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Organized Crime uses Poverty to Facilitate Human Trafficking
Clandestine Partnerships: The Link Between Human Trafficking and Organized Crime in Metropolitan Atlanta
The author had several research questions: 1)What proportion of the specified human trafficking cases involves organized crime; 2) What type of relationship is most prevalent between human trafficking and organized crime in metropolitan Atlanta; 3)What types of organized crime demonstrate a relationship with human trafficking in the specified cases; 4)What differences, if any, do the specified sex trafficking and forced labor cases exhibit in regards to their relationship with organized crime; and 5) What differences, if any, do the specified international and domestic human trafficking cases exhibit in regards to their relationship with organized crime?
The author's hypothesis is that human trafficking, while occurring in an organized fashion, may be conducted outside of traditionally established organized criminal organizations, and that the links may differ depending on whether humans are trafficked for labor of sexual purposes. The author did not hypothesize about the nature of the relationship, but left the research questions open-ended.
3. The study examined public court records of all-identifiable Trafficking Victims Protection Act
(TVPA) of 2000, between 2000 and 2012 were analyzed. The author looked at the proportion of human trafficking cases that involved known criminal networks.
4. The author found that, of the 20 human trafficking cases studied, 80% of them did not involve a tie to organized crime. Of the 20% involving ties to organized crime, only one of them was operated by an organized crime syndicate, while two of them relied upon assistance from existing criminal networks.
5. The findings from this article suggest that, although human trafficking is often conducted by people in organized criminal groups, those criminals are oftentimes operating outside of known criminal organizations. Therefore, my research should look outside of traditional
6. Tripp, Tara M. 2012. "Clandestine Partnerships: The Link Between Human Trafficking and Organized Crime in Metropolitan Atlanta." Masters Thesis, Kennesaw State University. Retrieved September 22, 2013 (http://digitalcommons.kennesaw.edu/etd/531).
ARTICLE TITLE: Trade Secrets: Intersections between Diasporas and Crime Groups in the Constitution of the Human Trafficking Chain
1. Rather than pose a specific question, the authors seek to examine the connection between diasporas and four different typologies of human trafficking: integrated diasporic model; partially integrated diasporic model; instrumental diasporic model; and a fully open model.
2. In the integrated and partially integrated diasporic models, criminal organization is more critical because of a reliance on knowledge, trust, and loyalty.
3. Rather than a study, the paper presents a literature-review type overview of different elements of human trafficking.
4. Traditional views of organized crime are not the best way to describe most current human trafficking; instead law enforcement needs to look at the reasons that human trafficking continues to exist, which is often based in both gender and race imbalances in trafficked groups and in communities with a demand for forced labor.
5. The research suggests that examining vulnerable communities and how traffickers get their victims might provide significant clues into the operations of trafficking rings.
6. Turner, Jackie and Liz Kelly. 2012. "Trade Secrets: Intersections between Diasporas and Crime Groups in the Constitution of the Human Trafficking Chain." British Journal of Criminology 49(2):184-201.
ARTICLE TITLE: Economics of Human Trafficking
1. The overarching research question is: what is the connection between human trafficking and the larger economic structure of the country receiving the victims of human trafficking?
2. The author hypothesizes that there is a negative relationship between human trafficking and a country's overall economic health.
3. The paper models the human traf-cking market as a monopolistic competition consisting of many sellers and buyers dealing in differentiated products, because of the low entry barriers, which preclude a monopoly. Therefore, it examines supply and demand in the human trafficking market. It also looks at the marginal costs, such as the risk of punishment to the trafficker if he or she is caught.
4. The research concludes that human trafficking negatively impacts a country's economic healthy by tearing apart the structure of local economies, adding to the bureaucratic and law enforcement burden at all levels of government through local crime and immigration problems, and destroying people's lives. Furthermore, the shift in population that results from human trafficking negatively impacts source and destination countries. The authors conclude that greater awareness and more resources are necessary to fight trafficking.
5. Because of the manner…[continue]
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Organized Crime has been witnessed to prosper with the infiltration on legitimate businesses in a way that they associate themselves in order to steal from the host. Organized crime organizations execute such activities in order to generate income, sweep profits, achieve more power, and launder wealth (Abadinsky, 2009). The crimes that are committed by the individuals that are employed in the legitimate corporations are particularly known as white collar crimes.
Human Trafficking: Literature Review Perhaps the most significant act of legislation passed to deal with the growing global problem of human trafficking was the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000. This law established specific federal penalties for trafficking in persons, as well as offered added protections for victims. However, according to Anthony M. Destefano's 2007 The war on human trafficking: U.S. policy assessed, the years subsequent to the passage of this
Ashley, Assistant Director, Criminal Investigative Division of the FBI relates that in 1991: "...the U.S. Attorney's office in Los Angeles charged 13 defendants in a $1 billion false medical billing scheme that was headed by two Russian emigre brothers. On September 20, 1994, the alleged ringleader was sentenced to 21 years in prison for fraud, conspiracy, racketeering, and money laundering. He was also ordered to forfeit $50 million in
" (Getu, 2006, p. 145) IV. SOLUTIONS for COPING WITH HUMAN TRAFFICKING CRIMES The work of Roger Plant entitled: "Economic and Social Dimension of Human Trafficking: Broadening the Perspective" states that the "narrowest perspective, actually quite widely held is that trafficking concerns essentially the sexual exploitation of women and children. Media attitudes tend to promote these perceptions." (2003, p.2) However, according to Plant "a slightly broader focus extends the scope while still
S. history such as Hurricane Andrew and the Northridge earthquake. Post-9/11 infrastructure protection investments have focused on increasing the security of infrastructure, not in increasing its resilience." (p. 258) Certainly, these breakdowns are an indication that many of the interagency strategies brought to bear in the discussion on public administration had not been executed effectively, especially those intended to coalesce under the roof of the Department of Homeland Security. A quick
Government Since gang-related crimes fall within the jurisdiction of state, this research will give an insight on the need to find solutions that increasingly include all levels of government. Congress needs to pass legislation that will change immigration enforcement laws and make more aliens deportable. In addition, the federal government should take a more active participation in helping local and state jurisdictions develop anti-gang responses. The local, state and federal governments
Timeline and Narrative of Gang Activity: 1800 -- 2000 Throughout history, humans have banded together for mutual protection and to pursue their mutual interests in ways that would not be possible individually. The historical record has shown that humans that succeeded in achieving this level of mutual protection survived while their counterparts perished, and the same processes continue today. When these collaborative efforts are used for criminal enterprises, though, they become