Mbuti Cultural Research Paper Three 'scholarly research journals ethnographies ethnologies primary 'sources information Identification chosen cultures primary mode 'subsistence Foragers Horticulturalists Pastoralists Emerging Agriculturalists Agrarian States Industrialists Identification aspects culture Kinship Beliefs Values Gender relations The information presented outline include introductory paragraph a 'succinct thesis

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Unmovable: The Mbuti of The Ituri Forest

For more than 2,000 years, the world has been aware of the Mbuti (Pygmy) hunter-gatherers that reside in the Ituri Forest of northern Zaire. References have been made to Pygmies that date as far back as Ancient Egypt, with mentions made by Herodotus, Aristotle and Homer (McDonald, 2004). Little however, was known about the daily lives of the Mbuti Pygmies until the 1950's. In an effort to find the values of goodness in the world post World War II, the public became interested in an isolated people who seemed far freer and more egalitarian than most self described "civilized societies (McDonald, 2004).The Mbuti are part of a larger group of forest dwellers referred to as the Bambuti. According to the most recent statistics, there are reportedly less than 20,000 pure blood Bambuti remaining in the world (Turnbull, 1998).

The Mbuti are described as the least influenced by extraneous cultures; preserving their traditions, culture, beliefs, and ability to navigate and survive in the Ituri Forest (Watson & Stone, 1995). The Mbuti have been able to develop a system of agriculturally based bartering that has served to increase their viability and ensured continued survival. There are a number of pressures to acculturate as well as environmental challenges facing the Mbuti group. The collective is purportedly being replaced with more ideas and practices of individuality and independence (Turnbull, 1998). There are natural and political threats to the environment; specifically deforestation, and political wrangling. However, the Mbuti are intrinsically linked to the forest they inhabit; "the forest is everything" (Watson & Stone, 1995). The Mbuti group posses a unique set of customs, values, traditions, and beliefs that have withstood the test of time, but are currently undergoing progressive change. Their ability to adapt to these changes may be a way to teach other cultures the necessary coping mechanisms to adapt to disruptions in their own environments.

I. Primary mode of sustenance

The Mbuti are preeminent hunter gatherers, and because of their physical stature, are able to navigate the dense forest with great ease. The Mbuti, for generations, have hunted as a group to kill ground game. They are highly skilled experts and have demonstrated proven ability to…[continue]

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"Mbuti Cultural Research Paper Three 'scholarly Research Journals Ethnographies Ethnologies Primary 'sources Information Identification Chosen Cultures Primary Mode 'subsistence Foragers Horticulturalists Pastoralists Emerging Agriculturalists Agrarian States Industrialists Identification Aspects Culture Kinship Beliefs Values Gender Relations The Information Presented Outline Include Introductory Paragraph A 'succinct Thesis" (2011, June 19) Retrieved July 3, 2015, from http://www.paperdue.com/essay/mbuti-cultural-research-paper-three-scholarly-51290

"Mbuti Cultural Research Paper Three 'scholarly Research Journals Ethnographies Ethnologies Primary 'sources Information Identification Chosen Cultures Primary Mode 'subsistence Foragers Horticulturalists Pastoralists Emerging Agriculturalists Agrarian States Industrialists Identification Aspects Culture Kinship Beliefs Values Gender Relations The Information Presented Outline Include Introductory Paragraph A 'succinct Thesis" 19 June 2011. Web.3 July. 2015. <http://www.paperdue.com/essay/mbuti-cultural-research-paper-three-scholarly-51290>

"Mbuti Cultural Research Paper Three 'scholarly Research Journals Ethnographies Ethnologies Primary 'sources Information Identification Chosen Cultures Primary Mode 'subsistence Foragers Horticulturalists Pastoralists Emerging Agriculturalists Agrarian States Industrialists Identification Aspects Culture Kinship Beliefs Values Gender Relations The Information Presented Outline Include Introductory Paragraph A 'succinct Thesis", 19 June 2011, Accessed.3 July. 2015, http://www.paperdue.com/essay/mbuti-cultural-research-paper-three-scholarly-51290

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