Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formattingExcerpt from Term Paper:
Globalization and National Security
While the economic benefits of globalization have been frequently discussed, the very serious national security vulnerabilities which have arisen as a result of increase interconnections, both economically and socially, has garnered much less attention.
The current literature on globalization either omits national security discussions entirely, or conducts them from a relatively myopic perspective
The 2010 National Security Strategy attempts to rectify this, but its seems to have little effect on the trajectory of the United States' national security situation.
The key vulnerabilities which have arisen as a result of globalization can be broken down into key three categories: international terrorism and cyberattacks, economic instability and foreign economic intervention, insufficient education in the fields key for future innovation.
This study analyzes the effect globalization has had on each of these three categories, demonstrating how greater economic, social, and political interconnections have made the United States increasingly vulnerable due to factors not traditionally considered as part of the overall national security apparatus.
Key terms: globalization, national security, September 11th, information and communication technology (ITC), STEM, outsourcing, immigration, National Security Strategy.
For much of the latter half of the twentieth century, the United States enjoyed the status of the preeminent global power. With the fall of the Soviet Union near the beginning of the 1990s, it appeared, that the United States would retain its comfortable economic, political, and military position. Indeed, by 2010, the United States had the largest economy in the world, with a Gross Domestic Product (GDP) reaching approximately $14 trillion, and its military technology and training have made it second to none in terms of force projection and capability.
The United States retains its powerful position on the international political stage despite the relative damage its international reputation took as a result of its foreign policy decisions over the last decade.
While the United States became the de facto world leader following the collapse of the Soviet Union, it has retained its comfortable position through careful responses to increasing economic and political globalization, but this globalization has come at a cost, particularly in regards to national security. The institution of NAFTA in 1994 is the most obvious example of the United States' response to globalization, and although American farmers and manufacturers have benefited from the agreement, increased globalization has opened up serious security vulnerabilities, that, if properly exploited, could represent genuine threats. The purpose of this study is to consider these vulnerabilities and threats, as well as the United States' official response in the form of the 2010 National Security Strategy.
The vulnerabilities facing the United States as a result of globalization can be broken into roughly three categories. Firstly, increased globalization has also seen an increase in transnational terrorist acts, and the correlation does not seem to be coincidence. As the transfer of people and goods over international borders becomes easier and more common, it has become easier and easier for potentially dangerous goods or persons to cross unnoticed. This threat encompasses not only the more obvious acts of international terrorism, but also those phenomenon which, at first glance, may appear unrelated, but in actuality serves to support international terrorism, either financially or logistically. For example, the influx of illegal immigrants over the U.S. border, itself a result of NAFTA's allowing cheap American agriculture to flood South American markets, means that the already stretched Border Patrol has a harder and harder time securing the porous border.
The same is true of the illegal drug and human trafficking trades.
Furthermore, the threat of international terrorism has been compounded by the explosion of information and communications technology, because as crucial networks become more and more connected, the likelihood that a terrorist group will be able to damage or control key elements of the network becomes more and more likely. This threat targets not only key infrastructure, but also the economy as a whole, because the United States has one of the largest shares of online retailers in the world. Furthermore, the increased interconnection as a result of globalization means that an attack on the United States or one of its allies could upset the global financial markets, which rely on internet infrastructure in order to keep credit flowing. Thus, as a result of globalization, the United States' economy is tied to its national security in a way previously unheard of in…[continue]
"Globalization's Effect On The US National Security" (2012, May 31) Retrieved December 9, 2016, from http://www.paperdue.com/essay/globalization-effect-on-the-us-national-58409
"Globalization's Effect On The US National Security" 31 May 2012. Web.9 December. 2016. <http://www.paperdue.com/essay/globalization-effect-on-the-us-national-58409>
"Globalization's Effect On The US National Security", 31 May 2012, Accessed.9 December. 2016, http://www.paperdue.com/essay/globalization-effect-on-the-us-national-58409
Globalization's Effect on the United States' National Security Objective of this paper is to explore the impact of globalization on the United States national security. The study defines globalization as the increasing global relations of people, corporate organization and government. There is no doubt that the globalization provides numerous benefits to the American economy. Despite the benefits derived from the globalization, the advent of globalization also provides some threats to the United
These decisions of business model structure are predicated in part on the cultural variations of the foreign country to an organizations' home nation as well. Cultural variations between regions also lead more to distrust than trust and this is especially true when work is accelerated, assuming no cultural differences exist (Yeung, Selen, Zhang, Huo, 2009). While globalization is often seen as flattening the world from a common set of
Currently the United States consumes more than 19.6 million barrels of oil per day, which is more than 25% of the world's total oil consumption. Through its isolationist policy agenda, the U.S. government has been able to leverage its military and economic might to control most of oil production in South America. Instead of attempting to restructure the financial infrastructure of South American oil producers such as Panama, Ecuador
United States has become preoccupied with the internal affairs at the expense of the foreign affairs after the civil war. It started interfering in overseas conflicts and interacting with the World after the diplomatic inactivity from Latin America and Spain to the China and Philippines. This interaction made the America to become a major World power. The first conflict of America was with the Hawaii in Pacific which was governed by
USA PATRIOT Act: Discussion Questions The USA PATRIOT Act, as the Department of Justice (2014) points out was enacted by Congress with an aim of equipping those charged with the enhancement of law and order with new tools to not only combat but also prevent acts of terror. An acronym, the PATRIOT Act, in the words of Ronczkowski (2006, p. 64), is "formally known as the Uniting and Strengthening America by
Therefore, any war waged on a terrorist group then becomes a war to protect the personal liberties of those who can not do so themselves. However, the United States itself has not even been able to stand up to the standards of liberated individual rights. Within the context of the most recent foreign soil wars, American soldiers in a military base have proven that the nation itself is unable to
Globalization The term "globalization" is a debatable one. Some view globalization as a process that is beneficial -- fundamental to future world economic development -- and also inevitable and irreversible (IMF, 2000). Others regard it with hostility, and sometimes fear, arguing that it increases inequality within and between nations, threatens employment and living standards and disturbs social progress. This paper offers an overview of some aspects of globalization and aims to