Evaluation differs from or relates to: validation, assessment and monitoring in the following ways.
Evaluation in the process of learning and development is a process that is used to study the outcome of the learning process with the aim of informing the design of future learning processes. It can be termed as a comparison between the actual and real expectations from a learning process with the predicted outcome from the same process. The emphasis or evaluation is the need to reflect on what was achieved in the process in comparison with what was expected (Mavin, S. Lee, L. & Robson, and F. 2004).
Validation is the process that involves a confirmation that an existing program that is used in the process of learning and development is effective and therefore it can be incorporated or continued to be used. It can be used in some contexts instead of accreditation although validation is not explicitly linked to evaluation on a conceptual level; validation can be termed as based on evaluation.
Assessment refers to a process by which information is obtained relative to known objective or goal of a process of learning and development. Assessment uses instruments and processes o collect information of performance characteristics. The process of assessment can therefore include testing which is special form of assessment. Tests are assessments that are made under contrived circumstances so that they can be administered. Evaluation can therefore use information from assessment to support decisions on changing or discarding instructional practices in learning process.
Monitoring involves the establishment of indicators of how efficient, effective and the impact the learning process has. It entails the setting up of systems to collect information that relate to these indicators and using this information to make decisions on the overall process of learning. Monitoring involves various tools such as questions, assignments, periodic reviews, correction tests and performance data collecting and recording. Monitoring can be viewed as an aspect of evaluation since through monitoring conclusive decisions can be made on the evaluation process. Therefore monitoring and evaluation can be termed as central in the sustainability of a learning process.
Typical purpose of evaluation for 3 different stakeholders
Evaluation is a very important aspect of the learning and development process. It's typical purpose can be divided and looked at considering different stake holders in the learning and development process. These stake holders are; the organizations there are many reasons why organizations should evaluate their learning and development activities. First evaluation helps in making decisions on the appropriate interventions which can be used in future. It can also be used as a tool for providing evidence of the organizations investment and demonstrate the value interventions have to the organization. It is also useful in the reinforcement of the importance evaluation process in the organization. It can also be a tool useful for the organization in identification of better ways of achieving things rather than through the provision of formal learning and development interventions.
Other stakeholders who benefit from evaluation are individuals. Evaluations provide individual learners with an opportunity or platform to give feedback to their trainers. This is particularly useful when evaluation is done early on in the process so that they benefit effectively from any adjustments that will be made. If feedback is acted upon then individuals in subsequent cohorts benefit from evaluation. This is especially the case when individual learners take the time to actively engage in the process of evaluation and give honest feedback in the relevant areas.
The information on evaluation process may also be used as a performance indicator that justifies the existence of training departments or the appropriateness of investment in trainers. Trainers or facilitators benefit from evaluations since they can update or make amendments accordingly especially when working in specific sectors or organization types. Trainers may also depend on their feedback to gain new clients as an indicator of their quality provision and delivery (Mavin, S. Lee, L. & Robson, 2004).
concepts of 'return on investment' and 'return on expectation' and explanation of how these can be measured
When learning and development plans are set up by organizations, two aspects are usually looked at and these are Return on Investment and Return on Expectations. The concept of RIO is used in the consideration of profits in relation to the capital that has been invested. Therefore RIO measuring…