"Athletic Training Essays"

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Sports Medicine Specializes in Preventing Essay

Words: 1759 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84561159


Originally, the main objective of sports medicine was the welfare of competitive professional athletes, but it now encompasses treatment of anyone engaged in sport and exercise.

It is becoming an increasingly important branch of the overall medicine field. More general practitioners are being trained in sports medicine than ever before. The training gives them a better understanding of the physical, physiological, and psychological demands of exercise. This helps them to diagnose sports injuries more effectively, and to prescribe the most suitable forms of prevention, exercise, and treatment to improve the health of all athletes and sports enthusiasts everywhere.

Works… [Read More]

"Comprehensive Study of Sports Injuries in the U.S." June 2003. American Sports Data. 11 Apr 2009 .

Haggerty, Maureen. "Sports injury." n.d. answers.com. 11 Apr 2009 .
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Athletic Injuries Essay

Words: 3570 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68475215

athletic coach I have garnered a wide variety of skills, as well as an extensive understanding of the standard practices and procedures an individual in the field of exercise science should possess. My past experiences have provided me with substantial knowledge of the principles involved in the prevention and care of athletic injuries. With the following, I hope to illustrate that my experiences and subsequent research have provided me with a broad awareness of typical athletic injuries and treatments as they apply to exercise science.

When a member of my dance squad sprained her ankle it became necessary for me to tape it as to provide additional support. I employed the traditional Gibney basket weave procedure. This consists of an interwoven network of stirrup strips "which cover the plantar surface of the hindfoot and extend proximally on both the medial and lateral aspects of the leg, and horseshoe strips, which are applied perpendicular to the stirrup strips on the hindfoot." (Journal of Athletic Training 2002). Although I recognized that this could not be a permanent solution, it did provide her with a slight amount of external support for her ankle. I advised her avoid testing its limits so it could heal more readily. This proved to be sound advice because she was back to regular activity within the span of two weeks.

During my time as a coach for distance runners I came to realize that a large percentage of running-related injuries could be prevented with the universal use of arch supports. Through my research I found that shin splints, tibial stress syndrome, tibial stress fractures, Achilles tendonitis, heel pains, and arch pains can all not only be treated by using arch supports but can also be prevented with arch supports (Levy 183). Accordingly, I made some form of supports mandatory for my distance squad as a preventative measure. The move paid-off, because none of my athletes suffered from any major arch related injuries that season.

In my years as a cheerleading coach I have found that cheerleaders experience injuries similar to those suffered by gymnasts. Additionally, they experience…… [Read More]

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Athletic Trainer Essay

Words: 819 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86305146

career of an athletic trainer, including the background necessary for the career, the necessary education, and job opportunities for athletic trainers. Athletic trainers form a necessary backbone of most professional sports organizations, and many private organizations. A professional athletic trainer can make the difference between a life-changing injury, or returning to the game. Athletic trainers are an essential and integral part of modern sports medicine, and as sports and athletics increase in importance in our society, they will continue to play an important part in our healthy lives.

Athletic trainers have been around for centuries, but today, most trainers are certified, and not only work with sports clubs or educational facilities, they can work in gyms and fitness centers, and even corporate workout centers.

Certified athletic trainers (ATCs) are medical experts in preventing, recognizing, managing and rehabilitating injuries that result from physical activity. Athletic trainers can help you avoid unnecessary medical treatment and disruption of normal daily life; if you're injured, they can get you on the mend and keep you on the move (Editors).

Therefore, a certified athletic trainer (ATC) is a highly trained and valuable member of any sports venue, and can help treat injuries and help them heal more quickly. The athletic trainer does not do this on his or her own; they work in concert with physicians, "health care professionals, athletics administrators, coaches, and parents. The ATC gets to know each athlete individually and can treat injuries more effectively" (Editors). There are many things a trainer may do during the course of a normal work day, from preparing athletes for training or competition, which might include bracing, taping, or bandaging affected limbs, to evaluating injuries, to creating training programs, to employing different therapeutic or and rehabilitation programs (Editors). Some of the requirements of the job include "extensive knowledge and strong decision-making skills obtained through the certified athletic trainer's experience and education" (Editors). Another professional organization puts it this way, the athletic trainer's "primary responsibility is to help athletes perform to the best of their ability while minimizing injury, through their knowledge of nutrition, hygiene, physiology, psychology, biomechanics, anatomy, conditioning and protective equipment" (AHEC). It is easy to see from these job responsibilities how important the…… [Read More]

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Sports Psychology Essay

Words: 1616 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 48252289

Multidimensional Model of Sport Leadership

Effective leaders manage the majority of successful organizations or teams, athletic or otherwise. A leader may be an expert, a supervisor, a respected person, someone who controls aversive power or someone that has the capacity to dispense rewards (Ryan, 1982). A leader may possess have one or more of these characteristics, depending on the individual.

In addition to leadership characteristics, leaders may also differ in their leadership styles (p. 32). For example, a directive or possessive style of leadership means that the leader takes complete charge of the team, closely monitoring athlete behavior and performance. A permissive style of coach may leave much of the responsibility to the athletes and spend more time on the critical issues.

Chelladurai (1993) proposed a normative model of decision styles (autocratic, participative, and delegating) in coaching (Butler, 1996). A casual observer of the dynamics on a typical competitive sport team would conclude that coaches make all decisions and take all of the blame for failure. Athletes on the other hand, like to concentrate on their responsibilities as players and prefer not to be involved in coaching.

The concept of leadership has gained a large amount of attention in recent years, as sports have increased in popularity and researchers have placed an emphasis on determining the relationship between leaders, teams and performance.

Multidimensional Model of Sport Leadership

According to the Multidimensional Model of Sport Leadership, optimal performance & satisfaction are achieved when leader's required, preferred & actual behaviors are consistent. The model holds that effective leadership varies depending on the specific situation, leader and team (Chelladurai, 2001, p. 194-197)

The model introduces three key terms:

Required leader behavior-- behaviors demanded by the situation (goals, norms, values, etc.).

Preferred leader behavior-- leader behaviors preferred by group, organization, etc.

Actual leader behavior-- behaviors the leader exhibits.

As a direct consequence of leadership, three things are affected:

Satisfaction -- When coaching style and behaviors match the preferences of the athlete, greater satisfaction is the result.

Cohesion -- A democratic style, social support and positive feedback all result in greater cohesion.

Performance - Greater social support results in poorer performing teams.

Additional Re-search

As a result of Chelladurai's research, many studies have been conducted to try to develop or expand the knowledge of the topic.

One such study analyzed the differences between the offensive and defensive personnel of sports teams…… [Read More]

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Importance of Statistical Study Within Professional Sports Essay

Words: 1923 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61547948

Sports-Related Concussion and Statistical Study

Neurocognitive performance

Performance and game management

Elite-Level Sports

Contest Design

Game Planning

Significant Usage

Tactical Responsibilities

Advantages and disadvantages

Importance of statistical study within professional sports

The importance of quantitative data has assumed much importance in the professional sports environment during the last few years. To obtain meaningful forms of raw data that represents underlying patterns and trends, it is important to extract the data by using methods that are statistically and mathematically valid. Professional sports are also an area where statistical methods are in wide practice. Use of statistical methods involve collection of quantitative data, management of data, and analysis using different statistical tools such as Chi-squared test, factor analysis, correlation, time series analysis, and many other tests. Management of professional sports such as basketball, football, baseball, and racing tournaments uses statistical tools to increase performance capacity of sportsmen, redesigning playfields, and preparing effective game plans. The following section describes quantitative studies in which statistical tools were used to enhance player performance, treat brain injuries, and performance management of professional referees. Management of sporting venues is also done by employing statistical techniques as an aid in the planning process.

Use of discriminant analysis in Basketball

A statistical study was conducted by Sampaio, Janeira, Ibanez and Lorenzo (2006) in which statistical tools were used to assess the differences in game playing patterns of three professional leagues i.e. National Basketball Association (NBA, superior level) USA, Associacion de Clubs de Baloncesto (ACB European league) in Spain and Liga de Clubes de Basquetebol (LCB, inferior level) in Portugal. The study was aimed at monitoring and reporting the differences in playing patterns of the players of these leagues. This was to help team managers better manage the players by appropriately positioning the players in the game. It was to be assessed that what is the best combination when these players perform more effectively in the game.

In the study, researchers gathered 2000-2001 numeric data of three leagues NBA, ACB, and LCB for five, three, and four games respectively. Discriminant analysis was used to identify mean differences between the playing positions. Only structure coefficients greater than 0.30 were taken. For LCB players, the findings of the research indicated that centers and guards were mainly assigned the defense…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Belanger, H.G., & Vanderploeg, R.D. (2005). The neuropsychological impact of sports-related concussion: a meta-analysis. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, 11(4), 345-357.

Broglio, S.P., Macciocchi, S.N., & Ferrara, M.S. (2007). Neurocognitive performance of concussed athletes when symptom free. Journal of athletic training, 42(4), 504.
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Sports Tourism Belfast Northern Ireland Essay

Words: 4283 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81671802

Planning such an event when it has not been done before is very difficult and time consuming.

Mistakes can easily be made on cost, time, and other issues when people are unsure as to what they should do to create an event that is successful - which could happen because the promotion company is uncertain about putting on such a large event and has questions about many aspects of it.

Volunteers and Viability

Getting people to volunteer for a mega sporting event in Belfast is possible, but it is not safe to assume that there will be plenty of volunteers without a closer analysis. How many people in Belfast like sports? How many of them like a particular sport? These are the kinds of questions that must be answered, along with the availability of these people and what they actually have to offer when it comes to what they will be able to do before, during, and after the sports event. Hundreds if not thousands of volunteers will be needed, and all phases of the event will have to be covered. It is vital to discover whether this will be a problem before committing to the event. Sporting events will not be viable, and generally cannot even exist, if there are not many volunteers to help make sure everything runs smoothly (Gibson, 1998; Hall, 1992). So many people are needed that it would be impossible to pay them all for their time and services. Because of that, large numbers of volunteers are required.

Volunteers do things because they like to help out and because they want to contribute (Backer, 1973; Beer & Nohria, 2000). Sometimes they will volunteer for almost anything that helps people or that helps their city. Other times, they will volunteer for things if they have a passion for them or a connection to them (Blau, 1993; Tonnessen, 2000). Many people are passionate about sports, but some are very particular about…… [Read More]

Adorno, T. (2000). Problems of moral philosophy (T. Schroder, Ed. & R. Livingstone, Trans.). Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.

Backer, W. (1973) - Motivating workers. Johannesburg: McGraw-Hill: New York.
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Sporting Activities or Gender Perspective Annotated Bibliography Essay

Words: 1699 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64934906

Sporting Activities or Gender Perspective

Annotated… [Read More]

McKinney, Scott. "Student-Athletes Bring Billions, But What Are They Getting?" Mississippi

Business Journal 22.37 (2000): 25. MasterFILE Premier. Web. 20 June 2012.
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Training Program Principles Steps and Essay

Words: 540 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21148806

Among the criteria that should be evaluated in any progressive training program must include the duration and intensity of exercise and they types of exercise to be used (Browder and Darby, 1998). Guidelines for the program with time might include utilization of short-term or high intensity exercises interspersed with lower intensity and longer duration exercises (Browder & Darby, 1998). This suggests alternating strength-training events with cardiovascular endurance activities to maximize aerobic and anaerobic activity within the body.

Exercise testing should also be employed as part of a well-defined and systematic progressive strength-training program (Browder & Darby, 1998). Exercise testing may include but is not limited to measuring metabolic capability, current fitness levels and strength capability, training goals and body fat content among other factors. A strength-training program should also involve determination of exercise workloads which can be assessed using MET tables established by the American College of Sports Medicine (Browder & Darby, 1998).

Conclusions systematic and progressive strength-training program must be individualized to be effective. It must include goal setting, exercise testing and specificity that enables maximum results based on an individuals needs, wants and desires.… [Read More]

American College of Sports Medicine. (1995). ACSM's guidelines for exercise testing and prescription (5th ed.). Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins.

Browder, K.D. & Darby, L.A. (1998). "Individualizing exercise: Some biomechanical and physiological reminders." Journal of Physical Education, Recreation and Dance, 69(4): 35.
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Sports Illustrated -- Lance Is Essay

Words: 1644 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 45247384

One of the most pressing problems with the doping incidents is that punishment is so lax in many arenas. The WADA recommends a two-year ban from the sport, but increasing the time could reduce the number of doping incidents. An athlete might be less likely to turn to performance enhancing drugs of any kind if they knew they could face a ban for life, or a five-year or more ban from their chosen sport. Laws regarding the use of banned substances should be reviewed and updated so they are the same for each sport, and so they increase the culpability of the players involved. Since many of these athletes serve as heroes and role models to the children of the world, they owe it to them to come clean, stay clean, and support stricter enforcement in their specific sports. Lance Armstrong, in his comeback maneuver, could serve as a catalyst to bring about reform and change in the nation's and world sporting arenas. While he travels for cancer, he could promote more awareness and enforcement of anti-doping in all sports, and he could attempt to make real change, if he desired.

In the end, Armstrong's comeback could come back to bite him if he isn't successful. However, he'll travel the world raising cancer awareness, and he'll bring more publicity to the area of doping in professional sports. By hiring his own drug-testing firm, he's bringing doping to the forefront of his comeback. He's also admitting that the use of drugs is so widespread that any outstanding results now seem to rely on doping, rather than on athletic ability. Armstrong survived cancer to come back to win the Tour a record seven times. Can he survive this bid to return to the Tour and gain another Tour victory? That remains to be seen.… [Read More]

Editors. "Anti-Doping Expert Promises to Test Armstrong for 'Everything'." ESPN.com. 2008. 26 Sept. 2008.

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Athletic Facility Management Facility Liability Essay

Words: 2221 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23197403

259). These authors assert that crowd management and crowd control constitute two additional vital issues that athletic facility management needs to address when hosting events at any stadium or venue.

Event managers also need to understand the type of event(s) they host and understand that variuos events draw different types of crowds, as no two crowds are alike and each crowd typically behaves in different manners. Abbott and Geddie (2001) warn: "Crowds can behave violently, resulting in destruction of property, personal injury, and, in extreme cases, death. Crowd management plans should be adjusted to meet the needs of the event and the potential crowd" (p. 260). Event managers need to prepare for the unexpected that might occur. They need to also realize that football game may require more security officers than a golf game.

Event managers also need to be aware of the surrounding location of the stadium or venue. Stadiums located in high crime areas, for example, may require additional security and require that management take appropriate steps to protect the crowd from outside dangers. Abbott and Geddie (2001) report regarding Roth v. Costa (1995) that this case reveals a number of crowd management problems "as they pertain to the issues surrounding the absence of adequate security. In addition, this case links crowd management to the legal issues of criminal negligence" (Abbott & Geddie, 2001, p. 262). The plaintiff, in this particular instance, sued for failure to protect from criminal attack. Because the defendant was proven to be negligent for not hiring and training enough security guards to patrol the parking lot, the court determined the facility owner did not exercise reasonable care to protect the plaintiff from foreseeable injury -- which in this particular case constituted a criminal attack (Abbott & Geddie).

In addition to examining considerations regarding failure to protect, Abbott and Geddie conclude that because crowd management and crowd control do interrelate, management needs to ensure it positions a well-conceived crowd management in place to ultimately eliminate the need for extensive crowd control. For event managers and athletic facility management "to limit their liability, to preserve their financial stability, and to secure the success of…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Retrieved July 10, 2009 from http://books.google.com/books?id=JWfHa__3jaUC&dq=school,+stadium+liability&lr=

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Sports Race and Gender Sports Essay

Words: 1706 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77228108

But despite these strides, the negative as well as the positive legacy of sports in American culture cannot be ignored.… [Read More]

About Title IX. (2010). University of Iowa. Retrieved September 20, 2010 at http://bailiwick.lib.uiowa.edu/ge/aboutRE.html

Douglas, Scott. (2005). Running through Kenya. Slate.com. Retrieved September 20, 2010 at http://www.slate.com/id/2117122/entry/2117123/
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Sport Stadium Risk Assessment Sport Venue Management Essay

Words: 1421 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 80649408

Sport Stadium Risk Assessment

Sport venue management face challenges in determining the level of a potential threat (Hall). Risk must be identified, measured, and evaluated to be effectively managed. It should include assessments for threats, vulnerabilities, and criticalities for information that helps to protect critical assets, physical and human, against terrorist attacks and other threats, such as fan behavior that can cause harm to others or physical assets. Protection measures can include access control, use of CCTV security cameras, adding lighting, performance of background checks, credentialing, checking backpacks, enhancing communication networks, as well as developing and updating emergency response and evacuation plans.

There are three types of risks that need to be assessed. Mission risk prevents the organization from accomplishing goals and missions. Asset risk can harm physical assets. And, security risks can potentially cripple actual data and people. These risks are identified by surveys, inspections, employee interviews, and the involvement of experts. The primary factors, including staff, are identified in standard operating procedures. Unsupervised or untrained staff becomes a risk where trained, well educated, staff can deter risks. The secondary factors include weather, type of event, patron demographics, and facility location.

A risk is the possibility of loss that can result from a threat, a security incident, or event (S. M. Hall). Risk management is the systematic and analytic process that considers the likelihood of loss or endangerment to assets, individuals, or functions and works to identify actions and reduce, or mitigate, the consequences from the threat occurrence. Risks increase with the probability of occurrences from threats. Vulnerabilities expose assets to potential threats and include security weaknesses and facility deficiencies.

Risk analysis will determine if risk should be reduced, re-assigned, transferred, or accepted. The acceptable level of risk is the level that is reasonable for the benefit of the particular activity and is determined by the asset manager or owner of the facility. Average frequency or moderate severity risks can be transferred to someone willing to accept the risk, such as an insurance company.…… [Read More]

Hall, S., Marciani, L. Cooper, W.E., & Rolen, R. "Introducing a Risk Assessment Model for Sport Venues." The Sport Journal, 10(2), ISSN: 1543-9518 (2007). Retrieved from http://www.thesportjournal.org/article/introducing-risk-assessment-model-sport-venues.

Hall, S., Marciani, L., & Cooper, W. "Sport Venue Security: Planning and Preparedness for Terrorists-related incidents." The Smart Journal, 4(2) (Spring/Summer 2008). Retrieved from http://www.thesmartjournal.com/venues.pdf.
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Sports Psychology -- Setting Measurable Essay

Words: 522 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76765022

Specific Strategy

1. Lose weight through improved diet.

Specific strategy -- Identify the foods that are responsible for my unwanted body weight; eliminate those foods entirely on a permanent basis to establish a lifelong diet capable of allowing me to maintain my ideal weight for decades.

2. Establish optimal physical fitness training routine.

Specific strategy -- Establish a consistency to my fitness workouts that will enable me to meet my goal; permanently eliminate those barriers to consistency that have sabotaged those efforts previously.

3. Stop smoking.

End the repetitive cycle of smoking cessation followed by relapse and subsequent attempts focusing on the number of cigarettes smoked per day or per month. Stop making excuses for "comfort" and habitual smoking by never allowing smoking to be enjoyable ever again. Allow only the (smoking) equivalent of a maintenance dose of nicotine when absolutely necessary and only under circumstances that eliminate any possible enjoyment. Gradually reduce the number of those maintenance doses to zero.

Measurement of Success

1. Lose weight through improved diet.

Short-term Success -- No cheating at all in 4 weeks.

Long-term Success -- 10 lb weight loss in 4 weeks and steady subsequent weight loss.

2. Establish optimal physical fitness training routine.

Short-term Success -- No missed workouts at all in 4 weeks.

Long-term Success -- Lifestyle of no missed workouts and fitting my social life around my workouts instead of vice-versa.

3. Stop smoking.

Short-term Success -- Immediate complete elimination of "comfort" and habitual smoking.

Long-term Success -- Permanent complete elimination of…… [Read More]

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Sports and Conditioning Coach Becoming Essay

Words: 1400 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51867606

Although the coach may not work out with the client every session, he or she may be called upon to demonstrate many of the moves and to assist the client, depending on the nature of the session and the client's needs. For some coaches, the 'best' part of work -- the involvement with people committed to fitness -- may also be the worst part, because their schedules may make it difficult to find time to work out alone. Even then, the coach may be so exhausted from helping others he does not have the motivation to condition himself. But this is vital, so the coach can assist clients in an injury-free fashion.

A typical 'day in the life' of a sports and conditioning coach will vary depending upon the coach's practice setting. A private trainer might get up at 5:30am to go to the house of a busy executive he or she is training before the client leaves for work, and then drive to various clients' homes for the rest of the morning and work until late at night. He or she might also see clients at his or her own home, provided there is a facility for training and conditioning. A coach at a school might begin the day at administrative meetings, work with various teams at morning practices, meet with the sports coaches to discuss the specific physical conditioning for their sport and the health of their athletes, and then work privately with athletes for the afternoon. A high school coach would likely be responsible for teaching PE classes during the day, and work with students in the weight room during the afternoon, as part of their school practice. Some coaches might work as part of general sports facilities, like gyms, where they see private clients but are also available to give advice to regular gym-goers. They may also arrange to meet with private clients outside of gym hours. Physical therapists and individuals who have professional degrees in the field of kinesiology may work at physician's offices or have their own private practices.

The hours for a personal trainer vary widely as well, depending upon…… [Read More]

Kinesiology. (2011). University of Michigan. Retrieved November 16, 2011 at http://www.umich.edu/units_kines.php

Sports management. (2011). Syracuse University. Retrieved November 16, 2011 at http://falk.syr.edu/SportManagement/Default.aspx
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Sports Nutrition the Stuff of Essay

Words: 1524 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70597020

Matt gave Ed two eggs on toast with half-a-grapefruit and orange juice for breakfast (Independent on Sunday, 2002). Ed took fish oils and multivitamins on a daily basis. These were immediately followed by a good fiber and protein meal in minutes or strength during his warm-up sessions. Matt gave Stu chicken, basmati rice, couscous and egg and Jaffa cakes for his "insulin." Matt's intention was to bring extra protein straight into Stu's tired muscles. He also served Stu with nuts for his snacks (Independent on Sunday).

Commercial high-carbohydrate electrolyte sports drinks fill the football player's need, especially within the first 15 minutes after strenuous activity. These drinks also appeal more than plain water while contributing their value (Mannie, 2001).


Business Wire (2004). 3-a-day dairy teams up with national football league to tackle kids' nutrition and fitness in schools. Business Wire: Gale, Cengage Learning.

Retrieved on April 4, 2009 from http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_mOEIN/is_2004_Sept_8/ai_n6185691/?tag=content;col1

Independent on Sunday (2002). The programme. Independent Newspapers UK Limited

ProQuest Information and Learning Company. Retrieved on April 4, 2009 from http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qn4159/is_20020922/ai_n1266483/?tag=content;col1

Mannie, K (2001). The six basic nutrients of sound nutrition for athletes. Coach and Athletic Director: Scholastic, Inc. Retrieved on April 4, 2009 from http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_mOFIH/is_14_71/ai_n18612653/?tag=content;col1

Wellman, a. (2003).…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Mannie, K (2001). The six basic nutrients of sound nutrition for athletes. Coach and Athletic Director: Scholastic, Inc. Retrieved on April 4, 2009 from http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_mOFIH/is_14_71/ai_n18612653/?tag=content;col1

Wellman, a. (2003). Bouncing back nutritionally from an intense workout or game.

Coach and Athletic Director: Scholastic, Inc. Retrieved on April 4, 2009 from http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_mOFIH/is_8_72/ai_n18615309/?tag=content;col1
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Sports Nutrition Proposal Contemporary Sports Essay

Words: 1154 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41750758

[Read More]

Elliot, D.L., Moe, E.L., Goldberg, L., Defrancesco, C.A., Durham, M.B., & Hix-Small, H. (2006). Definition and Outcome of a Curriculum to Prevent Disordered Eating and Body Shaping Drug Use. Journal of School Health, 76(2), 67+. Retrieved February 15, 2009, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5028537762

Maletto, Pete. (2008, October 1). Sports nutrition: past, present and future: in order to understand where this market is headed it's important to know where it's been. Nutraceuticals World. Rodman Publications, Inc. Retrieved February 14, 2009 from HighBeam Research: http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-188444472.html
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Training Needs Analysis Essay

Words: 3802 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78554620

Training Needs Analysis

Abstract/Introduction: This paper focuses on "Strategic Organizational Culture Management and Its Training Needs" as a tool to preserve a company's competitiveness in a given market. While there seems to be unanimity that "Strategic Organizational Culture" has become a necessary asset of the modern company, there is the question of whether such culture can be managed and whether such management can be trained. The purpose of the paper is to reflect the current state of art in the area by reviewing both academic and professional (practical) orientations. By discussing the implications of that research it aims to provide conclusion drawn from the available research by showing that "Strategic Organizational Culture Management" is an aspect of managerial leadership that is accessible to and in need of ongoing training.

Main Part: A strategic plan maps out the direction a company will follow to achieve an organizational vision or goal. Strategic plan development requires analysis of the internal and external environments in which a company operates and identification of potential opportunities to gain or strengthen a competitive advantage. Internal organization considerations for the development of a strategic plan include workforce strengths and weaknesses, financial considerations and organizational culture. There is unanimity in academic and professional literature that organizational culture plays a large role in a company's ability to adapt and thrive under changing conditions. Deal and Kennedy (1982) argue that culture is one of the most important factors accounting for success or failure in organizations (see Chapter 15: Organizational Culture, p. 2). A good, well-aligned culture can propel it to success. However, the wrong culture will stifle its ability to adapt to a fast-changing world (see Chapter 15: Organizational Culture ibid). For example, a company with a tall organizational structure, that is with many layers of management and complex reporting relationships -- may find that its structure impedes a strategic goal to improve customer service survey scores, since front-line employees must have management approval for all remedial actions (see INGRAM, p. 1). Unfortunately, very often companies try to be everything to everybody. They fail to identify and sustain their competitive advantage by neglecting their company's culture. They waste time and money in markets that may never give them a worthwhile return on investment (Denison, May 15, 2009, p. 1). So, the question is: How do we attempt to understand corporate…… [Read More]

Organizational culture theory. 18 November 2010. 1-5. Accessed 4 December 2011.

Cached - SimilarCached Similar

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Training and Development Underwood Ryan Essay

Words: 785 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50995794

The author states that, over the course of workshops designed to elicit preferences, tastes, and feelings, he "remained the odd man out. I'm pursuing my dream career already, while everyone else (aside perhaps from the publicist) had come searching for answers to a particular set of problems and concerns. Skepticism may be the proper mind-set with which to enter into a coaching relationship, but you have to want to be coached. I didn't. I was just some jerk trying to play along. The group felt it. I felt it. So after one lost weekend, I didn't need any coaching to decide not to return for a second one." (Underwood, 2005, 85)

This desire on the part of the participant to want coaching thus is vital -- individauls must be motivated to seek advice and to execute that advice, whether motivated by the prospect of a promotion or orgaizational loyalty. But Underwood's dissatisfaction does not necessarily invalidate life coaching as an oraganizational tool for the military or any other cohesive organization. A coaching seminar designed to focus indivdiuals upon a particular goal, around a core set of values through training exercises is what real coaching is all about. But coaches are supposed to motiveate individuals to perform a certain function -- to realize a sports goal, like to perform well in a big game or a marathon, or to exercize a series of vital military funcitons in the correct sequence.

In another article in Fast Company, "Are you being coached?" Underwood describes a different coaching experiecence: "The idea was that coaching would help Svanberg [the executive] shift her mind-set from that of a medical director, in which she acted in the narrow interests of her own team, to that of an executive more concerned with the company's overall health." Developmental coaching with a goal in mind thus can be helpful for all components of an organization, as opposed to vague sessions where the questioning individual must define the goal, values, and what he or she wants out of life in quick,…… [Read More]

Underwood, Ryan. (February 2005) "Are you being coached?" Fast Company. Feb 2005 Issue 91: p.83. Retrieved 8 Feb 2005 at http://www.fastcompany.com/magazine/91/open_playbook.html

Underwood, Ryan. (February 2005) "Coaching School Dropout." Fast Company. Feb 2005 Issue 91: p.85. Retrieved 8 Feb 2005 at http://www.fastcompany.com/magazine/91/guinea-pig.html
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Sports Psychology -- Achieving Specific Essay

Words: 623 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7276500

Monthly Interventions

Complete 4 workouts during Weeks 3 and 4, each. Establish a routine that lends itself to long-term maintenance of the 4-week plan over a much longer term (i.e. For life).

Begin to live a fitness lifestyle that does not require constant short-term effort to maintain.

Goal #3 -- Stop smoking permanently

Daily Interventions

Create a list of specific situations in which smoking will no longer be permitted at all (i.e. wakeup cigarette, smoking with other people under any circumstances, smoking after meals, and smoking in any situation that is either enjoyable or comfortable). Decide what specific method will be used to make smoking purely "maintenance dose"-related (i.e. standing on one leg, smoking in the cold, smoking only with one palm on the floor, etc.) Inform friends of methodology to avoid any misinterpretation of intentions.

Weekly Interventions

Identify any lapses in the rules established in Week 1 and take definitive steps to remove those barriers. Among other things, commit to avoiding accompanying friends when they smoke, admit instances where smoking resulted from psychological desire rather than physiological craving. Make the necessary adjustments to avoid similar lapses in Week 2. Remind friends of goals and request their assistance in avoiding difficult circumstances capable of compromising goal achievement.

Monthly Interventions

Identify any lapses in the rules established in Weeks 1 and 2 and take definitive steps to remove those barriers permanently. Among other things, make specific changes to social habits to the extent necessary commit to avoiding accompanying friends when they smoke, admit instances where smoking resulted from psychological desire rather than physiological craving. Make the necessary adjustments to avoid similar lapses in Week 2. If necessary, reevaluate the quality of specific friendship as a result of any apparent lack of respect for goal achievement. Reduce smoking strictly to half-cigarette "maintenance doses" of nicotine…… [Read More]