During the 1960's and 1970's, this would influence how the public was viewing various political events as well as their underlying meanings. This is significant, because the questioning of society would play a role in helping to redefine the issue of: civil rights during the 1960's and the meaning of equality. As this was a medium, for helping to push these changes from within. This is when tremendous shifts occurred, with most people supporting the views of the music they listen to. (Berkin, 2009, pp. 678 -- 679)
Cuba is a combination of different forms of music including: Spanish and African. This is because the country is a mixture of both cultures. As a result, it is often seen as form of entertainment and pride. While at the same time, it is used as a way to illustrate various political, social or economic changes that need to occur. An example of this can be seen with the music of Alejandro Catula. As, he would combine: Spanish style sounds with various African tempos. This created a one of a kind jingle that people enjoyed listening to. At same time, he would incorporate various freestyle lyrics and techniques to highlight his liberal views about society. Over the course of time, this artistic style was continually embraced by Cuban musicians to: illustrate the injustices that were taking place in their country from the 1920' to the late 1950's. As, this was a representation of: hope and frustration that many ordinary people were feeling. (Carpentier, 2001, 268 -- 277)
In Chile, a shift was taking place in way music was being composed during the early 20th century. This was occurring based upon influences from other artists around the world. As, radio and television began to have an impact on the way they were composing various songs as well as lyrics. This led to more liberal techniques that were being used to: create a new form of music. ("Latin American Music," 2011)
One, where the traditional elements of Chilean music were incorporated with sounds such as: electric guitars. Over the course to time, this created shifts in the views of society. As the use of these liberal techniques, changed the way people thought of their role in: the political system and culturally. This is significant, because it is showing how the music during the 1960's and 1970's would have an impact on political events. With the songs, becoming a part of the civil rights struggle that many people were: facing from the authoritarian government. As this was a way of uniting everyone together behind one single cause. ("Latin American Music," 2011)
During the 20th century, the music of Argentina was undergoing similar changes as Chile. Where, the people are struggling to overcome the brutal military dictatorship, while many artists were creating new ways of expressing themselves. As, some were using various techniques from: other countries and were augmenting it as a part of their own compositions. This is because various artists were creating their works in exile, while others did so in secret (inside the country). As a result, a shift occurred in how the people were viewing various social and political structures. Over the course of time, this would help to bring about changes in the government, with the public wanting to have a system more that is more responsive to their needs. ("Latin American Music," 2011)
In Bolivia, the music is combination of South American Indian themes that are augmented with Spanish culture. As, it is a collection of different sounds that are blended into one traditional form, encompassing a number of elements including: the flute, mandolina, skin drums and the matraca. At the same time, the music was influenced by other compositions from around the globe. Once this occurred, it created a unique way for many people to empathize with: these feelings of frustration and share a common set of beliefs. A good example of this can be seen with election of Evo Morales in 2005. To help create a sense of unity, as he would use traditional forms of Bolivian music that was augmented with: hip hop and rock. This helped him to be able to create a bond with the indigenous people, by showing how he can address the frustrations they are feeling. As the music, created a sense of community and hope about, how he could address the problems that have plagued the country for so long. This is significant, because it is illustrating the way this was used in: unifying everyone and highlighting the belief that changes were going to occur. (Bradlow, 2005)
Latin American Music. (2011). Britannica. Retrieved from: http://www.britannica.com/hispanic_heritage/article-259808
Berkin, S. (2009). Making America. New York, NY: Wadsworth Publishing.
Bradlow, B. (2005). Women Savers Meet in Bolivia. SDI. Retrieved from: http://www.sdinet.org/news/27
Carpentier, A. (2001). Music in Cuba. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press.
Cook, N. (2004). The Cambridge History of 20th Century Music. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Marco, T. (1993). Spanish Music in the 20th Century. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Muller, C. (2004). South African Music. Santa Barbra, CA: ABC -- CLIO.