Historically, South Africa was colonized under a brutish Apartheid system where there was a clear distinction in South Africa between the various divisions of the population before 1991. These racial categorizations were the Africans (black), Asians, the Coloreds and the Whites. This law has long been abolished but the majority of the South Africans still view each other along these racial lines (U.S. Department of state, 2011). It is estimated that the population of South Africa is 49.9 million people of whom the black Africans make up the 79.4% of the population and are also divided into various ethnic groups. The whites take up 9.2% while the Indian/Asians make up 2.6% of the total population and 8.8% being the coloreds (SouthAfrica.info, 2011).
According to Beggs et.al, (2001) there is a wide disparity between the blacks and the whites holding white collar jobs with the latter occupying the vast majority of the official positions despite being the lesser population. This precipitates a very dangerous state where the poor black South Africans, who are the majority, keep targeting the minority rich whites for their money. This has seen many racially motivated killings and arsonist attacks and even assassinations taking place.
The South African case is even more complex in the contemporary times. There has been an outburst of migration to South Africa for their economic and educational facilities and political unrest. These factors have led to heightened xenophobia in South Africa and an assortment of other crimes from the foreigners. As seen in BBC (2003) website, there was a bitter clash among the street traders with the indigenous South Africans shoving the foreigners off the street selling spaces. This was again realized in 2008 as the explosions were even more serious with burning of houses, killings of foreigners and targeted looting of foreigners' shops as reported by Bizz Community (2008).
A recent case that is still on going in South Africa where Malema, an African National Congress youth wing leader was accused of using and incitement song entitled "Shoot the Boer" to incite the black Africans against the whites. Malema however denied the accusations saying he is only concerned about the land distribution. The case is yet to be determined (Donna Bryson, 2011).
According to Nation Masters (2011), the crime prevalence in South Africa as per the last survey by The Eighth United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and the Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (2002) stood at 2,683,849. Juxtaposed against a population of 49.9 million people, it means that for every 18 people, one person is a victim of crime at least within the year. This is a very high crime rate and is presumably exacerbated by the migration status of South Africa (SA). The interesting fact about S.A is that the crimes committed are variegated in nature such that they range from property crime to drug problems, to the racially motivated crimes in the country. These crimes have attracted a range of punitive measures ranging from the community social work to long jail terms and even death penalties but the crime rates have continued unabated. This then raises the question of why the crime continues to climb in S.A. And how can it be mitigated.
1.2 Campaign purpose
Stop Crime, Be a Human first campaign is aimed at reaching out to the members of the community and the youth in particular, who are seen to dominate the crime scenes, and strive to change them from the criminal lifestyle and the gangster ways. The Stop Crime initiative is aimed at engaging the youth themselves in influencing the society through sensitizing them with crucial information on the dangers of crime to self and society and the alternative ways of living away from crime. The ultimate goal of the campaign is to ensure that the crime levels in S.A. are reduced to the possible minimum. The high levels of crime particularly in the shanties must be curbed to a level where all members of the society in the poor region feel safe and well confident in their neighborhood as far as crime is concerned.
1.3 Campaign focus
The Stop Crime campaign will centre majorly on the poor shanties (case in focus Soweto) and the suburbs of S.A. where the crime rates are highest and the likelihood of an individual joining armed gangs is high. The campaign will target the youth in these regions in particular and also the young South Africans who are still in learning institutions of whatever level with and aim of stamping out the criminal tendencies that exist in the poor areas of S.A.
2.0 Situation analysis
2.1 Internal strengths
The internal strengths that the campaign seeks to explore are the increasing perception of self-worth and competence that the youth and school students are increasingly having. There is also already a significant community involvement in the crime prevention through other programs in S.A. which will act as a vital link between the campaign and the society at large in the targeted areas.
2.2 Internal weaknesses
Due to the significantly high crime rates in S.A. there has been historical imbibing of crime as a way of life and only means to survival in the shanties among the population living in the slums. This will have to be appropriately tackled and demystified.
2.3 External forces
Since there is a wide range of crimes in S.A. that affects not only the people in the shanties but also the people living in the richer neighborhoods like burglary and xenophobic perpetuated crimes, there is a push from outside the targeted population towards curbing the menace.
2.4 External opportunities to the campaign
There are various external opportunities that the campaign will utilize and drive the plan to the logical conclusion. These include the funding from the international NGOs like the World Vision and the USAID and even the government of S.A.
The campaign will aloes be boosted by the fact that there are various willing volunteers mainly from USA and Canada who are willing to join the campaign once it kicks off for two months respectively with and aim of ensuring that the crime rate is reduced to the bare minimum.
2.5 External threats
The most imminent external threat is the fact that some factions from outside the poorer shanties that the campaign is going to concentrate upon to manipulate the crime in and by people from these areas as an enterprise where they mint money and use the youths in these regions to settle scores with political rivals.
3.0 Target Audience
The prime focus of the campaign is the poorer population living in the various shanties in the country. It is noted that the population of the people dwelling in the biggest slum Soweto is 1,695,047 as shown by Geo Names, (2010) shown by MongaBay.com (2010).
A study that was conducted by ISS in 2002 in Meadowlands, a section of Soweto, indicated that there was an increase in crime and the crimes were characteristically committed by the people living within the shanties and not outsiders as earlier presumed (Patrick Burton, 2003). There is also a noticeable violent crime that are committed like burglary, carjacking, theft and such like as compared to the white collar crimes in these areas. The crimes are concentrated in the shanties and occasionally the racial crimes spread out of the shanties into the richer neighborhoods. The economic status of the region is not one that can adequately support an average lifestyle of an individual and most of the people that the campaign targets live below the poverty line. This also means that large portions of them don't have internet access in their houses, though the majorities have access to TVs or radio.
The slum areas have been the prime focus of the government and the international bodies with a vision of elevating the status of the slums to better economic standards. This is viewed to be measure towards decreasing the crime rates and improving the lifestyle of the residents. According to Zweli Mokgata (2011), there is an ever increasing sprouting of bigger malls and investments that are coming up in the Soweto region which are boosting the area economically. This indicates that Soweto just like other shanties are undergoing a rapid change economically as well as socially.
4.0 Campaign Objectives and goals
4.1 Behavior objective
The Stop Crime campaign targets at ensuring that there is a change in the dependency upon crime as a lifestyle and way of eking life in the country in the next 15 years. There is a targeted reduction by at least half the population indicating change of behavior in the next 8 years and turning to other legitimate activities as a way of earning a living.
4.2 Knowledge objective
The campaign is targeted at having at least half the population living in the shanties get equipped with the knowledge of the evils of crime and the various ways to avoid falling into crime and how to guide…