Psychology - Counseling Intro to essay

Download this essay in word format (.doc)

Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formatting

Excerpt from essay:

However, they should also know what aspects of they reveal are confidential. An adolescent should know if he or she says that he 'hates his parents' that the therapist does not have a responsibility to 'tattle' to the client's parent, even if the parent is paying for the session

2b. Discuss 2 counseling situations where duty to warn would be necessary. What would be the ethical issues involved: If the client is likely to be harmful to others, such as if he or she threatens someone physically, the therapist must report the threats. Also, if the client is likely to be harmful to him or herself, such as threatening suicide or acting in a manner that is so severely delusional he or she is not competent to engage in basic self-care, the therapist may need to act. (Such as a patient engaging in severe self-harm or a patient with a severe eating disorder). The therapist must evaluate the seriousness of the client's threat and the rights of those individuals affected by the client.

2c. Discuss the importance of ethical standards in the counseling profession: Clients must feel as if they can be candid with their therapists. Therapy as a profession is based upon trust. When a therapist is revealed to be engaged in unethical behavior, and this becomes widely known, clients began to distrust the entire profession, and thus the therapy of many individuals, not just the client in question, is jeopardized.

4. Behavioral therapy has been very effective in setting goals for me to mitigate the effects of negative behaviors I engage in, spanning everything from irrational fears (like driving over bridges) to procrastination and fear of failure. The communication techniques fostered in family therapy have also been helpful.

5a. Low self-esteem: Low-self-esteem would not be helped with psychoanalytic therapy, given the level of personal excavation into the patient's past problems might worsen rather than help the client; cognitive-behavioral therapy might be very helpful given its focus on altering ineffective and irrational beliefs, like "I'm not good at anything."

b. Phobias: The unconditional positive self-regard of Rogerian (client-centered) therapy might validate, rather than challenge the client's irrational phobias. Behavioral therapy can set realistic goals to overcome the client's irrational fears, such as looking at a picture of a spider, being near a spider, and finally touching a spider, in the case of an arachnophobic client.

c. Marital problems: Family-focused therapy stresses interpersonal systems and is likely to be very helpful, as it focuses on relationships rather than individuals in isolation. Psychoanalytic therapy would be very unhelpful, given its stress upon personal feelings, the subject's past, and feelings and associations distinct to the individual.

6. Rogerian (client or person-centered) therapy: Is based upon the fundamental assumption that empathy is the core of the therapeutic process. Therapists give unconditional, positive self-regard to the client to foster self-esteem and personal growth. Being an active listener, reinforcing that the therapist validates the client's feeling, is the primary focus of the therapist, and the client directs the process.

Cognitive-behavioral therapy: Is based upon the need to change behaviors and thought patterns to promote change. The therapist challenges the client's beliefs and assumptions about the world, to show their irrationality: "Why do you believe that no one likes you? How is that possible to know?" Changing the behavior changes the client's mood and way of being in the world, and creates more positive coping strategies. This type of therapy often of short duration and goal-focused.

Family systems therapy: Focuses on the family system and the individual in a social context. The therapist examines the functional role of individuals within the family, such as who plays the role of the 'bad boy,' examines issues of codependency, and attempts to alter interpersonal relationships to create a more productive unit. It is based on the assumption that individuals cannot be understood in isolation from one another, and tries to be culturally sensitive to differences in families from other demographics. The therapy examines the family as a structural unit, such as triangles; relationship patterns: marital conflict, dysfunction, child impairment, emotional distance; projection; multigenerational transmission of behaviors; reducing or cutting off emotional contact with certain members; sibling positions, and the family's social location in a larger demographic (Family systems, 2009, Genogram).


Corey, G., (2009) Theory and practice of counseling & psychotherapy. (8th Edition). Belmont,

CA. Thomson Brooks/Cole.

Family systems. (2009). Genogram. Retrieved November 24, 2009 at[continue]

Some Sources Used in Document:


Cite This Essay:

"Psychology - Counseling Intro To" (2009, November 24) Retrieved October 27, 2016, from

"Psychology - Counseling Intro To" 24 November 2009. Web.27 October. 2016. <>

"Psychology - Counseling Intro To", 24 November 2009, Accessed.27 October. 2016,

Other Documents Pertaining To This Topic

  • Psychology Intro to Forensics

    Despite the fact that the field of forensic psychology was formally recognized by the American Psychological Association (APA) as a "subset" in 2001 (Salfati, 2009), aspects of this science have influenced law enforcement long before that. One of the most salient ways it does so is in terms of interviewing people for certain positions -- whether they be formal positions such as an appointment to a law enforcement position or

  • Psychology Intro to Forensics

    Graham was consistent with a general trend exhibited by the court to create a more clear differentiation between appropriate juvenile vs. adult sentencing. For example, in Roper v. Simmons (2005) the court declared the death penalty unconstitutional for persons under 18 (Guggenheim 2012: 3). However, the Graham decision was considered more surprising because the Court tends to give more consideration to death penalty cases. There is often great variation between

  • Abnormal Psychology General Definition of

    .. seeks to observe, compare, classify, and relate the facts of abnormal conduct, thought, and feeling for the primary purpose of understanding them. It approaches these phenomena in much the same way that the mathematician or the botanist studies his subject matter. (Hollingworth 8) There are other various standpoints and perspectives on abnormal behavior. A different perspective on the subject which in fact adds to the depth of understanding of abnormal psychology

  • Roots of Abnormal Psychology Abnormal Psychology the

    Roots of Abnormal Psychology Abnormal Psychology The recognition that mental disorders exist goes all the way back to primitive societies (Hansell and Damour, 2008, p. 26). Ancient skulls with holes drilled into them suggests animistic cultures practiced trephination, which entails drilling holes into the heads of living persons to provide an escape route for unhealthy spirits. Societies that believed in animism, or the existence of a powerful spirit world, would sometimes use

  • Forensic Psychology Intro to

    While "immediately following a crime a forensic psychologist may be asked to act as a criminal profiler" in the court system, the psychologist may be asked to evaluate the competency of a specific defendant in a criminal trial or to assess the level of mental harm done to the plaintiff in a civil trial (Decaire n.d). "Often a forensic psychologist is asked to make evaluations of defendants or plaintiffs'

  • Health Psychology Stress Coping and Well Being Psychological Disorders...

    Psychological Disorders Word Count (excluding subheadings and questions): 836 First Assignment Option 1 - Perspectives on Psychological Disorder Medical Perspective: Webpage: The medical perspective on psychological disorders proposes that abnormal behavior can have a root physiological cause. Physiological causes of abnormal behavior include chemical imbalances or brain injuries. Changes in brain biochemistry can affect a mood and personality which can be seen as a symptom of mental disorder. Causes of brain chemistry changes include

  • Cross Cultural Psychology in West Is West Culture

    Cross-Cultural Psychology in West Is West Culture affects the psychology of an individual because it prescribes certain norms and values that affect the perceptions, attitudes and behaviors of an individual. Culture varies by geography and philosophical traditions. As technology makes geographical barriers irrelevant, people from diverse cultures are brought close together resulting in frequent interaction. An understanding of cross-cultural differences can help to make these interactions productive opportunities for personal and

Read Full Essay
Copyright 2016 . All Rights Reserved