Global Ethical and Professional Issues Research Paper
- Length: 10 pages
- Sources: 10
- Subject: Education - Computers
- Type: Research Paper
- Paper: #1800174
Excerpt from Research Paper :
" (Johnson, 2005) the notion of ruling against the defendant in all identity theft or related cases may establish the wrong precedent for future cases. "On the other hand, if liability is too readily assessed, it will have the power to bankrupt valuable enterprises because of the often vast numbers of potential plaintiffs and consequent extensive resulting damages." (Johnson, 2005)
Internet security and identity theft is a very pervasive problem globally. In fact, most every nation with a web presence must deal with the same issue of hackers breaching server security or web browser security and stealing identities or other destructive behavior with malicious intent. The United States has a much more serious issue in this realm, however, when compared to countries within Europe, Asia, Africa, Russia, and South America. Although the threat remains global and can affect any nation at any time, the probability of identity theft in America is greater than in other nations.
Managers involved with the development of web browsing, firewall protection, network intrusion detection, and additional online security measures have considerable influence in this area. In fact, management by-and-large has failed the consumer in this area. The level of protection enabled by online retail security and the vendors contracted to secure the business transaction side has been breached continuously by hackers, which ostensibly puts security behind the ability of the hacker. Managers can do a more effective job of determining the factors most prevalent to the beach of network security, online secure web browsers, and to password protected databases that are designed to prevent unlawful intrusion leading to identity or data theft.
Could Computing has emerged as a nascent field in the computer science discipline. "Clouds are all the rage today, promising convenience, elasticity, transparency, and economy. The history of computing since the 1960s can be viewed as a continuous move toward ever greater specialization and distribution of computing resources." (Anthes, 2010) However, issues of security still shroud the cloud and skeptics of this form of computing are wary of promoting its use as a viable medium to conduct business. "IBM Research is pursuing a similar approach called 'virtual machine (VM) introspection'. It puts security inside a protected VM running on the same physical machine as the ultimate security measure, but it also presents difficulties in the cloud." (Anthes, 2010) the considerable amount of security risks associated with cloud computing is known to industry experts. "Customers must demand transparency, avoiding vendors that refuse to provide detailed information on security programs." (Brodkin, 2008) "The tremendous growth of the Web over the last decade has given rise to a new 'Web-scale' problems -- challenges such as supporting thousands of concurrent e-commercial transactions or millions of search queries a day." (Jaeger, Lin, Grimes, Simmons, 2009) Additionally, "users also have concerns about cloud providers use of their information, 90% would be very concerned if their data were sold to other companies, 80% if their data were used in marketing campaigns, 68% if their data were used to display ads related to their files, 63% if their data were kept after they tried to delete, and 49% if their data were given to law enforcement agencies." (Horrigan, 2008) "A study of 'Total Economic Impact' reported by Forrester Consulting further indicates the potential return on investment could be up to three hundred percents 7.4 months after adoption." (Wang, 2010)
Cloud computing is developing at somewhat of a slower rate in Europe rather than in the U.S. while Asia trails. "The 451 Group's William Fellows in a "Cloud Outlook 2010" Webcast, says that 57% of spending on cloud computing is done in the U.S., 31% in Europe and 12% in Asia. (Babcock, 2010) Small businesses dominate the foreign landscape in Europe where cloud computing may have more of a niche' market than in the U.S. Asian businesses are also largely small businesses that can enable cloud computing solutions at a faster marginal rate of adaptability rather the U.S. The parameters in the uses of cloud also vary from nation to nation, as it and commerce are the main uses for cloud in nations outside of the U.S. where services and business to business is the main use for cloud in the U.S.
Managers can minimize potential cloud violations by integrating a comprehensive security strategy to their solution rather than outsourcing the security protection to a third-party vendor. Further security measures involving real-time notification to the client and vendor when a security breach is detected will prevent egregious data loss from hackers whilst improving the probability of catching or tracing the hacker.
The computer science discipline is engaging an environment unlike any other. Since computers handle digital information that is processed in real-time and connected to machines that interpret this digital information, the issues associated with preventing malicious attacks and intent from occurring is increasingly important to it and Technology managers. Web Security issues are somewhat related identity theft problems, which are faced by businesses and addressed by the human capital and technology it employs. The future for web security and identity theft issues appears to be more prolific for Asian countries and those that make up BRIC, an acronym for Brazil, Russia, India, and China due to their expanding economy and increasing wealth of its population. Additionally, ethical issues arising from the development and use of robotics will reshape the next 15 years of artificial intelligence and robotics research, notably in England and at prestigious university's in the U.S. Ethics in robotics is a new topic in law review literature and the future will increase the body of law and ethics knowledge with urgent regard. And cloud computing remains rather foggy in determining the future with respect to its relevant security issues. The move within management consulting circles is to expand the use of cloud to replace the expensive initial cost and maintenance of physical hardware such as servers and network topology. The future of cloud is only limited by its ability to provide absolute security to its clients.
Anthes, G. (2010) Security in the Cloud. Association for Computing Machinery. Communications of the ACM, 53(11), 16. Retrieved December 14, 2010, from ABI/INFORM Global. (Document ID: 2198161791).
Babcock, C. (2010) Cloud Computing Differences Between U.S. And Europe. Information Week. Retrieved from: http://www.informationweek.com/news/government/cloud-saas/showArticle.jhtml?articleID=224202598
2009. New Straits Times. Cyber security challenges. Retrieved from: http://www.lexisnexis.com.rlib.pace.edu/lnacui2api/results/docview/docview.do?docLinkInd=true&risb=21_T10848791436&format=GNBFI&sort=RELEVANCE&startDocNo=1&resultsUrlKey=29_T10848791439&cisb=22_T10848791438&treeMax=true&treeWidth=0&csi=151977&docNo=13
Campbell K., Gordon L., Loeb M., Zhou L. The economic cost of publicly announced information security breaches: empirical evidence from the stock market. Journal of Computer Security Vol.11 Number 3/2003 pgs 431-448
Cashell B., Jackson W., Juckling M., Webel B. The Economic Impact of Cyber-Attacks.
2009 Retrieved from: http://archive.nyu.edu/bitstream/2451/14999/3/Infosec_ISR_Congress.pdf.txt
Anonymous. Health Robotics; Health Robotics Releases Results of First 20 i.v. STATION's Return on Investment ROI Studies in the U.S.A. And Canada. Investment Weekly News. 2010. Retrieved from: http://proquest.umi.com.rlib.pace.edu/pqdweb?index=5&did=2138279671&SrchMode=1&sid=5&Fmt=3&VInst=PROD&VType=PQD&RQT=309&VName=PQD&TS=1292333973&clientId=2088
Bringsjord, S.. (2008). Ethical robots: the future can heed us. AI & Society, 22(4), 539-550. Retrieved December 14, 2010, from Research Library. (Document ID: 1467786371).
Johnson, V. CyberSecurity, Identity Theft, and the Limits of Tort Liability. South Carolina Law Review Vol. 57: 255 Retrieved from:
Wang, W. Cloud Computing. Journal of Electronic Commerce Research Call for Papers. 2010 Retrieved from: http://groups.google.com/group/cloud-computing/web/journal-of-electronic-commerce-research-call-for-papers