Public Policy Perspective Essay
- Length: 13 pages
- Sources: 30
- Subject: Teaching
- Type: Essay
- Paper: #96259121
Excerpt from Essay :
intended for a quantitative public policy perspective analysis of strategic and financial changes in small, private as well as not for profit advanced schooling organizations and institutions in Jamaica. The primary intent behind this paper would be to assess the framework by which strategic and financial innovational changes in small, private, not for profit advanced schooling institutions in Jamaica operate. They concentrate on the conditions which will make financial investments much better than be adopted and even implemented in a variety of contexts. In this way hopefully to lay smooth the road for just about any future studies conducted in the region or on the main topic of financial investments with the associated implications. This could, hence inadvertently, provide all potential studies and researches an excellent service. It might provide them with a foundation base on which to consult in most regions of conflict and trouble that may arise due to the various uncertainties that come with such a tedious research.
Ergo, it is necessary that before moving further, we know how the present placement of the Jamaican educational framework and its financial demands and pressures.
Jamaica is a country with a focus of many of its resources on education, allowing it to develop into a first world country over the course of its existence. Founding the educational system around technical, scientific and business related class work allowed for a shift in national educational policy and ideology. Education can prove to be the reason behind Jamaica's fast rise to power. It could potentially propel Jamaica from being a third world country in to the first rate first world country that it is today (Chua, 1997). Jamaican policy is big on education. It focuses on it intensely almost to the exclusion of all else. Teo (2002) says that Jamaican education policy boarders on pragmatism.
The educational enhancements explained in this paper are aptly supported research claim that proved firm growth and progress amongst the students throughout the learning process and life as well as their professional lives (Penuel et al. 2007). The present situation allows the teachers to make an effort to relate the curriculum-based activities and practices with precise site-oriented circumstances and situations. This can be a valiant effort burdened with many issues and problems. There exist numerous issues which need to be overcome. It's a decent attempt, however, for the country as it's a start but the fact of the matter is that more should be done and considered by country's government if they aim to make serious inroads in their global standing. This particular paper can go far in addressing and highlighting an outcome that might be acceptable to any or all Jamaican states as well as other countries.
The paper will highlight all related research literature from past and present researches that have focused on the sudden aggressive atmosphere surfacing within the precincts of high level education and the reactions of the academic industry to the increase of these competitive aspects. The written text continues to exhibit an analysis and a short introduction the study found within the RAP model (Bower & Gilbert, 2005) along with the theory of DI (Christensen and Bower, 1996; Christensen and Anthony, 2004). If we consider the exact workings of the paper we shall discover that the specifics include past research that inquired from the various variables and the strategies utilized by the different educational organizations and the intrinsic aspects that existed inside each dependent variable within the economic stature of Jamaica.
The Dependent Variable: Financial performance
The financial aspects to be discussed here briefly primarily aim to supply the basic notions of Bower and Gilbert's (2005) RAP Model that has been somewhat modified over the years. Moreover the idea here is to hone within their lenses to the different approaches popular to cross-examine the economic contribution and strengths of the private institutions in Jamaica from a public policy perspective. The sheer number of approaches would go to show that the researchers have found it difficult in the past to standardize the procedures utilized to evaluate the contribution and performance levels as it has proven to be a really long process. The analysis in this paper has been done with the utilization of the researches that have highlighted primary institutional indicators specific to private universities and colleges at small scale. This is actually the revised resources allocation model.
To provide a foundation for reference amid the academic organizational performance and financial policies, this section of the paper will aim to supply an over-all view of RAP model first pioneered by Bower and Gilbert (2005) predicated on over three decades of research. Bower's (1970) germinal research was greatly differing from the standard capital budgeting theory. Moreover it exhibited processes employed in businesses for the intended purpose of allocating resources, also it also comprehensively explained the operation of performance of individual tiers in businesses. An average of middle management screens budget proposals were created from operations whereas greater corporate levels were chosen from the screened proposals and only those were included that are most useful with the present strategy and the present organizational structure (Bower & Gilbert, 2005).
The revised type of the RAP that's more vastly used amalgamates strategic context and structural context due to the fact that these two split up elements influence corporate management (Bower & Gilbert, 2005; Burgelman, 1983). To summarize everything discussed to date it's possible to say that structures and organizational strategies produce the particular ways a business like an academic institute allocates its scares resources.
Pfeffer and Salancik (1978) further asserted the need for expansion of a resource dependency notion that expressed or propagated that businesses were determined by the resources of revenue. This revenue might be in the shape of clients or investors. It's the result of shifting the interest of the management from intense competition in the internal sectors towards competing externally to attract clients or investors. Describing another scene the idea which formed the foundation of the DI theory depicted scenarios by which able managers could get a solid management strategy on the allocation of capital and the necessary alteration in the framework and orientation of a company or institution strategy and decision making policy (Christensen & Bower, 1996). An all-encompassing and compound view shown in the revised RAP model explains the corresponding flow of influences everywhere (Bower & Gilbert, 2005). The study of Noda and Bower (1996) continued to exhibit the increasing impact of capital markets on the revised models. This really is proven to have an enoromous influence and is explained in great detail in the figure below.
Source J.L. Bower and C.G. Gilbert, 2005, New York: Oxford University Press. Copyright 2005 by the Oxford University Press. Reprinted with permission (p. 444).
The arrows and loops show various things. The arrows used in the figure above explain the revised RAP model represent feedback. The loops utilized in the model represent strategies which are pressed from the contextual areas. This shows certain things. To begin, it shows the amalgamation of the financial capital-based view where the strategies are first influenced by them after which the influence consequently moves on to the entire environment (Bower & Gilbert, 2005). The focus of the research currently under analysis isn't resource allocation however. The RAP model was designed to be utilized as a reference and sometimes a justification for the present study. It had been designed to identify strong linkages which are alive under modern policies and their distribution of capital finances and resources. This is actually the realm within which a business operates (Bower & Gilbert, 2005). Now considering exactly the same things from a detailed view we discover that the very first element of centers around strategies of the marketplace context of products and services and strategic and structural context. On the other hand the main aim of the paper that's left, i. e. The residual paragraphs, targets the study which was used to pick the indicators of change that the private sector non-profit institutions in Jamaica undergo from a public policy perspective.
Change is inevitable. Whether one is open to it or not, whether one is favorable to it or not, change has always occurred, and it insists to continue to take place, also it always may be instigated to. Change is definitely hard to simply accept. But there is no fighting it; there is no denying it -- not in the past and certainly not in the future. The planet we reside in today is really a varied one from yesterday. Ergo it is usually wise to analyze and identify the required indicators from the RAP model established by Bower and Gilbert (2005).
Financial innovation and distribution is but yet another name for change particularly in the context of this study, in Jamaican private institutes, where it is analyzed from the public policy perspective. It is equally as hard to simply accept, just like hard to comprehend. It comes as no real surprise then that while we always talk about financial…