Fertility in the 20th Century Essay

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3. Solutions

There are a number of solutions that are medically available for infertility. Fertility treatments for men and women can include chemical solutions, solutions to boost fertility as well as surgical procedures. However, these work on a personal level and do not address the wider and larger issues in society. The most effective and long-term solution to the problem of declining fertility rates is understanding and knowledge, coupled with governmental and institutional application of this knowledge. In other words, this could involve simple precautionary aspects such as the understanding and avoidance of certain chemical substance and toxins in the workplace that can increase the possibility of infertility.

Social and cultural stresses are major factors that impact on fertility rate and research into these factors is needed if the general problem is to be addressed adequately. Governmental and social policies that improve the possibility for increased fertility rates have in some instances already been introduced.

A family-friendly" policies - particularly those that help mothers to raise children and work - have managed to maintain or even slightly raise...fertility rates. Such policies include tax incentives for families with more than one child, flexible working options, and maternity and paternity leave. (Grant and Hoorens, 2007)

These could be expanded on and increased to facilitate more positive fertility and birth rates.

In conclusion, as Grant and Hoorens (2007) state, "As a larger percentage of the population falls into the 60-plus category, governments will not be able to ignore the graying of society." (Grant and Hoorens 2007) This means that the increasing low fertility in many countries necessitates plans and actions that are becoming an essential economic and social necessity. This involves lessons learnt from the causes of reduced fertility in the Twentieth Century and would involve policies and protocols at all levels in society.

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Natality is defined as: "The birthrate, which is the ratio of total live births to total population in a particular area over a specified period of time; expressed as childbirths per 1000 people (or population) per year, (http://www.biology-online.org/dictionary/Natality)

Fertility in the 20th century[continue]

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