Mbuti Cultural Research Paper Three 'scholarly research journals ethnographies ethnologies primary 'sources information Identification chosen cultures primary mode 'subsistence Foragers Horticulturalists Pastoralists Emerging Agriculturalists Agrarian States Industrialists Identification aspects culture Kinship Beliefs Values Gender relations The information presented outline include introductory paragraph a 'succinct thesis

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Certain rituals are adhered to prior to each hunt consisting of the group setting a ritual fire at the base of a tree; first to appease the forest which they highly respect, and as a way of requesting the forest assist them in a successful hunt. As a part of the ritual, each hunter passes through the smoke generated from the fire as a way of cleansing himself before beginning the hunt. Subsequent to the cleansing ritual, the hunt is initiated. All members of the group participate in the hunt. The women and children create a boisterous semi-circle, generating noise that drives game into the awaiting nets of the hunters. The Mbuti nets, typically made from nkusa vines, are masterfully crafted and highly prized. The lines of nets are strategically hung throughout the forest floor; and; may measure close to two hundred meters in length. As an added measure of good luck, guinea fowl feathers or seeds are often interspersed throughout the netting.

A. Net hunting is believed to have particularly important implications for efficient foraging, organization and the division of labor. In the ethnographic record, net hunting as displayed by the Mbuti involve a communal workforce; which is seen as more economically efficient at procuring prey versus isolated hunting efforts (Adovasio, Soffer, & Klima,1996; Pringle, 1998; Soffer, 2000; Driver, 1990; Foibis, 1978 and Hayden, 1981).The Mbuti men carry spears and wait by the nets, quickly killing any captured game. The youth of the tribe are frequently armed with bows and arrows and act as "longshots" for any animal that escapes. The youth are also highly skilled at capturing escaped animals with their bare hands.

B. The most highly sought after game for the Mbuti group is the dulker; a small forest dwelling antelope. Six species of dulker inhabit the Ituri forest, and range in size from the blue dulker which is little more than one foot high to the yellow backed dulker that measures three times as tall. The Mbuti utilize every facet of the animal; using the skin for quivers and drums, and the horns for medicinal containers. Although the forest is also inhabited by elephants, and at one time was the most prize game, killing elephants is…[continue]

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"Mbuti Cultural Research Paper Three 'scholarly Research Journals Ethnographies Ethnologies Primary 'sources Information Identification Chosen Cultures Primary Mode 'subsistence Foragers Horticulturalists Pastoralists Emerging Agriculturalists Agrarian States Industrialists Identification Aspects Culture Kinship Beliefs Values Gender Relations The Information Presented Outline Include Introductory Paragraph A 'succinct Thesis" (2011, June 19) Retrieved August 4, 2015, from http://www.paperdue.com/essay/mbuti-cultural-research-paper-three-scholarly-51290

"Mbuti Cultural Research Paper Three 'scholarly Research Journals Ethnographies Ethnologies Primary 'sources Information Identification Chosen Cultures Primary Mode 'subsistence Foragers Horticulturalists Pastoralists Emerging Agriculturalists Agrarian States Industrialists Identification Aspects Culture Kinship Beliefs Values Gender Relations The Information Presented Outline Include Introductory Paragraph A 'succinct Thesis" 19 June 2011. Web.4 August. 2015. <http://www.paperdue.com/essay/mbuti-cultural-research-paper-three-scholarly-51290>

"Mbuti Cultural Research Paper Three 'scholarly Research Journals Ethnographies Ethnologies Primary 'sources Information Identification Chosen Cultures Primary Mode 'subsistence Foragers Horticulturalists Pastoralists Emerging Agriculturalists Agrarian States Industrialists Identification Aspects Culture Kinship Beliefs Values Gender Relations The Information Presented Outline Include Introductory Paragraph A 'succinct Thesis", 19 June 2011, Accessed.4 August. 2015, http://www.paperdue.com/essay/mbuti-cultural-research-paper-three-scholarly-51290

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