Employee Discipline and the Decision-Making Process Decisions Term Paper

Download this Term Paper in word format (.doc)

Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formatting

Excerpt from Term Paper:

Employee Discipline and the Decision-Making Process

Decisions are a part of each day for everyone on earth. Some of these decisions are small and in significant, such as what to eat for breakfast. While others are quite complex and one has to weigh the costs and benefits of the decision. The possible outcomes must be weighed and the solution chosen which has the most benefits and fewest costs. Business managers make decisions that effect many people and they must not only consider the outcomes for themselves, but must consider the opportunities and costs for the entire group or organization. One of the toughest decisions managers must make is the issue of discipline. When an employee breaks the rules or acts in a way that could be dangerous to others or effect the productivity of the group, the manager must decide what course of action is best for everyone.

Let us consider the following scenario. Dan is a production worker on an assembly line. His job entails electronics assembly work on an auto parts line. He has to work with an equal number of women and men. Recently several of the women have filed formal complaints that Dan is making sexual innuendoes towards them and they feel uncomfortable. On checking with the human resource department, you have found that there is a strange coincidence for women calling in sick when they are scheduled to work with Dan. This causes manpower shortages and reduces the overall productivity of the group. You have noticed that the productivity of that line is ae that of rest of the plant.

However, Dan himself has never called in sick, never been late and is a model employee. When confronted with the sexual innuendo question, Dan indicated that he did not know what they were talking about. Action must be taken, but what is appropriate in this situation? There are many factors to consider. The following research will explore the possible solutions to the situation in regards to modern decision making theory and research.

Programmed and Non-Programmed Decisions

Programmed decisions occur in response to situations that occur often enough in order for a set of rules regarding the decision to be developed. On example of these may be when to order inventory and at what levels. Non-Programmed decisions are made in response to situations that are unique, or to problems that are poorly defined and largely unstructured. The situation described involving Dan has qualities of both a programmed and non-programmed decision.

The company has strict policies regarding sexual harassment in the workplace, which call for firing on first offense. In this regard, according to the rules, Dan should be immediately fired. However, in this case, there are many variables. First, Dan denies the allegations and it may be that the women have plotted against him for some unknown reason. Secondly, this is Dan's first offense of any kind in 7 years of employment with the company. Dan has always been a model employee and the company would be losing a great asset if he were gone. The decision now has elements of a programmed decision and a non-programmed decision as well. A programmed decision can resemble a non-programmed decision when there are mitigating circumstances.

A study by LePine and associates (1998) determined that groups who work together on a common task develop standard pattern of interaction among team members. They determined that when a non-programmed change was introduced into the process, the routines then became problematic. When teams experience repeated success with certain behaviors in a constant problem environment, this generally leads to the creation of routines This is the exact effect seen when Dan supposedly started making innuendoes towards the women.

This team had been working together without incidence when suddenly Dan's behavior began to change, as stated in LePine et al. (1998), the situation then became a problem and caused tension in the group. It is important for the manager in the case of Dan to choose the option, which poses the least disruption of the established routine of the group, so that maximum efficiency can be maintained.

Decision Making Models

There are many models for making decisions (Peters, 2001). In order for the manager to make a correct decision, they must possess several items. They must have all of the information available, especially regarding risk. The decision must have clear-cut goals. Ambiguity must be reduced, including a lack of clear-cut goals, well-defined alternatives, and information about outcomes (Peters, 2001). In the case of Dan the goal is clear, management wishes for Dan to stop making innuendoes and making the women feel uncomfortable in order to keep production level at or above expectations. Alternatives however are rather unclear and need to be carefully considered.

There are several different decision making models and the one chosen for a particular decision is up to the manager's personal preference. The decision model chosen depends on the amount of risk, definition of goals and clarity of alternatives in a particular case. The three most widely accepted decision making models are the Classical Model, Administrative model, and the Political Model (Peters, 2001).

The classical model confronts decisions on the basis of intuition and personal preferences. The effectiveness of the classical model depends on the certainty of information provided and that the alternatives are known (Smithson, 2000). Logic must be used in order for the decision to reach the intended goals (Peters, 2001). The classical model is an appropriate model for making financial decision, or decisions that have a high degree of order and structure.

The administrative model is used in cases where there exist non-programmed events, uncertainty and ambiguity in alternatives or missing information. Two ideas constitute the administrative model, the first of which is bounded rationality (Peters, 2001). This simply means that persons have boundaries on how rational they can be. This means that at one point emotions take over control and rationality is lost (Deutsch, 2000). Facial expressions and non-verbal clues are important in this assessment as well (Smith et al., 1998). Perceptions play a part in the decision process (Greene et al., 1999). In the case of Dan, management must consider whether the women's allegations are based on logic, or whether they are highly emotional in nature and Dan's comments may have been taken out of context. Satisficing means that the decision-maker will choose the first solution that satisfies the minimal decision criteria (Peters, 2001).

The Political model of decision making has been considered the one which most resembles the real environment in which managers operate (Peters, 2001). There is much disagreement over the problems and solutions. Decisions are complex and involve many elements. Coalitions must be formed in order to resolve conflicts. In this case, the political model would be best utilized in order to restore cohesion between Dan and the women. Agents can be motivated by what they perceive benefits to be in the future (Charbit and Fernandez, 2000),

Steps In the Decision Making Process

Many authors define the steps involved in decision making (Harpur, 2002). The exact number of steps differs, but the concept is the same. The first process in decision making is to identify the problem and to define to eventual goals that one wishes to accomplish. The second step is to identify the options that are available for dealing with the problem. The Third Step is to evaluate the options in terms of both positive and negative consequences (Harpur, 2002). Many considerations must be taken into effect in the evaluation of the options including the company's goals, company culture and values, who will be affected by the decision, and short- and long-term consequences of the decision (Harpur, 2002). Next a course of action must be created and a time frame for implementation developed. The action plan must now be implemented. These steps will apply to any decision in almost any circumstance.

Recognition of the Need for Making A Decision

Many times managers may not recognize the scope or severity of a problem and may put off making a decision. Sometimes managers may put off making a decision because they cannot decide on the best course of action. Managers may decide that a problem will resolve itself if left alone. In this case the decision is one of inaction. The first step in the decision making process is to determine that a decision in deed does need made.

Diagnosis and Analysis of Causes

In order to implement a plan of action in response to the decision, the problem must first be defined clearly. The goals of the problem must be determined, that is what the preferred final outcome will be. The causes of the problem must be analyzed and clearly identified. Often this is difficult, especially when it involved two conflicting parties as in the case of Dan and the ladies. Alternatives cannot be developed until the true cause of a problem is known. There are many personal differences that must be account4ed for in diagnosing the causes (Mayer, 2000).

Developing alternatives…[continue]

Cite This Term Paper:

"Employee Discipline And The Decision-Making Process Decisions" (2002, December 09) Retrieved December 5, 2016, from http://www.paperdue.com/essay/employee-discipline-and-the-decision-making-141435

"Employee Discipline And The Decision-Making Process Decisions" 09 December 2002. Web.5 December. 2016. <http://www.paperdue.com/essay/employee-discipline-and-the-decision-making-141435>

"Employee Discipline And The Decision-Making Process Decisions", 09 December 2002, Accessed.5 December. 2016, http://www.paperdue.com/essay/employee-discipline-and-the-decision-making-141435

Other Documents Pertaining To This Topic

  • Employee Relations Industrial Conflicts and Collective Disputes

    Employee Relations: Industrial Conflicts and Collective Disputes: Efficient and good industrial relations are usually dependent on the consistent, just and reasonable treatment as well as participation of the staff in issues and decisions that have an impact on them. The ideological framework of industrial relations involves the maintenance and enhancement of human resources procedures and policies. This framework of industrial relations also ensures that there is unbiased and consistent application of joint

  • Decision Making Critical Review Vroom V H

    The two scenarios are likely to sway employees to provide false information if they are encouraged. However, the relationship had much strength in the positive. Therefore, in this study, there were clear choices. The participants were required to either tell the truth or lie. If things were easy for individuals in the world, lines of making moral decisions tend to be much fuzzier, however, the bottom line remains the same

  • Decision Making and Accounting Theories Business Owners

    Decision Making and Accounting Theories Business owners find that they always have to put on business hats when they are starting up or managing their businesses. However in business it is not the owners who are meant to make decisions only, decisions can also be made by employees. When classification of business decisions is done it is on the basis of how predictable that particular decision is. Programmed decisions are those

  • Employee Discipline of Employees Often

    Handbook Disclaimers Negate Contract Status: Employers can use disclaimers to avoid this situation. If employees sign explicit disclaimers that employment is at-will, courts typically find that handbooks don't create long-term employment contracts. The court in Woolley found that the form and placement of a handbook disclaimer is very important (Employee Handbooks and At-Will Employment ibid). An effective disclaimer is a clear statement by which the defendant reserved the unambiguous right

  • Leadership Style and Decision Making Style

    However this philosophy has been proved to be wrong. Besides a few traits like intuition and sensing, all the leadership traits involve our conscious decisions and behaviors. A person can adopt any leadership and decision making style to be effective and productive based on the work environment and the people he is working with. Here are some recommendations for the self-improvement with respect to leadership and decision making: The leader

  • Decision Support System DSS

    Decision Support System (DSS) Assuring a safe and secure it (IT) atmosphere for that exchange of business has been a significant problem. The degree related to the task has been increasing annually, as assailants become a little more well-informed, more driven, and more vivid within their endeavours. Based on a lead security professional at International Data Corporation, a worldwide supplier of marketplace data and advisory services to the IT network, "Rising

  • Decisions by School Superintendents Improper Attitude and

    Decisions by School Superintendents Improper Attitude and Unprofessional Conduct of Teachers To educate a person in mind and not in morals is to educate a menace to society - President Theodore Roosevelt. That teaching is at one and the same time an intellectual as well as a moral endeavor, is an idea that is well entrenched in the minds of men since centuries past. The sayings of great teachers of ancient times bear

Read Full Term Paper
Copyright 2016 . All Rights Reserved