Tourette Syndrome the Human Condition Term Paper

  • Length: 6 pages
  • Sources: 10
  • Subject: Psychology
  • Type: Term Paper
  • Paper: #72324891

Excerpt from Term Paper :

Globus pallidusinterna (GPI) of the patient was treated through DBS. The internal pulse generators (IPG) helped stimulate the inner cognition area of patient's brain. Since the study employed Yale Global Tic Severity Scale (YGTSS) for assessing the results after intervention, lateral assessment indicated that 84%improvement in YGTSS was observed by the researchers. Thus, DBS as an effective intervention treatment is corroborated by two results of two independent research studies.

Many people report that since Tourette syndrome is a spectrum condition (that is it ranges from mild to severe and that too depends on the age of the sufferer) therefore associated characteristics and symptoms tend to become less severe as the sufferer ages. What a Tourette syndrome patient requires most is no extensive cure in the form of administered medication, but instead an encouraging environment and dedicated support system which makes it possible for him or her to lead a completely normal life. (Leckman & Cohen, 1999)

Attention and Occupational Therapy: Piacentini, et al. (2010) addresses the issue of attention and occupational therapy of people with Tourette syndrome. The treatment of this chronic disease was proposed to be treated behaviorally. Piacentini also conducted a random trial to assess the behavioral interventions that may help improve health prospects of tic patients. A trial of 126 children from December 2004 through May 2007 and aged 9 through 17 years were selected. The trial was randomized, observer-blind, controlled in given settings. Supportive therapy, education, and carefull assessment resulted in significant improvement. This primary research by Piacentini, et al. (2011) used 'booster treatment sessions' comprising three months duration. The results were compiled after 3 months showed that prior to the intervention, 4% of children under study reported tic worsening and continued benefit to 87% of the responders was observed clinically. There was significant improvement in symptom severity of children influenced by tic syndrome.

All in all, like most disorders of the mind, Tourette syndrome can be controlled and even improved with maturity and experience. The numerous behaviors can be minimized or conducted in a controlled manner. No life should be made difficult because of such an occurrence and impaired cognitive function should be mastered with great dedication and efficacy. Many accomplished and successful individuals have proven over time that living with Tourette syndrome is not a fork in their road whatsoever! Sufferers of Tourette syndrome are neither social misfits, nor susceptible to personal failures. It is safe to say that the condition is just a random genetic occurrence that can be treated as trivially as any habit. So, as medical research related to Tourette syndrome gains more momentum with passing time, it is equally essential that the associated social perception be altered as well.

Works Cited

Brambilla, a. (n.d.). Comorbid Disorders in Tourette Syndrome. Tourette Centre - IRCCS Galeazzi Milano. Retrieved March 2013

Buckser, a. (2006). The Empty Gesture: Tourette Syndrome and the Semantic Dimension of Illness. Purdue University. University of Pittsburgh- of the Commonwealth System of Higher Education. Retrieved March 2013, from http://www.jstor.org/stable/20456601

Coffey, B., Berlin, C., & Naarden, a. (n.d.). Medications and Tourette's Disorder: Combined Pharmacotherapy and Drug Interactions. Retrieved March 2013, from http://www.tsa-usa.org/aMedical/images/medications_and_tourettes_berlin.pdf

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. (n.d.). 4th Edition, 103. American Psychiatric Association.

Flaherty, a.W., Williams, Z.M., Amirnovin, R., Kasper, E., Rauch, S.L., Cosgrove, G.R., & Eskandar, E.N. (2005). Deep brain stimulation of the anterior internal capsule for the treatment of Tourette syndrome: technical case report. Neurosurgery, 57(4), E403.

Leckman, J.F., & Cohen, D.J. (1999). Tourette's Syndrome - Tics, Obsessions, Compulsions: Developmental Psychopathology and Clinical Care. New York: John Wiley and Sons Inc. Retrieved March 2012

Olsen, S. (2004). Making Sense of Tourette's. American Association for the Advancement of Science. Retrieved March 2013, from http://www.jstor.org/stable/3837789 .

Pauls, D. (2003). The Genetics of Tourette Syndrome: Who it Affects and How it Occurs in Families. New York: The Tourette Syndrome Association. Retrieved March 2013

Piacentini, J., Woods, D.W., Scahill, L., Wilhelm, S., Peterson, a.L., Chang, S. & Walkup, J.T. (2010).Behavior therapy for children with Tourette disorder.JAMA: the journal of the American Medical Association, 303(19), 1929-1937.

Sacks, O. (1992, December). Tourette's Syndrome and Creativity: Exploiting the Ticcy Witticisms and Witty Ticcicisms. British Medical Journal. Retrieved March 2013, from http://www.jstor.org/stable/29717990

Schroeder, T. (2005, July). Moral Responsibility and Tourette Syndrome. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research. Retrieved March 2013, from http://www.jstor.org/stable/40040839

Shahed, J., Poysky, J., Kenney, C., Simpson, R., & Jankovic, J. (2007). GPi deep brain stimulation for Tourette syndrome improves tics and psychiatric comorbidities. Neurology, 68(2), 159-160.

Sims, a., & Stack, B. (2009). Tourette's Syndrome: A Pilot Study for the Discontinuance of a Movement Disorder. Chroma Inc. Retrieved March 2013, from http://www.tmjstack.com/casereport.pdf

Zinner, S.H. (2000). Tourette Disorder. Pediatr Rev. Retrieved March 2013

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