Home-schooling can be a safe alternative to normative schooling. For decades, across the country, there is an abundance of statistical data demonstrating that national averages including tests scores, frequency of student suspension, and occurrence of school violence are all on the rise. While it is true that not all schools are prone to or experience excessive violence, it can be argued that overall, the school environment is less safe and demonstrates less clarity or alignment with clear codes of ethics and morals.
When choosing to pursue home-schooling over that of the normative educational experience, parents take back a substantial amount of responsibility in the raising of their children. Children spend a great deal of their young lives in school. Therefore the experiences and the lessons they have during school weigh heavily upon the type of people they grow into. When children are home-schooled, those experiences and impressions can be more centered in the home, family, religion, and spirituality. If parents in pairs or in groups, have the opportunity to home school their children, it is an optimal choice.
To demonstrate that with home-schooling there is an element of spirituality that permeates throughout the entire experience of education, and not just as a topic or subject in school. Spirituality then become ingrained throughout the entire education experience, with a deeper influence or impact upon the children's lives. In these ways, home-schooled children are not exposed to as much false doctrine and lead lives that are grounded in Christian doctrine.
My Thesis Statement:
Home-schooling is a choice that affords parents more control, more supervision, and greater assurance that their children will be raised, infused, and socialized to be spiritually grounded and well-educated young people.
People who are currently parents of infants to adolescents; people who may become parents very soon; people who are considering becoming parents through normative means or adoption; people who are professionals in education.
1. How much does my audience know about my subject?
The audience is not illiterate, but the audience probably only has a layman's knowledge regarding home-school's existence and home-school practices.
2. Age? Gender? Race? Social…… [Read More]
Formal settings employ, by law, extensive testing of the child's abilities to determine preparedness for entering school, and in advancing the child through the levels of education (Craighead and Nemeroff (Eds.) 1455). Craighead and Nemeroff explain:
"School readiness is determined by assessing the developmental level of children in such areas as listening comprehension, visual perceptual and fine motor skills, expressive and receptive vocabulary, and experiential knowledge. Readiness in these varied areas is generally considered to be the necessary foundation upon which to base more diverse and complex learning skills . . . Those children who are relatively lacking in one or more of these areas are considered less ready and at risk unless some type of educational or family intervention is provided. Controlling for other factors, the chronologically older children from a higher socioeconomic background will typically achieve more during the initial school years. Depending on the ability and the resourcefulness of schools to acknowledge and adapt to the individual special needs of their students, the influence of these age and socioeconomic status differences in school readiness can be minimized (1455)."
This raises the question of by whom and how home schooled children are assessed in their readiness for beginning their education, and for progressing through the levels of educational training. Whether or not the parent has the ability to apply sound and technical judgment of their child's preparedness should be a major concern to educational authorities and to society at large. How is it possible to remove the parent factor, the emotional and psychological relationship between the parent as the homeschooler source of instruction and the child to adequately make the necessary assessments of the child's progress and preparedness for progress? The answer is that it would be virtually impossible to do that. As we look around us, we see examples in our everyday lives of the inability of parents to assess their child's emotional and mental well being, and, if they can do that, have the ability and resources to address the problems in ways that the child will benefit from. There…… [Read More]
Home schooled children experienced 2.2 of these activities while other children experienced 1.6 enrichment activities.
Home-based education is especially effective for those at either end of the spectrum of ability. Children who are troubled by past indiscretions related to the challenges of the socialization in public schools are finding home-schooling a viable option for their success. Away from the distractions and pressures of the social environment in school and with needed attention of parents many of these students not only pass they begin to excel, and find that their past failures were more a product of the environment than themselves. Though the literature on this is minimal those children who experience excessive bullying in the public school might find home-schooling wherever possible to be a much better alternative than school-based education. There is really no other place in a person's life where bullying behavior is accepted than in school. Avoiding such challenges to self-esteem might allow those children a much better opportunity to thrive than they would if continually beaten down by bullying and social stigmas.
The literature associated with home-schooling gifted children is more plentiful and is associated with a belief that children with great abilities are challenged by the strict and often noncreative curriculum of the public school. It has been found repeatedly that children who are not challenged will reach a state of boredom that causes grades and self-esteem to falter.
Home schooling a gifted child is much like the design of Tristram's novel, a series of seemingly unrelated digressions combined with planned learning that continually move the whole life-long educational enterprise forward with a pace and momentum unique to the individual learner.
Children given the opportunity to challenge their own learning through their own creativity and learning style is an integral part of the reality of home-schooling gifted children.
A significant percentage of the estimated 500,000 to 1.2 million home-schooled children…… [Read More]
This study was conducted in 2004, and was entitled "A Preliminary Investigation of the Effectiveness of Homeschool Instructional Environments for Students with Attention Deficit hyperactivity Disorder" (Duval and Ward, 2004).
This paper has specifically subjected four students who were diagnosed with ADHD. This researched undertaking is aimed at having a comparative "benchmark for the experiences of homeschool students in relation to general education peers with similar behavioral profiles" (Duvall and Ward, 2004). The researchers of this study have already gathered reviews of related literature and they have come up with the idea that homeschooling is generally effective for the normal students. Effective, for them, means that the students are attaining average to high grades in school curriculum, while "normal' students for them are those students with no disorder or deficiency and does not require any special attention from the teachers nor any special instructional techniques.
The measures of classroom ecology and achievement generally showed that two homeschools, when compared to two public school classrooms, provided equal, if not better, instructional environments for two children with ADHD by providing higher levels of academic responding. These outcomes are consistent with the "opportunity-to-respond" paradigm developed at Juniper Gardens Children's Project. The results of the present study indicate that, in a situation in which the student-teacher ratio was 10 times lower in homeschools than in public school classrooms, the 2 children in the homeschools generally experienced higher AETs than those in public schools...."(Duvall and Ward, 2004)
Their for ADHD students, who participated Duval and Ward's research were given a series of academic tests with which the results were compared to the average scores given by the normal students. From the summary of the results quoted above, it can be easily inferred that homeschooling for ADHD students is effective because the test results revealed that ADHD students (who participated in the study) performed way better than the normal students enrolled in the public schools.
Thus, the study made by Duvall and Ward has concluded that homeschooling for students with ADHD is affective and recommendable. However, the study also admitted that the test given to four ADHD participants are only focused on lmited school curriculums hence, further studies is also recommended.
These three studies present one common idea, and that is the efficacy…… [Read More]
Homeschooling of children is a hotly debated issue among many. Homeschooling is a form of education in which parents or others provide educational instruction for children at home rather than entering the children in a traditional public or private school setting. Many children are being educated at home in the United States. Some reports reveal that there are around 1.1 million children receiving their education through homeschooling with a parent, guardian, or tutor.
Reasons Cited for Homeschooling
Stated as common reasons cited by families for homeschooling their children are problems with the school environment. Also cited is lack of satisfaction with the academic instruction provided in schools and others stated reasons including that their children receive moral and religious instruction in the home school setting that they do not receive in public or private schools. It is difficult to report effectively on homeschooling since it is so decentralized in nature however, according to reports, students are realizing high levels of academic achievement when homeschooled.
II. Learning Disabilities and Homeschooling
Reasons for homeschooling cited include that many children with ADHD and other learning disabilities (LD) are benefiting from homeschooling due to the one-on-one instruction in the home school setting.
III. Homeschooling in U.S. History
Reports state that those who advocate for homeschooling have pushed for students to have the legal rights to be schooled in the home school setting. The National Education Association is reported to be opposed to homeschooling. Parenting style is likely to be a determining factor in parents who choose to home school their children. The earliest history of the United States, with families living in rural and remote location includes information about parents educating their children in the home school setting. Many parents historically educated their children at home because they needed assistance with maintaining the family farm and children labored on these farms to help the family survive.
IV. What Is Lacking In Today's Public Schools?
Today's public schools no longer reflect the values of what was conceived as a nation that is democratic and one that is submissive to the overarching principles of the Bible in terms of morality. Today's schools are characterized by a removal of God from all reference in what is…… [Read More]
Public School vs. Home Schooling
The modern debate about the issues surrounding the validity of both public education and home school programs are as diverse as those students served by both systems. For the most part in the United States more people educate their children within a standard public education environment. Secondary to those people who send their children to public schools are those who send their children to private schools, both parochial and non-parochial, in foundation. Third in number but not necessarily in voice is the thousands upon thousands of families who chose to focus their lives in such a way that they and their children learn together within a home school setting. Though for the purposes of brevity the main debate in this paper will simply be between home schooling and public school education.
This work will focus on both the pros and cons of home schooling and public compulsory education. Both a qualitative and quantitative approach will be taken. (Benz & Newman 1998 pages 109-118) Some of the main points of contention between home school advocates and public school advocates are related to socialization, cultural and moral issues, curricular issues, individualized learning issues, and of coarse focused and class size and school safety concerns. (Brezinka & Stuart 1994 pages 1-102) (Greenspan 1994 pages xvi-xviii) The research hypothesis of this work is that the development of diversity, of curriculum, socio-cultural offerings and individualized learning that can only be found within the school setting is integral to the education of all students. Questions that will be asked include: Does a home school setting offer enough curricular diversity? Does a home school setting offer enough socio-cultural diversity? Also, the paper will address the possible answers to these questions in association with the attempts being made by both home school advocates and public school educators and administrators…… [Read More]
Smaller Classes Not Always Better, and Cal Thomas' article Homeschooling Can Be New 'Exodus' provide two interesting views of education. Thomas' article urges parents to pull their children out of "Godless" public schools and enroll them in private Christian schools or home school them, but smacks of a disturbing sense of moral self-righteousness and judgment, and Thomas fails to consider the financial costs of his 'exodus' on poor families. John Rosemond's article suggests that small class sizes do not necessarily lead to better student performance, but that student performance is strongly influenced by discipline. Rosemond's article is tainted by a nasty allegation that teachers press for smaller classes only out desire for political clout, and are not motivated by student needs.
In Smaller Classes Not Always Better, John Rosemond suggests that smaller class sizes are not linked to better student performance, but that student performance is a function of discipline. The most agreeable aspect of his column is his understanding of the role of discipline and good behavior in a productive teaching environment. The most shocking of his assertions is likely his claim that class size has essentially no relationship to student performance. My reaction to this assertion is one of skepticism, as I feel that the evidence that he uses to support his claim is largely anecdotal, rather than based in educational theory or fact.
Rosemond ends his article with the rather offensive suggestion that members of the National Educational Association are only pressing for smaller class sized to gain political clout. I find that this is an insulting smear on the ethics and efforts of educators, who likely would have gone into politics or business (rather than education) had they desired political clout. As such, this assertion that educators put political needs over the needs of students has the effect of making me less likely to entertain his other arguments, which may indeed contain a kernel of validity.
Cal Thomas' article, Homeschooling Can Be New 'Exodus', urges parents in the Southern Baptist Convention to adopt the Convention's recommendation to pull their children out of private schools. In his most striking suggestion, Thomas calls on the 17 million…… [Read More]
Education Law: Homeschooling
The objective of this work in writing is to conduct an analysis of RV Jones case based on the questions of: (1) What is the legal path of this case and what are the key facts of the case? (2) What are the decision of the highest court and the key points of law defined by the judge in the rationale of this decision? If the decision had a majority and minority judgment outline the points in each. (3) What are the implications to your teacher profession and your classroom practice?
Legal Path and Key Facts of Case
Jones (1986) involved the pastor of a fundamentalist church, appellant in the case, who had provided home schooling for his children that operated in the basement of the church. The pastor refused to send his children to the public school as 142(1) of the Alberta School Act required and as well refused to seek an exemption under s 143(1)(a) and (e) excusing a pupil from attending a school over which a board has control if:
(1) a Department of Education inspector or a Superintendent of Schools certifies that he is receiving efficient instruction at home or elsewhere, or (2) He is attending a private school approved by the Department of Education. (1986)
The result is that the pastor was charged with three counts of truancy under s180(1) of the School Act. The appellant invoked ss. 2(a) and 7 of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms and held that the requirement in s. 142(1) of the Act, or even the requirement that he apply for an exemption pursuant to x. 143(1) "contravened his religious beliefs that God, rather than the government has final authority over the education of his children, and deprived him of his liberty to educated his children as he pleased contrary to the principles of fundamental justice." (1986)
It is reported that the trial judge came to the conclusion that'd. 2(a) of the Charter was not applicable however the judge upheld the defense based on s. 7 stating that "since proof of efficient instruction was solely by means of a certificate issued by the school authorities, this would prevent the appellant from making…… [Read More]
Ritalin, generically known as methylphenidate, belongs to the group of amphetamine and amphetamine-type drugs. Amphetamines are stimulants, more commonly known as "speed." The incidence of taking Ritalin in young children is at an alarming rate. Peterson (1999) reports that at least two million children diagnosed with Attention Deficit Disorder take Ritalin and other related drugs. The United Nations released a report in 1996 expressing concern over the discovery that 10% to 12% of all male school children in the United States currently take the drug, a rate far surpassing that in any other country in the world (Livingstone. 1997).
Despite this high level of drug use, there have been many people- parents, educators, medical professionals- who have been lobbying against the use of Ritalin. The literature, academic and consumer oriented, is full of stories and reports of the ill effects of Ritalin on children.
Donna Jones tells the story of how her son was affected by Ritalin. According to her report (Peterson, 1999), "soon after her son started taking the medicine, she was concerned that he seemed dazed and disconnected from others. Within a few years, Kyle believed he needed drugs to function. He began experimenting with other pills and substances, including marijuana, speed, and eventually heroin. In February, at the age of 20, he overdosed on heroin and died in an emergency room." Addiction to drugs is only one of the side effects of taking Ritalin that is feared by many parents.
Other reasons have been investigated to support the ban on Ritalin. These include the fact that the apparent benefits of Ritalin have not been shown to be long-term. This leaves us to question how long will the child have to continue taking this drug? According to Betsy Hoza, associate professor of psychological sciences at Purdue University in West Lafayette, Indiana, "Taking a pill is a three-hour solution to the problem." She stresses that medication should not be the first treatment choice. "Behavior modification…… [Read More]
" (Lisa Rivero, page 107) Gardner presented eight other ways that parents can use in home schooling. Those eight ways that Gardner presented are showing the child intelligence. Examples and associations are simplifying the learning process. The eight ways of Gardner are: "through words (linguistic intelligence), through numbers and reasoning (logical -- mathematical intelligence), through music (musical intelligence), through pictures (spatial intelligence), through our bodies and movement (bodily -- kinesthetic intelligence), through our relationships with other people (interpersonal intelligence), through knowledge of and a relationship with ourselves (intrapersonal intelligence), and through nature (naturalist intelligence)." (Idem, page 108)
6. Advantages of home schooling
One of the best advantages of homeschooling is that family bonds become stronger. The relationships between sister, brother and parents are becoming closer because they spend the majority of their time together. Through homeschooling parents and children have the possibility to choose when, what and where to learn the information. Also, home school offers the possibility to learn even if one child is in the impossibility not to go at public/private school. For examples, some parents who have children with asthma or various allergies prefer to home school their children for a closer control of these diseases. The homeschooled children are advantaged because they develop their own style of learning, personality and discover their own interest and not being influenced by the others choices.
7. Disadvantages of home schooling
The biggest disadvantage is that one of the parents must stay at home at least half of the day. Due to this the family looses one income, so it may be difficult for them to handle the paying of taxes. The critics of the home school say that this choice is due to a lack of trust in the children's abilities to handle a public school. Another disadvantage is that the children do not interact with other children who have their ages, and do not have someone to compete with.
8. How much does home schooling cost?
The cost of homeschooling depends on families choices about materials and programs that they are electing. Usually the costs are higher than a public school, but lower than a private school. Of course, the home school can…… [Read More]
"Since public schools have become over crowded, guns and violence are a daily occurrence, and private schools are so over priced for the average family, home schooling has become an excellent alternative."
Education all the while has been a burning issue, it has been talked about in political fraternities, in the media and expectantly, in the households of America. Schools are encountering plummeting test results, aggressive behavior and other difficulties and it evidently appears that there is an urgency to assess various options for imparting education to the children of America. A lot of alternatives are available; however, home school, private schools and public schools are among the three types of schools which are extremely widespread and adored by all. (Evaluating schooling alternatives)
Nowadays, public schools possess several limitations, like they had all through the previous century, like they will be all the while, as they are a venture of people. Nearly, all the limitations in our schools can be rooted to economic deprivation -- particularly patches of economic deprivation. Contemporary studies on mathematics and science underscores several years of research revealing that economically disadvantaged students are directed into low and middle-path classes, get teachers having the minimum skill levels and experience, possessing the minimum efficient guidance and the largest crowded classrooms. These fiascos are the outcomes of sub-standard educational choices made in order to tackle dilemmas, which is faced by our schools and lies outside the purview of teachers to deal with. (Choice won't solve the problems in our public schools)
Let us see an instance of overloading in classrooms. An evaluation was done by the office of the Public Advocate of classroom sizes in public schools in New York starting from KG to 6th standard utilizing the data received from the Independent Budget Office -- IBO. The Public Advocate investigated the development done in decreasing the…… [Read More]
Home School vs. Public School
Home schooling was once reserved for homebound students due to a number of reasons, such as rural locations, or physical conditions. Religion has also been a major reason for home schooling. Today, however, many parents are choosing home schooling over public schools for variety of reasons and statistics show that for the majority it has proven to be the right choice.
The National Center for Education Statistics, NCES, collects and analyzes data related to education in the United States and other nations as well. In 1999, the NCES reported that approximately 850,000 students in the U.S. are being home schooled (McDermott Pp). This is 1.7% of all U.S. students, ranging from five to seventeen years old and a grade equivalent of kindergarten to high school senior level (McDermott Pp).
During the last two decades there has been a steady increase of parents choosing home schooling over public schools.
The most frequently asked question by the media to the Home School Legal Defense Association is, "Why do home-schoolers do so well on standardized achievement tests compared to students in institutional schools" (Smith Pp)? "Ever since home schooled test results on nationally normed standardized achievement tests have been tracked, every survey has indicated that home-schoolers score above the 50th percentile, which is the average," (Smith Pp). However, a 1985 survey by Dr. Brian Ray, showed that home-schooled students scored to a high of the 84th percentile in a nationwide study (Smith Pp).
It is really no mystery why home-schoolers do so well. According to educators, the basic ingredients that lead to successful education include "small class size, individualized curriculum, disciplined learning environment, one-on-one instruction and parental involvement" (Smith Pp). While only a handful of public schools offer these ingredients, these are all the ingredients provided in a home schooling environment (Smith Pp). Despite the obvious success of home schooling, the education establishment, such as the National Education Association, continues to warn that it is not possible for home-schoolers to receive a "quality academic education without a certified teacher" and recommends that all students, both in public and home schools, be taught by a certified teacher (Smith Pp). Michael Smith, president of the Home School Legal Defense Association, says that one way to examine the validity of this policy is to compare certified teachers verses non-certified teachers in…… [Read More]
Secondly, the student must meet the requirements for a home education program, which include the same curriculum as listed in Florida Statutes, 232.246(1) (Florida Statute 232.0201, 1993). During the time of participation, the student must show evidence of academic progress, as determined by an evaluation which may include a review of the student's work by a certified instructor, grades obtained through correspondence courses or community colleges, or standardized test scores (Florida Statute 232.0201, 1993). The student must register with the school at the beginning of the term in which they wish to participate (Florida Statute 232.425, 2003).
These requirements are difficult enough to enforce, but as noted, with proper testing and evaluation by qualified instructors, the curriculum and grading of home educated students appears to be very manageable. In the State of Florida, then, the academic requirements for sport participation are equal for both public and home educated students. Although there is certainly more room for fraud and improper grading techniques for home educated students, the evaluations necessary can alleviate much of this concern.
However, while the academic requirements may be manageable enough, the other requirements are not as easily supervised. For example, in order for home educated students to participate in the public school sports programs, they are required to maintain the same attendance requirements as those in the public school system (Florida Statute 232.425, 2003). The problem with this concept is that this requirement relies on input from the parents instructing the home educated. Since the parents obviously wish for their children to participate, the result can be a dichotomy. If their children do not meet the attendance requirements, there is no motivation, other than morality, to dictate their disclosure of this information. Additionally, there is not a practical way for public school officials to determine attendance of home educated students.
Still another requirement, which is difficult to enforce, is that of the behavioral requirements. While actual felony charges or convictions are easily obtained for home educated children, other behavioral issues are not. Since the Florida Statute for home educated children specifically requires adherence to…… [Read More]
Homeschooling Quality of Education
The Need for and the Purpose of the Project
Definitions and Abbreviations of Terms
Methodology for investigating problems identified as subproblems
Note on the Anti-Homeschooling Debate
Specific data by subproblem
Conclusion by subproblem
Subproblem three… [Read More]
Public, Private and Parochial Education, and Character Education
The consensus that exists among educators and parents concerning the form that moral education should take in our schools is one that presently needs to be developed, according to Dr. Thomas Lickona (1993). As Lickona (1993) states, "In the 20th century, the consensus supporting character education began to crumble under the blows of several powerful forces" such as Social Darwinism, positivism and increasing subjectivity with regard to morality and values. In other words, in the 20th century, what was good for one was not necessarily good for another or for all, as modern philosophers put it. Lickona asserts that educators and parents need to work together to arrive at a new consensus regarding character education: they need to identify goals and values that they agree on as being important and vital for children's formation.
Educators can help students become caring, morally responsible persons by first identifying "what good character is" (Lickona, 1993), then they must develop a "comprehensive approach" that assists in forming that same good character, which should be a "holistic" approach as well: this can take the form of having the teacher acting as "caregiver, model and mentor," of establishing a moral community, and of promoting moral reflection in the classroom (Lickona, 1993). Each of these methods is an acceptable approach to helping students to develop a good character, and as Lickona points out it starts first with the educator who not only must know what a good character is but must be willing and able to demonstrate this quality in his or her own person, because it is here that the students will look first for an example of what good character truly is. If the educator him or herself cannot reflect this quality, there is little hope that he students will be able to emulate something they have not seen. As Kohlberg (1963) notes, it is not a matter of "stamping in" moral development…… [Read More]
Public Education vs. Home Schooling: A Way Forward
When it comes to education, Americans tend to fall into two camps: on the one hand is the traditional camp, which claims that public education is the best way for children to learn; on the other hand, there is the radical camp, which claims that home schooling is a better way for students to learn. Each side of the debate has its own arguments: public school advocates assert that children are able to socialize better in a public school and develop a broader range of skills than they would be if they were educated at home; home school advocates assert that the home school education offers a better learning environment that is free of distraction, that is more closely monitored by a parent/guardian, and that is tailored to meet the needs of the individual student. While both sides have good arguments, this paper will show how a common ground can be reached and practiced that takes the strengths of both arguments and unites them in a new, innovative practice that ensures optimal educational success.
The background of the public education vs. home school debate stems from the development of the Department of Education, which has sought through a series of reforms to control the course of education for children throughout the nation. Whether it is No Child Left Behind or Common Core, the Department of Education has essentially fostered a "tinkering" spirit within the halls of public schools, which are compelled to meet the recommended practices in order to qualify for federal funding. Some parents, however, have taken issue with the recommended practices and standards, arguing that their children are not learning the fundamentals needed to succeed. Thus, these individuals recommend a home schooling approach to education. Home schooling did not grow out of a response to these reform policies…… [Read More]
Academic Profile of Home Schooling - a Case Study
Home Schooling vs. Traditional Educational Methods
Home Schooling Methodology
Focus of the Practicum
Area of Inquiry
Home Schooling as an Alternative
Curricula and Materials Used for Home Schooling
The Success of Home Schooling
Conditions for Change
Maryland: A Legal Analysis
State Laws and Regulations - Maryland
Goulart and Travers vs. Calvert County
Home-schooled Kids Find Social Growth"
Home Schoolers in the Trenches"
Home School Academic Advantage Increases Over Time"
Home Schooling." ERIC Digest, Number 95.
The Academic Profile of Home Schoolers
The focus of this applied dissertation proposal is to examine and analyze home school families' academic environment, the institutional materials they use, and to gain an understanding of their academic success.
Prince George's County Public School System is the nineteenth largest school system in the nation with a diverse student population of over 137,000 students. Currently, there are 2,309 students that are being educated at home; 858 are being taught through correspondence courses that are registered with the Maryland State Department of Education. The remaining 1,451 are being supervised by Price George's County Public Schools. The school system is divided in 5 regions with the most prevalent impact of home schooling in Region IV. Region IV with a population of 902 students has the largest population of home-schooled students as compared to the other regions. One factor that contributes to difference is Andrews Air Force Base, which is located in Region IV and has an active home school organization.
Four families who home school at least one child between the ages of six and sixteen will participate in this study. Criteria will be established for selecting the participants prior to initiating the study, so that a cross section of the population will be obtained and represented. Participating families will be recruited directly at meetings of home school groups located on Andrews Air Force Base in Prince George's County, Maryland. Information for this study will be gathered, analyzed and presented using qualitative research methodology.
Participants will be seen in their homes by the researcher, four times for approximately two hours each time. A formal and informal interview will also be conducted with the parents.
Chapter 1…… [Read More]
However a poll take in 1994 by the Wall Street Journal found that 28% of Americans would prefer to have their own children homeschooled (Houston & Toma 2003).
The authors further explain that the increased number of children being home schooled has created issues associated with truancy laws and in some cases been the catalyst for the passing of new laws. In fact 35 states have created new legislation related to home schooling. For instance, in some states there are hybrid forms of public-home enrollment. In addition the state of Idaho permits dual enrollment, and in California there is a district that gives parents a $1,000 voucher to home-schooled children so that they can purchase textbooks that are approved by the district. Although states have been effective in formulating and implementing laws related to home schooling, the federal government has been less effective in creating such legislation (Robertson 1994; (Houston & Toma 2003).
In addition (Ryan & Stull 2000) report that the substantial growth in homeschooling is the cause of significant change in the legal status of homeschooling.
These legal changes occurred primarily as a result of court decisions in which advocates for homeschooling challenged state compulsory education laws (Ryan & Stull 2000). As a result many states have recently created legislation that is more favorable to homeschooling (Ryan & Stull 2000). However, there are still significant differences from state to state. On the other hand, in states where homeschooling is regulated by state and local education authorities, southern and western states tend to have less regulation (and more homeschoolers) than northern and eastern states (Lyman 1998). The authors also explain that in every state most homeschooled children are at the primary school level (Ryan & Stull 2000).
Lines (2000), reports that the growth of the modern home schooling movement was a surprise to many educators. The author asserts that in 1985 an estimate of 50,000 home schooled children in America was considered wishful thinking. However, today there are millions of homeschooled children (Lines 2000). In fact the article points out that from 1990 until 1996 there were about 700,000…… [Read More]
Most importantly, I want to return to my father at least a fraction of what he has given to me in education and encouragement. If it were not for his decision to home school me, I would not have been where I am today, and most likely I would have set less ambitious longer-term goals.
A graduated my home schooling career with honors, earned extra credits, and achieved all the goals I set for myself. I did this entirely by self-directed scholarship, and on the basis of what I received from my parents. This in turn enabled me to enter college at the unusually early age of sixteen years old. At seventeen, I have no completed almost two years of college. This, in my view, gives me an advantage over many other people at my age. Through home schooling I have matured to a level where can pursue my studies with full confidence of success. Having a GPA of 3.93, I have absolutely no doubt that I can reach my next goal, which is a B.A. In Government, after which my aim is to enter law school and become an attorney. Of course I also believe in always aiming for higher, better goals. When I reach my currently highest goal of becoming an attorney therefore, I will strive to be the best in my field.
The benefits of home schooling have remained with me throughout my college career. Taking an active interest in my studies, my fellow students, and my school, I use whatever opportunities the school offers to contribute. So far the result has been that I have earned a spot on the Dean's List, Presidents List, and I am part of the Phi Theta Kappa Honor Society. I am also active in associations and clubs such as the National Honor Society in Psychology (PSI Beta). Through these pursuits I attempt to widen my…… [Read More]
The teacher can be part of the community that helps to guide the child along in the role of life. It is an important responsibility, but it is just one role to be played. Other members of the community may be equally as responsible, although homeschool moms might beg to differ. One recent study showed that homeschool moms are sometimes fearful about teachers and the community overreaching their boundaries. Concerning homeschool moms, the authors wrote, "they are far too informed to allow their children to participate in the manipulation of numbers as they relate to school performance" (Sanborn, Santos, Montgomery, Caruthers, 2004, pg. 27).
The onslaught of data available through the internet, as well as through other media has informed the latest generation with a relatively large amount of information, more so than at any other time in man's history. Students are more prepared to learn than they were in previous generations, and teachers who plan on working in the elementary age classrooms will need to be much more prepared as well. Understanding that teacher's role in regards to providing education, as well as providing socialization experiences will mean that teachers will need to be cognizant as to how the local, the national, and the world-wide views of teaching and teachers are viewed.
Each community will have a profound effect on the social skills and knowledge of the students as they mature. The teacher may be the first substantial outside contact of any nature to these young students. Recognition of the importance of that role will bode well for the teacher who remembers it. Providing opportunities for the students to interact with each other, and with the teacher(s) will help to build the socialization skills that will be necessary for future success. These opportunities can take place in the classroom, the cafeteria, and the playground, among other places. Keeping a watchful eye on the events in these places is as necessary as letting the students freely participate. Knowing when to step in, and maybe more importantly, when not to step in, will likely be an important issue as well. Teachers who apply judicial wisdom in these circumstances will likely succeed more than fail.
According to Medlin "different…… [Read More]