Era Great Depression Identify at least 2 Essay

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Era Great Depression

Identify at least (2) two major historical turning points in the period under discussion.

The problems were similar in Germany and the U.S. Germany was in the midst of a labor crisis and depression after 1918 and the transitional national market was a woebegone thing. Under such circumstances the natural result was the hope of another militarization. (Marwick; Emsley; Simpson, 2001) This resulted in the Nazi rise and paved way for the Second World War. The economic status of Britain and Europe after the First World War was better than that of U.S. And while the U.S. In 1933 faced depression, Britain and France had financial structures that were sound. The U.S. And Germany were affected and this has far reaching consequences. (Pereboom, 1997)

The first turning point came with the changes in the notion of capitalism which was the driving economic force that made the U.S. what it is, and is still the fundamental force behind its development and becoming a world wide presence. In the capitalist society, restrictions on trade and government regulations are seen to retard the accumulation of the nation's wealth. Called the laissez-faire policy, the feature plays the most vital role in the economy of the capitalist countries of today. (Langley, 2002)

The changing times and advancements in the world, firstly with the rapid industrialization and later the world wars and its aftermath has slowly changed the perceptions of the Capitalist state ideals and necessitated the intervention of the state in many economic affairs. The major change was in the international trade where prior to the Second World war, the British financial order was the decisive factor in the capital markets of the world and set about the financial powers within each economy. The U.S. was seen imposing its policy after the war with the Marshall Plan aid. (Langley, 2002) American financial order has in the modern era become powerful and stable. The political and economic policies of the U.S. today can affect any nation in the world.

2) Analyze the impact of the two (2) or more major historical turning points selected on America's current society, economy, politics, and culture.

The present economy and the post globalization changes that we see today is a direct result of the change in polices that came as a result of the periods between the two great wars. The first historical turning point after the first war was the creation of a global financial system that is often overlooked. This paved way for the later globalization and the development of the present society. The changes can be seen even in the Presidential Campaign and state of nation's economy. (Erikson, 1989)

The evidence analyzed ever since World War II show that there is a definite correlation between economic conditions and the vote for the incumbent party. This relationship was shown to be very high, and this shows that there is a great link between the economic condition of the country and the outcome of the elections irrespective of the other factors that play a role in the election. (Erikson, 1989) The changes that came over the economy resulted in government interference in the economy and adopting the Keynesian model of correcting the economic forces with government spending and taxes.

3) Speculate as to why women earned the right to vote in the frontier states of the West before eastern and southern states.

The southern states had a heterogeneous population that was expanding to the dangerous western regions and taming new frontiers. The army wives therefore enjoyed a different status. The difference in the rights of women can be traced to the civil war and the times of colonization of America. In the western areas women were allowed to participate in civil society and could vote, and be elected as a judge. In the year 1861 Kansas became the first state to give women franchise. It is attributed to the culture of the 'army wives' that gave women equal prominence during the frontier expansion. While this occurred in the western frontiers the other states stuck to the rigid male order societies. (Eales, 1996)

Why did the women in the frontier enjoy the special status? The reason given is that the forward posts were pockets of isolation and the small community forged a society in times of danger and threat to continue efficient existence. Thus women were to shoulder the same responsibility of men. While the eastern parts had males as the head of the home, the west resorted to a system of combined authority. Women thus provided leadership in the frontier and thus 'army wives' got the important rights formerly reserved for men. The second impact came when nurses, teachers and other volunteers of women came to take up work in urban areas, and by 1888 many women began to be employed in teaching and 63% of all teachers were women. Thus employment in major service sectors was also the cause for the rise of women representation in the national civic system and polity. (Altenbaugh, 1992)

4) Describe at least two (2) pieces of legislation in the Roosevelt -- Taft -- Wilson progressive era years that have influenced the conduct of business to this day and what that influence has been.

The Roosevelt -- Taft -- Wilson progressive era period saw the growth of federalism and the reforms that created a strong federal government that later on went to control most of the resources and the fact that the American constitution could be altered. During the three decades between 1890 and 1920, the so called progressive era, American cities and businesses grew; there were reforms including moving from agriculture, rise of entrepreneurs, more immigration and the Spanish-American War. It ended with World War I. (Jaycox, 2005)

The legislative act in 1920 and the railway control attempted before were changes that brought federalism into the fore. The bill by Roosevelt enabled to control natural resources. The water power act split the revenue from the state to the federal and the state. The Federal Power commission was another body that was established to give the Federal government power over the resources. The Mineral Leasing act 1920 made minerals and oil a federal subject. (Jaycox, 2005) Thus the first impact was in making the constitution elastic or changeable rather than rigid. One of the most important concepts and the legislations was centered on the theme of self-government. The concept of a federal state that was centralized began with the concept of federalism and thoughts on social welfare. (Morrisey, 2009)

5) Explain the role that the Spanish American War played in America's development of an Empire.

It is surprising that such a small Island off the East coast was the point of contention between the U.S. And other nations ever since the U.S. gained independence. There were many crises involving Cuba. The issue was largely connected with the hegemony of the United States in the Western Hemisphere. It later resulted in the "Monroe Doctrine." (Larson, 1963) The United States had crises with Spain over Cuba in the nineteenth century -- then popular as the "Cuban Question." The 1898 war between the United States and Spain made the United States the world's greatest power and the war with Spain was the beginning of a crisis that still continues after Castro. American history shows that aggressive nationalism was behind the war, and in 1898 the U.S. concluded that Spain ought to be divested of Cuba and force will be used to evacuate Spain. (Larson, 1963) There was tacit support then to the U.S. By rebels and the Spanish government tried to put down revolt. The blockade of Cuba and Theodore Roosevelt the then the secretary of navy believed that an aggressive policy has to be followed. Thus there were attacks not only in Cuba but also in Manilla because of the Spanish interests. (Hendrickson, 2003)

The later crisis of 1962 is but yet another crisis that involved the United States and Cuba. The issue was rife from the time of George Washington down to the times of John Kennedy in 1962. It all began with the dissolution of the Spanish empire - the "Monroe Doctrine" and second the "Manifest Destiny." A third the "Ostend Manifesto" of 1854. Lastly Teddy Roosevelt's 1911: "I took Panama" shows that the contention over Cuba was long and protracted and the relation with Cuba was prominent in the U.S. state policy. (Larson, 1963)

While the 1854 crisis was simply a skirmish with Spain, the 1962 crisis could have annihilated the Earth, because it was a crisis perpetrated by the two great super powers of the time -- the U.S., The U.S.S.R., and by Fidel Castro's Communist Cuba. The crisis was related to the alleged deployment and the results depended on Kremlin and the President of the U.S. And a false step or a panic reaction by either of the powers could have resulted in a terrible nuclear war. Therefore the Cuba crisis of 1962 was more…[continue]

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