learn (Diamond, 2011).
Classroom management often differs from one teacher to another for the reason of the teacher's qualities, teaching methods, vigilance and amount of students in the classroom at any given time. Effective classroom management entails teachers being ready for lessons, inspiring students, offering appropriate and effectual discipline, making students feel contented, enhancing student self-esteem and conniving positive and entertaining lessons (Diamond, 2011).
The key to beginning a school year off with successful classroom management is to start the year by teaching the students the behaviors and conduct expected of them in the classroom. Teachers should convey a syllabus to older students or give details about procedures to small children. By making rules and procedures the main concern the first few days of school and making clear each rule and procedure with authority, teachers can successfully enforce their needs for an appropriately managed class (Diamond, 2011).
Another effective classroom management practice is displaying assurance in all actions. A teacher who demonstrates confidence rather than nervousness will achieve more in the classroom and gain the admiration of the students. Confidence helps teachers in terminating needless conversations, off-topic discussions and troublesome behavior (Diamond, 2011).
Students act and learn in dissimilar manners for the reason of hereditary factors, the surroundings in which they live, or their own personal or psychological requirements. A lot of times, when a student feels that their needs are not being met, such as the need for notice, they often act up. As a result, teachers need to comprehend why students behave as they do so that we can try to avert misbehavior before it takes place and use an assortment of dissimilar ways to steer their behavior in a positive way. Classrooms can then become comprehensive, friendly, and pleasurable places for all students to learn, and ones in which misbehaviors are uncommon. Teachers can therefore spend more time teaching and learning with their students (Positive discipline in the inclusive, learning-friendly classroom: a guide for teachers and teacher educators, 2006).
Every classroom brings its own exclusive set of challenges and experiences with students and parents, as well as with other school personnel. New instructors achieve classroom management knowledge by practicing methods, being willing to learn from their errors, and getting feedback from other professionals. Even experienced instructors face unforeseen and difficult challenges. Consistency, equality, and common sense unite to rule the day, when an instructor faces the most troubling situations (Hoy, 2010).
Teachers should make sure that they set expectations early on and frequently. They should communicate school rules and procedures, as well as classroom etiquette, occasionally throughout the school year. They should continually watch classroom discussions, both officially and unofficially. The environment needs to be structured so that it endorses cooperative behavior. Teachers need to avoid laying down rules and penalties that they are unable to put into effect. Students are more apt to assist when they feel they are part of the decision-making procedure (Hoy, 2010).
Teachers can improve behavior management know-how by practicing skills that diminish misbehavior. It is important to detect and redirect misbehavior at the first onset, before it becomes a serious disturbance. Teachers should move close to the offending student, having constant eye contact, while giving a nonverbal sign to discontinue the behavior. They must give a short verbal cue or call out the student's name. The applicable rule should be restates or the proper behavior should be stated in order to redirect the student's behavior. The teachers should always be firm and direct while being respectful to the student (Hoy, 2010).
Teachers can have achievement with children in their classrooms. In order to do this they have to have support from co-workers as well as continually put into practice behavioral plans and classroom management methods. This research project aims to find out the most effective techniques for managing students and to provide support for the teachers educating them. The main research question, which is going to be looked at in this research paper, is the following:
What is the most effectual classroom teaching strategies dealing with discipline?
In this research an overview of works will be examined. These will include the books, newspaper articles and results of previous research. These sources will help to identify a best individual teaching strategy and to give essential explanation and support for the data.
The matters of school aggression and discipline have acquired popular awareness in the United States in recent years because of the passage of the Gun Free Schools Act of 1994 and the school shootings at Columbine, Colorado and Paducah, Kentucky (Austin, 2003). As a consequence, many discussions and ponderings related to student discipline have been produced in the educational arena across a variety of parts of the United States. For example, George, Harrower, and Knoster (2003), Hester, Gable and Manning (2003), Lapointe and Frederic (2004) and Newman-Carlson and Horne (2004) have highlighted that bad student discipline at the middle school level is a mounting dilemma. These researchers pointed out that teachers, administrators, and other educators grumbled that bad discipline in public middle schools has a pessimistic effect on the procedure of teaching and learning. This was particularly evident in schools where there were no effectual behavior involvement or discipline support schemes (George, Harrower & Knoster, 2003; Hester, Gable & Manning, 2003; Lapointe & Frederic, 2004; Newman-Carlson & Horne, 2004). Additionally, American educators think that bad discipline and other appearances of disorderly behavior in America's public schools are serious, all-encompassing problems that compromises student learning. It has been alleged that such troubles were driving a considerable amount of teachers out of the profession (Public Agenda Organization, 2004).
Reports put out by the Public Agenda Organization (2004) have shown that students' misbehavior, which comprises disorderliness, disregard, intimidations, threats, bullying, talking out, tardiness, and rudeness, were frequent and classic behaviors that were influencing the learning environment of public schools. As a result, the suspension rates have augmented considerably over the last few years (Sullivan, 2008). For instance, between 2000 and 2005, suspensions for more serious things lasting for six days to one year rose by more than seventy-six percent, from 8,567 to 15,090, and the ensuing penalties can be overwhelming for the academic expansion of students (Sullivan, 2008). This is for the reason that the stakes were greater for students' performance on achievement assessments. The fact lingered though that students who habitually challenged genuine school rules and power were stopping the bulk of students from learning and teachers from teaching (Sullivan, 2008).
Additionally, just about eight in ten teachers have noted that in their pursuit to preserve order and discipline, they were frequently told by students that they have rights and that their parents can sue (Public Agenda Organization, 2004). As a consequence, the current legal system and probable repercussions for teachers damaged the course of maintaining order in schools by facilitating parents and students to cash in on the system. Supporters and educators has said that the legal system must struggle to attain a balance between the asserted rights of people and the rightful interests of humanity (Public Agenda Organization, 2004).
In a study done by Akin-Little, Little and Laniti, (2007), a survey was undergone with teachers' classroom management practices in the United States and Greece. The United States sample was made up of one hundred and forty nine teachers in Arizona, Illinois, Louisiana, Mississippi and Alabama. The Greek sample consisted of ninety seven teachers in Athens and the surrounding region. The survey asked questions in regards to teachers' utilization of important classroom management principles like rules and other classroom management procedures. Answer of the teachers in the two samples were extremely alike which indicates that; in general, teachers are reporting the utilization of empirically authenticated classroom management practices like rules and positive reinforcement in comparatively high amounts.
For most new teachers in the Netherlands, troubles with discipline in the classroom are their first apprehension. Throughout the first couple of years of their career they either expand sufficient strategies for classroom management which will assist them to generate and uphold an affirmative working environment in their classrooms or leave the profession. In a study done by Bradley, (2011) it is examined to see how interactive cognitions relate to teacher insights of student behavior and how these cognitions influence teacher behavior. The consequences of this project contributed to efforts intended at assisting student and new teachers in figuring out a more positive working environment in their classrooms. Data was collected…[continue]
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Classroom Discipline Cook-Sather, a. (2009). "I'm not afraid to listen: Prospective teachers learning from students." Theory Into Practice, 48(3), 176-183. Cook-Sather's article describes a teacher education program she conducts at Bryn Mawr College and the results of a survey of teachers who went through the program. The program is called the Teaching and Learning Together (TLT). Through TLT, secondary education students at the college have substantial interaction with high school students from area
She is having a problem with a student, Cary Kirby, who arrives each day without any of the required reading materials. Mrs. Cansler feels like she is in a Catch-22 situation. If she sends Cary back to his locker, she wastes class time; if she does not, Cary cannot do his work. Analysis -- Assertive discipline is a behavioral approach to home and classroom management that involves a high level
According to Bales, 1999, the concept behind SYMLOG is that "every act of behavior takes place in a larger context, that it is a part of an interactive field of influences." Further, "the approach assumes that one needs to understand the larger context -- person, interpersonal, group, and external situation -- in order to understand the patterns of behavior and to influence them successfully." With SYMLOG, measurement procedures are
Relying too much upon discipline create resentment in the mind and heart of the child because it is punitive, blatantly telling the child he or she is wrong (however lovingly) and does not solicit input from the child. It is also highly individualized in nature, which can make the child feel (rightly or wrongly) that he or she is being singled out and treated unfairly by an authority figure. Management Group management
On the micro issue, within the classroom, most experts say that overcrowding can be better managed if the instructor is positive, engaging, and committed to teaching with whatever extremes occur. Keeping lessons relevant and interesting, modeling empathy and courteous behavior, and changing the classroom set-up to reflect openness whenever possible will, in the long run, improve many of the general problems engendered by too many students in a class
Discipline Exercises "Missing Money." My first reaction is to look at all the students involved and at their reactions. Eileen looks shocked, but does Carol look guilty? While Carol may have behavior issues, I cannot make snap judgments about her and the missing money. Other options would be to talk to Carol and Eileen, and try to get to the bottom of the missing money from them. Talking to Carol might
As with all responsibilities and duties of a teacher or other classroom leader, preparation is a fundamental aspect of behavior management. Developing a comprhensive and detailed understanding of the needs of classroom management and the processes that can fulfill those needs is essential before even entering the classroom. Once a full strategy for achieving a well-managed and positively supportive classroom has been developed, the teacher must then adhere to this