Foster Care in Canada There Essay

Download this Essay in word format (.doc)

Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formatting

Excerpt from Essay:

2). Parents can also use DVDs for training in the home; by using a DVD as a means of providing in-service training to foster parents at home, the research showed that they "gained confidence in their ability to understand and handle their child's anger outbursts" and moreover, this was "notable" because it is not easy for parents to "look past the stresses caused by a child with explosive anger" (Pacifici, p. 7).

Review of Literature: Professionalizing Foster Care

Dr. Thomas Waldcock, a university instructor at Trent and Nipissing Universities and a foster parent himself, writes that making foster care more professional is "a long overdue reform in child welfare." Writing in Canada Online ( Waldcock insists that the first priority should be to recognize the "changing problems of the children coming into care," and the importance of providing those children with the "best possible quality of care." Secondly as far as important considerations, is the need to "attract competent foster parents," and once they are on board work to keep them in the system. Too often, Waldcock goes on, "role confusion and other factors -- such as a lack of recognition within the system and in society generally -- contribute to the loss of competent foster parents."

The third consideration Waldcock mentions is to bring foster parents into the decision-making process regarding children that are in their care, and to do that to a far more involved degree than many foster parents are now involved. Clearly, foster parents will feel empowered if they are part of the process, rather than just being in the background and having regulations and changes dictated to them after the fact.

Waldcock goes on to raise the issue that foster parents are being asked to go well beyond what would be considered normal parenting. They in fact are being asked to -- even being forced to -- function as "parent therapists" (Waldcock, By making foster parents more astute and more deeply involved in their foster children's psychological and emotional needs, social service agencies are in fact professionalizing the foster care experience. This is a good thing, Waldcock asserts, but forcing parents to become quasi-professional therapists is not the right approach. Whatever strategy social service agencies in Canada eventually adopt, it must be "proactive, not passive," Waldcock insists. Children do not have enough power in this matter to demand better care, so it is up to social service talent to work with foster parents to provide better services, and better care is "long over due."

Review of Literature: Kinship Care -- Better Option than Foster Care?

In many nations child welfare services are turning to resources offered by extended families (kin) when the environment at home has become an unacceptable / unworkable situation for the child. This trend towards family-centered solutions, according to Marie Connolly ("Kinship Care"), is due to the fact that governments around the world are realizing that "…greater valuing of family as a resource for the child" meets the child's needs for "continuity, familiarity, and a sense of belonging" (Connolly, p. 3). In the U.S., for example, Connolly states that each year thirty percent of foster parents "withdraw" for several reasons; one, "inadequate support" from the social service agencies; two, more women are going back into the workforce and hence cannot be at home to nurture the foster child; and three, there is an increasingly "negative public image of fostering" (Connolly, p. 3).

Germane reasons for social service agencies embracing kinship care include: one, it reduces the trauma of taking a child from its home (albeit an unkind environment) and placing the child with strangers; two, it avoids "inflicting further harm or maltreatment"; three, kinship care tends to help maintain "family, school, and other connections"; four, kinship care preserves family ties; five, long-term outcomes (social relationships; good physical and mental health) are more likely when the child is in a permanent new home with relatives; and six, kinship care helps foster "positive cultural and personal identification" (Connolly, p. 7). Connolly cautions against making broad generalizations that kinship care will prove better than foster care in most international situations; that said, she also points to the growth in kinship care in several countries.

In Australia kinship care accounts for 24% of care placements for children; in the UK the number of children placed in kinship care is 11% of all abused and neglected children; in the U.S. kinship care placement has jumped from 18% in 1986 to 35% in 1999 (although some states place over 50% of children to kinship care); and in New Zealand, data presented by Connolly (p. 10) shows that about 33% of children under state jurisdiction are place in kinship care (due in large part to the success of the Family Group Conference model).


Children are the future, and they will inherit what today's adult society leaves them, be it positive or negative, workable or dysfunctional. And so it behooves today's community leaders, political leaders and all responsible citizens to become involved in making the foster care system more efficient and more effective.

Works Cited

Chipungu, Sandra Stukes; and Bent-Goodley, Tricia B. (2004). Meeting the Challenges

Of Contemporary Foster Care. The Future of Children.

Connolly, Marie. (2003). Kinship Care: A Selected Literature Review. Submitted to The Department of Child, Youth and Family, New Zealand.

Marquis, Robyn A., Leschied, Alan W., Chiodo, Debbie, and O'Neill, Arlene. (2008).

The Relationship of Child Neglect and Physical Maltreatment to Placement Outcomes

And Behavioral Adjustment in Children in Foster Care: A Canadian Perspective.

Child Welfare, 87(5), 5-24.

Pacifici, Caesar, Delaney, Richard, White, Lee, Cummings, Kelli, and Nelson, Carol.

(2005). Foster Parent College: Interactive Multimedia…[continue]

Cite This Essay:

"Foster Care In Canada There" (2009, June 16) Retrieved October 21, 2016, from

"Foster Care In Canada There" 16 June 2009. Web.21 October. 2016. <>

"Foster Care In Canada There", 16 June 2009, Accessed.21 October. 2016,

Other Documents Pertaining To This Topic

  • Canada Shifting Immigration Patterns Has

    The new immigrants arrive, eager to work, often with families in town. The situation they find themselves in is far different from the image they held in their minds. White collar workers, especially in medical professions but also in others such as education, cannot transfer their skills seamlessly. Unless a new immigrant is hired internally by a Canadian company prior to their arrival, skills are deemed untransferrable. This has forced

  • Palliative Care

    Hisory of Palliatve Care Palliative Care Palliative Care Methods Palliative care entails assisting patients get through pain caused by different diseases. The patient may be ailing from any diseases, be it curable or untreatable. Even patient who are sick and almost passing away will need this care. Palliative care has characteristics that differentiate it to hospice care. The key role for palliative care is to help in improving the existence of someone and

  • Crisis in Canada Are the

    In 2000 legislation was presented by Ralph Klein to the legislature, demanding that provinces be permitted to allow private hospitals. That same year, more budget cuts slammed the health systems, when the "Federal Budget offers 2 cents for health care for every dollar of tax cuts." (Health Coalition) in 2002 the Romanow Royal Commission on the Future of Health Care in Canada was created to investigate the health-care situation

  • Aboriginal School System in Canada Aboriginal Peoples

    Aboriginal School System in Canada Aboriginal peoples in Canada comprise of hundreds of communities with a wide range of cultures, languages, as well as nation-based governance. In year 2006, over one million people in Canada identified themselves as Aboriginal. This represented about 3.8% of the total population in the country. The population of Aboriginal people in Canada is growing at a substantial rate. This rate is almost six times faster than

  • Physicians Agree That Managed Care Is Not

    physicians agree that managed care is not doing the job it was originally created to do. Although reform efforts have not worked in the past, many doctors believe now is the time to revisit reform to combat the lack of health care access to a growing number of Americans, escalating costs, and deteriorating quality. This paper explores the evolution of managed care, and its problems and possible solutions from

  • Healthcare System in the Netherlands

    Specialist doctors will normally examine only those patients who have been referred to their clinic by a general practitioner. (U.S. Department of State, n. d.) The Government of Netherlands is not responsible or the ongoing management of the healthcare system on a daily basis which is offered by private healthcare service providers. However the government is charged with the accessibility and ensuring appropriate standards of the healthcare. A new healthcare

  • Watson Human Care Theory the Significance of

    Watson Human Care Theory The Significance of Watson Human Care Theory in handling dying patients It is imperative to integrate a psychosocial treatment strategy in handling dying patients. This is based on the knowledge that dying patients could have lost hope leading to depreciation of an illness. In any case, most of the acute illnesses could have been contained at the primary stage of development. Healing or ailing is primarily managed by

Read Full Essay
Copyright 2016 . All Rights Reserved