Perception Personality and Individual Differences and Ethics Research Paper

Download this Research Paper in word format (.doc)

Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formatting

Excerpt from Research Paper:

Perception, Personality and Individual Differences and Ethics

The following pages focus on analyzing three articles on perception, personality, and individual differences and ethics. These issues were selected because of their importance to human interrelationships, influence on human behavior, and importance on communication. In order to understand how these concepts can be efficiently used, it is important to study articles that explain the processes behind these concepts, how they work, and how they can be improved.

The articles presented in this paper represent the point-of-view of specialists in the field. Their opinion can be considered subjective. This is because their opinion was formed based on their individual knowledge and experiences. It is important to understand the motivation used by the authors of these articles in their attempt to provide a point-of-view on these issues.

The issue of perception is of great importance to all target audiences. This is because everyone should have information on how perception is developed, and on how their perception can be altered by external factors. This knowledge is intended to help individuals make a difference between perception and reality, but also to help them defend against the perception created by others. This mostly refers to companies that in order to sell their products must alter the perception of their customers.

The issue of personality should interest individuals that want to know more about themselves, and that want to improve their relationships with others, and actions. Therefore, it is important that people learn theories about personality, and understand how they can apply these theories to themselves and others. However, this is a large topic and it is not necessary to go a lot in depth in order to understand some of the important facts.

Individual differences play an important role in our relationship with others, and in our daily activity. By understanding these differences, we can improve these relationships, and learn new issues that can help us in improving certain aspects. It is important that individuals also focus on ethics when addressing individual differences.


Perception is represented by the organization, identification, and interpretation of sensory information in order to represent and understand what individuals see, hear, and feel. In other words, perception helps give meaning to the information we are exposed to. We create our own meaning based on the perception that we make of things. This perception helps us translate our experiences into meanings that we can make us of in order to provide a psychological benefit to us.

The perceptual process refers to the recognition of environmental stimuli, but also to the actions through which we respond to these stimuli. This process allows us to gain information from our environment that is necessary to our survival. The perceptual process also refers to cognitive processes that are required by processing information.

There are numerous articles on perception. Some of them refer to explaining perception from a neurological point-of-view, some of them refer to how we use perception in order to sell something to other people, and others refer to explaining how perception can be used in order to improve our everyday life. Each of these articles provide important information for readers that want to learn more about using their senses.

One of the most interesting articles on perception was written by Michael Hall, Ph.D., and is titled "Perception is not Reality." In this article, the author is trying to challenge the statement that perception is only projection. In the writer's opinion, perception is also partly detection. The importance of the article relies on the fact that is describes several types of perception identified by modern science. These types of perception are represented by neurological perception, representational perception, and conceptual perception.

Neurological perception is the level of perception where we perceived sensory-based things (Hall, 2010). This refers to how individuals neurologically identify visual, auditory, kinesthetic tactile, propreceptic, olfactory, and gustatory information. If some of the receptors through which we pick up this information is damaged, the entire perception can be affected.

Representational perception refers to the strategy we use in order to make sense of the information we pick up neurologically. This refers to the representations that we make in our minds regarding our experiences. Based on these representations, we assimilate other experiences that have something in common with other experiences.

Conceptual perception refers to the manner in which we perceive our existence. This refers to the entire existence, and the perception is not limited to isolated experiences. In other words, it refers to how we make sense of our existence.

The objective of this article is to challenge a statement that a peer had made about perception. The author is successful is detailing his point-of-view and challenging the statement in case. The article provides important information that can be used in order to understand the perceptual process. The targeted audience of this article is represented by individuals that already have a psychological basis, and that are aware of theories on perception.

The article is related to the topic of perception through the fact that it addresses a statement made by specialists in the field on perception, in the attempt of enlarging knowledge levels on the perceptual process. Therefore, the article is related to perception through the information it provides. In addition to this, the article determines readers to tdo their own research on this issue.


Personality refers to differences in patterns of thinking, feeling, and behaving. In other words, personality is represented by the emotional, attitudinal, and behavioral response patterns of individuals. The issue of personality seems to be of great importance to individuals. Everyone talks about the importance of having a strong, nice personality, everyone takes online tests in order to determine their personality type, companies analyze the personality of their candidates in order to determine if they fit within their organization.

An important article on personality was published in the Chicago Tribune by Humberto Cruz, and is titled "Personality Could Affect Bottom Line." The article focuses on identifying the relationship between personality types and savings and spending strategy. The article is based on the results of a survey that has revealed the fact that individuals fall in five personality traits: planners, savers, strugglers, impulsive, and deniers.

It seems that the type personality of the individual significantly influences their financial management strategy (Cruz, 2002). This refers also to the balance of their credit cards. Therefore, if certain individuals are more impulsive, it is likely that they will spend more, and they will spend without thinking about the consequences on their credit card balance. Basically, they do not make plans on what they intend to buy. They purchase things based on impulsive feelings. In such cases, it is frequent that impulsive individuals max out their credit cards.

The personality of planers is revealed in the planning they make for each activity. They do not purchase on impulse. The make analyses on each purchase they intend to make in order to determine whether there are risks associated with it, or it is possible to make that purchase. Planners do not max out their credit cards, as they are able to maintain a balance of their credit score.

Savers focus more on saving instead of spending. Their financial strategy is based on reducing the value of purchases they make. Savers are also somewhat planners. This is because they have to plan their spending and savings in order to determine how much they are required to save, and how much they can spend in order to reach their objectives.

Strugglers are not impulsive shoppers, but they have to deal with certain financial setbacks. This mostly refers to low incomes individuals. Because they have such low incomes, unplanned events that require spending somewhat throw them off track. Therefore, they cannot follow their retirement saving plan as established.

Deniers are individuals that do not like financial planning, and that do not plan ahead. They are not interested in building a safe retirement for themselves. They only plan short-term financial actions.

The relationship between this article and personality is that it analyzes certain personality types and their behavior in certain actions, like planning their retirement. The importance of the article relies on the fact that it provides information that readers can use in order to analyze themselves, to determine their personality type, and to identify how they can improve their financial planning strategy. The targeted audience of the article is represented by individuals that are interested in their personality type, and that want to learn more about this issue.

Individual Differences and Ethics

The issue of multiculturalism has increased in popularity. Multiculturalism is developed based on individual differences between people, which can be used in the benefit of individuals, companies, and other environments. It has been determined that environments that are characterized by multiculturalism can provide higher levels of innovation. This is because the differences between individuals determine different points-of-view, different opinions, which can improve the innovation process.

The approach based on individual differences states that in order to understand human…[continue]

Cite This Research Paper:

"Perception Personality And Individual Differences And Ethics" (2013, May 25) Retrieved December 6, 2016, from

"Perception Personality And Individual Differences And Ethics" 25 May 2013. Web.6 December. 2016. <>

"Perception Personality And Individual Differences And Ethics", 25 May 2013, Accessed.6 December. 2016,

Other Documents Pertaining To This Topic

  • Diversity and Individual Differences in

    In this way, management should make an effort not only to understand the market within which they operate, but also the representation of this market in their employee base. Through making a conscious attempt to look beyond immediate personality preference, the manager can benefit the small or medium business by cultivating not only his own, but the rest of the employees' intercultural undersatnding and empathy. To do this, it is

  • Personality and Transformational Leadership Most

    Therefore they have more kind of skills that will be able to get better results with the same individuals than transactional leaders. Subordinates who will examine leaders as transformational are highly dedicated (Humpreys, Weyant & Sprague 2003) and they have high development need and high needs of independence (Deluga 2005)). Furthermore the dependents of transformational leaders have frequency that is higher of information pursuing (Charbonneau, D. 2004)). Likewise subordinates' behavior

  • Acculturation and Personality in Immigrant Children

    Personality Development in Immigrant Children Personality development is one of the most commonly researched areas of psychology. At first blush, the relation between personality and the cognitive development of immigrant children may appear somewhat nebulous. However, as contemporary research moves ever closer to an integrative approach, the fields of social and biological science -- once regarded as discrete disciplines -- are merging like the overlapping disks of a Venn diagram. The cognitive

  • Ethics an Empirical Study of

    .." And "The probability that my peers would undertake the same action is...." It is the difference in the responses given to these two questions, as captured on a seven point Likert scale, that is the measure of the social desirability response bias. (Tyson: 1992; Cohen et al.: 1995, 1996, 2001). Many studies have been done on the role and correlation between moral development and ethical decision making as it applies

  • Ethics & Morality in Frankenstein

    Victor inwardly becomes a monster himself." (Kain, par. 5) On the other hand, Richard III was written by William Shakespeare. It is the story of Richard who secretly desired the throne of his brother. Although Richard is unattractive and considers himself as such, he is very charismatic. He has a strong personality and he is brilliant with his words and his arguments. In his desire for the thrown of his

  • Teacher Disposition Similarities and Differences

    In the work entitled: "Idaho Standards for Blended Early Childhood Education/Early Childhood Special Education Teachers" stated is that: "The characteristics of development and learning of young children are integrally linked and different from those of older children and adults. Listed as 'Standard One' is "Knowledge of Subject Matter" explained as the teacher understanding the "central concepts, tools of inquiry, and structures of the disciplines taught and creates learning experience

  • Individual Case Study

    Ethical Issues and Therapy In the caring professions, codes of ethics are particularly important in terms of a focus on the relationship between professionals and clients. Centuries of development have culminated in an ethical code where boundaries are considered to be an important component of this relationship. Indeed, a therapist is expected to maintain an appropriate relationship with clients in terms of maintaining very specific physical boundaries. However, these boundaries can

Read Full Research Paper
Copyright 2016 . All Rights Reserved