Lisbon the Impact of Lisbon Term Paper

Download this Term Paper in word format (.doc)

Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formatting

Excerpt from Term Paper:

The final determinant of the union's competence in any matter lies with the European Court of Justice. This makes the European Court of Justice the highest constitutional forum in Europe dealing with matters of dispute inter-se the national states and the Union itself. The end product is an elegant scheme which allows for maximum sovereignty and sense of participation to the individual citizen and which minimizes the impact of democratic deficit substantially. The central feature which brings balance is the review option available to national parliaments by 1/3rd vote. This is the main policing power of the national parliaments by which they enforce their prerogative and power to interpose, though interposition in Europe works both ways. (TEU; Protocol No. 2). Therefore the 1/3rd clause operates as a veto and because national parliaments each have equal say, it is the most important check the national parliaments have especially when it comes to protecting the interests of smaller nations and members of the European Union.

What provisions in the Treaties (and attached Protocols) deal with the role of national Parliaments?

Articles/protocols applicable to National Parliaments

In so far as the articles that apply in terms of establishing competences of the Union vis national parliaments are:

1. Article 3, 4, 5 and 6 of the Lisbon Treaty. Discussion above.

2. Article 12 of TEU. National parliaments would receive drafts at the same time as the European parliament and would review them for enforcement of subsidiarity and proportionality as well as proposing amendments thereto.

3. TEU Protocol No. 1.

4. TEU Protocol No. 2 -- the power to police subsidiary. This gave the national parliaments power to call for a review by getting 1/3rd of national parliaments to requisition one.

5. Part IV of the European Constitution Treaty of 2004 which was ultimately consigned to record.

(c) How is the role of the European Parliament strengthened?

The role of the European Parliament

The role of European Parliament has been one of creating a strong organic center which, though limited to common subjects lying within the competences granted to it by the treaty arrangements, is still an effective center.

The rejection of the European Constitution came as a blow to those aspiring to create a United States of Europe but what was not achieved directly has been achieved indirectly. The idea of a responsible legislature with a watered down form of executive along with a judicial branch has the trappings of a super (multi)national State bound by a de facto constitution through a treaty arrangement.

On the face of it, national parliaments -- the middle tier -- seem to have the most direct say into what is going to be legislated in most instances. These national parliaments are bound by national constitutions and national laws. However, wherever it is felt that the policy of a national parliament is inadequate or in contravention to established European objectives, the principle of proportionality allows the European Parliament to act.

Thus on paper limited as these powers may be, the competences of the European Union may extend to each and every case where it feels that its treaty objectives are not being met. The treaty obligations thus bind the individual nations in this union that makes the scope of the European Union's European Parliament a catch-all. This then is something more than a confederation. In theory, when required the European Union can act as a highly centralized state. This allows for a flexibility that is unique and novel in human history -- a devolved three tiered confederation that can act as a unitary state if need arises.


1. Bonde, J.P. From EU Constitution to Lisbon Treaty. Foundation for EU Democracy and the EU Democrats. ISBN 87-87692-71-6."

2. Council of the European Union "Lisbon Treaty: The making of" (PDF).

3. House of Lords; Select Committee on EU -- 10th Report 2007

4. House of Commons, 33 rd Report of 2007-2008 Session, European Scrutiny Committee[continue]

Cite This Term Paper:

"Lisbon The Impact Of Lisbon" (2012, May 13) Retrieved October 22, 2016, from

"Lisbon The Impact Of Lisbon" 13 May 2012. Web.22 October. 2016. <>

"Lisbon The Impact Of Lisbon", 13 May 2012, Accessed.22 October. 2016,

Other Documents Pertaining To This Topic

  • Lisbon Treaty Democratization and State

    Political legitimacy derives from the peoples of the Member States and thus from the states themselves; (b) the primacy of European law: this is not 'absolute' and the Court reserves the right to block European legislation in order to protect sovereignty and 'constitutional identity', which is, moreover, enshrined in the Lisbon Treaty itself; and (c) ring-fences certain sovereign powers for the Member States: in the areas of criminal law

  • Treaty of Lisbon Is the

    Six weeks later the Czech Republic became the 27th and final nation to sign the Treaty. On December 2, 2009 the Lisbon Treaty went into full effect one month prior to the date originally projected. Ratification Procedure The driving force behind the drafting and ratification of the Lisbon Treaty was German Chancellor Merkel. When she assumed her six-month presidency of the European Union in January of 2007 she was determined to

  • Cockpit Automation The Impact

    Cognitive laziness, according to the experts, is a condition in which people reveal a tendency to take short cuts for a number of things, including a short cut to flying on automation, as in this case. Social loafing refers to the tendency displayed by people, in which people tend to expend lesser effort in any given situation, when there is a group of individuals involved. ("Cockpit automation may bias

  • Is the European Union a State or What Else Distinguishes it From...

    European Union a state, or what else distinguishes it from other International Organizations The primary question concerning global organizations as a medium of global governance relates towards the quantity and excellence of this governance within an era where we now have an overdeveloped global economy as well as an under-developed global polity (Ougaard and Higgott, 2002). There's a powerful disconnect amid governance, being an efficient and effective collective solution-seeking process

  • History of the Atlantic Slave

    A "linguist" would bring the slave broker on board the ship that had traveled upriver, and at that point there were negotiations and the broker (owner of the slaves that he had kidnapped) wanted to know of course what merchandise was being offered, what the commission the captain of the vessel was to receive, and he wanted to know what other offers might be out there on the coast

  • New Pattern of Integration Through Governmental Coordination European...

    New Pattern of Integration Through Governmental Coordination: European Perspective The beginning of the European Union was with the coalition of six nations (namely France, Germany, Italia, Belgium, Holland, and Luxembourg) who entered into a treaty back in the year 1951 to determine the ECU Coal and Steel Community. The next signed treaty was in the year 1957 to determine the ECU Economic Community. The Coal and Steel Community were also built

  • Management the People of the

    b) The Football Championship in Lisbon The capital of Portugal has received little investments in developments and infrastructure from both the public as well as the private sectors. But the football championship has stimulated the construction and development of two stadiums in north and northeast parts of the capital, namely the Benfica and Alvalade stadiums. The hosting of the football championships, supported by the two stadiums, draws the attention of investors and

Read Full Term Paper
Copyright 2016 . All Rights Reserved