Religion Historical Purpose of Romans 11 Exegesis Research Paper

Download this Research Paper in word format (.doc)

Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formatting

Excerpt from Research Paper:


Historical Purpose of Romans 11

Exegesis of Romans 11

Israel Not rejected

A Remnant is Left

Warning to the Gentiles

The Eventual Blessing of Israel

The Epistle to the Romans: Chapter 11

It seems that there is more writing about Romans than there is any other book outside of the actual Gospels themselves. The reason for this can be explained in the fact that most regard Romans as a fifth inspired Gospel tract. Even though there are other versions of gospels that were supposedly written by the apostles (Thomas, James, and others), they were not authenticated or endorsed by God as worthy of inclusion into the final tome. Some even believe that some of the later writings of people who knew Jesus, but were not considered apostles deserved to be accepted as books of the New Testament. But, ultimately, it was not up to any person what books were included in the Gospels or in the New Testament. If Christians are to be believed then God personally inspired the writing of these books and set the order in which they were to be placed. Thus, Romans is a final revelation that completes the Gospels.

One of the reasons it can be said to be a completion, is that it is written as one author puts it as "A Jewish theology for the gentile world, and a welcome for gentiles designed to make the Jewish world jealous."[footnoteRef:1] This treatment may be a little bit tongue-in-cheek from the author because he admits to believing that Paul was trying to play a small joke on his readers[footnoteRef:2] who were, in reality, mostly Jewish exiles from Israel. This was a book that discussed the lives of the followers of Christ as they were to be after the ascension. He (Paul) believed this message was especially needed by the Jewish believers because they should have known who the Messiah was to be and what form He would take.[footnoteRef:3] Paul, being a Jew by birth, knew the education the Jewish believers had, and he was concerned that they still did not completely accept the Gospel message of Christ. Basically, as one writer puts it "To know Romans is to know Christianity."[footnoteRef:4] Thus, Paul discussed with the Roman, Jewish believers the structure of the church as it was set by Christ. [1: Wright, N. T. 'Romans and the Theology of Paul', 1995, viewed on 6 April 2012, ] [2: Ibid. ] [3: Utley, Bob. 'The Gospel According to Paul: Romans', 2010, viewed on 7 April 2012, ] [4: Ibid, 1.]

In Romans Paul has a twofold purpose of "addressing himself to the church at Rome," and "addressing the problem in the Roman church between believing Jews and believing gentiles."[footnoteRef:5] This second seems to be the primary purpose of the epistle because he continuously reinforces the idea of Christian unity to the Christians there. Thomas [footnoteRef:6] said that "In the book of Romans, chapters 9,10, and 11 are a pause in Paul's thesis of justification to deal with the problem of God's old covenant people - the Jews - and their rejection of this gospel provision." In particular, chapter 11 (the subject of this paper) discusses whether the promises to the Israelites still remained in effect and that a faithful remnant had been established as it has been in Elijah's day.[footnoteRef:7] Paul was also interested in the unity that had formed in some areas of the Christian realm, but was not seen in areas where there were a large amount of Jewish believers. This paper will examine Paul's letter to the Romans the eleventh chapter from a historical, exegetical, and from contemporary philosophical perspectives. [5: Ibid, 3.] [6: Thompson, Daniel. 'Romans 11:11-32: A Commentary', from Milpitas Bible Fellowship, 2010, viewed on 5 April 2012, .] [7: Ibid.]

Historical Purpose of Romans 11

The book is considered by many as the greatest of Paul's works and it is also regarded as something of a "hodgepodge." [footnoteRef:8] But, in the eleventh chapter of the book he tries to explain what he has been saying to the Jews. He draws upon their knowledge of the ancient texts when he uses them nine times in seven of the verses. This history lesson though is not to be lost on the gentiles either. They are to know that God has given riches to the gentiles because He sent them Paul as an apostle, but the greater riches are reserved for the Jewish remnant that was brave enough to stand up for God.[footnoteRef:9] [8: Kulikovsky, Andrew S. 'The historical context of Paul's letters to the Galatians and the Romans', 1999, viewed on 7 April 2012, ] [9: Rom. 11:12 (New International Version).]

This is a theme that has echoed throughout the history of the Jews. It started with Noah and his family. God determined that only Noah, and by association his wife, sons and their wives, were worthy of salvation. Only Noah had been faithful to God throughout his life.[footnoteRef:10] Another remnant was established when God would not allow the Israelites to enter into the promised land and made them wander in the desert for 40 years. God said "22 not one of those who saw my glory and the signs I performed in Egypt and in the wilderness but who disobeyed me and tested me ten times -- 23 not one of them will ever see the land I promised on oath to their ancestors. No one who has treated me with contempt will ever see it."[footnoteRef:11] Others that God endorsed because of their faithfulness to Him were Job because God knew that he would remain faithful despite all that Satan could do, those who went back to Jerusalem after the Babylonians allowed them to leave, and the diaspora Christians which Paul was talking to through his epistles. [10: Gen. 6:8 (NIV).] [11: Num. 14: 22, 23 (NIV).]

The history of the gentiles and the Jewish Christians was not a good one because they came from different sets of belief. The Jews thought that they had a superior knowledge of God, and that the gentiles joining the church should adhere to what they were saying. They were correct in believing that they had a greater knowledge of the original books of the Bible because they had been taught from them from birth. But, instead of assisting the gentiles with this knowledge, they were also adhering to the laws which forbade them from even being in contact with a gentile. However, the population of Jewish believers was small in comparison to the gentiles who would join the church eventually[footnoteRef:12], and Paul realized that this was to be the truth of the church going forward. Thus, the remnant, as can be taken from a historical perspective, was not the entire church, but the Jewish portion of it. This remnant was a "grace"[footnoteRef:13] to the rest of the church. Paul was trying to show the people of the church that they were brothers and sisters in Christ regardless what their particular heritage was, and he tried to prove this to the Jews by using historical references that he knew they would understand. [12: McClaren, James. 'From Jewish Movement to Gentile Church', viewed on 5 April 2012, ] [13: Rom. 11:5 (NIV).]

Exgesis of Romans 11

It is not difficult to see Paul's passion and purpose from the very first few verses of the chapter. He was unhappy with the way that the Jewish and gentile Christians were treating each other (with special emphasis for the Jews because he understood their motives), and he used strong language, as he often did, to convince them of the path that they should be following. Paul was not shy about his revelations from God. He was willing to take on governments[footnoteRef:14], stubborn people who wanted to throw him out of town, Christians, and the other apostles.[footnoteRef:15] So, when it came to writing to the Roman Christians regarding the unity that they were supposed to have with each other, he did not quail. Paul was a man of strong convictions and close to the heart of God. He said himself that he was the worst of men, and that he still did things that he knew God did not want him to,[footnoteRef:16] but they knew that he was always striving to be Christ's man. He was a modern day David; a "man after [God's] own heart" as Paul had recounted in a speech on Cyprus and recorded in Acts 13:22.[footnoteRef:17] [14: Acts 13:49 (NIV).] [15: Gal. 2:11 (NIV).] [16: Rom. 7:15-21 (NIV).] [17: Acts 13:22 (NIV).]

Paul was also not willing that the gentiles would somehow look on what he was writing them as a license to defame the Jews and declare what Paul said as ammunition against them. In the chapter he gives the gentiles just as strong a warning as he does the Jews because he realizes that they could also think that they are somehow blessed by God over the original chosen people. The new Christians may…[continue]

Cite This Research Paper:

"Religion Historical Purpose Of Romans 11 Exegesis" (2012, April 15) Retrieved December 4, 2016, from

"Religion Historical Purpose Of Romans 11 Exegesis" 15 April 2012. Web.4 December. 2016. <>

"Religion Historical Purpose Of Romans 11 Exegesis", 15 April 2012, Accessed.4 December. 2016,

Other Documents Pertaining To This Topic

  • Romans 7 725

    "[footnoteRef:5] [5: Peter Stuhlmacher, (1994). Paul's Letter to the Romans: A Commentary. Westminster Press, 1994,p. 116.] Man's Inability to Know Christ Materially Paul's revelation contained in this chapter of Roman's is one of intense discovery and the lack of man's abilities to truly understand the omniscient and ever-present spirit and power that is Jesus Christ. Paul is speaking out of both sides of his mouth and realizes that this confusion and

  • Exegesis Hillel Is Remembered Not for His

    Exegesis Hillel is "remembered not for his inspired exegesis but for his rationalistic exegetical techniques," (Brewer 219). These rational exegetical techniques have been codified into the Seven Rules of Hillel, which many claim predate Hillel himself ("The Seven Rules of Hillel"). Regardless of when, how, and with whom the Seven Rules of rabbinical exegesis emerged, it is clear that Paul relied on these rules when conveying the teachings of Jesus Christ

  • Exegesis a Passage Analyzing Sentences Greet People

    Exegesis a Passage Analyzing Sentences Greet people all God's in Christ Jesus The brothers and sisters send greetings who are with me people send greetings, All God's here you especially those who belong to Caesar's household. especially who are of Caesar's household. The grace be with your spirit. of the Lord Jesus Christ Amen. Analyzing the Paragraph Theme of the paragraph: Every one is equal through Jesus Christ (in Christianity). (Main theme): Greet everyone the same. (result) Christ with you all. (introduction) Greet

  • Exegesis of Hebrews One of

    Unless the author's typological approach is appreciated, the interpreter may wrongly assume that the author is making literal statements about the salvation-historical significance of Christ. The fact that Hebrews was originally written in Greek does not provide any substantial or definitive help in the search for author or audience. During the time period in which Hebrews had to be composed, Christians in Rome spoke Greece. In fact, Hellenism had much

  • Bible in Roman Catholic Theology

    The Roman Catholic Church took advantage of the fact that it received criticism and went on to produce new and better interpretations of the Bible, without damaging the image of Roman Catholicism. Throughout time, those who came against Roman Catholic theological interpretations of the Bible received little support from influential members of society and rarely represented a worthy adversary for the church. In contrast, Roman Catholic theologians were provided with

  • Exegesis of Revelation Chapter 20

    Book of Revelation is a unique portion of the New Testament. Unlike the other Books found in the latter part of the Bible, the Book of Revelation is not presented as a historical document or an instructional discussion, but is essentially a prophetic book, intended to deliver a glimpse of upcoming history that affects the happenings of the church. Also more mystery and disagreement surrounds the Book of Revelation

  • Hebrews 12 1 3 an Exegesis of

    Barclay goes on to identify the Christian inspiration (Christ Himself), the handicap (the effects of Original Sin), and the means for perseverance (Barclay references the word "hupomone," which is another way of saying "the patience which masters" things) (173). In the same manner, Donald Guthrie speaks of the text as showing a "need for discipline" (248). Guthrie observes that the discipline must be Christ-centered and Christ-focused: "Looking to Jesus (aphorontes

Read Full Research Paper
Copyright 2016 . All Rights Reserved