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Unfortunately, this was all in vain because President Aristide had to be overthrown soon after the United States brought him back to Haiti. It is very believable American government overlooked the obvious due to the fact they have the tendency to throw their power around to try and keep peace. However, this usually causes more distress in the long run.
America is depicted as an ardent supporter of 'hard politics,' which means that they consider world power and politics to be defined in militaristic terms. They resort to force to resolve International Disputes quickly. "Britain and the United States are desperate to stabilize Iraq before they contemplate troop withdrawal, so Brown's options as prime minister would appear limited; he may have to follow the U.S. lead. However, with disenchantment over Iraq at home and a possible general election in 2009, Brown will be keen to distance himself as much as possible from his predecessor's unwavering backing of U.S. policy" (Briggs 2007). They also have a very 'black and white view of the world' in that they see elements as 'good or bad'; 'friend or enemy'.. It is therefore said that America is living in a Hobbesian state of Anarchy, where freedom can only be protected using brute force and strength (Kagan 2003 p. 4).
Despite the America's interference, President Aristide proved to be a very weak leader by the following example.
When I visited Haiti in August, I saw firsthand the brutality wrought by the band of ex-soldiers. (in 1995 President Jean-Bertrand Aristide disbanded the military, which had overthrown his first government in 1991 and was responsible for more than 3,000 deaths between 1991 and 1994.) One of the people I interviewed near Cap-Ha tien in northern Haiti was Ralph Hyppolit, whose 14-year-old niece was murdered by ex-soldiers and former death squad members Feb. 22. On that day his niece and wife were packing, preparing to join Hyppolit, who was hiding in the mountains. The teenager was upstairs and his pregnant wife was below. The ex-soldiers "were asking for me," Hyppolit said. "My wife screamed, 'I don't know.' They shot up the house and tied up my niece. They blocked the door and sprayed gasoline on the couch." His wife escaped, but his niece burned to death ("Ex-Military Marauds Haiti While U.S. Blames Aristide 2004").
People classify and use power is an important control on the number and types of conflicts that occur. This also persuades how conflict is managed. It is important to see how a company or country management has forced conflict. A situation like this can arise when people try to make others change their actions or to gain an unfair advantage. Serious conflicts arise when people hold irreconcilable differences or when values are not clear. They can also happen when one party refuses to accept the fact that the other party holds something as a value rather than a preference. People tend to let their feelings and emotions become a major control over how they deal with conflict. Conflicts can also occur because people ignore their own or others' feelings and emotions. When conflicts occur people need to set their personal feelings and emotions aside and collectively work together on the issue.
From the above evidence, it is clear that America did not like how the president of Haiti took care of conflicts, which encourage them to help overthrow him.
The United States is blaming the victim. Haitian police target supporters of exiled President Jean-Bertrand Aristide, ransacking homes and churches, making arbitrary arrests and taking part in extra-judicial killings. Former military men and death squad members control parts of Haiti. U.N. "peacekeepers" stand by passively while chaos reigns and in some cases actively work with ex-military personnel ("Ex-Military Marauds Haiti While U.S. Blames Aristide 2004").
The reason why the United States to support the Haiti government is that they have been trying to by interfering with their policies.
America's leadership inspired the trust and confidence of a generation of governments and nations around the world because we pursued common actions that reflected common interests with our allies, because we remained committed to global engagement, and because we exercised our power with restraint" (U.S. Foreign Policy in the Middle East 2007).. We made mistakes. It was imperfect. There were differences with our allies. But despite the imperfections and shortcomings, the United States and its allies contributed to world stability and the spread of freedom and prosperity" (U.S. Foreign Policy in the Middle East 2007). The United States has appeared to be a world "superpower." "From there, the United States foreign policy support the war on terror despite their oppositions from other countries.
When reviewing the role of U.S. Army Public Affairs during Operation Uphold Democracy in 1994, it led to an unfortunate change in the government. The U.S. was going for the idea to u se this opportune time to create healthy conflicts. This can lead to growth and innovation, new ways of thinking, and additional management options which results in mutual benefits and strengthens the relationship.
When some of their needs are met it leads to a win-win situation. However, this did not occur by assisting Haiti, which led to the president's resignation in 2004.
Within 48 hours of Haitian President Jean-Bertrand Aristide's resignation and departure on February 29, 2004, Chilean forces deployed and integrated into a multinational interim force to help secure and stabilize the small, impoverished island nation. Days after the passage of United Nations (UN) Security Council Resolution 1529, Chile, Canada, France, and the United States established a multinational force responsive to and capable of coordinating with international authorities and aid efforts in Haiti. The rapid reaction, deployment, and integration of coalition forces saved the lives of many Haitians, prevented mass migration during a time of rough seas, and facilitated transition to the process of restabilization. Chile continues to deploy forces as a member of the UN Stabilization Force Haiti (MINUSTAH), led by Brazil and comprised mostly of Latin American troops. While many challenges continue in Haiti, the success of initial security and stabilization operations, continued support to MINUSTAH, and the significant contribution of Latin American and Caribbean nations to peacekeeping operations around the world demonstrate a growing capability in the Western Hemisphere for participation in joint, interagency, intergovernmental, and multinational operations, such as those currently required in Afghanistan and Iraq" (Integrating Partner Nations into Coalition Operations - Major Barbara Fick, U.S. Army. Joint Force Quarterly article, Issue # 41.).
Determine government strategy and how they can effectively push towards reaching the goal. Pre-negotiation in terms of placing personal goals, agendas, thought or ideas on the table for discussion. It is necessary for each person to state how they would like to utilize this experience and to attain the end-state goal. Negotiate differences and arrive at a common ground, which was the goal of the United Stated with Haiti. Unfortunately, all their efforts were in vein, and actually made things worse to where they helped the president to get overthrown due to poor leadership.
The following consists of weaknesses of Haiti, which caused the trouble in 1994.
Time horizons for the United Nations missions were short and finite, leading them to focus on transition and liquidation instead of mandate implementation (Haiti Lessons Learned).
While the "Group of Friends of the Secretary-General in Haiti" played a supportive role in the field and the Security Council, having such a strong group at times sapped the creativity of the leadership in the Secretariat (Haiti Lessons Learned).
There was pressure from key governments to 'spin' results positively, in order to deliver good news to domestic constituencies. This spin undermined efforts to deal with an unraveling situation; (Haiti Lessons Learned).
Absence of examples of good governance from Haiti's history, the circumstances of Haiti's birth, and differences in ideology with international actors, eventually led to lack of cooperation of the Haitian leadership. Consequently, ownership of projects was not assumed, self-reliance did not materialized, project implementation lagged and those that were implemented collapsed shortly following the departure of the international presence (Haiti Lessons Learned).;
Financial aid was ill-timed arriving before absorptive capacity was in place (Haiti Lessons Learned).
Coordination mechanisms of rule of law activities among technical assistance donors came too late, leading to duplication of effort and lack of coherence. (Haiti Lessons Learned).
Haiti has not been profitable with their political issues due to poor leadership, which has created a huge issue within itself.
It has been discovered that with this growth in technology, people have been able to compete with in the political arena. For example, the typical countries are not the only ones that are fighting for their own issues. Haiti decided that this type of competition has shown up in their leadership. Considering these factors, Haiti must change its political model to allocate for modern growth.
It is clear that if…[continue]
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