Social Effects of Flexible Opening/Closing Term Paper

Download this Term Paper in word format (.doc)

Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formatting

Excerpt from Term Paper:

There is also real indication to depict that declining supply and drinking time could assist in solving the binge drinking, as resulted in Finland, Sweden and Norway. (Lords Hansard text, 2005) Moreover, the Interim Analytical Report indicates that increasing amounts of consumption has been coupled with the increase during the last 25 years in accessibility. It continues to visualize that applications for on-licenses of alcohol have enhanced by 145% over the last two decades. The connection between enhanced accessibility and harm is in someway recognized. But despite suggesting for the regulations on this enormous expansion in supply, the 2003 Act makes the alcohol industry depend on a 'voluntary social responsibility scheme'. The Government is profoundly pressurized by the alcohol industry that promotes income as well as jobs. Therefore, any approaches that are not agreeable to or threat the profit of the alcohol industry have been discarded. Those related to the alcohol research or public health apparently do not exert the same impact in Government circles as that of the alcohol industry, alternatively the approach would have perceived quite varied, and inconvenient indication would not have been isolated from it. (Drummond, 2004, p. 377)

The alcohol industry seems to create about £30 billion annually for the Exchequer and provides employment to about 1 million individuals. Probably this has given rise to the oversight of many other facts. To illustrate, from 1960-2002 the consumption of alcohol in the UK has almost doubled. (Luty, 2005, p. 401) Alcohol now entails an overhead of over £20 billion annually to the tax payer by means of the aggregation of work, health, crime as well as social disorder associated costs: the largest published figures in current years. This is an expense of an average of about £2500 annually for each individual drinking over secured amounts in the nation. This evaluates against the £30 billion which the alcohol market generates every year. Alcohol has been resulted in 30,000 hospital entries as well as 22,000 premature deaths per annum, and about 70% of hospital entries to the a&E centers during the peak periods. The Government is not desirous of doing anything that would isolate the voting pubic and exerting restrictions on the drinking of the country could risk performing that. Hence it is really easy to fiddle at the side of the issue, instead of tackling it efficiently. (Drummond, 2004, p. 377) but a BBC poll brought out earlier this year indicates that about 67% of the persons consider that the Licensing Act would enhance trouble, with 62% depicting it would entail Britain a difficult location to live in. It is clear that there are serious considerations regarding such proposals. (Lords Hansard text, 2005)

To conclude, it may be said that this study has addressed the prospective influence of the Licensing Act of 2003 evolved with regard to the drinking in UK as well as the nature of variation that is anticipated to occur from expanded opening hours. The study reveals that the initiation of 24-hour licensing due to the 2003 Act, has failed in its attempts to deal the ever enhancing amount of alcohol issues, however it has also even facilitated the enhancing trend. The Licensing Act of 2003 is a mockery as well as a mess, and an administrative shambles; however a destructive and imprudent measure that would entail in increased crime as well as disorder, increased costs on the health service, and increased levels of young lives being affected by ailments and handicaps.


Drummond, Colin. D.2004. An Alcohol Strategy for England: The Good, the Bad and the Ugly.

Alcohol & Alcoholism, 39(5), pp.377-379.

Goodacre, S. 2005. The 2003 Licensing Act: an act of stupidity? Emergency Medicine Journal, 22(1), p.682.

Ghodse, Hamind G. 2005. Addiction at Work: Tackling Drug Use and Misuse in the Workplace.

Gower Publishing, Ltd.

Johnston, Philip. 24-hour laws haven't cured binge drinking. 2006. The Telegraph, 25

November, p. 6.

Judges warn of 24-hour drinking lunacy. 2007. Daily Mail. [online]. [Accessed 12th May 2007].

Available from World Wide Web:

Lords Hansard text. 2005. 14 November. [online]. [Accessed 12th May 2007]. Available from World Wide Web:

Loveday, Barry. 2005. The 2003 Licensing Act: Alcohol use and Anti-Social behavior in England and Wales. The Police Journal, 78(3), pp.27-31.

Luty, Jason. 2005. UK alcohol policy - genius, pure genius. Psychiatric Bulletin, 29(3), pp. 401-

Neame, Stuart. 2003. The New Licensing Bill: Over-Regulating the British Pub? Economic

Affairs, 23(2), pp.28-33.

Talbot, Deborah. 2006. The Licensing Act 2003…[continue]

Cite This Term Paper:

"Social Effects Of Flexible Opening Closing" (2007, May 15) Retrieved December 4, 2016, from

"Social Effects Of Flexible Opening Closing" 15 May 2007. Web.4 December. 2016. <>

"Social Effects Of Flexible Opening Closing", 15 May 2007, Accessed.4 December. 2016,

Other Documents Pertaining To This Topic

  • Business Analysis of Singapore

    Global Business Cultural Analysis: Singapore The objective of this study is to answer the questions how the major elements and dimension of culture including religion, ethics, values, attitudes, manners, customs, social structures, and organizations integrated in Singapore by local conducting business. As well, this work will answer how these elements and dimensions compare with United States culture and business. Finally, this work will examine the implications for United States businesses that

  • Air Traffic Has Continued to Increase and

    air traffic has continued to increase and it now constitutes a considerable proportion of the travelling public. The amount of long-hour flights has increased significantly. Based on the International Civil Aviation authority, air traffic can be anticipated to double amid till 2020. Airline travel, especially over longer distances, makes air travelers vulnerable to numerous facets that will impact their health and well-being. Particularly, the speed with which influenza spreads

  • B & B Custom Woodworks

    Custom Woodworks, Inc. Overview of Small Business in America Finding a definition of what is meant by small business can be difficult. Even the small business administration has difficulty agreeing as to what is meant by a small business. Currently, the small business administration considers a small business to be one that has fewer than 250 employees, or wholesalers whose annual sales amount to less than $5 million. For retail establishments,

  • Literacies According to Mora 2000

    Activities such as reading the names of street signs and stores and reading the ingredients on packages can help make children aware of the importance of printed words. One of the most important things parents can do to encourage literacy in their early learner is to talk to their child. In a study conducted by Hart and Risley (1995, 1999 as cited by Rosenkoetter & Barton, 2002), children whose parents

  • Mcdonald s Corporation

    McDonald's Corporation This is an attempt to study the history and development of one of the great institutions of United States and a part of the images of the country that has spread in the whole world. As is well-known, the dominance of the world by United States came after the Second World War when the traditional leaders of United Kingdom and Germany lost their predominant positions due to the destructions

  • NAFTA Historical Beginning of NAFTA With Specific

    NAFTA Historical Beginning of NAFTA (with specific bibliography) NAFTA Objectives What is NAFTA The Promise of NAFTA NAFTA Provisions Structure of NAFTA Years of NAFTA (NAFTA not enough, other plus and minuses).. Environmental Issues Comparative Statements (Debate) NAFTA - Broken Promises NAFTA - Fact Sheet Based Assessment NAFTA & Food Regulation NAFTA - The Road Ahead NAFTA in Numbers Goal Fulfillment Major Milestones Consolidated Bibliography This study set out to examine the inner workings of the North American Free Trade Agreement. The aim of this study is

  • Sales Promotion Techniques Used in

    Since the 1970s, the global retail clothing industry has experienced intense international competition and major shifts in the pattern of consumer demand. These pressures have had far-reaching implications for the clothing industry in the areas of pricing, design, quality, manufacturing processes and employment (Rath, 2002). According to this author, "In the 1970s, traditional manufacturers, particularly High Street retailers with their own manufacturing capacity, found themselves unable to compete with low

Read Full Term Paper
Copyright 2016 . All Rights Reserved