Juvenile Crime Juvenile Justice Term Paper

Download this Term Paper in word format (.doc)

Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formatting

Excerpt from Term Paper:

Juvenile Justice

Policy regarding juvenile crime and justice has moved to the center of public attention and political debate in recent years. Increases in youth crime, stories of frustrated parents seeking help for their troubled children, and criticisms of juvenile justice programs have led to demands for change in the way young offenders are charged, punished, and treated (Howell, Krisberg, & Jones, 1995). Public concern about violent juvenile crime is also at an unprecedented high (Butterfield, 1996). The increasingly violent nature of contemporary youth crime and the escalating number of young people involved with the juvenile justice system have challenged established beliefs guiding policy and practice with offenders.

Traditionally, the juvenile court has striven to maintain a balance between rehabilitating and punishing offenders. The extent to which policy with young offenders has emphasized rehabilitation vs. punishment has changed intermittently over the past 30 years. Influenced by principles of deinstitutionalization, practice in the 1970s and 1980s was based on an individual treatment model encouraging placement of offenders in nonsecure, community-based programs rather than incarceration institutions. Historically, youths have held this special status in the law, distinct from that of adults.

The emergence of the current juvenile justice system in the United States, however, began with the rise in urbanization and industrialization in the late nineteenth century. Believing that poor environment rather than willful behavior caused delinquency, these reformers pushed for a rehabilitative model of handling delinquent youths. The rehabilitative model removed the processing of youths from adult courts, in the belief that a separate court system could provide youths with greater protection. The system promoted individualized treatment of delinquents, attempting to rehabilitate them by correcting the mental and moral deficiencies in their characters.

However, in recent years, the trend in traditional juvenile justice systems has moved slowly toward the same outcome which is produced by adult justice systems. The juvenile is not rehabilitated, nor is he equipped morally to leave the criminal behavior behind. Increasing amounts of juveniles are being tried as adults because of the violent nature of their crimes. These teen criminals show all the moral hardness of an adult committing the same crime. However, when the juvenile is placed in an adult facility, the chances of him or her ever leaving the live style of crime decrease significantly. As a response, the traditional juvenile justice system offers the same reply as the adult system, which includes more facilities, and stiffer penalties as an attempt to discourage juvenile offenders. This paper, however, will examine the failing effectiveness of such a response, and consider 3 alternative approaches which have begun to show positive changes in the lives of juvenile offenders.

Juvenile Facilities

The deficiencies of juvenile correctional facilities are aggravated by the facilities' high costs and high recidivism rates. The national average annual cost in such a facility is $29,600 per resident. These costs vary from state to state, with the lowest costs in South Dakota at $17,600 per resident per year and the highest costs in Rhode Island at $78,800 per resident per year.(Allen- Hagan, 1991) Moreover, such high costs do not produce low recidivism rates. For example, New York state spends over $70,000 annually per resident, but the state recidivism rate is between 75% and 86%.(Sheindlin, 1994) These congregate facilities are thus both ineffective and inefficient.(Roberts and Camasso, 1991)

These traditional congregate facilities, however, are not the only available alternative. Rather then sending the juvenile offender to adult court, a number of programs and systems have taken alternative approaches to punishing and rehabilitating serious, violent juvenile offenders. These model reforms vary in philosophy, effectiveness, and cost, and often combine several treatment components with secure detention. The elements of these alternative plans include academic education, behavior management training, community service, intensive supervision, individual and group counseling, mentoring. Some of these programs mix the treatment with an outdoor setting, thus transporting the offender into a completely different surrounding in order to serve as a catalyst for new behavioral and social training. (U.S. Dept of Justice, 1994) These components can be found in boot camps, restitution programs, wilderness programs, and several other unique and promising alternatives to congregate correctional facilities.

Boot Camp

Boot camp programs mirror the structure and discipline of military training. In line with the get tough philosophy, such programs aim to teach internal discipline and prevent future offenses by providing an intensive, rigid training camp for juvenile offenders. Some believe that a stand alone boot camp experience actually may increase recidivism…[continue]

Cite This Term Paper:

"Juvenile Crime Juvenile Justice" (2003, November 13) Retrieved October 21, 2016, from http://www.paperdue.com/essay/juvenile-crime-justice-158337

"Juvenile Crime Juvenile Justice" 13 November 2003. Web.21 October. 2016. <http://www.paperdue.com/essay/juvenile-crime-justice-158337>

"Juvenile Crime Juvenile Justice", 13 November 2003, Accessed.21 October. 2016, http://www.paperdue.com/essay/juvenile-crime-justice-158337

Other Documents Pertaining To This Topic

  • Juvenile Crime Issues in the Criminal Justice

    Juvenile Crime Issues in the Criminal Justice System Similar to the concept of childhood, the legal idea of the juvenile justice system or status is relatively new. In the United States, the juvenile court system was established approximately 200 years ago with the first juvenile court instituted in 1899. Before the inception of the first juvenile court, children and the youth were regarded as small adults and were therefore prosecuted and

  • Juvenile Court Juvenile Criminal Justice System Has

    Juvenile Court Juvenile criminal justice system has enforced laws, which govern the rules for determining whether a juvenile criminal is eligible for a sentence or a counseling period is mandatory to alter the behaviors of such individuals. This system has been effectively placed for children less than the age of 21 who have reportedly committed crimes in various forms such as sex offenders; murderers etc. (Whitehead & Lab, 2012). In this

  • Juvenile Crime United States Is on the

    Juvenile Crime United States is on the top of western countries experiencing crime activities. Though, till the past decade the rate of crimes has fallen down but still U.S. has the highest rate. Whether they are adults or juveniles, the rate of committing crimes is quite higher in both groups. There are different reasons been explored, why U.S. is facing the highest rate of crimes; however the exploration and discussion is

  • Juvenile Deliquency Juvenile Delinquency the System of

    Juvenile Deliquency Juvenile Delinquency The system of juvenile courts is vital in all the nations globally more so in the U.S. Its purpose is to control the welfare of children, provide guidance and counseling while taking care of kids who have been abandoned by their parents. These systems address problems facing children who are below 18 years of age. These courts have authority in addressing cases that involve support to children, terminating

  • Juvenile Crime the Effects of

    Conclusion There are many factors that increase the prevalence of juvenile crime and juvenile violence. Ethnic diversity is also much greater in urban areas, and the correlation between juvenile violent crimes and such diversity can be attributed largely to attempts at group identification -- i.e. gangs -- when other support structures are lacking (Osgood & Chambers 2003). Thus, though urbanization faces more than its share of juvenile violent crime proportionately speaking,

  • Juvenile Delinquency Juvenile Delinquents in

    Economic conditions that have forced both parents to work and have caused teenaged unemployment have also been associated with delinquency, as children are not only unsupervised, but also unoccupied. In addition to this, children who face undue hardships, such as physical and sexual abuse, as well as failure to perform academically, also often turn to delinquency (Roberts, 2005). Like Kim and Kim (2008) point out for South Korean children,

  • Juvenile Crime Rise in Juvenile Crime This

    Juvenile Crime RISE IN JUVENILE CRIME This paper is about the rise of juvenile crime. It reveals the factors responsible for the high rise in crime and steps on how we can curb it. Juvenile crime is a major problem for people nowadays. Young children have resorted to acts of brutality and violence. It is hard to believe that young children can be responsible for acts of rape, assault, robbery and homicide.

Read Full Term Paper
Copyright 2016 . All Rights Reserved