Smoking History of Smoking it Is Seen Term Paper

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History of Smoking

It is seen that people have continued through out our development without smoking. But it is also evident that people have been engaged in smoking since the earliest times of Roman Empire. This was not tobacco, however, Cyprus grass instead, coltsfoot, and lavender. They engaged in smoking more for healing causes than just entertaining. The sailors those accompanied Columbus on his adventures to the 'New World' were considered to be the first those brought smoking of tobacco to Europe. The smoking of tobacco there was extensive among all the natives of the North America however, excluding those residing in the Arctic regions. A larger portion of this was for ceremonial purposes. Among Europeans tobacco was applied at first in Spain. Tobacco was developed as an ornamental plant in French lawns around the sixteenth century, where it was regarded as antidote against plague, toothache, gout, colic and tetanus. (Smoking as a Social Problem)

Smoking was brought to England by Sir Walter Raleigh in 1586, where it soon spread to all classes of society. The 'drinking of tobacco', as it was there regarded, transmitted through Holland and France across the Rhine. At the time of 'Thirty Years' War it was extended all over central Europe, particularly by Swedish soldiers. The English and French become more associated with the Oriental Cigarette only after the Crimean War. Only following this, the cigarette began to be more popular. During the following periods of the First World War tobacco products became mass consumer items. Smoking was then begun to be agreed upon as a habitual practice by all groups of the society. Tobacco initiated to be a popular drug and the tobacco industry, a strengthened sector of the economy. (Smoking as a Social Problem)

Smoking as a social problem

The adverse impact of smoking on health not only is a matter of worry for the smoker but the whole population residing in the same society and extending the economy and this trend is extensive through out the entire globe. Smoking is related with a normal increment of costs associated with enhanced morbidity, decreasing of the social product and excess mortality. Smoking is increased by its somatic influences that induce of further smoking. There is a continuous substitution of old smokers with smokers emerging within the younger generation. Smoking habits are prone to extend out of the smoking population over the non-smokers. (Smoking as a Psychological and Social Problem)

There prevails several causes justifying smoking has progressively continues to be a problem and became a dishonor over the past few decades. First one is the strong enhancement in the number of people resorting to it. The age at which the tradition of smoking is developed is reducing and is presently around below ten years of age. At the time of seventies, a lenient and opportunistic educational system directed towards an anti-authoritarian system encouraged this trend through the institution of smoking rooks or smokers corners in schools is considered to be awfully wrong decisions in view of the education to which presently many critics are there. As per a report generated by the Institute for Preventive Pneumology in Nuremberg, about one tenth boys have conducted trials of smoking prior to the age of six. About sixty percent of the boys and fifty percent of the girls above the age of ten years have experienced of smoking. Additionally, involvement of women along with the association of behavioral patterns those were at the beginning masculine especially in respect of smoking. (Smoking as a Social Problem)

Cultural comparison of smoking among different countries of the world

Tobacco is considered to be the second major reason of fatal ailment in the world. It is presently liable for the toll of life of one-tenth adults globally accounting for about 5 million deaths every year. The continuance of the present smoking patters will entail about 10 million deaths ever year by 2020. Half of the people that smoke presently- that is about 650 million people -- will gradually be killed by tobacco. (Why is tobacco a public health priority?)

About 14% of people in the age group of 13-15 years though out globe are engaged in smoking and about a quarter of them have begun smoking at the age of 10. About 30% of 15-18-year-olds in Europe are smokers. Ever since the mid-1990s smoking among the youth in the eastern European nations has exhibited a little enhancement, at the same time the rates among youth in the Western Europe have continued to be constant during the period. The emergence of smoking trend in Africa is boosting up radically in most countries both among the adult population and among the young people. The present rate of smoking among the youth in Burkina Faso to illustrate is about 37%, and about 17% in Ghana and Nigeria, and about 24% in South Africa and about 58% in Zimbabwe. The tobacco marketing in Africa is extensive and most of the children initiated smoking at the earlier ages of eight or nine years. The emergence of smoking among youth differs widely in America. The enhanced emergence rate is seen in Santiago, Chile, 39%, while the lowest present smoking rate is in Antigua and Barbuda, 14%. The revelation to environmental tobacco smoking in the Americas pursues the same pattern. (Statistics on tobacco use among youth in different countries)

The studies in the regulation of tobacco predict that over fifty percent of the deaths around the world were in smokers between the ages of 30 to 69. About seventy five percent of the smoking deaths in advanced nations and more than eighty percent in developing nations were from the male population. The growing cause of smoking associated with death was cardiovascular disorder that resulted in fatality over one million people in the developed nations and about 670000 in the developing countries. The Chronic obstructive airways disease or COPD, a collective term for inflammatory lung disease like bronchitis, resulted in more death in the developing nations, amounting to 650000 deaths. (Smoking killed almost 5 million people around the world in 2000)

Smoking resulted in almost a quarter of deaths among people between the age-group of 30 and 69 in Eastern Europe and North America. In developing nations overall, 62% of deaths directly associated with smoking were among the people in the age group between 30 and 69, in comparison to the fifty percent in industrialized nations. The overall increment in smoking around the world in the last part of the twentieth century results for one in 10 of all deaths among adults and almost one in five of those among men. While the vulnerability of smoking grows among those who initiate smoking in poor nations over the recent decades, the health hazards of smoking is predicted to endure in absence of successful interferences and policies that curtail and reduce smoking. (Smoking killed almost 5 million people around the world in 2000)

Causes of Smoking

It is true that the smoking beings during the time of teenage age and during the period of adulthood. Data reveals that about nine out of 10 tobacco adopters initiate prior to they attain the age of 18 years. Some teens who smoke reveal that they initiate smoking since they think it assists them looking older. Others are engaged in smoking since they feel it assists in their relaxation. Some involved in smoking as a mode of feeling rebellious or to isolate them apart. Some initiated since their associates have engaged in smoking or only because it entails them something to perform. Some people, particularly girls, initiate smoking since they feel it may assist maintaining their weight reduced. Another reason people initiate smoking as their family members are also involved in smoking. Thus we may understand that people start smoking when they are teenagers and it is here where the influence of advertisements comes into play. (Smoking:

The cigarette advertising and promotional items do emerge as a major factor in taking decision to initiate smoking by the teenagers or adolescents. The cigarette advertisements since the time of previous generation have much influence in spreading the illusion that the habit was glamorous, powerful or exciting -- irrespective of the fact that it is necessarily turnoff: stinking, costly and injurious to health. The cigarette advertisements from the 1940s irrespective of the fact that revealed doctors suggesting cigarettes as a mode of relaxing. The cigarette advertisements still represent the smokers as allured and hip, luxurious and elegant, or rebellious and cool. (Smoking:

A study of adolescents, in the age group of 12 to 17, those reveal that they had no intention of experimenting a cigarette reveal that those who had a favorite cigarette advertisements at the time were about twice as likely as their peers to initiate smoking over the next two years. The cigarette brands famous among young adolescents are more prone than adult brands to advertise in magazines with high youth readerships, reported the researchers from Harvard University, Boston University School of Public…[continue]

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