San Diego Tijuana Water Ecademic Term Paper
- Length: 6 pages
- Subject: Transportation - Environmental Issues
- Type: Term Paper
- Paper: #39728113
Excerpt from Term Paper :
San Diego-Tijuana water epidemic. The writer of this paper presents the history as well as the current factors involved in the problem. There were six sources used to complete this paper.
In recent decades the world has come to realize that the earth's resources are not comprised of a bottomless pit. It has been acknowledged that there are resources that are threatening to run out or contaminate so that they can no longer be useful to mankind. One of the most important resources the world has is the water supply. Without water the world would perish, therefore it is vital to maintain a clean and well cared for system at all times. The San Diego Tijuana water supply is under a constant threat of contamination as well as other problems. A drought that refuses to lift limits the amount of water available to the areas and the water that is received must be preserved. In addition to nature's timetable a troubles with water there is a dispute between San Diego and Tijuana about water ownership and water use (McDonnell A 25). The Tijuana area is frequently dependent on the U.S. For its water supply, which in turn short circuits the water availability to the San Diego area as well as other areas. As time moves forward it is becoming more important than ever before to resolve the epidemic and dispute so that both areas can enjoy nature's resource and provide for its residents' needs.
The problems are not a new occurrence. There have been disputes about water consumption, ownership and cost for over half a century between Mexico and the United States (Drought PG 56). A lingering drought that seems unable to lift in northern and central Mexico has added to the problem and magnified the impact of the dispute between the United States and Mexico regarding the problem. However that is not the bulk of the problem in the San Diego area. The San Diego area has a problem with the water it gets from the Tijuana River Valley being polluted. This is a serious issue as the area cannot afford to waste the precious resource that it is receiving but polluted water does nothing to help those who live in the area. The dispute between the San Diego and Tijuana area is the Mexican sewage that is being allowed to flow into the river, which in turn is used, by both sides of the border (Drought PG 56).
San Diego and Tijuana are at odds. The untreated sewage of Mexico, that comes mostly from the residents who live there, is being allowed to flow into the Tijuana River Valley at the rate of 13-15 million gallons per day (Drought PG 56). This drainage of sewage into the Tijuana River Valley not only puts a strain on the Mexican side of the border but also on the United States side of the border as well. The river drains onto the San Diego side of the border and has been for almost 60 years thus far. As the world begins to understand the permanent impact of such pollution, experts in the San Diego area turn a watchful eye to the problem and are scrambling to address it. Because of the increased population in the Mexico Tijuana area there is more sewage being dumped than ever before and in recent years the problems has grown by leaps and bounds (San Diego Water Pollution (SANDIEGO) (http://ask.elibrary.com/getdoc.asp?pubname).Asrecently as 1993 there was a health quarantine imposed at Imperial Beach in California for over 140 days. The cause was the sewage flowing from the Tijuana River Valley, which was contaminating the San Diego area. This quarantine had a strong impact on the tourism revenue in the San Diego each area (Drought PG 56). With each passing year the sewage problem gets worse and the income costs to the San Diego area get larger. Currently the cost to the San Diego area in lost tourist revenue tops $100 million each year. In 1990 the problem seemed to come to a head and the two cities agreed on a solution. The 1990 agreement was for the United States and Mexico to share the cost of a border facility that would cost an estimated $200 million. Its function would be to stop the flow of sewage water from Tijuana to the San Diego area (Drought PG 56).
The city of San Diego also prepared its own side-by-side blockade that was to be placed next…