Topic Systematic Theology The paper make application topic church Christianity ministry twenty century A bibliography resources books jorunal articles textbook included Text book called Bible Doctrine Wayne Grudem

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Systematic Theology in the Twenty-First Century

Introduction

Systematic Theology has taken different approaches throughout the centuries since Christianity was founded two thousand years ago. St. John of Damascus set forth an early form of Dogmatics in the early Middle Ages in his Exposition of the Orthodox Faith. Other examples abound, most notably in medieval times, such as St. Thomas Aquinas' Summa Theologica. The Summa, a massive product of medieval scholasticism, relied heavily upon the philosophy of Aristotle and Plato to expound upon the mysteries of the Catholic religion. The modern age saw Jean Calvin put forth his Institutes of the Christian Religion during the Protestant Reformation, a theological text that would help shape the theology of the New World. Systematic Theology took a more Romantic direction under Hegel with his synthesis of scholasticism and modern philosophy (as influenced by Kant, Fichte, Rousseau, and Leibniz). The synthesis essentially altered the way in which modern theology is approached all over the world, with variants ranging from Feminist Theology to Liberation Theology to Black Theology to Biblical Theology. This paper will analyze different examples of systematic theology as they are used to address the needs of the twenty-first century.

Approaching a Theology

The theological approach of the twentieth century took a more radical perspective concerning evolution, social class, and redemption with theologians like Teilhard de Chardin producing his works on the Omega point, and Gustavo Gutierrez writing from Latin America, reinterpreting Jesus' message according to Marxist analysis. Ecumenism in the latter half of the century has seen the Roman Church make strides to identify with Protestants, especially since the Second Vatican Council. Systematic theology in the twenty-first century has responded by tailoring doctrine to an individualistic, subjective age.

Of course, as David Ford says, Christian theology has great range today. Why such is the case "has not just been a matter of diverse approaches and conclusions, but also of fundamental differences about what theology is, what modernity is, and what Christianity is" (Ford 2004, 1). Since systematic theology itself deals with a great variety of topics, and the number of individual perspectives upon…[continue]



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"Topic Systematic Theology The Paper Make Application Topic Church Christianity Ministry Twenty Century A Bibliography Resources Books Jorunal Articles Textbook Included Text Book Called Bible Doctrine Wayne Grudem" (2011, May 25) Retrieved March 29, 2015, from http://www.paperdue.com/essay/topic-systematic-theology-the-paper-make-51035

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"Topic Systematic Theology The Paper Make Application Topic Church Christianity Ministry Twenty Century A Bibliography Resources Books Jorunal Articles Textbook Included Text Book Called Bible Doctrine Wayne Grudem" 25 May 2011. Web.29 March. 2015. <http://www.paperdue.com/essay/topic-systematic-theology-the-paper-make-51035>

CHICAGO Citation

"Topic Systematic Theology The Paper Make Application Topic Church Christianity Ministry Twenty Century A Bibliography Resources Books Jorunal Articles Textbook Included Text Book Called Bible Doctrine Wayne Grudem", 25 May 2011, Accessed.29 March. 2015, http://www.paperdue.com/essay/topic-systematic-theology-the-paper-make-51035