Role Relevance and Future Potential Essay
- Length: 9 pages
- Sources: 20
- Subject: Healthcare
- Type: Essay
- Paper: #13863186
Excerpt from Essay :
For a country such as Uganda to possess sufficient health care is tremendously important to the people of the republic of Uganda. Even triumphant medical treatment for malaria can involve pain through injections of drugs and in the entire period of recuperating after the administration of the drugs. Furthermore, nervousness may crop up, threat and unavoidably a lot of money. The final thing a parent of a sick child suffering from malaria in a hospital needs to believe about is how he or she is actually going to pay out for all the costs encountered or the billing. In an ideal world, as a substitute of distressing about money, a patient or a mother or a father of a kid who is suffering from malaria should be focused on getting well or consoling the sick child respectively. Nonetheless, the entire subject of health cover can be puzzling (Trisha, 2007, p. 35). Incredibly some people do not completely recognize their health cover plans, and a lot of Ugandans have encountered quite number of problems owing to their short of understanding.
The eventual task for the general performance of a Uganda's health system lies with government of the republic of Uganda. However, first-class stewardship by provinces, districts, divisions, municipalities and personal health institutions in Uganda is also very important. Intensification of health systems and allowing them to be more equitable has been identified as chief tactics for eradicating poverty in Uganda and nurturing development. Tribulations with health systems are not restricted to poor nations such as Uganda. Some well-off nations have huge populations devoid of admission to care due to unbalanced planning for social safeguard. Others are grappling with soaring expenses because of ineffective usage of resources (Baum and Sanders, 1995, p. 153).
The Future Potential of a Comprehensive Primary Health Care
A comprehensive primary health care has immense advantages to the inhabitants of many countries. First and foremost it has the potential of reducing the mortality rate especial in the third world countries. For instance the number of children under the age of five in Sub-Saharan countries who perish as result of malaria per annum is so high. The fatalities associated with malaria can only be reduced drastically through the implementation of the comprehensive primary health care. Secondly, the implementation of the comprehensive primary health care will help in reducing the agony that the people of the third world countries undergo while struggling to raise funds to purchase drugs and settling of medical bills. Thirdly, it is important for governments of all nations of the world to enhance reforms which will pave way for the successful implementation of a comprehensive primary health care.
Factors Facilitating the Implementation of a Comprehensive Primary Health Care
The success towards the implementation of a candid comprehensive primary health care depends on the political will to meet all civilians' fundamental health needs. Also, it will depend on lively popular partaking in the endeavor to realize this aim and a surge in communal and fiscal equity (Baum and Sanders, 1995, p. 152). The accomplishment of a comprehensive primary health care is attributed to its model primary health care system socialized medicine which is planned by the government. The success will also largely depend on the fundamental services accessibility to the entire populace and free to all. It is also very important for the preventive drug to be considered as the hallmark of the system. In addition, public involvement in health care does contribute a lot to the successful implementation of a comprehensive primary health care.
Additionally, it is important for different sectors of the economy of a country such as Uganda to work together. This is because health does not happen in isolation and thus it is vital for the different sectors, as well as those inside a national government and amongst aid agency to toil mutually at each and every level of performance. Actually, the ministry of health in a country such as Uganda should not be the lone agency to bear the responsibility of production of health. Other ministries and departments for instance agriculture, housing, sanitation, education and alongside special program ministry should all be involved in attaining comprehensive primary health care.
Thirdly, intercessions should emanate from the requirements of the community and then led by society members. It is quite evident that universal health tribulations cannot be resolved by far-away policymakers and organizers (Bichmann, 1988, pp. 889). By engaging persons and communities, it will assist in marshalling local resources and thenceforth tackle health troubles Akhtar, (ed. 1991, p. 6). Further, decentralized physical site programs should be founded and investigated in the area in which they will be relevant.
Factors Restraining the Implementation of a Comprehensive Primary Health Care
Some of the factors contributing to the prevention of accomplishment of a comprehensive primary health care health system include shortness of overall development in all sectors associated with health. In addition discussion of health in the context of culture, economics and politics has also placed so many barriers in the way of accomplishment .Another ideological stumbling block towards the successful implementation of a comprehensive primary health care is the associated tackling of social fairness and social justice
It is also worthwhile to note that complete prospective comprehensive primary health care is difficult to attain without supporting transportation and communication network. These are some of the underpinning factors which must be realized for meaningful implementation to occur. A number of third world countries persist to depend on vertical programs, which necessitate less importance on people's participation and improvement of systems and infrastructures to maintain those programs. For instance, even though the present idea on vaccination intended to assist nations integrate new vaccines into their health systems, certainly this has payback of tackling precise infectious illnesses. Their complete prospective will be hard to attain if there is deficiency of effectual health systems and sustaining infrastructures (Brugha, Starling and Watt 2002, p. 436).
Furthermore, sustaining the cost of costly new vaccinations after donor sustenance stops also poses a severe challenge to sustainability. Another factor is the fact that insufficient deliberation is given to the connection between health and socioeconomic growth. It is also worthy to note that advanced and costly models to tackle illnesses will not be maintainable where infrastructures required for institutionalization of those technologies barely subsist.
In order to make better the health status of individuals dwelling in third world nations and to make certain sustainability, a comprehensive primary health care approach is needed. Of serious significance is the requirement to set up solid tactics and processes. These solid tactics and processes should have clear goals. That is to lessen unfairness in the allotment of resources for primary health care and with a spotlight on both horizontal and vertical fairness (McKeown, 1979, p. 9).The worth of this suggestion is demonstrated by the outstanding achievement that has been attained in social growth and health by a small number of poor nations. It is vital to emphasize that the nature of the political structure, its principles and its processes for contribution describe the frontiers of chance for health fairness (Evans, et al., 2001, P. 21).
Health policymakers should be conscious that macroeconomic, work, and social policies have the possibility of improving health chances for various groups in the populace (Fleck, 2002, p. 85). Nations of the world should also reinforce their primary health care through the expansion of inter-sectoral discussions at each level. Furthermore, third world nation's governments should be dedicated to funding. Moreover, they should budget for these funds so as to support society participation in health. This can be attained through private-sector participation and through hosting rural community, district, or regional individual's health meetings so that the voices and views of the populace can be represented in the plan and realization of health policies.
Additionally, to make sure the excellence of comprehensive primary health care, restructuring of the health sector under primary health care must comprise of consistent human resource development plans at the village, district and national levels. It should also comprise of tactics for maintenance of trained staff in isolated and rural areas. Streefland and Chabot (eds. 1990, p. 4). Lastly, a comprehensive primary health care implementation will largely depend on the steadiness of the government and the nationwide resources on hand. Also, it will rely on the sufficient training of experts in the health field.
Akhtar, R (ed.) 1991, Planning and Implementing Community Participation in health Programs,
in Healthcare Patterns and Planning in Developing Countries, Greenwood Press,
New York, pp. 6.
Baum, F & Sanders, D 1995, 'Can Health Promotion and Primary Health Care Achieve Health
for All without a Return to Their More Radical Agenda?' Health Promotion International vol.10, no. 2, pp. 149 -- 160
Bichmann, W 1988, Translation summary from "Grodos? And de bethune? les interventions sanitaires selectives, 'Social Science…