Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formattingExcerpt from Essay:
Vision for Society: A Just Society
The Vision: A Just Society
It is a moral duty for those in immigration department to ensure that immigrants get free English classes to help them promote their own life. In AACA, there are rules that do not allow employees to help immigrants. For instance, reading letters for immigrants who cannot read and understand English is not a responsibility of AACA staff. In this regard, clients end up going back with unsolved problems because AACA staffs are not obliged to assist them. Although such acts do not form part of the organization's duty, helping these immigrants read bills and solve their problems is a moral duty that calls for commonsense. Commonsensical thoughts from Kant's point-of-view begin with the idea that what is good; is a good will. The thought of good will is a noteworthy reasonable decisive factor that Kant employs all through his work. What causes people to be good is the will they hold. This will is the only one that establishes or constructs what is moral worth. The notion of good will leads one to making decisions that he/she thinks contain some moral worthiness (Kant, 2007).
From all indications, some of the activities at AACA do not reflect the deeds of a just society. If clients can go back without having their problem solved, and the English classes are offered for a fee without considering the poor who cannot manage to pay for this very important course, then where is justice in the society. If the society cannot treat it citizens equally, if people like Stephanie, a single mother, who stopped attending classes at AACA due to lack of basic needs are evident in the society, then there is no justice, hence an unjust society. In this regard, my vision is to have a just society; a society with equality of needs and opportunities, equality of human power, freedom and equal human rights, morality and a free society that respects human dignity, restores social order and that prevents conflicts.
A just society holds on to ethics and morals of all members of the society. A just society upholds equality and justice for all regardless of class, status, race and level of education (Locke, 2010). The objective of a just society is to ensure equality of economic, political and social prospects through helping areas that lag behind in social justice. A just society allows for teaching and practice of truth and justice. A just society does not impose or foster any obligation or burden upon its members that fails to admit of practical justification.
A just society as opposed to a perfectionist society allows member flourish but does not require them to flourish in all respects (Taylor, 1992). However, a just society protects its members from domination of non-rational preferences. A just society should not discriminate and should prohibit discrimination as embodied in anti-Semitic, racist or sexist materials. A society that gives rise to any form of discrimination cannot be considered a just or fair society. That society cannot adhere to principles of equality.
Equality in enjoyment of freedom and affirmative action for the least advantage in the society promotes a just society (Taylor, 1992). This is achievable through guaranteeing that the poor and the minority in a given society hold equal prospects and receive a comparatively larger share of any new wealth whenever economic pie becomes larger to enhance their status. Equal distribution of wealth constitute of a just society given that equal wealth distribution enhances well-being and security (Freire, 2000). A just society provides individual's rights to property and life. It is only controlled through people's consent.
I believe that a society can be just if it is founded on the deference of the inspirational dignity of human beings. A human being represents the definitive end of humanity, thus, the social order and its growth operates to the advantage of a person. Deference for human dignity and obedience fosters a just society (Sandel, 2007). Acknowledging that all people regardless of race, class, status and origin, are equal promotes a just society. Every economic, scientific, social, cultural and political program must be motivated through recognition of the dominance of every individual in the society (Locke, 2010).
A just society is based on democracy and liberty. This view is informed by Rousseau's practical vision of government and his ideas on the foundation of a just society. The sovereign body is the legislative organ of a given state. It passes general, fundamental rules, which bring all members of a community together. Rousseau claims that human beings live solitary lives in the natural state of humanity and do not depend on others to offer them their material requirements (Rousseau, 2007). He believes that human beings are differentiated from other animals because of their perfectibility and freedom. Freedom allows them to be ruled through appetite. Rousseau affirms that the undemanding and unstable types of co-operation are brought about by human activities. The disparities in the society occur because of natural forces that people hold for their own care. In his book, Emile, Rousseau asserts that the psychological growth of people in the modern world leads to competition (Rousseau, 2007).
According to Pope Leo XIII, a just society protects the rights of employees, allows free association among members of the society. There should be balance amid excessive state intervention against the call for state intervention. The state interventions should help in preventing injustices and facilitate socialization. My vision for a just society is mirrored in Pope Leo XIII vision, which supports enjoyment of rights. A just society comprises of a society where employees owe their employers obedience and respect, and employers owe their employees humane treatment and respect. Just compensation and dignified working status for workers are promoted through government institutions (Himes, 1995). A just society upholds human rights, protects the environment, fight against exploitation of workers and poverty. The government should enhance a just society through closing the gap between the poor and the rich. The government should enhance social justice through intervening in the economy for the sake of common good besides defending its people from aggression.
A just society embraces social order. According to social contract theory, the probability that social order and given inherent limitations, might offer us a powerful and natural foundation for morality (Rousseau, 2007). A just society is founded on moral judgments, and morality is considerably welcomed and it is apparently a good fortune to find individuals living is society where the prospects of preventing conflicts are comparatively favorable (Freire, 2000). One of the many benefits of a just society is that it enhances people's prospects of securing harmony between their personal aims and the needs of morality. A just society will hold a much wider array of pursuits and activities from which to select, compatibly with living a morally unexceptionable life.
What Is Needed To Be Done Move Towards The Vision.
A new vision for society would enhance and control social order through a system of mutually strengthening classifications, observations and examinations. A just society is a society that allows people to enjoy their freedom and live freely, but without violating the rights of others in the society. A just society would ensure equality and guarantee distribution of resources to all regardless of class, race, color or gender. A just society fosters civil rights, social justice besides toleration leading to a harmonious community. The idea of a just society demands that persons hold equal opportunities and rights, from the poorest in the society to the wealthiest; everyone deserves an equal playing ground (Freire, 2000). However, achieving a just society comes with numerous obstacles that need to be addressed. The basis of mutual understanding and civil government pre-exist the freedoms, rights and aptitudes of individual communicating citizens. With this context, our efforts to achieve a just society will be too often frustrated. If we do not recognize the obstacles hindering the achievement of a just society, the process of achieving will materialize. These obstacles include oppression, corruption from those higher in authority, political powers, social conflicts, collapse of social authority and the education systems (Locke, 2010).
According to Freire (2000), while the subject of humanization has been fundamental to humankind, the concern for humanizations instigates dehumanization, hence an unjust society. Both dehumanization and humanization can only be achievable to a person who is beyond doubt not conscious enough of his/her incompletion. This confronts calls for moral agency well established in an extroverted socio-cognitive self-principle that includes self-reflective, self-organizing, practical and self-regulatory systems that are grounded in individual standards.
Communication is one of the solutions to obstacles that hinder achievement of the vision of a just society. According to Freire (2000), a process of dialogue that mirrors on the generative themes rose through listening, people become masters of their thinking via discussing the thoughts and views of the world implicitly and explicitly. The objective of a group dialogue is critical thinking through posing issues in a manner that allows the…[continue]
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