Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formattingExcerpt from Essay:
Muslim scholars agree that Allah has created a diverse and distinct world (Cole-Turner, 2001). Human cloning revolves around the duplication of same genes and thus, this would have a negative impact on the diversity of creation. Furthermore, Muslim scholars question that if human cloning is allowed, then how the clone would be treated? What would be the ethical, social and moral value of the clone? Furthermore, human cloning is forbidden in Islam because it interferes with the pattern of creating things in pairs, as Allah said in His Qur'an "And of everything we have created pairs, that ye may receive instruction." (Az-Zariyat: 49)" (Kass, 2002).
In Islam, cloning is opposite of this principle as it is dependent on one gender only. However, it should be noted that Islam permits cloning of particular organ, which would be used for curative procedures only. For instance, a cloned kidney can be used for an individual, whose both kidneys have failed. In this regard, Muslim scholars agree that cloning a particular part can be used to save the life of a patient.
Human Cloning and the World
If human cloning is allowed, then the entire face of humanity would change. Firstly, cloning would allow same sex couples to have children, who would have similar genes. Cloning can allow human beings to alter and modify genes. Parents would have in their hands to select desirable attributes and genes, which they would want in their children (Brannigan, 2001). Human cloning can also assist in replacing injured organs or tissues. From research, it is evident that it can also assist in curing fatal diseases such as cancer, heart disease, brain disease, etc. A New York University professor, Jacob M. Appel, asserted that human cloning can change the face of humanity. He suggested that human cloned children can provide bone marrow to their siblings suffering from blood cancer and thus they would be seen as heroes (Jeffery, 2008, Bonnicksen, 2002). In terms of reproduction, human cloning can change the face of humanity. Researchers and scientists assert that reproductive cloning would be beneficial in developing new techniques for achieving fertility. Furthermore, they assert that cloning would assist infertile couples to have their own babies. There is also a possibility that human cloning can stop and control the process of aging.
Although human cloning is appealing, it can have a negative impact on society. Firstly, human cloning concentrates on removing the flaws of society and concentrated on perfection. In the future, human cloning would change the face of humanity as human beings would be playing the role of God. In the call for perfect society, individuals with defects would be removed from the face of society (Wilmut & Highfield, 2006). It should also be noted that a cloned embryo is vulnerable. The process of cloning promotes loss. It should be noted that during the creation of Dolly, the sheep, 200 dead and still born sheep were used to create embryos. A total of nineteen embryos were healthy and only five of them survived (Wilmut & Highfield, 2006). This indicates that a cloned embryo is vulnerable to genetic defects and the chances of its survival are low. Research also suggests that human cloning is not safe for human reproduction because of hidden genetic defects found in animal clones" (Wilmut & Highfield, 2006). This could critically challenge the arguments in favour of human reproduction cloning.
This paper concentrated on analysing the ethics of human cloning. Human cloning concentrates on the development of an identical human copy having the same gene. Islam condemns human cloning and calls it an unethical practice.
Bonnicksen, Andrea L. (2002). Crafting a Cloning Policy: From Dolly to Stem Cells. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press.
Brannigan, Michael C. (2001). Ethical Issues in Human Cloning: Cross-disciplinary Perspectives. New York: Chatham House.
Cohen, Daniel (1998). Cloning. Brookfield, CT: Millbrook.
Cole-Turner, Ronald (2001). Beyond Cloning: Religion and the Remaking of Humanity. Harrisburg, PA: Trinity.
Kass, Leon R (2002). Human Cloning and Human Dignity: The Report of the President's Council on Bioethics. New York: Public Affairs.
Leon Kass, James Q. Wilson (1998). "The Ethics of Human cloning" the ethics of human cloning.
Micheal Irwin Jeffery (2008). "Biodiversity conservation, law livelihoods: bridging north-south divide," Biodiversity conservation law, Cambridge university press.
Ronald Cole-Turner (1997) "Human cloning: religious responses," Human cloning: religious responses.
Translator: Abdullah Yusuf Ali…[continue]
"Ethics Of Human Cloning In" (2011, March 25) Retrieved October 21, 2016, from http://www.paperdue.com/essay/ethics-of-human-cloning-in-3396
"Ethics Of Human Cloning In" 25 March 2011. Web.21 October. 2016. <http://www.paperdue.com/essay/ethics-of-human-cloning-in-3396>
"Ethics Of Human Cloning In", 25 March 2011, Accessed.21 October. 2016, http://www.paperdue.com/essay/ethics-of-human-cloning-in-3396
Ethics of Human Cloning Two Major Types of Cloning In the 1980 epoch, numerous scientists initiated researching formulas of cloning the high order animals, particularly mammals (Kass 2002, p. 7). The heightening success of their research and experiments has resulted into pervasive discussion over the probability of human cloning. This discussion has elicited extensive disagreements within the scientific society and the entire public over whether the research of human cloning is right.
Ethics of Human Cloning Genetic engineering and cloning have played important roles in agriculture for many generations. Bananas and seedless grapes, for example, are, quite literally, living genetic clones (Krock, 2001). Prior to the last decade of the 20th Century, human cloning was purely a subject of science fiction, but by the dawn of the 21st Century, researchers had already cloned several mammals successfully. In 1978, medical science had progressed to the
Ethics of Human Cloning In 1971, Nobel Prize winning-scientist James Watson wrote an article warning about the growing possibility of a "clonal man." Because of both the moral and social dangers cloning posed to humankind, Watson called for a worldwide ban on any research leading to cloning technology (Watson 8). Until then, cloning had been largely relegated to the realm of science fiction. Scientific research concerning cloning and in vitro fertilization
Human Cloning The Cloning of Human Beings Cloning is the creation of an exact biological twin generated from the DNA of a donor. In effect, a person creates an exact copy, with the exact genetic sequence, from their own DNA. While the cloning of human beings has been the realm of science fiction, the creation of sheep clones has pushed the idea of human cloning into the range of possibilities. At present,
Human Cloning The subject of human cloning was once the stuff of science fiction novels and television programs. As technology and science improves, the creation of clones has become, potentially, a real likelihood in the impending future. For the follow, the definition of human cloning is that which has been designated by the American Medical Association: The term "cloning" will refer to the production of genetically identical organisms via somatic cell nuclear
(Weiler, 1998) Weiler states that in relation to the offspring the following must be examined closely: 1) a single parent (genetically) of the offspring which is at the same time a genetic sibling. This issue parallels the non-zygotic fertilization; 2) Multiple twinship. Cloning a number of brothers or sisters from the same cell is similar to the case of twins only more extreme due to the intervention occurring in the process of
Human Cloning: The Ethical Debate Human cloning is best described as "the creation of a genetically identical copy of an existing human or growing cloned tissue from that individual" (Wikipedia, 2004). The term usually refers to artificial human cloning; human clones in the form of identical twins are typical and commonplace, with their cloning occurring during the natural process of reproduction. "human clone" is a scientific replication of another person (Jones, 1998).