Because management is an evolving concept, what constitutes a management essay is also an evolving concept. Management essays are going to focus on the theories surrounding the overseeing and coordinating of the activities of a group of people to support achievement of a common goal or goals. These essays can be theoretical or can describe the application of a theory to a real-life management scenario.
Management accounting is an important factor that helps organizations to map their future directions through providing managers with necessary information for the establishment of strategies that ensures all inputs, processes, and outputs are in line with the organizational goals. Through the information provided by management accounting, managers access information that is critical in formulating policy, making comparison between alternative situations, and evaluate and examine performance. While management accounting has similar roles across organizations, the accounting procedures and techniques tend o differ significantly in the private and public sector.
Management Accounting in the Public Sector:
Management accounting in the public sector is usually conducted by the government with the main aim of protecting public treasury through preventing and identifying corruption and graft. Therefore, this process is normally geared towards facilitating and promoting sound financial management and public accountability. In an efficiently managed process, management accounting involves planning and budgeting for financial management activities like collecting revenues and taxes, borrowing, paying bills, and repaying debts. Public accountability through this process is promoted through the accountability of the chief executive's bureaucracy, legislature, and government to the people.
In the public sector, information obtained from management accounting is also used for external communication to users interested in the direction and effectiveness of a governmental entity (Hoque & Adams, 2008). The recipients of this information can be classified into three categories i.e. providers of resources, recipients of products and services, and parties conducting a supervisory function. While resource providers include lenders, suppliers, and employees; recipients of products and services include taxpayers and ratepayers and oversight parties include parliament, labor unions, employer groups, analysts, and regulatory bodies.
In addition to accounting in the service of managers only, management accounting in the public sector also incorporates budgeting and control. Generally, these initiatives can be considered as instruments of financial policy on revenue and expenditure to accomplish macroeconomic objectives. Consequently, management accounting in the public sector is not only an expression of public policy but it's also a demonstration of political preferences.
Management Accounting in the Private…… [Read More]
Management vs. leadership in nursing
Managers and leaders, though they are often thought to mean the same thing, are actually different people in an organization. Managers are involved in controlling and guiding the activities in the organization through effective supervision and handling while leaders are those who motivate their followers towards meeting a common goal. There are also significant differences in the characteristics and behavioral descriptions of managers and leaders. However, as stated by Marquis and Huston (2009)
, it is important for an organization to have both managers and leaders in order for it to succeed towards meeting its goals and objectives.
How roles of managers and leaders differ in supporting the organization
Managers and leaders handle different responsibilities; however, they also share some responsibilities. Leaders and managers are both responsible for keeping track of the progress of the organization and keeping track of where the organization is in trying to meet its goals and objectives. As stated by McAlearney (2006)
also states that leaders identify needs and prepare an action plan for the organization to meet the goals and cultivate team work, delegation of roles towards meeting the needs of the organization and realizing its vision.Sama and Shoaf (2008)
argue that leaders are responsible for effectiveness of the organization while managers are responsible for the efficiencies in the organization. Together, managers and leaders ensure that the organization is both effective and efficient towards meeting the set goals and objectives. Marquis and Huston (2009)
, leaders are involved in paving the way for the members of the organization to meet the goal while managers are responsible for shouldering the responsibility of ensuring the various members of the organization function well together. Leaders thus look further ahead than managers and try to steer the organization towards the various phases to be ahead while managers ensure that throughout this way, the organization's productivity remains high and that the milestones reached are stated clearly.
Another key difference in the responsibilities of managers and leaders come in the expectations that are set for them. Leaders are expected to be risk-takers and entrepreneurial in nature while managers are expected to be calm and deliver predictable outcomes.…… [Read More]
Management as a Profession
According to the Merriam Webster dictionary, a Profession is: a. A calling requiring specialized knowledge and often long and intensive academic preparation b. A principal calling, vocation, or employment and c. The whole body of persons engaged in a calling. Increasingly management as a class of employment has come to be seen as a profession which qualifies on all three levels of this definition. Though there are ways into this particular profession that do not necessarily require years of intensive academic education, varying by industry and often pay scale there is a clear sense that those who engage in management as a vocational calling often require both years of education and years of internal preparation to hold the position (Crainer, 2010, pp. 12-16). Increasingly, the prerequisite to a management position is sought through formal education and a combination of formal education and provable experience in or out of the industry where the former organisation managed is seen as successful and profitable. Crainer states:
The last century witnessed the dramatic genesis of management -- management emerged as a profession. It has moved from an unspoken, informal, ad hoc activity into one that is routinely analysed and commented on from every angle possible. Management has emerged from the shadows to be recognized as one of the driving forces of economic and personal life. Nothing -- no organisation, no activity -- now appears beyond the scope or ambition of management. (p. 13)
By varying degree of field and organisation management has become a much more formal ideation and practice, with higher standards of professionalism and higher standards of action for those who participate.
Management as a profession is the administration and organisation of people, resources and the business aspects of an organisation to optimize the conditions of profit and salability of a product and depending on the…… [Read More]
There are a number of different definitions of management. The dictionary definition from Google is "the process of dealing with or controlling things or people." The Merriam-Webster definition adds that the process must be done "with a degree of skill." Management, therefore, is a professional discipline, one that can be studied, theorized about, and for which techniques can be developed and studied.
Management literature generally agrees with this core, but elaborates. The current practice and study of management have become highly fragmented in recent decades, such that there is no real study of generic "management," but rather specific study of different management subjects. Thus, we see "supply chain management," "human resources management" and "strategic management" as examples of studies in management. Yet at their heart, they all involve the core processes of organizing and controlling. Further study is focused on the distinction between management and leadership.
Boddy (2010), in contrast sees leadership as one of the functions of management. His view holds that the role of the manager is to plan, organize, lead and control. The organization's inputs are turned into outputs through all of these processes, therefore all form the core of the management function. There is merit to this argument -- leadership is simply another way of transforming inputs into outputs. This paper will examine the different roles of management, and how managers contribute to the organization's successes and failures.
The Tasks of Management
In practice, managers do tend to focus on a specific area of expertise. Compartmentalization and specialization in business today mean that there are few generalist managers outside of the smallest companies. Managers work with the resources of the organization, shepherding and directing those resources to achieve various organizational objectives. The complexity of most business functions today demands specialized managers. At a base level, they are all performing the same task of taking inputs through processes to achieve outputs. Managers use a wide range of tools to help manage the resources at their disposal and to measure the outputs of their…… [Read More]
In addition, given its bureaucratic and restricted nature, budgets become out of date within a few months. This challenge is associated with the frequent changes to assumptions arising from changes in the market like commodity prices, demand, exchange, and interest rates. A tight budget presents a challenge to an organization and management today in terms of loss of competitive edge (Steele, 2008). This is associated with the current driver's of success, which require continuous innovation and fast response, over the traditional management of human resource and budgets. This implies that management that follows the traditional management style dominated by budget management is not in a position to accommodate innovation (Steele, 2008). This is presents a serious challenge for management today as budgets are traditional separate from strategy. It is a major problem for management since businesses and organizations thrive in the principle of strategic themes in operations, core business, and organizational management. Therefore, the construction of a budget will require the organization of the different functions and departments in a coherent strategy.… [Read More]
Samsung group is South Korean company headquartered in Seoul Samsung town. Samsung group comprises of many subsidiary groups that are under the Samsung group. Founded in 1938 by LeeByung-chull as a trading company, Samsung group has grown to diversify into insurance, textile industry, retail and security industries. Samsung entered the electronics industry in the 1960s. It has grown to be the leading manufacturer of cell phones in the world. Samsung makes more annual sales and profits in the communication industry than any other company. Samsung is a multinational company that has employed thousands of people in all the subsidiaries that it owns. This makes management a huge task. Samsung needs to incorporate management strategies that will enable it to manage the employees effectively. Effective management practices will ensure that the company grows since there will be minimal errors associated will poor management practices. Samsung should develop a management philosophy that will ensure that all the employees practice good management.
Constructivism is a management philosophy that Samsung group needs to incorporate in the organization. Constructivism is as a management theory explains the construction of knowledge in human beings (Leonard 2002). This happens when information comes to contact with existing knowledge developed by experiences. An early exposure and collaboration will help people to develop their skills towards management (Leonard 2002). Samsung group should ensure that their employees learn management skills through a process of knowledge formation. Samsung will benefit from constructivism because it will make them achieve company objectives and projects. Using constructivism management philosophy, managers in Samsung group will lead subordinate employees by emphasizing the company's goals. This management approach requires managers to plan, organize, lead, staff and control employees in consideration of learning objectives of the company. A manager needs to teach his employees of management practices that will push the company into attaining objectives. This will improve the performance of Samsung group since it will focus on the objectives of the company as the main driving factor to increased profitability of the company. Constructivism encourages evolution and discovery (Powell 2009). Discovering new knowledge, will make the company change the…… [Read More]
Management's principal characteristic is the directing and leading towards the achievement of predetermined objectives. An organization runs and works based on defined specific objectives, and the role of management to direct efforts and resources towards the achievement of these objectives. Over the decades, different management approaches and strategies formulation entail in an attempt to find the most suitable approach that can effectively and sustainably direct towards achievement of organizational strategies. This report makes a summary of management philosophies and approaches proposed by different scholars. The work identifies the different opinions on management and the theories proposed on management thought.
Of interest is the article by Kralev (2011) that identifies the importance of the Management by Objectives approach. The scholar proposes this management thought for it defines and uses organizational objectives in directing processes and functions in an organization. Kralev (2011) identifies that in today's business world a manager should lead by emphasizing on organizational objectives, which are directed towards the broad environment, achieving profits, and define paths of operations. Kralev (2011) that the core concept of MBO requires the management processes of planning, organizing, leading, staffing, and controlling, be directed to the achievement of key organizational objectives.
Drucker (1955) derives management by objectives, which is described by Kralev (2011), from MBO theory. Drucker (1955) conceptualized management by objectives as a system of management that is founded on goal congruence for the improvement of performance. The Drucker (1955) believes that the organization is more successful if, "...their efforts ... all pull in the same direction, and their contributions ... fit together to produce a whole, without gaps, without friction, without unnecessary duplication of effort..." (Dinesh & Palmer, 1998). Therefore, Kralev's (2011) management approach derives its basic principle from the management by objective theory as stipulated by Drucker (1955). In this management philosophy, the manager is required to focus on goal alignment…… [Read More]
The objective of this study is to discuss and evaluate the purpose and effectiveness of strategic management accounting for modern businesses. The answer should be supported with at least one business currently in operation on the London Stock Exchange, discussing the ways in which strategic management accounting can support the business in managing the current challenges it faces.
Strategic Management Accounting is addressed in the work of Cheong (nd) who states that modern business environments are increasingly competitive and dynamic. International competition through e-commerce and demand-based supply chain management dominate business. It is important for companies to develop coherent and consistent business strategies and to utilize management accounting tools to support strategic planning, decision-making and control." (Cheong, nd)
Integration of business strategies with the tools used for accounting makes a requirement of companies in identifying precisely what type business they are in so that products, customer types, services, delivery channels, and geographic markets can be identified. Cheong notes the usefulness of matching the strategic business unit with the related business unit strategy." (nd)
I. Involvement of Management Accountants in Strategic Management Processes
The work of Ferriera and Moulang (2007) examine the involvement of management accountants in strategic management processes and state The role of management accountants within organizations is said to be in a state of change and many researchers have called for a greater involvement of management accountants in strategic management processes as means of regaining the 'relevance lost' and increasing the value creation of their activities."
Reported in the work of Ferriera and Moulang (2007) is a postal survey conducted among management accountants in Australian businesses, which resulted in 279 usable observations. Findings include that management accountants' involvement in the strategic analysis stage leads to their involvement in strategic choice and to strategic implementation stages." ( ) Also stated in the findings was a "direct relationship between involvement in the strategic analysis and strategic implementation stages."…… [Read More]
Leadership Model Paper: Management Principles
Research suggests that everyone is a manager in their own way. For instance, everyone manages his finances, time, careers and relationships. These examples of managing are simple and straightforward. However, when concepts of management apply in organizations, management becomes complex. At such a point, it calls for extensive studying in order to understand the theoretical basis of management. The application of management and the enunciation of management practices date back to the 19th century. In addition, management, organization, leadership, and organizational concepts have a link, in that they all connect to an organization's effectiveness (Bolden et al., 2003). The establishment of management as an academic discipline is a recent development attributed to the works of Peter F. Ducker in the 20th century.
The body of knowledge is taught in learning institutions and in programs that prepare managers for tasks in every organization. Managers are people who receive a formal appointment to positions of authority in firms, companies or organizations. Owing to their authority, the managers facilitate others to do their work and are responsible to a higher power for work outcomes. The main differences between levels of managers are the extent of authority and scope of their responsibility for work outcomes. Line managers are responsible for managing people and things while staff managers, for instance the human resource manager support the work done by the line managers.
The society will judge managers owing to their organizational performance. The way they set their organization's standards, coordinate and integrate teamwork, make decisions, and design the organization, will have a hand in the results on the performance. Research suggests that high-performing organizations have a value approach that enhances their organization's objectives. Additionally, research also distinguishes managers and leaders based on the perception that managing is central to caretaking and maintaining status quo, whereas leading is central to vision and dynamic. However, this distinction does not hold any practical application (Crippen, 2005). Therefore, managers will have to ensure effective and current organizational activities. In addition, they will have…… [Read More]
Individuals work half a day, or weekly based on the sharing arrangements. Split and sharing of the jobs leads to the organizations benefit, as talented individuals who are unable to work on a fulltime basis get an employment chance. Although adjustment problems occur, the arrangement of a proper schedule is required.
III. Telecommuting also known as the flexiplace, is a working condition that allows the least portion of the scheduled work to be completed outside the office, with the work-at-home as the only option (DAHLGAARD, S.M.P. 2000 page87). This strategy influences the jobholder based on the need of observance of the work fixed hours, dressing in distinct work attire, enduring the normal limitations of commuting, and having unswerving contact with the administrator. The Home workers often encounter increased productivity, in which they report minimal distractions, enjoy the sovereignty of directing themselves, and appreciating the advantage of having more time by themselves (CRAINER, S. 2000 page78). The presence of positive factors indicates that even the negatives are present. Majority of the home workers feel that they work too much leading to the isolation of their friends and family members. The additional feelings of loneliness encompass them making them to lack visibility at their offices because of low promotions.
Motivational Theories: Behavior
This theory explains how the workers behave to meet their needs and their determined choices. This theory offers advice and motivation to the people while they make choices. The decision of working hard depends on the individual preferences, availability of rewards, and the possible outcomes.
According the equity theory, based on the work of J. Stacy Adams principles, the worker gives and compares their rewards to the implicated efforts. The equity that exists when the workers perceive their equal efforts is illustrated in the diagram below.
Employee's underestimation of their potential rewards, indicates that they compare their abilities with that of their colleagues. The feeling of inequality occurs when people believe that their rewards are mediocre to the rewards offered to the people sharing similar workloads. The employees who have the feeling of unfair treatment, exhibit the following insecure behaviors:
I. Put minimal attempt into their jobs
II. Ask for better treatment and/or rewards
III. Find ways to make…… [Read More]
A Comparison of Six Sigma to Lean Manufacturing, Strategic Quality Management, and Total Quality Management
There are a plethora of management strategies and perspectives that are being employed in operations and supply chain management in the modern business environment. Among the various theories being implemented, Six Sigma, Lean Manufacturing, Strategic Quality Management, and Total Quality Management are among the most popular. This paper will compare and contrast some of the different points associated with these models to provide an introduction into the different strategies as well as look at some of the research that has been conducted in these areas.
Six Sigma, Lean Manufacturing, Strategic Quality Management and Total Quality Management Discussion
Six Sigma has gained a significant amount of attention in industry however comparatively little research has been conducted on the conceptual definition and underlying theory associated with this model (Schroeder, Linderman, Liedtke, & Choo, 2008). In fact, in the beginning of Six Sigma's development, many business professional felt that it was just another fad that was that was built upon a model that was basically Total Quality Management (Basu & Wright, 2012). Even hybrid models were developed that mixed Six Sigma with other models such as FIT Sigma which incorporated Lean Manufacturing ideas into it. However, today Six Sigma has stood the proverbial test of time and is a theory that has stood on its own two feet.
The central idea to the Six Sigma model is that statistical modeling of production processes can help reduce defects down to the sixth sigma in a normal distribution model; or three point four defects per one million items produced. This is a rather aggressive feat that requires intense dedication from the organization to constantly work to improve quality. Though this is similar to the approach used in Total Quality Management, there are major differences between the two theories. For example, the Six Sigma approach is heavily dependent upon structure and statistical analysis to drive quality improvements while TQM is more focus on teamwork and the underlying philosophy of quality management. Yet the two theories are still similar enough that researchers have been studying the organizational cultures involved with both models to try to tease out the subtleties involved with each.
Figure 1 - Example of Organizational Culture Research Examining TQM/Six Sigma (Zu, Robbins, & Fredendall, 2010)
Lean Manufacturing by contrast to Six Sigma, is more of a philosophy…… [Read More]
Functions of management
There are basically four functions of management in all organizations and these functions are linked in an intricate manner hence supporting each other in the endeavor towards the accomplishment of the objectives of the organization. The four functions are usually grouped as leading/directing, organizing, planning and controlling.
The leading function is the most instrumental segment of leadership and management since when the junior staff are motivated and the people in the organization are influenced to give their best is when things can move in any organization. There should be utilization of the most effective communication channel as well as establishment of interpersonal relationships between the management and the staff to ensure the flow of information and influence is achieved (Rayyane T., 2012).
Planning is also closely tied up to the leading function and it involves setting of goals within a give time frame and how these goals are to be achieved. Planning is usually geared towards ensuring order within a given department and the entire organization at large. It involves looking at the organization or department in the current status and what needs to be achieved hence coming up with a strategic plan. Apparently planning is a never ending process hence it will be done over and over as the dynamics of the organization keep changing and the previously set objectives keep being achieved. These objectives and plans cannot come into realization without the leading role of the management among the employees who are centrally instrumental in the realization of the plans.
Once the panning process has come to a reasonable advanced stage that needs action, logically organizing comes into effect. This involves assembling of the resources available within the organization that are relevant in the achievement of the plans set. These could be talent, tools, money, technology among other central issues to be organized. These resources available are combined to the team that is set to work towards fulfilling the plan. This is where the labor…… [Read More]
Every person that has worked for a company with poor management -- where a lack of communication or a failure to motivate employees is the norm rather than the exception -- can benefit from the readings in this assignment. There are quality companies where employees are encouraged and treated as valuable assets, and then there are companies that rely on threats of punishment and intimidation to get the most out of their workers.
In this paper, the critiques of six readings from the book The Manager's Bookshelf are presented, and each of the readings has value because it is good information based on experienced, highly intelligent authors that have had direct experience in the workplace. What is important to realize is that a great number of people go to work in places where they are thought of as nothing more than machines, and they do not get respect based on their potential to help the company meet the bottom line. But there are also companies that care about employees and have innovative strategies in place to motivate employees. The readings in this paper cover both of those scenarios, and offer solutions for managers that want to have their companies be profitable but understand there are steps that must be taken in order to inspire their workers.
ONE: Highlight Management Theories in Each Reading
Understanding and Using the Best-Sellers
Jon L. Pierce and John W. Newstrom discuss in detail books about management -- including theories and experiences successful managers detail in those books -- that have made the "best sellers" list. The books that they allude to communicate management philosophies that work for the authors; they provide "an optimistic message" to managers; they offer "an easy cure" for organizational problems; and they provide new approaches to success. The challenge for readers of these books is to find aspects that could be helpful and to "challenge" and to "question" the pros and cons and the philosophies presented. Was it for profit? Was it for publicity? And are some of the authors "self-serving egotists" who write with flair and passion?
Flawed Advice and the Management Trap
Put simply, this reading implores managers to first define a vision, define a strategy that goes hand-in-hand with that vision, relate to how management can carry…… [Read More]
Functions Management Model
This paper is divided into three parts. The first part discusses the implications of the four functions of management model for today's managers and defends why these four functions are still applicable to each and every role of a manager in today's challenging business environment. The second part explains the importance of sustainability efforts for an organization and their impacts on the job responsibilities of a manager. It also suggests a number of activities which managers need to focus in order to help their organization in becoming a socially and environmentally responsible entity. The final part is dedicated to highlight the applicability of universality of management for an employee during his professional growth at his organization.
The Four Functions of Management and their implications for Today's Managers
The four functions of management are: Planning, Organizing, Leading, and Controlling. These functions are based on the Scientific Management principles that define the areas on which a manager focuses and performs in order to run his organization in an effective and efficient way (Robbins & Coulter, 2006). Although the model of Four Functions of Management was presented a number of decades ago; the significance and relevance of all these functions is same for today's managers (Saxena, 2009). However, there is a group of researchers that criticizes the four functions of management model by arguing that it has limited implications for today's business managers. They criticize these functions for not being effective enough for managers to face the challenges and threats of today's complex business environment.
The most recent research studies conducted on the manager's roles and responsibilities suggest that each and every function of management takes its foundation from the four functions of management model in one way or another. Modern researchers support their arguments by linking all the roles and responsibilities of today's managers to planning, organizing, leading, or controlling. By reviewing these research studies and analyzing the contemporary business environment, one can acknowledge that a manager needs to specialize in all these functions in order to perform his responsibilities in an effective and well-organized fashion (Robbins, Judge, & Sanghi, 2007). For example, a manager has to perform his planning function whenever his organization has to formulate policies and strategies for the short run or long run.…… [Read More]
Part of the supervisor's job is to education social workers, help social workers "internalize the service aspirations of social work practice" and moreover help sustain "the worker-as-person in the face of difficult challenges" (Kadushin, 22-23).
Following the reading of this book, I am aware that when social workers perform "non-uniform tasks" in "uncertain and unpredictable contexts" -- toward objectives that are perhaps "ambiguous" -- that leads directly to more "decentralization of decision making" and hence a greater need for "autonomy" (Kadushin, 36). This is not intended to promote the idea that social workers should be out on their own following their own values and goals. But rather, it is an admission that I do need structure, and when there is uncertainty as to how to proceed, and where my intervention may result in possible failure, I need to know my supervisor has provided direction for me. The book is clear in that regard, because the "desirability" of a supervisor lies not just in leadership, but also in the full use of that supervisor's knowledge and experience.
An Empowering Approach to Management in Social Work -- an Overview
Author Donna Hardina -- professor of social work education at California State University in Fresno -- offers a number of empowering advice and examples in her book, an Empowering Approach to Managing Social Service Organizations. For example she offers a chapter on how to promote the psychological empowerment of workers, suggesting that a social workers duties do not have to lead to "dull, routine, and mechanical" outcomes for the worker (Hardina, 2007). Monotonous work and low motivation lead to very poor quality efforts, so it is the supervisor's job to keep workers engaged and enthusiastic.
Hardina relates empowerment to self-efficacy in the sense that the social worker is trained to empower clients and to assist them in discovering their "inner power," and to help clients increase their sense of self-efficacy by relating to the "true causes of their condition" (Hardina). However, notwithstanding the empowerment tactics used with clients, "…little attention has been paid to the needs of social worker that may feel powerless working in traditional, highly centralized, top-down organizational settings…" (Hardina). In addition, Hardina suggests that low morale, low motivation and "minimal levels of job performance"…… [Read More]
Management Organizational Structure
Organizational structure of an organization is highly determined by the kind of the products, services it is engaged in. Equally important is the size of the organization in determining which type of management structure will be well suited for it. Organization structure thus, is the way the organization is organized according to leadership of the organization. Many studies today reveal that, the nature of organization structure has a direct impact on its performance and success. For the purpose of this short study paper we shall examine organizational structure, as noted before a key aspect within an organization.
Traditional organizations structures
The organizations structure of each organization differs with others in some ways. However all organizational structures are meant to help the organization attains its stated objectives. Normally, a structure of an organization will change as the organization develops over period.
In general, scholars have advanced four main decisions that managers are supposed to make when formulating the structure of their organization. Though, they may formulate a structure not necessarily following these four decisions. To begin with, managers must divide the organizations work into separate jobs or duties. This process is termed as division of labor. This is then followed by grouping the jobs into a specific manner that is called departmentalization. The third process involves deciding how many people will perform those jobs. This will as well involve knowing how many people can be managed by one person. Lastly, decision making power has to be distributed towards different people, and this has to be settled.
In making these decisions, various choices can be made. When the management wants to create highly specialized workforce, then it has to narrow the jobs performed by the employees, where employees are allowed to perform a large range of duties, specialization is not encouraged. In traditional bureaucratic organizational structures, they seem to increase job specialization when the organization grows big. Jobs are mainly grouped by their functions, for instances marketing jobs can be grouped…… [Read More]
Management Control System
Designing Management Control System (MCS)
In the contemporary world, most companies apply the use of energy to plan, manage, and execute their operations in accordance with the demands of the market and the industry. This makes energy the most vital aspect of production in business entities. Energy is crucial in running machines, recording of information, execution of communication activities, and provision of lighting within the context of the company. Since energy is essential to plan, managing, and execution of roles within the company, it is ideal for the company to decide on how to minimize consumption of energy footprint in the process of production. This is important because the company needs to cut down the overall cost of production to enhance the profit and revenue levels at the end of the financial year. This makes it critical for UTS to develop management control system with the aim of reducing its energy footprint in Building 3. This Management Control System (MCS) would enable UTS to cut down the cost of production by adopting effective and efficient application of energy system.
The main aim of this management control system (MCS) is to reduce the cost of energy footprint of UTS in Building 3. The Management Control System would also allow the entity to adopt cost-effective energy application in execution of roles and responsibilities in accordance with the demands of the market and the industry. The new design of MCS would be friendly to the environment thus conservation to the scarce natural resources. This represents development of a planet that would foster survival of the human race of the next generation. It is ideal for the company to adopt cheaper energy measures thus reducing the overall cost of production. In the long-run, the entity would be able to maximize its profits and revenues thus growth and development of the organization. This management control system would focus on educating employees of the UTS and other close partners of the organization on how to minimize consumption of energy and the consequential benefits.
Management Control System to enable UTS Reduce the Energy Footprint in Building 3
Establishing Energy Baseline
UTS must first develop the energy baseline in order to determine…… [Read More]
Research company work ( school attending) write a (4)page paper: 1. Discuss apply negotiation strategies address potential conflicts workplace. 2. Determine evidence-based management applied work environment researched.
Applying negotiation strategies to address potential workplace conflicts
Negotiation is one of the conflict management strategies and it is defined as a process through which decisions are made among the parties that are interdependent but do not share any identical preferences. Negotiation is initiated in order to try to bring a satisfactory exchange between these parties engaged in conflict. In using negotiation to manage workplace conflict, it is important that the negotiation is geared towards making the outcome a win-win situation. this ensures that all parties in the conflict have to compromise certain aspects and win others in order to resolve the conflict Barki & Jon, 2001.
This way of balancing compromise with accommodation ensures that the parties play an active role in the resolution of the conflict. The parties have to seek cooperation with each other in order to keep in consideration the interests and needs of the other parties in a selfless and submissive way whereby the person relinquishes some of their interests for the other party. In the same way, the other party has to relinquish some of their interests. In negotiation, the parties also have to compromise since they give up part of their interests and needs in order to find a common ground upon which the conflict can be resolved Nadler, Thompson, & Boven, 2003()
A good example of application of negotiation in conflict resolution is in the conflict between nurses and doctors in the facility. This conflict is resolved by ensuring that each of them is provided with their own work station, office supplies and that their roles are clearly stated. These roles are designed in a round-table discussion in the form of a negotiation where the nurses and doctors strive to take the role of complementing each other. There are four stages in the negotiation. The first is that the situation is assessed to find the source of the conflict. The second is establishing the negotiation process. Third is the actual negotiation and last is the implementation of what is discussed.
Application of evidence-based management
Evidence-based management refers to the making…… [Read More]
Many studies have been carried out in order to establish appropriate management theories and styles that organizations can adopt in order to succeed. Studies on the same from scholars with diverse backgrounds have been useful in the improvement of the previous leadership models and theories. The theories and leadership models have been advancing or evolving constantly. This study offers a succinct comparison of various leadership theories and styles whilst elucidating the basic facets that characterize them (Mahadevan, 2009, p.26).
Various management theories have been postulated in the twentieth century defining the perspective we have on management regarding the current business environment. Managers have been able to implement and appreciate new ways of managing people and organizations, new thinking patterns through the help of emerging theories. In the years that have passed, the emerging theories have been responsible for assisting the study trends that have undergone in the field of management (Cole, 2008, p.21). The key management viewpoints (contingency approaches, behavioral approaches, and classical approaches) have played a major role in the development of the contemporary management techniques and theories in the 21st century. Although significant varieties of these approaches exist, they tend to support a common effort of improving the efficiency of an organization based on proper management of human resources. Additionally, the observable differences in these approaches arise because organizations change constantly. The environment demands that new management techniques and practices to be applied for organization's efficiency to be sustained (Mahadevan, 2009, p.78).
The classical theory of management was the outcome of a struggle of developing a management body: the theorists who took part in the effort are regarded as pioneers of the study of the management. The classical viewpoint stresses work and organization management efficiency in order to increase the production output. This approach may be classified into three fields: bureaucratic, administrative,…… [Read More]
In order to implement the human resource programs of the company's management, I will adopt the congenial leadership style, since it is essential for me to be able to "blend" within the existing organizational culture in CWP-Walkerton. I will veer away from the authoritarian or antagonistic styles of leadership, since this will further the gap and conflict existing within the organization. By knowing the people within the organization, I am better able to assess the kind of relationship and interaction happening among the company's employee culture. I will be able to better assess the issues, problems, and concerns of the employees; most importantly, what they have to say about the company and its management. Through a congenial style of leadership, I as a new manager in the company, will be able to put things in perspective, allowing me to know the problems and conflicts extant between the management (company) and the employees…… [Read More]