Primary Education Term Paper

Download this Term Paper in word format (.doc)

Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formatting

Excerpt from Term Paper:

Emotional Health in Primary Education

In today's hyper-competitive world even young children are subjected to significant pressure to succeed. Getting into the right play group to get into the right preschool to get into the right kindergarten has become a real concern for parents. And while in most cases the parents who worry that a child who doesn't make the grade at age five has already fallen permanently behind are simply hoping for the best possible life for their beloved child they are also forgetting about some of the most important aspects of childrearing.

This paper examines the ways in which young children can and should be treated and taught so that not only their intellect is nurtured (for this is certainly an important part of raising children to have successful adult lives in the 21st century) but that their emotional well-being is also taken care of as well. This paper will investigate why it is that emotional development is essential, not just to help create happy children, but also because emotional well-being is an essential part of development for the whole child.

This paper discusses the connection between a child's personal social development (or PSD) and his or her learning and achievement levels, focusing on the ways in which personal social and health education (or PSHE) can be integrated into the curriculum to promote emotional development - and as a direct result of this emotional development improve learning and achievement.

As we explore the connections between learning and emotional health we must be careful not to fall into the trap of considering intellectual achievements and emotional balance to be entirely different and unrelated. This idea of a split between left brain and right brain activities, or traditionally masculine and traditionally feminine perspectives is both false and fundamentally limiting. Instead of relying on these stereotypes we will instead examine the actual ways in which young children develop and the complex ways in which intellectual and emotional vigor are related to each other.

Achievement, learning and intelligence

Schools across the United States are increasingly focusing on the issue of standardized testing and finding ever-new and ever-more vigorous ways to determine how much knowledge children are acquiring and retaining. While there are certain legitimate questions about such standardized testing (for example, are such tests biased against members certain races or against the children of poorer families) those questions are not the focus of this particular paper.

We shall, like an attorney presenting a case to the jury, stipulate that it true that standardized tests are now popular in school for determining the degree to which children are learning certain facts and that there is at least some connection between those tests and the actual degree of knowledge that the child possesses in certain fields.

What is clearly missing from the tests that are administered under the aegis of teachers and schools and school districts and states is a sense of how it is best to assess the emotional progress of students. This results in part from the fact that as difficult as it is to assess intelligence or IQ it is even more difficult to assess a child's "EQ" or Emotional Quotient. This does not, however, mean that there are not means of measuring emotional and social maturity or that there is not a clear consensus within the world of behavioral scientists as to what exactly normal emotional development should look like in young children.

The following definition of emotional maturation is a widely accepted one:

Emotional intelligence (EI) is sometimes referred to as emotional quotient or emotional literacy. Individuals with emotional intelligence are able to relate to others with compassion and empathy, have well-developed social skills, and use this emotional awareness to direct their actions and behavior. The term was coined in 1990 by psychologists John Mayer and Peter Salovey. In 1995, psychologist/journalist Daniel Goleman published the highly successful Emotional Intelligence, which built on Mayer and Salovey's work and popularized the EI concept.

Mayer and Salovey argued that there are four distinct factors that in each individual compose that person's emotional intelligence. Those four areas are:

The ability to identify emotions, both those that one is feeling oneself and the emotions (or at least the probable emotions) of those around one.

The ability to use one's emotions to help one in thinking about a situationand in making appropriate decisions about how one should act in that situation.

The ability to understand one's own emotions (and later the emotions of others) and especially the ability to understand how one emotion tends to lead to another. (for example, the relief at finding that a loved one who was missing is indeed safe quite often transmutes very quickly into annoyance or anger that the person has made one frightened. As adults we understand this complex emotional switch, but it is something that we had to learn as children.

The ability to manage, or control, our own emotions and to know how to deal with the emotions of others.

One reason that many teachers and parents may not be overly concerned with teaching their children social and emotional skills is that they may believe that such skills are "natural" and therefore something that all humans will acquire proficiency in (just as all non-disabled humans learn how to walk). Certainly making friends seems in some senses to be more "natural" than calculus, but humans can do both because of the ways in which evolution has shaped our brains, and both improve with practice.

Moreover - and this is the central point of this paper - helping children to acquire emotional competence not only allows them to learn other subjects more quickly because they possess the confidence and happiness needed to attempt to master (and to master) new skills but because developing emotional and social skills has neurological ramifications and consequences that make it biologically easier for children to learn math, language arts, and science better as well.

Goleman says research also shows children can learn to be emotionally competent. And perhaps most important, the time line for developing the "neural architecture" that will help children handle emotional impulses is comparatively long: The areas of the brain involved in these decisions develop throughout childhood and early adolescence, giving schools a wide window of opportunity.

The idea that there are a number of different kinds of intelligences, each of which must be nurtured and each of which affects the functioning of other aspects of intelligence is relatively quite a new one within the field of the study of intelligence. The prevailing theory for the past century (and it should be noted that many people still believe that this is the best model for explaining human intelligence - with implications for how we should test intelligence and how we should teach children so that they will become intelligent) was that there was a single, centralized "general intelligence." The researcher who popularized this idea (which in many ways accords with our commonsense ideas about intelligence) was Charles Spearman:

British psychologist, Charles Spearman was one of the first important theorists to tackle the study of human intelligence, introducing an early method of factor analysis. In 1904 he authored his General Intelligence Theory, where all activities share a common general intelligence factor (g). In addition there are also specific abilities (s) that require different levels of this general intelligence.

This theory closely resembles the way intelligence is commonly understood by most people. There is only one intelligence that can be measured, perhaps by IQ tests to measure levels of smartness or not-so-smartness.

The idea of a general intelligence is still popular amongst many, no doubt in many ways because our own experiences in the world have led most of us to the conclusion that we can tell whether the people with whom we interact are, in general, smart or stupid. It rarely if ever occurs to us that some of the people whom we meet that we dismiss as being dim are in fact still suffering from inappropriate teaching methods when they were young.

They may have been so deeply traumatized and/or isolated by teachers (or even parents) insufficiently concerned about their emotional well-being that their intellectual capabilities (along with their inherent human curiosity) became stunted.

An increasing number of educators and researchers share Norris's view that middle schools must pay closer attention to students' emotional development. Their concerns go beyond efforts to boost self-esteem. In a sense, they are talking about the survival skills needed to participate effectively as citizens of a democracy. "All adolescents have basic human needs that must be met if they are to grow up into decent, caring, informed citizens."

However, a number of researchers are created alternative ways to conceptualize as well as measure intelligence. (it should be noted that not all models of intelligence contradict each other; many of them may in fact be used in tandem.)

These alternative models also contain within them models for how best to teach children. One of the most…[continue]

Some Sources Used in Document:

"Howard-Gardner -Seven-Types-of-Intelligence" 

Cite This Term Paper:

"Primary Education" (2002, October 28) Retrieved December 3, 2016, from

"Primary Education" 28 October 2002. Web.3 December. 2016. <>

"Primary Education", 28 October 2002, Accessed.3 December. 2016,

Other Documents Pertaining To This Topic

  • Primary Education

    Managing the Transition of Starting Primary School in England - Policies and Practices BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH Education for the English child is compulsory from the age of five through the age of sixteen. This compulsory primary education consists of two cycles (i.e., 'stages') which are identified as key stages. Key stage 1 includes children in Years 1 and 2 of compulsory education (ages five to seven), and key stage 2 includes children in Years

  • Education in Third World Countries

    ) The State of Education in Third World Countries Third World countries, by definition, include the poorest and the most underdeveloped. Most of them, therefore, are severely lacking in most development indicators including education and literacy levels. So even though, it is now universally recognized that education is the most cost-effective factor in improving the quality of life, both at the individual and at the collective level, millions of people in poor,

  • Education Career Choice Primary

    In the secondary school environment, those skills come into play in relation to overt solicitation for advice from students as well as in the context of unsolicited counseling initiated out of perceived need on the part of the educator. Conclusion: The opportunity of specializing in the academic areas of my own greatest interest provides a strong attraction to me intellectually. I can anticipate the reward associated, in particular, with the challenges

  • Education in China History of

    The State has also established a string of both general and specific policies for improving and developing special education and set aside special funds for this purpose. Consequently, just like regular education, special education has also developed rapidly. Although local governments are encouraged to provide compulsory education to children with and without disabilities, the enacted policies do not necessitate that education be provided to all students. Despite the fact that

  • Education Philosophy Statement of

    Part of that includes instilling in students an intellectual curiosity, receptivity to learning through genuine understanding, and definitions of professional success that are motivated by positive aspirations rather than by overcompensation impulses triggered by negative assumptions, messages, or early experiences. In addition to ensuring basic literacy and computational skills required by adults in society, modern primary education must dedicate itself to producing graduates who have discovered their greatest intellectual

  • Education Review it Is Now

    It is now recognized that individuals learn in different ways -- they perceive and process information in various ways. The learning styles theory suggests that the way that children acquire information has more to do with whether the educational experience is slanted toward their specific style of learning than their intelligence. The foundation of the learning styles methodology is based in the classification of psychological types. The research demonstrates that,

  • Education Philosophy Methodology Comparing Modern

    This includes a fundamental degree of flexibility that allows students to express idiosyncratic preferences, because experimental analyses suggest very strongly that doing so promotes more efficient learning across the board (Jensen 1998). Unlike, the constructivist approaches, the brain-based concept might include music, but as a background stimulant rather than as an actual vehicle for assisting the study of mathematics concepts such as the way Gardner (1999) might. Objectivist Approach: Objectivism relates

Read Full Term Paper
Copyright 2016 . All Rights Reserved