Organized Crime and Its Influence Thesis
- Length: 48 pages
- Sources: 18
- Subject: Criminal Justice
- Type: Thesis
- Paper: #46653779
Excerpt from Thesis :
Organized Crime has been witnessed to prosper with the infiltration on legitimate businesses in a way that they associate themselves in order to steal from the host. Organized crime organizations execute such activities in order to generate income, sweep profits, achieve more power, and launder wealth (Abadinsky, 2009).
The crimes that are committed by the individuals that are employed in the legitimate corporations are particularly known as white collar crimes. A white collar crime is another salient aspect of organized crime, which is constantly growing at an accelerated pace in the current times. Embezzlement, fraud, and theft are the key characteristics that define the white collar crime, usually executed by the employees working within the organization (Edwards & Gill, 2006).
However, it has also been monitored that nowadays the members of the organized crime enterprises embed themselves into multinational and giant corporations so that they can create substantial revenues through risking on the investments such as narcotics trafficking. Through this approach, where money is transferred swiftly on a global scale, it has transmitted the illicit excise duties and made it into legitimate accounts with the manipulation of the system (Edwards & Gill, 2006).
According to some schools of thoughts, organized crime over the past several decades has become such a strong organization that they now own their sub-discipline. In order to combat the organized crime, it is crucial and fundamental to understand their activities and efforts that makes them successful in their endeavors. Nonetheless, the disciplines that play a substantial role in understanding the problem of organized crime include business, economics, law, history, and political sectors (Edwards & Gill, 2006).
Law and order is the most relevant and eminent feature that need grave consideration that can aid the nation to analyze the issue of organized crime and people that profoundly participates in such criminal and illegal activities. Furthermore, the existence of the organized crime always creates a threat and risk to the stability of the nation because these illegal activities and entities breaches the law and order of not only one nation but violates the law all over the world (Edwards & Gill, 2006).
Organized crime has gained a strong hold not only in the United States, but also in many parts of the European region along with Asian countries. The spread of the organized crime enterprises has increased to the regions that were considered potential that could give them more control and dominance. According to sources, the people of the organized crime organizations initiated their operations from stealing and robbery that cultivated to gambling, narcotics, and even prostitution (Edwards & Gill, 2006).
Criminal agencies are organized on basis of few characteristics. The technical feature of this association imposes the largest threat to law maintaining bodies, as it is capable of effectively managing and running gargantuan network of criminal activities. The organizers are able to employ this feature to the best of their use by controlling and monitoring the series of information by themselves. Additionally, powerful links and well-planned structure for interaction at every level make such criminal organizations more dangerous for peace building authorities (Edwards & Gill, 2006).
On the other hand, a divergent feature of the organization adds on to its complexity, thus multiplying the difficulty for peace representatives to curb the criminal actions. The vulnerability of this characteristic can be anticipated by the fact that although the members of criminal organizations are part of a network, they are not directly associated with one another. Furthermore, their activities are widespread and as they are regularly being informed about the plans, they can cause havoc without being identified by the concerned authorities (Edwards & Gill, 2006).
While looking at the most powerful organization within the organized crime agencies, Italy and Russia are considered to be top agencies where the mafia is progressively growing at an accelerated pace both in terms of numbers and capital. The principal reason for the increase in the organized crime in the recent years is characteristically due to the booming economy and technological innovation and progression such as internet, rapid ways of money transfer and so forth (Abadinsky, 2009).
The governments and political bodies cannot ignore or overlook the criminal activities and the consequence of the events from such acts from which these organized crime groups operate. Nevertheless, these groups and organizations can only be combated when the political parties on the global basis would develop a comprehensive understanding of the causes that results in these groups (Edwards & Gill, 2006).
Organized crime groups have been determined to have influence over the governments of the nations. Scores of aspects are pivotal to consider that largely contributes to the organized crime and how they control the government of the states. However, one of the examples of the organized crime defines that the people with criminal minds (members of these groups) persuades and manipulates other local people such as gamblers, liquor traders, and bar keepers that political power under successful guidance is possible and is of great benefit (Edwards & Gill, 2006).
Influence of Organized Crime in Politics in General
The fear is the prominent factor that organized crime and transnational organized crime uses to become powerful in order to leave dramatic impacts on the world and its entire populace.
Indeed, the affects and influences of organized crime have deeply and negatively touched every facet of life, whether it is financial sector, social strength, economic stability, legal segment, or political arena. Besides, due to illegal activities committed by large-scale illegitimate organizations, many of the regions in the third world and underdeveloped nations have been thrown into anarchy, confusion and disarray (Schulte-Bockholt, 2006).
Corruption, violence, and other illegal and brutal activities are the foundation stone for international organized crime agencies that poses risk and threat to the nation's security, and hence become a source of human misery. The organized crime weakens and destabilizes the integrity of not only the financial systems, but also damages the commodities and securities markets. Besides, the international organized crime has become an overall threat and problem to the national and international security on a broad spectrum (Schulte-Bockholt, 2006).
Several issues and problems are widely associated with the organized crime due to the relationships that it establishes in order to carry out their illicit actions. Many of the problems have immensely been surfaced from the fact that organized crime is engaged with the politics. This is not just the end of the problem, as organized crime has huge influence over politics of the nations. When organized crime contributes to the politics of the nation, it brings numerous severe, harsh and far-reaching effects on the citizens of that country, as well as upon the policy makers that are within the governmental bodies (Fijnaut & Jacobs, 1991).
Since the essential and fundamental objective of the large-scale organized crime enterprises is to get hold of power, influence, and have monetary and commercial achievements, thus they intend to influence the political body of the nation, which is the most powerful agency that controls the entire nation. The organized crime agencies influence the political bodies completely as well as partially by illegal means so that they can have protect and defend their activities by means of corruption or violence (Fijnaut & Jacobs, 1991).
Taking into consideration the political body of the nation, it is comprised of government, which is a comprehensive governing authority with complete powers to rule over the citizens of the country. In addition, the government is the ruling body that design and make laws, settle and become a mediator in resolving the overall disputes, issue or pass decisions for administrative activities and so forth (Albanese, 2010).
Organized crime organizations on the other hand, are the group of people that run illegal operations of goods and services universally with the primary objective of generating capital, fiscal profit and social power. Organized crime is typically distinguished by having few distinct attributes that involve the activities such as hierarchical constitution, diversified interests, capital growth, access to political fortification, employment of violence for defending mutual interests and so forth (Albanese, 2010).
Looking at the characteristics of both the organizations (government and organized crime), deep connections and relationships have constantly been found amongst them throughout the history. Besides, one cannot even ignore the fact that there has been constant struggle between the two organizations from centuries. The historical evidences elucidate the fact that political leaders from all over the world at many occasions have been blamed and fingers had been pointed on them that they have run and operated their nations in a very similar manner to the criminal organizations (Schulte-Bockholt, 2006).
However, the records and historical data have made it obvious and apparent that organized crime have always been present and illegal activities have continued from a very long time even before the government was formed for the first time in history. Since the organized crime started to…