Latino Empowerment Through Successful Legal essay

Download this essay in word format (.doc)

Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formatting

Excerpt from essay:

(State law did allow the segregation of black, Asian, and
Indian children.)" (Espinosa, 2)
In other words, even though the decision would reflect a positive
push forward for those involved in the Lemon Grove Incident and for Mexican
Americans of the time, it would hinge on a racialist rationalization that
maintained the overtones of prejudice enabling the segregation on schools
on a more general level. Even for Latinos on the longer timeline, this
would prove a poor resolution to the question of equal treatment in terms
of opportunity, or at least it would have mixed implications. The positive
and negative implications of the decision are revealed in the aftermath of
the Alvarez decision. As the article by Espinosa tells, "the Lemon Grove
case ultimately helped defeat the Bliss Bill in the California legislative,
which attempted to reclassify Mexicans as Indians so that they could be
legally segregated under California laws of the time." (Espinosa, 2) This
demonstrates that even as the decision helped to build the legal groundwork
to protect Mexicans against this discrimination, it also left much to be
desired in terms of casting a broader impact on questions of racial
segregation in the United States. It would not have the same all-
encompassing effect of Brown v. The Board of Education two decades hence.

4. Relation to Course Topics:

5. Historical Context
The accomplishment is also revealing of the patterns which often have
pushed aside the barriers to Civil Rights. Such is to say that it is
frequently in a time of heated battle on an issue that the greatest strides
will be made. Quite to the point, the Lemon Grove Incident would be
prompted by actions taken in a racially charged era and atmosphere. With
the onset of the Great Depression, American laborers began to view with
hostility and suspicion the immigrants flooding over the borders from
Mexico themselves in search of opportunity in a time of grave economic
stagnancy. Accompanied by a history of racial bigotry, this hostility
would take on a powerful form in legislation, public discourse and media-
distributed propaganda. Alvarez tells that the newspapers played a direct
role in stoking the flames of scapegoating against those of racial and
national difference. The Alvarez article reports that "by January 1931,
the Los Angeles press which was distributed in San Diego was focusing on
articles concerning the alien problem. The Illustrated Daily News on
January 26, 1931, stated 'Aliens who are deportable will save themselves
trouble and expense by arranging their departure at once.''" (Alvarez, 5)
The outcome would be an explicit targeting of Mexican and Japanese
citizens, with the former of these being deported by the hundreds of
thousands in aggressive raids of California barrios.
It would require a period of this type of racial intensity in order
to inspire self-defense through legal means on the part of those with a
right to protection by the U.S. Constitution. Indeed, confirming
Espinosa's early reference to the Bliss Bill, Padilla & Chavez (1995) note
that the success of the Lemon Grove parents "occurred during a time when
the California legislature attempted to reclassify Chicanos as Indians so
that they could be legally segregated in the schools. The Lemon Grove
Incident occurred twenty-five years before the Brown V. Board of Education
decision yet one cannot find it in the segregation literature. Neglectful
historical accounts can create a sense of nonexistence." (Padilla & Chavez,
151) This demonstrates that the mixed outcome of the decision was a
product of an era not truly ready for racial desegregation. Though this
case finds the law struggling with its own conscience over racial
questions, it would also be clear that the unique level of community
activism and the power generated by this specific group of Latinos would be
an isolated incident in its time and place. Against an enormous amount of
pressure as generated by an internally bigoted culture, the Latino families
of Lemon Grove would not necessarily alter the course of immediate racial
history in America but they would provide a mold for the type of revolution
that would reverberate throughout American society, culture, law and polity
in the decades to come.

Works Cited:

Alvarez, R.R. (1986). The Lemon Grove Incident: The Nation's First
Successful Desegregation Court Case. The Journal of San Diego History,

Espinosa, P. (1986). Lemon Grove Incident. National PBS Broadcast.

Padilla, R.V. & Chavez, R. (1995). The Leaning Ivory Tower: Latino
Professors in…[continue]

Cite This Essay:

"Latino Empowerment Through Successful Legal" (2009, November 16) Retrieved December 7, 2016, from

"Latino Empowerment Through Successful Legal" 16 November 2009. Web.7 December. 2016. <>

"Latino Empowerment Through Successful Legal", 16 November 2009, Accessed.7 December. 2016,

Other Documents Pertaining To This Topic

  • Major Legal Issues Concerning Female Inmates

    Women in Prison Major Legal Issues Concerning Female Inmates Problems in corrections: Dealing with the unique needs of women in the prison system The number of female prison inmates in America and internationally is growing. Although men still outnumber women in the prison population, the rates of female incarceration, once considered relatively nominal, have skyrocketed. "In the U.S., where the prison and jail population reached two million in the year 2000, women's incarceration is

  • Immigrant Experience and Its Psychological Toll Information

    Immigrant Experience And Its Psychological Toll Information Competency & Library Use San Francisco, CA The theoretical framework centers of the immigrant experience and how it changes the individual while navigating his or her new society. The topic statement seeks to explore these phenomena by focusing on the psychological experience and its relationship to violence and economics. The idea that the action of immigrating is profoundly disruptive on ideas of self-worth, identity and economic

  • Undocumented Students Equity to In State Tuition Reducing

    Undocumented Students Equity to in-State Tuition: Reducing The Barriers There exist policy ambiguities and variations at federal, state, and institutional levels related to undocumented student access to and success in higher education and this has created problems for these students. This study investigated specific policies and procedures to provide the resources and capital to assist undocumented students as well as reviewed key elements of showing the correlation of these difficulties with ethnic

  • Grandparent Caregivers Societal Antecedents as

    It is not always easy to keep childcare arrangements running smoothly and problems may arise from time to time. . In addition to these stresses, familial stresses might occur. For instance, Grandparents and parents may have different views about raising children. Parents' expectations of grandparents may exceed their resources. Grandchildren may not always obey or comply with grandparents' rules. Grandparents may not like the role of strict disciplinarian when discipline

  • Racism Throughout American History Race

    Racialization is where two, racial groups have become so disgusted with one another that they will begin to take negative views of each other .Where, WASP's would often see blacks as the lowest ethic groups in society, while they would view other ethnics groups in more positive light (but only to a certain extent). A good example of this can be seen with the way many individuals will not

  • Mental Retardation This Work Examines

    Jones relates that statement of Corrigan: "Our work suggests that the biggest factor changing stigma is contact between people with mental illness and the rest of the population. The public needs to understand that many people with mental illness are functioning, fully contributing members of society." (Jones, 2006) Jones states that "the social cost of stigma associated with mental illness is high because it translates into huge numbers of

  • Affirmative Action Equal Opportunity

    Affirmative Action/Equal Opportunity The policies of affirmative action aiming at assisting the black Americans are of recent origin. The policies have sought its origin to varied sources like legal structure, executive instructions, and court rulings. It was during the last three decades that these policies were being developed and they have become debatable as well. (Legal History) During the last three decades of the nineteenth century, a large number of African-Americans

Read Full Essay
Copyright 2016 . All Rights Reserved