Neoliberalism & Notion of Exploitation Term Paper

Download this Term Paper in word format (.doc)

Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formatting

Excerpt from Term Paper:

As a result, to not totally lose out to Vietnam and China, other countries are competing by extending their operations 24/7 without further adjustments to the current government-mandated wages of their workers. Competition remains, as Vietnam and China can deliver like the other countries, but with significantly lower wages. Looking at the bottom line, only the workers suffer and are greatly exploited as a result of this competition among Asian countries, as investors pursue the country with the cheapest source of labor.

The individual's (worker's) market-class situation

It is inevitable, then, that with the widening and increased immobility of social space and maximized labor time inherent in neoliberalist economies, that the individual is given no choice but to assume an individualist stance and fiercely compete in order to survive the new socio-economic environment s/he lives in. Bourdieu (1998) criticized neoliberalism because of these inherent forms of exploitation, resulting to the alienation of the individual/worker, as s/he competes alone and against his/her own community / society:

…the immediately visible effects of the implementation of the great neoliberal utopia… First is the destruction of all the collective institutions… primarily those of the state, repository of all the universal values associated with the idea of public realm [sic]. Second is the imposition everywhere…of that sort of moral Darwinism that, with the cult of the winner…institutes the struggle of all against all and cynicism [sic] as the norm of all action and behavior.

Because the individual develops the psyche of being highly competitive and assuming the attitude of "all against all," the power of the society is highly reduced, as society acts as divided, individual agents in pursuit of their own, rather than unified, interests. The lack of unity or collectivist nature of societies under a neoliberalist economy brings more power to the leading and dominant few. As a result, economies are dictated and determined only among these small group of individuals / decision-makers, ultimately serving their own agenda and interests. In the realm of neoliberal economy, the worker as an individual and member of the society loses his/her role and significance, and becomes an instrument and mere contributor rather than significant mover of the economy.

Perhaps most relevant example to illustrate the worsening of the individual's class or market situation is his/her relegation as mere consumer in the wide and international landscape of free market and enterprise. Supposedly, consumers wield a strong influence and power over companies and corporations, as they determine which companies truly cater to the consumers' needs, and which do not deliver or perform at all. Unfortunately, because of the strong influence of the companies in the world market, the individual is just a small voice whose opinion does not matter and does not influence the way economies regulate themselves. This is the reason why consumer groups are formed, a display of unity wherein collective power is created and a stronger voice is used to inform the world market about non-performance, mediocrity and inefficiencies of specific companies/corporations.

The worsening of an individual's class or market situation is not just determined by the power that they have over companies/corporations thriving under the neoliberalist economy. Another manifestation of this process of worsening market situation is reflected in the factor, social exclusion, which is identified in the U.S. labor market as "including high levels of income inequality, high relative and absolute poverty rates, poor and unequal education outcomes, poor health outcomes and high rates of crime and incarceration" (Schmitt & Zipperer, 2006:15). This holistic view and definition of social exclusion highlights the foreseeable detrimental and interdependent effects that eventually result to a powerless individual unable to participate as a member of the society/community and as a consumer/contributor to the economy. Social exclusion ultimately puts the individual at the lower stratum of the society's class conditions. The highly immobile nature of this stratification -- a reflection of the widening social gap between the poor/workers and the elite/technology owners -- does not provide opportunities for the individual to further or improve his/her social and economic participation over time. The individual is unfortunately cast in a social competition where the winners and losers are already predetermined, but the individual forges on with the hope that the socio-economic ladder will become mobile for him/her, s/he will finally move up and will eventually improve the quality of his/her life.


Bourdieu, P. (1998). "Utopia of endless exploitation: the essence of neoliberalism." Le monde diplomatique web site. Available at:

Harman, C. (2007). "Theorising neoliberalism." International Socialism Journal, Issue 117.

Martinez, E. And a. Garcia. (2000). "What is "neo-liberalism"? A brief definition." Global Exchange web site. Available at:

Schmitt, J. And B. Zipperer. (2006). "Is the U.S. A good model for reducing social exclusion in Europe?" Center for Economic and Policy Research.

Treanor, P. (2007). "Neoliberalism: origins, theory, definition." Paul Treanor Official website. Available at:[continue]

Cite This Term Paper:

"Neoliberalism & Notion Of Exploitation" (2010, June 21) Retrieved December 10, 2016, from

"Neoliberalism & Notion Of Exploitation" 21 June 2010. Web.10 December. 2016. <>

"Neoliberalism & Notion Of Exploitation", 21 June 2010, Accessed.10 December. 2016,

Other Documents Pertaining To This Topic

  • Neoliberalism and Globalization

    Neoliberalism and Globalization Globalization may be an overused word, although the new version of international capitalism is still so recent that the actual system on the ground has outrun the scientific and theoretical vocabulary that describes it. As a system, international capitalism is rapidly eliminating geographical and political boundaries, as Marx predicted in the 19th Century. In the global, postmodern economy, branding also involves relentless synergy and tie-ins between various diverse

  • Lesson Plan Amp Reflection I Didn t Know

    Lesson Plan Amp; Reflection I didn't know what state you are in so was unable to do state/district standards! Lesson Plan Age/Grade Range; Developmental Level(s): 7-8/2nd Grade; Below grade level Anticipated Lesson Duration: 45 Minutes Lesson Foundations Pre-assessment (including cognitive and noncognitive measures): All students are reading below grade level (5-7 months) as measured by standardized assessments and teacher observation Curricular Focus, Theme, or Subject Area: Reading: Fluency, word recognition, and comprehension State/District Standards: Learning Objectives: Students will develop

  • Branding New Service Dominant Logic

    Branding in Service Markets Amp Aim And Objectives Themes for AMP Characteristics Composing Branding Concept Branding Evolution S-D Logic and Service Markets Branding Challenges in Service Markets Considerations for Effective Service Branding Categories and Themes Branding Theory Evolution S-D Logic and Service Markets Branding Challenges in Service Markets Considerations for Effective Service Branding Branding Concept Characteristics Characteristics Composing Branding Concept Sampling of Studies Reviewed Evolution of Branding Theory Evolution of Marketing Service-Brand-Relationship-Value Triangle Brand Identity, Position & Image Just as marketing increasingly influences most aspects of the consumer's lives, brands

  • Investigations Workplace Violence

    Workplace Violence Everyday in the United States millions of Americans leave their homes and enter the places of their employment. Captain Among these millions, most report to work unaware of the prevalence of workplace violence or fully understand the gamut of actions that represent such violence. It is typical of the media to only report high profile cases including a former employee or a worker losing control - the most

  • The Philosophy of Neo Confucianism

    Neo-Confucianism is a philosophy which was born from the need to explain the existence of man and the universe in a manner which was just as complex as the Buddhist one. The philosophers which belong to this school of thought took the core of the Confucian philosophy and enriched it with contributions from other philosophies. It can also be stated that neo-Confucianism is a reaction to various provocations of philosophical

  • Notion of Culture in Anthropology

    Culture in Anthropology: Culture is basically defined as values, attitudes, and behaviors that are shared by a group of individuals. However, this definition of this has been a complex and relatively difficult task for anthropologists since the commencement of discipline in the late 19th Century. Culture originates from interactions and behaviors of people who eventually develop common attitudes, values, and behaviors. In essence, as people live and interact with one another,

  • Notion of Revenge

    William Shakespeare and Thomas Middleton explore the depth and range of the human psyche in their plays, Hamlet and the Revenger's Tragedy. Through the characters of Hamlet and Vindici, we discover different motivations to their feelings of vengeance, illustrating the complexity of human nature as it relates to revenge. However, while both plays operate under the same theme of vengeance, they are quite different in terms of how each protagonist

Read Full Term Paper
Copyright 2016 . All Rights Reserved