Justification Report Water 'supply background Purpose of essay

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Justification Report

Water supply background

Purpose of the campaign

Focus of the campaign

Situation analysis

Internal Strengths

Internal weaknesses

Campaign objectives


Desired situation/position

Location of the campaign operation offices

Progress Evaluation and monitoring

Budget and funding of campaign

The Clean Water project -Honduras

Honduras is one of the Latin American countries and has an average coverage of 43,278 sq. mi with a population of 8 million Hondurans (World Factbook, 2011). It is situated in Central America and borders the Caribbean Sea and the North Pacific Ocean, to its West is Guatemala, to the south east Nicaragua and to the south west we find El Salvador and it is the second largest Central American country (Encyclopedia of the Nations, 2011). The population growth is estimated at 1.94% annually and they are 90% Merstizo or mixed Amer-Indian and European. The infant mortality rate is 26/1,000 and the life expectancy is estimated at 70.5 years. Honduras has a per capita GDP of $1,829 of which agriculture caters foe 14.2% of the DGP from the main agricultural products like livestock, coffee, basic grains, bananas, sugar, shrimp, fruits and lobster (Bureau of Western Hemisphere Affairs, 2010).

1.2 Water supply background

Since the hurricane Mitch that dented a big blow to the infrastructure of the country in 1998, there have been serious repercussions that followed there after. It was indeed categorized as the deadliest hurricane to have ever hit the region since the 1780 hurricane (National Climatic Data Center, 2009). The country struggled for long to come out of the dire situation of mass infrastructure destruction including the water supply system.

The USAID (2003) estimated the economic growth to be slightly exceeding the population growth and that it had little effect on the poverty reduction and to date an approximate of 2/3 or the Honduran households still live in abject poverty which culminates in poor social service delivery one of hem and main one being water.

1.3 Purpose of the campaign

Bearing that water shortage is one of the biggest problems that the country faces, the aim of this project will be to ensure that there is water in each and every household and all other premises where water is of necessity as is the mission of water health international (Water Health International, 2011). It aims at mobilizing other stakeholders in the Honduras to engage actively in the provision and sustenance of water supply to the residents of Honduras. This campaign will sensitize the Hondurans in general towards viewing the water supply and conservation a social dimension and holding it as a top priority in their daily ongoing. The Hondurans are blessed with numerous rivers within their country and the campaign will be aiming at enabling the citizens to utilize these water sources constructively so as to get the usable and safe water within their homes.

1.4 Focus of the campaign

The campaign will be focused upon the rural people of the Honduras. This is due to the fact that they are the poorest of the population. The rural population is adversely affected by the underemployment crisis and hence cannot afford the amenities that the town folks who are better paid can afford like the piped water. The underemployment goes to a staggering 75% hence the seriousness of the matter that extends to the water situation (U.S. Library of Congress, 2011). Most of the population here draw water directly from the rivers and use it as it is without caring about the safety. This then brings about the possibility of waterborne diseases and other pandemics that are related to poor hygiene. The other menace is that of having to buy water for the people who live quite a distance from any water body. It is a common sight here that people draw water from the rivers and sell it to the people off the water sources after transporting it on bicycles. This then makes is expensive for the people living in such areas to have access to water and even those who can afford, they still get untreated water and have to find means of purifying it.

2.0 Situation analysis

2.1 Internal Strengths

There have been the menace of water shortage and the troubles of diseases and infections related to it over a number of years. Therefore the people of Honduras are open to any solution that may bring an end to the annual problem among them. This is one of the internal strengths that the campaign is targeting at utilizing in ensuring the campaign is of significant importance to the people. The government of Honduras has also been open to NGOs and any significant willing partner in the quest to eradicate the water problem. This gives this campaign an advantage towards the achievement of the objectives.

2.2 Internal weaknesses

The major internal weakness in the pursuit of the campaign objectives will be the resistance to change in the mode of water harvesting and storage. There are bound to be those who would rather retain their traditional ways of water harvesting and storage rather than adopt the new systems that the campaign may suggest. There is also the threat of lack of sufficient expertise among the rural folk that will execute the plan to a conclusive end. However, these can be overcome through training of the people in the rural Honduras and conducting proper civil education on the benefits of the new water harvesting and storage methods.

3.0 Target audience

The predominant activities of the rural population who are the target group in this campaign live on farming and some being Minifundistas. These are people who have no land or little parcels of land that can do nothing to feed them hence depend almost entirely upon the money sent to them by relatives and other sponsors working in other parts of the country majorly in towns (Development Associates Inc., 1985).

The lack of good social conditions and lack of adequate land culminates into a low output in agriculture and an environment that is extremely vulnerable. These poor people include rural women, farmers, landless people and general laborers of indigenous or ethnic origin. The underlying fact among the poverty is the lack of land which keeps them poor.

4.0 Campaign objectives

Having noted that there is little or no rain harvesting in the rural Honduras, the campaign aims at sensitizing the people of Honduras towards embracing the rain water harvesting and hygienic storage of the same. This will subsidize the tapped water from the central water tank reserves which is the primary focus of the campaign. The Hondurans must be educated to understand that it is safer

The campaign aims at equipping the rural population with the knowledge of water conservation from the primary sources like the rivers, to the domestic levels within the single house situation. It also looks forward to giving the rural folks the knowledge to run and maintain the water purification firms that will have been set up by the end of the campaign. The knowledge to operate the firms that purify water through reverse osmosis system will ensure there is a long-term solution to the water shortage in the region. This is aimed at covering at least 80% of the population that should be conversant with the operation knowledge in each region that will be targeted buy the campaign. There will also be need to have at least 10% of them as a qualified engineers and trainers of the plant.

5.0 Benefits

The idea in its totality of aiding the locals in eradicating the water problem through rain water harvesting and purification and help them not buy water anymore, not strain looking for water over long distance and also avoid the diseases that come with water shortage will boost the morale of the target population into participation in the campaign and there after. The fact that there will be numerous purification plants located in various areas in the rural area and not that a selected population will benefit only, it will also motivate them to be positive and participate in the learning of the new water harvesting techniques as well as the construction of the plants.

6.0 Desired situation/position

The campaign has an aim of having the rural population served with safe and adequate water for all the domestic use as well as the agricultural use. By the end of the campaign, Water Health International looks forward to having at least one purification firm for every 50 families in the rural Honduras with a capacity of purifying 24,000 gallons per day. This is the largest volume that is available that uses reverse osmosis to purify water as indicated by Blue Spring Corporation, (2011). This will be adequate to serve the population efficiently.

7.0 Location of the campaign operation offices

During the entire campaign, there will be various offices that will be erected in various parts of the rural regions. There will be at least one office in every 50 families that will be responsible for the overseeing the construction…[continue]

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