Mbuti Cultural Research Paper Three scholarly research journals ethnographies ethnologies primary sources information Identification chosen cultures primary mode subsistence Foragers Horticulturalists Pastoralists Emerging Agriculturalists Agrarian States Industrialists Identification aspects culture Kinship Beliefs Values Gender relations The information presented outline include introductory paragraph a succinct thesis

Length:  8 pages (2427 words) | Sources:  6  | Subject:  Culture | Type: Essay | Paper: #58776139 | Author:  

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C. It is not uncommon, subsequent to a successful hunt, for the men of the group to engage in tobacco or marijuana smoking. Although marijuana smoking is illegal, both tobacco and marijuana grow prolifically in the forest and are freely traded between groups. The Mbuti cannot be categorized as purely agrarian or foragers. It is true the Mbuti live in small groups, working together in a more egalitarian stylized community; however, the gender specific work roles characteristic of classic foragers is absent from the Mbuti tradition. Moreover, there are no expressed rules about how the spoils of the hunt are divided amongst group members based on biological or cultural opines. Because food is plentiful in the Ituri forest, there is no need for seasonal game migration (Searles & Lee, 2002).

II. Culture Kinships

The Mbuti are known to live in small groups of several nomadic households, loosely organized as one extended family. All family members live in family huts surrounding the community fire. The huts are quickly and easily erected and are regarded as temporary housing. The domed frame is made from saplings interwoven into a patchwork with large heart shaped mongongo leaves. Strands and vines hold the entire structure together. Although simple in structure, the integrity of the domed huts withstands torrential and frequent rains in the forest. As previously indicated, in order to avoid overexploitation, the Mbuti relocate their extended family every three to four weeks. Because of the abundance of food sources, the Mbuti have no need to for future food storage.

The frequent migrations of the group serve a dual purpose, in that it allows group members to the opportunity to join other groups. This group selection process serves to quall, diffuse or avert disagreements amongst group members. As there is no ruling lineage and system of 'class' based hierarchy, there is no larger political or social unit than the group. Age is the only factor that denotes seniority or highly respected status. The lack of perceived rigid structure provides the Mbuti personal and social flexibility that has proven essential to the groups' survival.

A. Children…[continue]



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APA Citation

"Mbuti Cultural Research Paper Three Scholarly Research Journals Ethnographies Ethnologies Primary Sources Information Identification Chosen Cultures Primary Mode Subsistence Foragers Horticulturalists Pastoralists Emerging Agriculturalists Agrarian States Industrialists Identification Aspects Culture Kinship Beliefs Values Gender Relations The Information Presented Outline Include Introductory Paragraph A Succinct Thesis" (2011, June 19) Retrieved September 17, 2014, from http://www.paperdue.com/essay/mbuti-cultural-research-paper-three-scholarly-51290

MLA Citation

"Mbuti Cultural Research Paper Three Scholarly Research Journals Ethnographies Ethnologies Primary Sources Information Identification Chosen Cultures Primary Mode Subsistence Foragers Horticulturalists Pastoralists Emerging Agriculturalists Agrarian States Industrialists Identification Aspects Culture Kinship Beliefs Values Gender Relations The Information Presented Outline Include Introductory Paragraph A Succinct Thesis" 19 June 2011. Web.17 September. 2014. <http://www.paperdue.com/essay/mbuti-cultural-research-paper-three-scholarly-51290>

CHICAGO Citation

"Mbuti Cultural Research Paper Three Scholarly Research Journals Ethnographies Ethnologies Primary Sources Information Identification Chosen Cultures Primary Mode Subsistence Foragers Horticulturalists Pastoralists Emerging Agriculturalists Agrarian States Industrialists Identification Aspects Culture Kinship Beliefs Values Gender Relations The Information Presented Outline Include Introductory Paragraph A Succinct Thesis", 19 June 2011, Accessed.17 September. 2014, http://www.paperdue.com/essay/mbuti-cultural-research-paper-three-scholarly-51290