Violations of Human Rights in Term Paper
- Length: 9 pages
- Subject: Criminal Justice
- Type: Term Paper
- Paper: #60850509
Excerpt from Term Paper :
It shows that Bush did not ensure the carrying out of exactly accurate procedures detailed in the 'Help America Vote Act of 2002', and this had the inevitable result of the lack of appropriate funds for the purpose of election reform until it was a mite too late. The Act that ensures the equality of education for all the children of the United States of America was also not implemented appropriately. The 'No Child Left Behind' act was supposed to make sure that all children would enjoy equal opportunities in the field of education irrespective of their social background and status and race and color. This was however not carried out in the fullest sense of the term during the Bush Administration, and this meant that children were in fact left behind, and their civil rights were thus being violated. Another facet of the negative aspects of the Bush administration on the issue of civil liberties is the fact that, instead of promoting and encouraging positive actions in the fields of federal contracting as well as education, the Bush administration has been providing 'race neutral alternatives', and this does not, at least most of the time, promote diversity.
The Bush administration, after the terrorist attacks carried out on the United States of America on September 11, 2002 by Islamic militants that left more than three thousand innocent people killed and many more wounded, embarked on a policy that imposed racial profiling, instead of preventing it. This meant that visitors to the U.S.A., especially those from Arab and Middle Eastern counties were subjected to increased humiliations in the name of increased security restrictions, and this meant that these people were subjected to increased interviewing, and in some extreme cases, removals. (U.S. Commission on Civil Rights) it is in this manner, by accurate and timely reporting by the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights that the issue of civil rights and liberties of an individual in the United States of America are maintained to at least a certain passable extent.
In the report entitled 'Is America Ready to Vote?' brought out in April 2004, the Commission stated that it felt that the basic human right of an individual in a democracy was to promote the primary right to 'vote' and elect their own representative through which other rights would be automatically safeguarded. The Commission also stated that to take away this right of the individual meant, in fact, that the person was reduced to slavery, and slavery would not be permissible in the world of freedom and democracy. The 15th Amendment to the Constitution was meant to eliminate all sorts of voting barriers that were based on the biases of color, creed, race, and any conditions of servitude imposed on the individual. However, most states of the U.S.A. found ways to circumvent this legislation, in a manner that would allow blacks to be disenfranchised, and the Congress as well as the Courts remained mute spectators to these developments.
However, time has changed this, and now African-Americans are considered to be a part of the soil of the United States, and they can cast their votes without fear of repercussions. They are also allowed, unlike as in the past, to occupy positions of high literary standing, at par with the 'whites'. The important 'Voting Rights Act' was passed in the year 1965, and this was one of the most important acts ever to defend the civil rights and liberties of an individual in the United States of America. The Act has been broadened over the years to accommodate various changes, and it facilitates the appointment of officials to ensure that the terms and conditions within are carried out to the letter. The VRA not only ensures that more voters cast their votes after registering, but also sees to it that people of African-American descent are also elected to office, a hitherto unheard of occurrence. There are however still a few details over which there have been disputes through the years, and when these are tackled sufficiently well, the civil liberties of the citizen of America would be guaranteed and protected as far as voting rights are concerned. (Is America ready to Vote?)
What do other countries have to say about the protection of the individual's rights and liberties in the United States of America? This is what China has to say. In its report entitled 'Human Rights Record of the United States of 2001' published by the Information Office of the State Council of the People's Republic of China', it states that despite the position taken by the U.S.A. that it is a world leader in the issue of Human Rights and its several violations, judging by the report published in the year 2001 entitled 'Country Reports on Human Rights Practices', it has actually accomplished nothing more than to severely distort the human rights conditions in several different countries all over the world by stating that they are neglecting the issue of granting of human rights to its citizens, when in fact, it is USA that is actually doing so. The report states that it is in the U.S.A. that there is an innate lack of the safeguarding of life, of freedom of the individual, and also a lack of personal safety.
Not a day passes when there has not been committed a crime in violation of human safety; in the year 1998, there were an estimated 12,476 million crimes committed, out of which 1,531 million were violent crimes, 17,000 were murders, and it is a fact that for every 100,000 people in the United States, there were 4,616 criminal cases, out of which 566 were crimes of a violent nature. The United Sates also enjoys the dubious distinction of having the largest number of privately owned guns; one the one hand there is an escalation of crime, and leads the citizen to arm himself with a weapon, and on the other hand, it is because of the presence of the weapon that there is such a large number of highly violent cases of crimes. In fact, shooting is said to be the second largest cause of deaths in the U.S.A., after traffic accidents. It is a sad fact that, since the year 1972, 80 persons, including twelve innocent children, are on an average shot dead everyday in the U.S.A., and this can only be due to the presence of firearms everywhere. (Human Rights Record of the United States in 2001)
The report also states that the media in the U.S.A. has also contributed in no small measure to the escalation in crime rates; children become used to and also immune to violence and crime and they witness such crimes on a daily basis in their everyday lives, and they come to believe that a gun can solve all their problems with ease. This has led to an increase in violent and bloody shootouts related to children in schools where children as young as 13 and 14 take out the guns in their possession and aim and shoot at children smaller than themselves and figures of authority in the school. Another issue where the U.S.A. has deprived citizens of human rights is in the Law Departments where there are serious violations of human rights and civil liberties. Police brutality is a part and parcel of life for the person who has been arrested on any charge whatsoever.
Unfair adjudication is another issue that the individual would have to face, especially when he happens to belong to a minority community. The family of the Frenchman Philippe Leman had filed a case against the police atrocities committed on Philippe in the state of Nevada, where he was beaten to death. The Court adjudged that the victim had died because of a broken throat bone that suffocated him to death, but the nine policemen who were in fact responsible for beating him and breaking his throat bone were pardoned and acquitted of any responsibilities that they may have in the death of the poor French man. The police force of the United States utilizes the methods of 'torture' and 'forced confessions', and these confessions are taken into account in a court of law. The hapless prisoners on death row are often forced into making confessions, as demonstrated in the example of Alon Patterson, who made a claim that his confession had been forcibly made because of the torture that the Chicago police inflicted on him in the prison cell. (Human Rights Record of the United States in 2001)
Prisons in America are generally extremely overcrowded and all the inmates are generally mistreated. Human rights are denied to them, and when the prisoners object and try to rebel, several cruel methods are used by the police to quell the fights. In December 2001,…