Latin America Essays Examples

Filter results by:

 

View Full Essay

Americas Interests & Involvement in

Words: 4606 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 40252336

..) the subsequent U.S. occupation of the island tied its economy ever closed to the United States as U.S. military governors promulgated laws giving U.S. firms concessionary access to the Cuban market. By the late 1920s U.S. firms controlled 75% of the sugar industry and most of the mines, railroads, and public utilities." (Leogrande and Thomas, 2002, 325-6)

The economic dependence on the United States and in particular the high degree of American control over the Cuban industry and natural resources determined a massive reaction even at the social level. For the public in Cuba, the massive U.S. presence represented the symbol of the colonial rule identified with the previous Spanish rule. From this point-of-view after the gaining of independence, in Cuba a certain sense of opposition towards the U.S. was created. At the same time, one of the most obvious areas of the social aspect which saw the increased influence of the U.S. was the American attempt to reconsider the colonies and their social structure. In this sense, they tried to substitute most of the Spanish names and ways of organization not with local ones but rather with the ones familiar to the American side.

As part of the…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

America at War 1865-Present a Survey of

Words: 2692 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12649879

America at War 1865-Present

A Survey of America at War from 1865 to Present

Since the Civil War, America has seldom seen a generation of peace. In fact, a nonstop succession of wars has kept what Eisenhower termed "the military industrial complex" in lucrative business. From the Indian Wars to the World Wars to the Cold War to the war on Terror, Americana has expanded its foothold as an imperial power every step of the way -- even when isolationism appeared to be momentarily in vogue following World War I. This paper will look at the history of the progression of war in America from 1865 to present, showing how that history -- through social, economic, literary, political, and religious changes -- has both shaped and been shaped by American foreign and domestic policy.

Unit Once: 1865-1876

The Civil War had just ended on the home front, but that did not mean that America was at peace in 1865. Domestically, the effects of the bloodiest war on American soil were still felt in war-ravaged southern states, now crippled beyond measure. Yet, with the desire to expand its borders westward, the country proceeded to continue to wage war against the Native…… [Read More]

Resources:
Westward Expansion. (2011). Digital History. Retrieved from http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/database/article_display.cfm?HHID=311

Zinn, H. (2010). A People's History of the United States. New York, NY:

HarperCollins.
View Full Essay

America as a Multinational Society

Words: 3513 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55099431

In years before, America was a collection of Chinese, Germans, Italians, Scots, Croats, etc., all craving freedom. Today, even the simple concept of an English-speaking nation is fading off the continent. In the past, immigrants were taught in English in the public schools. In America today, children are taught in German, Italian, Polish, and 108 other languages and dialects. Most of these schools are funded by 139 million federal dollars. "The linguist's egalitarian attitude toward dialect has evolved into the multicultural notion that dialect as a cultural feature is part of one's identity as a member of that culture."

Due to their ethnic or cultural heterogeneity, multiethnic societies in general are more fragile and have a higher risk of conflicts. In the worst case such conflicts can cause the breakdown of these societies. Recent examples of this were the violent breakdown of Yugoslavia and the peaceful separation of Czechoslovakia. Forced mixture or coexistence of ethnically different populations might be the reason for the outbreak of nationalistic and racist tendencies, which over the years can become so strong that they are able to destroy a multiethnic society.

Until recently, emigrants in the United States longed for admittance in society's mainstream. Now…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Cruz, Barbara C. Multiethnic Teens and Cultural Identity: A Hot Issue. Berkeley Heights, NJ: Enslow Publishers, 2001.

Dawisha, Adeed. Arab Nationalism in the Twentieth Century: From Triumph to Despair. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2002.
View Full Essay

America's International Relations Americanization and Anti-Americanism

Words: 3764 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18456328

Pictures on the news of American flags being burned seem to appear more often than they used to. Perhaps my generation just isn't used to having our nation criticized to the extent that it has been since our response to September 11; we all know there have been anti-American protests in the past, that flags have been burned and protests against certain American military endeavors waged. Anti-Americanism has many definitions and encompasses many things, but "new" is not an applicable descriptor. Sentiments deriding American values, attitudes, and actions have existed since the establishment of the colonies, expressed in a variety of formats and with various causes. What has changed is not the existence of anti-Americanism, but what it means for the nation in international relations today.

This essay will examine anti-Americanism: first, its history and various forms throughout the world; at the same time, the causes of anti-American sentiment will be examined, both historically and currently, as the causes have changed during the different periods of international relations. After this explanation of the history and sources of anti-Americanism, we will briefly examine how this affects the United States and its foreign policy in our current international climate, and whether the…… [Read More]

Sources:
Takis, M., 2002. "America the Despised," National Interest, Issue 67, p94

Toinet, M., 1990. "Does Anti-Americanism exist?" In Lacorne, D., et. al., eds., The Rise and Fall of Anti-Americanism, Macmillan, London.

Various Authors, 2005, "America the Dangerous" Foreign Policy, Special edition, Issue 146.
View Full Essay

Why Did America Embrace the United Nations'so Enthusiastically Yet Reject the League of Nations

Words: 2781 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13456320

America, United Nations and the League of Nations

All through its continuation, The National Interest of the United States of America has endeavored to recognize and assess the rational structures that motivate American Foreign-policy production. All efforts to devise a proper tactical political policy have constantly escorted, back to the invariable foundation: the recognition of national objectives, goals, and intents. Successive American administrations have believed that foreign policy is devoid of implication unless it points in the direction of the achievement of America's national objectives.

Therefore, the inevitable prerequisite to a balanced assessment of the usage of the United Nations and the League of Nations is to study the aims and intents of American foreign policy during that time. The paper has made an attempt to recognize the connection between the American National Interest and the utility of these two organizations.

America's Rejection to support the League of Nations

The Historical Background

The League of Nations was an international association established following the World War 1 with objectives of diminishing weapons, resolving arguments amid countries and sustaining living conditions of their people, however, the League showed that it had been incompetent of stopping violence by the Fascist nations. The United…… [Read More]

References:
(1) Denna Frank Fleming. The United States and the League of Nations, 1918-1920. New York, 1932. Taken from: John A. Lucal. Papal Diplomacy and the Quest for Peace: The Vatican and International Organizations from the Early Years to the League of Nations. Sapientia Press. 2004. Pg: 23.

(2) Herbert Margulies. The Mild Reservationists and the League of Nations Controversy in the Senate. Columbia, Mo., 1989. Taken from: John A. Lucal. Papal Diplomacy and the Quest for Peace: The Vatican and International Organizations from the Early Years to the League of Nations. Sapientia Press. 2004. Pg: 26
View Full Essay

America's Cuban Conundrum the Helms-Burton Act and

Words: 1169 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15111155

America's Cuban Conundrum

The Helms-Burton Act and the Cuban-American Trade Relations

The United States and Cuba have had increased amounts of hostility toward each other present in their relations ever since the Cuban revolution. Not only did Cuba nationalize property held by U.S. interests during the revolution, but also Cuba became an ally to Russia during the Cold War; which was critical to the Soviet strategy since Cuba is in close proximity to the U.S. Both actions consequently undermined the stated values of the American free-market system in regards to America's corporate holdings in the country. This tension has furthermore been manifested by blatantly vocal opposition on both sides of the dispute. In this paper such ongoing tension will be illustrated by one of the most timely and extreme examples of hostility in foreign relations as well as propose an avenue for future trade arrangements.

Cuban Pretexts for Military Action

In 1991 a group formed, known as Brothers to the Rescue, which was based in Miami and composed of Cuban exiles (Brothers to the Resue, 2010). This group stands in strong opposition to the Cuban government and conducts aerial search missions to identify refugee rafters fleeing from Cuba. However, such…… [Read More]

Resources:
Alejandre, A., & Costa, C. (1999, September 29). Human Rights Library. Retrieved January 29, 2010, from University of Minnesota:  http://www1.umn.edu/humanrts/cases/86-99.html 

Brothers to the Resue. (2010, January 29). Background and Information. Retrieved January 29, 2010, from hermanos.org: http://www.hermanos.org/Background%20and%20Information.htm
View Full Essay

America and the Bay of

Words: 1614 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77940580



One of the best points is brought forth by Higgins, who writes that an estimated force of 1500 men were sent to take on no less than 25,000 Cubans (Higgins 1987). "In the end, of approximately 1300 men who actually landed on the beaches from the Brigade, almost 1200 were captured and about 100 killed in combat (Higgins 149). The Brigade, if they failed, were expected to escape into the protected areas that connected to the Bay of Pigs; when in fact those areas, the conditions of the terrain, the poor training and preparation of the Brigade, made such escape impossible (Higgins 149).

Years later, declassified papers and tapes from the White House would lend insight into the fiasco, but not clarity. One thing that was evidenced from the White House tapes is that the Bay of Pigs continued to be a source of humiliation and annoyance to President Kennedy (Lawrence 2002). Enough so that the incident greatly impacted the President's decisions about Laos and Vietnam (Chomsky 1993).

Works Cited www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=105514152

Blight, James G. And Peter Kornbluh, eds. 1999. Politics of Illusion: The Bay of Pigs Invasion Reexamined. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner. http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=105514456.

A www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=24098536

Chomsky, Noam. 1993. Rethinking Camelot:…… [Read More]

Bibliography:
Blight, James G. And Peter Kornbluh, eds. 1999. Politics of Illusion: The Bay of Pigs Invasion Reexamined. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner. http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=105514456.

A www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=24098536
View Full Essay

America One Enduring Aspect of

Words: 1242 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4611527

Although Friedman claims that the use of religion as a common bond among early Americans is no longer relevant, there are scores of Americans who still believe that the nation is essentially a Christian one. The identity of Tea Party people is inextricably tied into an identity that may seem outmoded to many Americans. Yet to the Tea Party, their identity is more American than any apple pie.

Most Americans throughout most of American history considered it perfectly fine to deny half the (white) population the right to vote on the basis of gender. Being female was considered a handicap, which systematically denied women the right to be Americans even if they identified with the culture of the United States. Asian men who worked on the railroads in nineteenth century America were not even permitted to start families because their Otherness was too much for the WASP majority. Now, Asians proudly proclaim their American-ness through a hyphenated designation. The identity of Americans changes according to social norms. Now that women are considered human beings, women can enjoy the full rights and privileges of citizenship. Now that Asians are considered worthy of American citizenship, both men and women can be citizens…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Alba, Richard. Ethnic Identity. Yale University Press, 1992.

Friedman, Michael J. "American Identity: Ideas, Not Ethnicity." 2008. Retrieved online: http://www.america.gov/st/peopleplace-english/2008/February/20080307154033ebyessedo0.5349237.html
View Full Essay

History of Film in Latin

Words: 1647 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43039748

After some ineffective negotiating with the police both Sandro and a passenger on board of the bus get killed.

The main concept of the movie revolves around the unjust system; the blind Brazilian authorities that single-handedly create criminals by neglecting and aggressing most of the poor people instead of creating ways of improving their lives.

Favela Rising" is yet another motion picture intended to expose the truth concerning the Latin-American slums. The action again takes place in Rio de Janeiro, but the intriguing part about the film is that it is a documentary which tells the story of Anderson Sa, a former drug dealer from the Vigario Geral district.

Anderson had been living in a favela in Rio de Janeiro when he heard that his brother has been accidentally shot in the middle of a gang war. Just as the characters in the previous movies and in Carolina's book, Anderson was determined to get away from the atrocities happening in his neighborhood. Being a wonderful singer, he formed the Afro-Reggae band and hoped that his music and its lyrics would make people turn against their oppressors. However, before becoming a singer, Anderson had to comply with his condition and had…… [Read More]

Bibliography:
De Jesus, Carolina Maria, and St. Clair David. Child of the Dark. Signet Classic, 2003.

Bus 174. Dir. Jose Padilha. 2002.
View Full Essay

Kozloff Nikolas Revolution South America

Words: 1861 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 48979762

And there is also a clear, seductive appeal of U.S. culture which Kozloff also does not deny. As much as Chavez and company may opposed globalization, there is no escaping the new global economy.

Kozloff's book is written from an unapologetically leftist stance. He is a frequent contributor to The Huffington Post, and Revolution! was mainly reviewed by leftist magazines and bloggers. However, it offers an important counterweight to the commonly-expressed idea that socialism is dead. The book is grounded in specificity and historically contextualizes each individual leftist movement. Despite the fact that it focuses on Venezuela, it does not make sweeping generalizations about the region based upon this specific example. Kozloff is careful to point out the unique features of Venezuela, such as the nation's vast oil wealth.

Another of the book's strengths is the fact that it presents history from a Latin American perspective, rather than a U.S. perspective. It forces the reader to see the revolutions, not from the view of an American who might be suspicious of socialism, but from nations which have chiasmic divides between the haves and the have-nots. While Chavez's own abuses of power are noted, Kozloff makes the reader understand why to…… [Read More]

References:
Jacobs, Ron. "The new Left in Latin America." Counterpunch. April 12, 2008.

http://www.counterpunch.org/2008/04/12/the-new-new-left-in-latin-america / [September 7, 2011]
View Full Essay

Business in South America Business

Words: 601 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 73103435

This situation influenced populists in Venezuela, Bolivia, and Ecuador, which diminished their power in the region. Chavez' constitutional reform proposition was rejected by referendum, showing that the citizens of Venezuela desire a market-based democracy. In such conditions, it is only a matter of time until this democracy will be installed in the region.

The GDP in South America is expected to continue its ascending direction, reaching a 4.3% growth rate this year (Latin Business Chronicle, 2008). Inflation is expected to remain relatively constant in the next period of time. In certain regions in South America inflation is expected to decrease.

Given the conditions mentioned above, it is clear that South America will develop into investors' favorite destinations. The most important advantages of the region consist in: political stability in most regions, economic stability, government policies, and economic growth.

However, investors should think very carefully how much they are willing to invest in South America. The most important challenges in the region consist in: currency fluctuations, language barriers, and distance, which can cause significantly increased costs. Also, the political environment continues to be a problem in certain regions of South America. Regarding oil business prospects, the industry is expected to continue…… [Read More]

Sources:
Chile - a Liberal Market in Latin America (2008). Hong Kong Trade Development Council. Retrieved October 10, 2008 at http://emerging.hktdc.com/content.aspx?data=EmergingMkt_content_en&contentid=1033126&src=BNT_CentralSouthAme&w_sid=194&w_pid=1401&w_nid=13506&w_cid=1033126&w_idt=1900-01-01&w_oid=181&w_jid=.

Latin America 2008: Political Outlook (2008). Latin Business Chronicle. Retrieved October 10, 2008 at http://www.latinbusinesschronicle.com/app/article.aspx?id=1956.

Latin America 2008: Macro Outlook (2008). Latin Business Chronicle. Retrieved October 10, 2008 at http://www.latinbusinesschronicle.com/app/article.aspx?id=1961.
View Full Essay

Women in Central America Social

Words: 1898 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70809617

Companies that are seeking to enter this market are likely to find it a difficult undertaking because the society remains backward. A company cannot sell products to a people who have no money, and that is the situation in China today. It is also the situation in Central America, but Central America would be much more responsive to the entry of outside companies offering funds for development and providing jobs for the people than is China. Helping develop the society, and especially including more women in the process, could also help with the difficult task of reducing the stranglehold some authoritarian regimes still have. Those regimes might be resistant, but they are also eager to have external investment that would benefit them. Business has to make certain that investment also benefits the people and contributes to change in a positive direction.

One of the women who helped bring the plight of women in Central America to light was Rigoberto Menchu, who wrote her own account of working in the coffee fields and of the conditions that prevailed there. Her work has been followed up by many other women, including many of the nuns who have fought back against the injustices…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Razavi, Shahrashoub and Carol Miller. " From WID to GAD: conceptual shifts in the women and development discourse." United Nations Research Institute for Social Development (1 Feb 1995). July 11, 2007. (http://www.unrisd.org/80256B3C005BCCF9/httpNetITFramePDF-ReadForm&parentunid=D9C3FCA78D3DB32E80256B67005B6AB5&parentdoctype=paper&netitpath=80256B3C005BCCF9/(httpAuxPages)/D9C3FCA78D3DB32E80256B67005B6AB5/$file/opb1.pdf.

Sainz, Juan Pablo Perez. From the Finca to the Maquila: Labor and Capitalist Development in Central America. Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1999.
View Full Essay

Middle America

Words: 1675 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83035955

Crime and Violence in Mexico

Introduction recent study by the World Bank reveals that Mexico has become one of the most violent and crime-ridden regions in the world (Hart). After a slight decrease in the 1960's, the report shows that the murder rate has increased again in the 1990's to more than 16,000 murders per year (p. 111-113). The country's homicide rate was double that of the United States, with 18 killings for every 100,000 people.

Over the past few decades, Mexico's population has increased and urban poverty levels have risen. As a result of these two factors, Mexico has seen a significant increase in crime and violence. Residents have resorted to illegal means of making money, including drug rings and street crime, as the country struggled to incorporate a capitalist system.

A recent study from the Citizen's Institute for the Study of Insecurity reveals that 4.2 million Mexicans were victims of crime in 2001 (Ortega). Ninety-two percent of the crimes were robberies, and the damages totaled $4.9 billion. Of these crimes, 75% of the victims did not tell the authorities and only 11% of the criminals were convicted.

Most of the people who did not report the crimes said…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Great Wall of America A Bad Idea

Words: 1127 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22159606

Great Wall of America? A Bad Idea.

It is widely known that the United States is a country of immigrants. The country's indigenous population constitutes a tiny miniscule of its population, while the rest came mostly from Europe, Latin America, and other parts of the world. Nevertheless, immigration to the United States has always been a divisive and controversial issue. In the nineteenth century, nativist feelings among the WASP (White Anglo-Saxon Protestants) made the East Coast a very inhospitable place for Catholic Irish immigrants, while the legislators in the West Coast targeted immigrants and migrants from the Far East, singling out the Chinese in the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 ("Chinese Exclusion Act"). Today, cross-border movement of people through the southern border of the United States has become a hotly debated issue for ordinary folks, legislators, anti-terrorist law enforcement agencies, Congressmen and Congresswomen as well as Presidential candidates. Criticizing the current state of border control as some form of "open border anarchy," many conservative politicians -- in collaboration with numerous so-called "liberals" -- argue that the border with Mexico should be sealed with a wall. Dubbed "The Great Wall of America," the proposed wall, however, is a bad idea as…… [Read More]

References:
"Chinese Exclusion Act." Harvard University Library Open Collections Program. Web. 14 March 2012 < http://ocp.hul.harvard.edu/immigration/exclusion.html >

"Environmental Rules Waived for Border Fence." Associated Press. 15 January 2007. Web. 14 March 2012