"Alexander Dumas Essays"

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Count of Monte Cristo Comparing Essay

Words: 1314 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44830312

In the course of Dantes' revenge plot against Mondego, Fernand is publicly vilified and humiliated, and Mercedes and her son Albert head to far-off lands where their names and pasts will not be known and they can begin new lives, away from the shame brought to them by Fernand Mondego as their husband and father. Both Mercedes and Albert are basically good people, and their shame at Fernand's actions shows this. Yet the fact that they must leave to start new lives is a very harsh punishment, and it is visited upon them through no fault of their own. Dumas seems to be making a subtle point about revenge and the fallout of any action that harms another person, even -- or perhaps especially -- if the harm is only done to their reputation. Regardless of the point he is making in the novel, however, it is clear that the world is not simple, and that good people must suffer, too.

In the movie, however, tings end up drastically different for Mercedes and her son Albert, as well as for Dantes himself. Fernand Mondego is still shamed by some of is pas actions, but rather than flee Mercedes tells Dantes something very important -- Albert is actually Dantes' son, and the only reason Mercedes married Mondego was because she thought Dantes had died shortly after being imprisoned. This allows Dantes and Mercedes to form a new relationship, and Dantes is able to know Albert as his son. The movie ends with this new happy family starting a calmer life together, something that would have been utterly impossible in the book. In this way, the good aren't punished and in fact tings end up almost as happy -- perhaps happier, due to Dantes' riches -- as they would have had Dantes never been imprisoned. Balance is restored more effectively in the movie than it is in the book, making the story sharper.

One of the most interesting characters in the novel is Villefort, the inspector who falsely condemns Dantes for his own personal and political motives. Dantes…… [Read More]

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Virtual Time Capsule A Time Capsule a Essay

Words: 648 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62263102

virtual time capsule. A time capsule a grouping items future discovery. For purposes, imagine

Time Capsules

My daily life is based on routine and a deliberate forsaking of routine in which life can be lived. The routine -- brushing my teeth, cooking my food, praying when I awake -- serves to create the foundation for which I can operate at maximum capacity throughout the day. I believe that in terms of popular culture, 2012 is essentially the nadir of all the decades of popular culture that preceded it. Furthermore, I hope to provide a strong influence in the future in which I can change this, by producing works of popular culture that are truly worthy of the name. These works will be based in literature as well as in music.

Determining whether or not one should cheat on an examination issued in school is an example of a moral, decision making issue. Exams are supposed to provide accurate assessment of how much knowledge students have in a subject. By cheating on an exam, students are robbing themselves of the knowledge that will only edify themselves. However, cheating also produces good grades, which are responsible for producing happiness in people. Therefore, cheating on examinations is morally acceptable, since the result of doing so will create a greater good than a student sacrificing his time and worrying about studying to earn the same result.

Happiness is achievement. I came to this view after reading a couple of different definitions of happiness in a SAT passage. Happiness is not merely contentment, but a condition which is presaged by periods of unhappiness, of desire, of labor, which finally culminates in a profound sense of felicity once achievement has occurred. It really does not matter in what area one is able to achieve one's goals -- it could be the successful.

The film "Head in the Clouds" will go into the time capsule, for the simple fact…… [Read More]

Dumas, A. (1956). The Count of Monte Cristo. New York: Bantam Classic.

Ginsburg, A. (1955). "Howl." Poets.org. Retrieved from http://www.poets.org/viewmedia.php/prmMID/15308
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Count of Monte Cristo Edmond Essay

Words: 761 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 53736825

Caderousse does nothing to prevent an innocent man from being accused. He has only a superficial role as part of the plot to frame the young man, and does not profit from it because of his incompetence and addiction. He even understands, however dimly, that Dantes will be able to take revenge, should the plot be discovered. When "one gets out of prison,' said Caderousse, who, with what sense was left him, listened eagerly to the conversation, 'and when one gets out and one's name is Edmond Dantes, one seeks revenge'" (Chapter 4). Caderousse eventually meets an untimely end, after murdering a man to whom he sold the jewel the Dantes deliberately gave to him, because Dantes knew that Caderousse's temper would result in the drunkard's destruction.

Villefort is perhaps the most complex character in The Count of Monte Cristo. At first, he states that he believes that Dantes is innocent, showing that he is capable of perceiving evidence in a logical rather than an emotional manner. However, the crown prosecutor is also cowardly. He fears that if he protects Dantes, he will suffer political repercussions. He decides to destroy all exculpating evidence because the letter Dantes is supposed to deliver is addressed to Villefort's father. This could implicate Villefort as a supporter of Bonaparte by association. Villefort represents the failure of legal justice, and its self-interested quality. Dantes admits that he is consumed with hatred for the man: "I wish to be Providence myself, for I feel that the most beautiful, noblest, most sublime thing in the world is to recompense and punish," he tells Villefort, when he meets the man responsible for his imprisonment face-to-face once again (Chapter 49).

These three men represent different facets of the nature of vengeance and redemption. Dantes redeems the fortunes of Morrel, as Morrel's faith in Dantes held strong, even when Dantes was dead to the world in prison. To Caderousse who washed his…… [Read More]

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Russian Revolution in 1917 Poor Essay

Words: 3540 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97907527

11 His ridicule views about the first family made the Russian citizens to regard him as worthless or inferior because of his resistance and the general talk he had on issues. Despite there being a demanding leadership crisis that could cause challenges to even the best leaders of the time, the presence of Tsarina and Rasputin worsened the conditions. They reshuffled the cabinet, sacking talented cabinet ministers and in their place, putting useless ones and the acknowledgements they got were widespread rumors that both had become lovers.12 It was at this moment when Nicholas directed the army to take control of the situation and because of the atrocities, they had suffered in the hands of the Tsar, many soldiers chose to deny Nicholas' call to fight riots and rather joined the demonstrating crowds. The denial by the armed forces to take control of the demonstrating crowds lead to fighting that tuned the St. Petersburg city into a battle zone. For example, the consequences were that by the October 28, there were approximately 80,000 soldiers, who had declined to fight the demonstrating crowds and by their resignation from the force, it ignited a widespread robbing and stealing. At this moment, Nicholas was facing extreme pressure on his leadership and thus, he renounced his sovereign power where his brother took over power. Unfortunately, Michael failed to acknowledge the authority as he (Nicholas' brother) failed to accept the challenge from his brother as he opted for election to power by Duma and due to his stand on the matter, the following day saw his resignation leaving Russia without a national leader (Wood 59).

In the process of the long-term impacts to Russian, full revolution could have been by 1905. 13 Instead at this time, the country's economy was dipping deeper and deeper in to crisis and Russia was in desperate need of a complete change. The large number of poverty-stricken employees who ended up working for long durations in exchange for meager compensations coupled by…… [Read More]

Bunyan, James, and Fisher, Harold H. The Bolshevik Revolution, 1917-1918: Documents and materials. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press. 1934. Print.

Kowalski, Ronald. The Russian Revolution: 1917-1921. New York, U.S.: Routledge, 1997. Print.
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Business in Russia the Russian Federation Occupies Essay

Words: 1518 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54015176

Business in Russia

The Russian Federation occupies most of Eastern Europe and north Asia. It stretches from the Baltic Sea in the west to the Pacific Ocean in the East and from Arctic Ocean in the North to Black Sea in the south (Pearson Education, 2012). It is the largest of the 21 republics that make up the Commonwealth of Independent States. There are also 6 federal territories, 2 federal cities, 49 regions, 1 autonomous region, and 10 autonomous areas (Pearson Education, 2012). Norway and Finland borders the Federation in the northwest while Estonia, Latvia, Belarus, and Ukraine border it in the west. In the south it is bordered by Kazakhstan, Mongolia, China, and North Korea. Russia occupies a land area of approximately 17,075,500 sq km (Pearson Education, 2012).

Russia is spread over all climatic zones except tropical. West of the Ural mountains from the Black Sea to the Arctic Ocean is a broad plain with low hills (Pearson Education, 2012). East of the Ural lies the Siberia that is covered with Coniferous forest, swamps, tundra, and mountainous terrain (Russian Embassy, 2012). The country has an array of natural resources including deposit of oil, coal, natural gas, strategic minerals, diamonds, and timber (Pearson Education, 2012). Coastlines along Arctic and Pacific Ocean, and Baltic, Caspian, and Black Seas have significant reserves of fish, oil, and natural gas. Russia has harsh continental climate with big difference between winter and summer temperatures. Russia has only 8% of arable land (Pearson Education, 2012).

The first Russian dynasty was founded in Novgorod in 862 by Viking Rurik. The myriad tribes in the federation were united by the spread of Christianity in the 10th and 11th centuries (Pearson Education, 2012). The spread of Christianity culminated into the conversion of the first Vladimir or Saint in 988. Power was centralized at Kiev where grand dukes lived. When Kiev was destroyed in 1240 by the Mongols, Russian territory was split into smaller dukedoms (Pearson Education, 2012). Moscow's role as an administrative and trade centre coupled with the fact it was the seat of the office of tribute collector…… [Read More]

Kwintessential (2004). Doing Business in Russia. Retrieved from http://www.kwintessential.co.uk/etiquette/doing-business-russia.html

Pearson Education (2013). Russia: Maps, History, Government, Geography, Culture, Facts,
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Hapsburg Empire in the Half Century Before Essay

Words: 1956 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19521802

Hapsburg Empire in the Half Century before World War I

At the outbreak of World War I, The Hapsburg Empire was one of the last vestiges of Holy Roman Empire to be found in Europe. The eventual defeat of the Austrian Haspburgs culminated a demise that began in the half century before the war started.

The reason for the longevity of the Hapsburg Empire rested in its ability to form advantageous political alliances whether they be through marriage- Maria Theresa and Joseph II, religion- acceptance of Protestants ending discrimination against Jews or militaristic- alliance w / Germany, in nature. During the half century before the World War, The Haspburgs created some allegiances that would prove to be faulty.

During the Crimean War (1853-1856) the Haspburgs flirted with siding with the France and England against Russia if Russia did not leave Romania. Russia withdrew but not without hard feelings towards the Hapsburg Empire, ending a centuries old alliance. Shortly thereafter, The Hapsburgs began to loose their foothold within Europe. The Austrians lost their position in the Italian peninsula and Italy was created. The Prussians (under Bismark) expelled the Austrian Hapsburgs from Germany and created a unified state.

To make matters worse the Hungarians pressed for a dual monarchy, the Empire was now known as the Austria-Hungary with the Hungarians having their own constitution. This encouraged the other ethnic groups within the Hapsburg Empire to seek autonomy, including the Serbs, who became one of the harshest critics of the Empire. This shifting of power created a general sense of unrest within the Hapsburg Empire long before it collapsed following the end of the First World War.

An over-inflated view of territorialism, poor judgment in choosing alliances, underestimation of internal dissension, and weak leadership eventually brought the once great Hapsburg Empire to its knees. Creating a path for a new Europe to emerge.

Were the Paris Peace Conference and the Treaty of Versailles Failures?

The Treaty of Versailles was a multi-country agreement that ultimately proved to be anything but internationally harmonious. In short, the terms of the treaty did little to fully appease the wishes of England, the United States, and France but instead did much to bolster the resentment and tension among the Nazi and Fascist movements which came to power…… [Read More]

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Systematic Review of Effectiveness of Group-Based Antenatal Education Programs Essay

Words: 18363 Length: 67 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 73902472

Antenatal Education Systematic Review

Antenatal education programms

In pregnant women, how does group antenatal education compare to no antenatal education or individual antenatal education for improving outcomes of childbirth and parenting?

In pregnant women, how does group antenatal education compare to no antenatal education or individual antenatal education for improving outcomes of childbirth and parenting?

Antenatal education programs are key in improving maternal health all over the world. They have been widely embraced in most developed countries where antenatal education programs are routinely provided as part of antenatal care. They are associated with benefit such as increased knowledge of labor and childbirth, parent-child attachment, reduced anxiety and depression, and increased knowledge of parenthood. They often involve several scheduled sessions with a facilitator or care provider (often a trained patient educator, midwife, or general practitioner) that last about 1 -- 2 hours and focus on different aspects of labor, childbirth, and parenthood. These programs are often provided in groups meeting about seven (7) to ten (10) times for sessions running for 60 to 90 minutes on average over the course of the woman's pregnancy. All antenatal care that is provided in group-based settings is integrated with other antenatal care assessments such as information, peer support, and education.


The current systematic review compares the effectiveness of group-based antenatal education and no antenatal education or individual antenatal education on labor, childbirth, and parenthood outcomes. A systematic search of electronic databases was conducted. The identified studies were used to understand the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of group-based antenatal education programs.


The review identified five (5) randomized controlled trials conducted in different settings focusing on different aspects of antenatal care. The review highlights the paucity of research on effectiveness of antenatal education in developing countries. The identified studies provide low quality evidence that is at low risk of bias of the effectiveness of group-based antenatal education programs in promoting good labor, childbirth, and parenthood outcomes.

Discussion and conclusion

The limited evidence available suggests little to no difference in labor, birth, and parenthood outcomes though women in group-based antenatal education were more likely to initiate breastfeeding earlier than the comparator groups. There were no studies of the cost-effectiveness of group-based antenatal…… [Read More]

2010. Islam in the World Today: A Handbook of Politics, Religion, Culture, and Society, Cornell University Press.

AHLDEN, I., AHLEHAGEN, S., DAHLGREN, L.O. & JOSEFSSON, A. 2012. Parents' expectations about participating in antenatal parenthood education classes. J Perinat Educ, 21, 11-7.
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Revolution the Bolshevik Revolution of Essay

Words: 3853 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32640188

We are surrounded on all sides by enemies, and we have to advance almost constantly under their fire. We have combined, by a freely adopted decision, for the purpose of fighting the enemy, and not of retreating into the neighboring marsh, the inhabitants of which, from the very outset, have reproached us with having chosen the path of struggle instead of the path of conciliation…there can be no talk of an independent ideology formulated by the working masses themselves in the process of their movement, the only choice is -- either bourgeois or socialist ideology. There is no middle course (for mankind has not created a "third" ideology, and, moreover, in a society torn by class antagonisms there can be a non-class or an above-class ideology)."

The Revolution of 1905 developed in two phases. First, a diverse group opposing the Tsar and encompassing much of the political spectrum took form. This group included moderate liberals, the Socialist-Revolutionary Party, heirs to revolutionary populist, and the Russian Social-Democratic Workers' Party (SD) on the left, as well as the non-Russian nationalities, particularly Ukrainians, Poles, Georgians, the Baltic peoples, and Finns. Lenin returned to Russia in November 1905 to take advantage of liberties enacted by the October Manifesto. Lenin now headed his own group of radical organizers and intellectuals. The lessons that Lenin drew from the failure of the Revolution of 1905 was that Marxists should lead workers and peasants to "a real and decisive victory," since the bourgeois liberals had failed to do so. (Brooks 11)

World War I was a tragic struggle in which Russia joined with Britain, France, and other nations against Germany, Austro-Hungary, Turkey and Bulgaria. Each side had its reasons for fighting, but the longer the war continued, the less compelling these reasons seemed to many Russians. The Russian…… [Read More]

9. Freeze, Gregory. (1995) From Supplication to Revolution. New York: Oxford University Press, ibid.

10. Carr Hallet Edward. (1981) A History of Soviet Russia: The Bolshevik Revolution. New York: The Macmillan Company, ibid.
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Russian Revolution Few Nations Have Essay

Words: 3729 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 33297129

.. Bolshevik ideology and political culture... rejected liberal parliamentary forms, a "free market of ideas," and capitalism. That state depended on the dedication, idealism, and sacrifice of hundreds of thousands of Bolshevik cadres and Red Army soldiers, who entered the fray with enormous confidence in history's outcome and a conviction that they had a moral right to use force and terror against their opponents in order to build a socialist society.

Whether Russian men and women desired the construction of a socialist utopia mattered little. Clearly, Stalin sought to destroy the kulaks because they represented an aberration in the socialist scheme. That the Kulaks existed proved that not all Russians were industrial workers as envisioned in propaganda. Peasants would have to be transformed into the vast proletariat that the Soviet union so obviously lacked.

The theory of bureaucratic state capitalism started from the premise that the Bolshevik Party had to do in Russia what the indigenous capitalist class had been unable to do: industrialize the country and bring it into modernity. This would in turn prepare the conditions for proletarian revolution (and create a proletariat in a largely agricultural and backward land

Just as an earlier dictator of imperial blood had commanded that all Russians cut their beards and wear Western clothing - with the aim that Western manners, customs, and industry would naturally follow - the leaders of the communist revolution were determined to force the citizens of the new Soviet Union into the roles required by the ideal socialist state.

Such vast transformations of society were essential because, in the communist Soviet Union, even more than in Imperial Russia, society and economy were linked together. Communist ideology virtually demanded that only the actual productive classes - the workers in the factories, and the peasants on the land - were of any real social value. All other groups were but parasites on the social organism. In the first instance this economic and social linkage was of political value. It was their emphasis on the empowerment of the workers that enabled the Bolsheviks to gain control of the factory committees…… [Read More]


Bonnell, Victorio E. "12 the Iconography of the Worker in Soviet Political Art." Making Workers Soviet: Power, Class, and Identity. Ed. Lewis H. Siegelbaum and Ronald Grigor Suny. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1994. 341-375.